The Cristal Experiment

A Chicano Struggle for Community Control

Author: Armando Navarro

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299158231

Category: Political Science

Page: 456

View: 4520

Amidst the turbulence and militancy of the 1960s and early 1970s, the Mexicano population of the dusty agricultural town of Crystal City, Texas (Cristal in Spanish), staged two electoral revolts, each time winning control of the city council and school board. The landmark city council victory in 1963 was a first for Mexican Americans in South Texas, and Cristal—the “spinach capital of the world”—became for a time the political capital of the Chicano Movement. In The Cristal Experiment, Armando Navarro presents the most comprehensive examination to date of the rise of the Chicano political movement in Cristal, its successes and conflicts (both internal and external), and its eventual decline. He looks particularly at the larger and more successful “Second Revolt” in 1970 and its aftermath up to 1981, examining the political, economic, educational, and social changes for Mexicanos that resulted. Drawing upon nearly 100 interviews, a wealth of secondary materials, and his own experiences as a political organizer in the Chicano Movement, Navarro offers a shrewd and insightful analysis not only of the events in Cristal, but also of the workings of local politics generally, the politics of community control, and the factors inherent in the American political system that lead to the self-destruction of political movements. As both a political scientist and an organizer, he outlines important lessons to be learned from what happened in Cristal and to the Chicano Movement.
Posted in Political Science

La Raza Unida Party

A Chicano Challenge to the U.S. Two-party Dictatorship

Author: Armando Navarro

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781566397704

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 6402

Over the years, third parties have arisen sporadically to challenge the hegemony of the United States' two major political parties. But not until the emergence of the Raza Unida Party (RUP) in 1970 did an ethnic group organize to fight for political control at the country's ballot boxes. This book, by noted Chicano movement theorist Armando Navarro, is the most comprehensive study of the party ever put together. La Raza Unida Party traces the party from its beginnings in 1970 to its demise in 1981 -- the events, leaders, ideology, structure, strategy and tactics, successes and problems, and electoral campaigns that marked its trajectory. The book covers political organizing in California, Texas, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, and the Midwest, as well as RUP's national and international politics and its party profile. In addition, its suggests options for future political arena. Based on 161 interviews, access to numerous documents, letters, minutes, diaries, and position papers, as well as such published sources as contemporary newspaper and magazine accounts and campaign literature, the study is enriched by Professor Navarro's accounts of his own experiences as one of the organizers of the RUP in California. La Raza Unida Party represents the culmination of the story of Chicano militancy that Professor Navarro has related in his earlier books. It goes beyond mere history-telling to discuss the strengths and weaknesses of ethnic-identity political parties and the perils of challenging the two-party dictatorship that characterizes U.S. electoral politics.
Posted in Political Science

Mexicano Political Experience in Occupied Aztlan

Struggles and Change

Author: Armando Navarro

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759105676

Category: History

Page: 753

View: 1408

This exciting new volume from Armando Navarro offers the most current and comprehensive political history of the Mexicano experience in the United States. Viewing Mexicanos today as an occupied and colonized people, Navarro calls for the formation of a new movement to reinvigorate the struggle for resistance and change. His book is a valuable resource for social activists and instructors in Latino politics, U.S. race relations, and social movements.
Posted in History

Mexicano and Latino Politics and the Quest for Self-Determination

What Needs to Be Done

Author: Armando Navarro

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739197363

Category: Political Science

Page: 670

View: 8993

This book critically examines the current status of Mexicano and Latino Politics in the United States and how both represent a dysfunctional and failed mode of politics. Two change models are provided as alternatives: Aztlán’s Politics of a Nation-Within-a-Nation (APNWN) and Aztlán’s Politics of Separatism (APS).
Posted in Political Science

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture

Volume 24: Race

Author: Thomas C. Holt,Laurie Beth Green,Charles Reagan Wilson

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469607247

Category: Reference

Page: 320

View: 1945

There is no denying that race is a critical issue in understanding the South. However, this concluding volume of The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture challenges previous understandings, revealing the region's rich, ever-expanding diversity and providing new explorations of race relations. In 36 thematic and 29 topical essays, contributors examine such subjects as the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, Japanese American incarceration in the South, relations between African Americans and Native Americans, Chinese men adopting Mexican identities, Latino religious practices, and Vietnamese life in the region. Together the essays paint a nuanced portrait of how concepts of race in the South have influenced its history, art, politics, and culture beyond the familiar binary of black and white.
Posted in Reference

Single Crystal Neutron Diffraction From Molecular Materials

Author: Chick C Wilson

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813105402

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 9636

This important book presents a comprehensive account of the techniques and applications of single crystal neutron diffraction in the area of chemical crystallography and molecular structure. Beginning with a brief description of the general principles and the reasons for choosing the technique — the “why” — the book covers the methods for both the production of neutrons and the measurement of their scattering by molecular crystals — the “how” — followed by a detailed survey of past, present and future applications — the “what”. The coverage of both steady state and pulsed neutron sources and instrumentation is extensive, while the survey of applications is the most comprehensive yet undertaken. The book endeavours to show why the technique is an essential method for studying areas as diverse as hydrogen bonding and weak interactions, organometallics, supramolecular chemistry and crystal engineering, metal hydrides, charge density and pharmaceuticals. It is an ideal reference source for the research worker interested in using neutron diffraction to study the structure of molecules.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Physics of Solids

Author: J. B. Ketterson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191060550

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 648

This comprehensive text covers the basic physics of the solid state starting at an elementary level suitable for undergraduates but then advancing, in stages, to a graduate and advanced graduate level. In addition to treating the fundamental elastic, electrical, thermal, magnetic, structural, electronic, transport, optical, mechanical and compositional properties, we also discuss topics like superfluidity and superconductivity along with special topics such as strongly correlated systems, high-temperature superconductors, the quantum Hall effects, and graphene. Particular emphasis is given to so-called first principles calculations utilizing modern density functional theory which for many systems now allow accurate calculations of the electronic, magnetic, and thermal properties.
Posted in Science

The Basics of Crystallography and Diffraction

Author: Christopher Hammond

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198505525

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 6285

A classic textbook providing a clear and comprehensive introduction to the topic of crystallography and diffraction for undregraduate and beginning graduate students and lecturers in physics, chemistry, materials and earth sciences. For this second edition the existing material has been throughly updated.
Posted in Science

Ultrafast Phenomena XVI

Proceedings of the 16th International Conference, Palazzo dei Congressi Stresa, Italy, June 9--13, 2008

Author: Paul Corkum,Sandro de Silvestri,Keith A. Nelson,Eberhard Riedle,Robert W. Schoenlein

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540959465

Category: Science

Page: 1031

View: 4861

Ultrafast Phenomena XVI presents the latest advances in ultrafast science, including both ultrafast optical technology and the study of ultrafast phenomena. It covers picosecond, femtosecond and attosecond processes relevant to applications in physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering. Ultrafast technology has a profound impact in a wide range of applications, amongst them biomedical imaging, chemical dynamics, frequency standards, material processing, and ultrahigh speed communications. This book summarizes the results presented at the 16th International Conference on Ultrafast Phenomena and provides an up-to-date view of this important and rapidly advancing field.
Posted in Science

Early Days of X-ray Crystallography

Author: André Authier

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191635022

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 1693

The year 2012 marked the centenary of one of the most significant discoveries of the early twentieth century, the discovery of X-ray diffraction (March 1912, by Laue, Friedrich and Knipping) and of Bragg's law (November 1912). The discovery of X-ray diffraction confirmed the wave nature of X-rays and the space-lattice hypothesis. It had two major consequences: the analysis of the structure of atoms, and the determination of the atomic structure of materials. This had a momentous impact in chemistry, physics, mineralogy, material science, biology and X-ray spectroscopy. The book relates the discovery itself, the early days of X-ray crystallography, and the way the news of the discovery spread round the world. It explains how the first crystal structures were determined by William Bragg and his son Lawrence, and recounts which were the early applications of X-ray crystallography in chemistry, mineralogy, materials science, physics, biological sciences and X-ray spectroscopy. It also tells how the concept of space lattice developed since ancient times up to the nineteenth century, and how our conception of the nature of light has changed over time. The contributions of the main actors of the story, prior to the discovery, at the time of the discovery and immediately afterwards, are described through their writings and are put into the context of the time, accompanied by brief biographical details. This thoroughly researched account on the multiple faces of a scientific specialty, X-ray crystallography, is aimed both at the scientists, who rarely subject the historical material of past discoveries in their field to particular scrutiny with regard to the historical details and at the historians of science who often lack the required expert knowledge to scrutinize the involved technical content in sufficient depth (M. Eckert - Metascience).
Posted in Science

Provenance and Annotation of Data and Processes

5th International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2014, Cologne, Germany, June 9-13, 2014. Revised Selected Papers

Author: Bertram Ludäscher,Beth Plale

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319164627

Category: Computers

Page: 298

View: 1581

This book constitutes the revised selected papers of the 5th International Provenance and Annotation Workshop, IPAW 2014, held in Cologne, Germany in June 2014. The 14 long papers, 20 short papers and 4 extended abstracts presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 53 submissions. The papers include tools that enable provenance capture from software compilers, from web publications and from scripts, using existing audit logs and employing both static and dynamic instrumentation.
Posted in Computers

Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics, and Ultrafast Phenomena with X-Rays

Physics With X-Ray Free-Electron Lasers

Author: Bernhard Adams

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402074752

Category: Science

Page: 330

View: 3011

Nonlinear Optics, Quantum Optics, and Ultrafast Phenomena with X-Rays is an introduction to cutting-edge science that is beginning to emerge on state-of-the-art synchrotron radiation facilities and will come to flourish with the x-ray free-electron lasers currently being planned. It is intended for the use by scientists at synchrotron radiation facilities working with the combination of x-rays and lasers and those preparing for the science at x-ray free-electron lasers. In the past decade synchrotron radiation sources have experienced a tremendous increase in their brilliance and other figures of merit. This progress, driven strongly by the scientific applications, is still going on and may actually be accelerating with the advent of x-ray free-electron lasers. As a result, a confluence of x-ray and laser physics is taking place, due to the increasing importance of laser concepts, such as coherence and nonlinear optics to the x-ray community and the importance of x-ray optics to the laser-generation of ultrashort pulses of x-rays.
Posted in Science

Workflow Management Systems and Interoperability

Author: Asuman Dogac

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540644118

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 524

View: 9693

Workflow management systems enjoy increasing popularity due to their ability to coordinate and streamline complex organizational processes within organizations of all sizes. Control of these processes allows an organization to reengineer and improve or adapt them. Interest in workflow management systems was demonstrated in the early 1990s by an increased number of commercial products in an estimated $2 billion market. This book addresses recent advances in workflow management systems. Based on a NATO workshop held in 1997, it is an integrated collection of papers by leading international researchers. Topics emphasized include interoperability, Internet technologies to improve system capabilities, scalable and dynamic cooperation technologies, and workflow system prototypes.
Posted in Business & Economics

Lenses and Waves

Christiaan Huygens and the Mathematical Science of Optics in the Seventeenth Century

Author: Fokko Jan Dijksterhuis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402026973

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 287

View: 6741

In 1690, Christiaan Huygens (1629-1695) published Traité de la Lumière, containing his renowned wave theory of light. It is considered a landmark in seventeenth-century science, for the way Huygens mathematized the corpuscular nature of light and his probabilistic conception of natural knowledge. This book discusses the development of Huygens' wave theory, reconstructing the winding road that eventually led to Traité de la Lumière. For the first time, the full range of manuscript sources is taken into account. In addition, the development of Huygens' thinking on the nature of light is put in the context of his optics as a whole, which was dominated by his lifelong pursuit of theoretical and practical dioptrics. In so doing, this book offers the first account of the development of Huygens' mathematical analysis of lenses and telescopes and its significance for the origin of the wave theory of light. As Huygens applied his mathematical proficiency to practical issues pertaining to telescopes – including trying to design a perfect telescope by means of mathematical theory – his dioptrics is significant for our understanding of seventeenth-century relations between theory and practice. With this full account of Huygens' optics, this book sheds new light on the history of seventeenth-century optics and the rise of the new mathematical sciences, as well as Huygens' oeuvre as a whole. Students of the history of optics, of early mathematical physics, and the Scientific Revolution, will find this book enlightening.
Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

The Immigration Crisis

Nativism, Armed Vigilantism, and the Rise of a Countervailing Movement

Author: Armando Navarro

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759112360

Category: Political Science

Page: 528

View: 1302

Immigration remains one of the most pressing and polarizing issues in the United States. In The Immigration Crisis, the political scientist and social activist Armando Navarro takes a hard look at 400 years of immigration into the territories that now form the United States, paying particular attention to the ways in which immigrants have been received. The book provides a political, historical, and theoretical examination of the laws, personalities, organizations, events, and demographics that have shaped four centuries of immigration and led to the widespread social crisis that today divides citizens, non-citizens, regions, and political parties. As a prominent activist, Navarro has participated broadly in the Mexican-American community's responses to the problems of immigration and integration, and his book also provides a powerful glimpse into the actual working of Hispanic social movements. In a sobering conclusion, Navarro argues that the immigration crisis is inextricably linked to the globalization of capital and the American economy's dependence on cheap labor.
Posted in Political Science

Columbia

Final Voyage

Author: Philip Chien

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038727149X

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 7563

In ‘Columbia: Final Voyage’ aerospace writer Philip Chien, who has over 20 years’ experience covering the US space program, provides a unique insight into the crew members who lost their lives in the Columbia disaster. Chien interviewed all seven crew members several times and got to know them as individuals. He reviews in detail their training, their scientific work and other activities during their successful 16-day flight, the background of the accident itself and a detailed first-hand account of what happened that fateful day in February 2003. The author provides a comprehensive and personal look at both the Columbia astronauts and the STS-107 mission, together with a behind-the-scenes account of other people involved in the mission and their personal reactions to the accident. Forward by Jonathan B. Clark, widower of Columbia astronaut Laurel Clark Introduction by Apollo 11 astronaut Buzz Aldrin
Posted in Science

A Laboratory Course in Experimental Physics

Author: William James Loudon,John Cunningham McLennan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Physics

Page: 302

View: 3213

Posted in Physics

Praxis Manned Spaceflight Log 1961-2006

Author: Tim Furniss,Shayler David,Michael D. Shayler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387739807

Category: Science

Page: 830

View: 6325

This flagship work charts a complete chronological log of orbital manned spaceflight. Included are the X-15 "astroflights" of the 1960s, and the two 1961 Mercury and Redstone missions which were non-orbital. There is an image depicting each manned spaceflight, and data boxes containing brief biographies of all the space travelers. The main text is a narrative of each mission, its highlights and accomplishments, including the strange facts and humorous stories connected to every mission. The resulting book is a handy reference to all manned spaceflights, the names of astronauts and cosmonauts who flew on each mission, their roles and accomplishments.
Posted in Science