The Cambridge Illustrated History of Astronomy

Author: Michael A. Hoskin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780521411585

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 2770

Traces the history of astronomy as a science from ancient times to the present and describes the discoveries that have contributed to current beliefs about space and the universe
Posted in Science

The Cambridge Concise History of Astronomy

Author: Michael Hoskin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521576000

Category: Gardening

Page: 362

View: 8604

Astronomy is one of the oldest sciences, and one which has repeatedly led to fundamental changes in our view of the world. This book covers the history of our study of the cosmos from prehistory to a survey of modern astronomy and astrophysics. It does not attempt to cover everything, but deliberately concentrates on the important themes and topics, including stellar astronomy in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries--the source of many important concepts in modern astronomy--and the Copernican revolution, which led to the challenge of ancient authorities in many areas other than astronomy. This is an essential text for students of the history of science and for students of astronomy who require a historical background to their studies.
Posted in Gardening

Handbook of Medieval Culture

Author: N.A

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110392925

Category: History

Page: 747

View: 4323

A follow-up publication to the Handbook of Medieval Studies, this new reference work turns to a different focus: medieval culture. Medieval research has grown tremendously in depth and breadth over the last decades. Particularly our understanding of medieval culture, of the basic living conditions, and the specific value system prevalent at that time has considerably expanded, to a point where we are in danger of no longer seeing the proverbial forest for the trees. The present, innovative handbook offers compact articles on essential topics, ideals, specific knowledge, and concepts defining the medieval world as comprehensively as possible. The topics covered in this new handbook pertain to issues such as love and marriage, belief in God, hell, and the devil, education, lordship and servitude, Christianity versus Judaism and Islam, health, medicine, the rural world, the rise of the urban class, travel, roads and bridges, entertainment, games, and sport activities, numbers, measuring, the education system, the papacy, saints, the senses, death, and money.
Posted in History

Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

Author: Virginia Trimble,Thomas R. Williams,Katherine Bracher,Richard Jarrell,Jordan D. Marché,F. Jamil Ragep

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387304002

Category: Science

Page: 1348

View: 8136

The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers is a unique and valuable resource for historians and astronomers alike. The two volumes include approximately 1550 biographical sketches on astronomers from antiquity to modern times. It is the collective work of about 400 authors edited by an editorial board of 9 historians and astronomers, and provides additional details on the nature of an entry and some summary statistics on the content of entries. This new reference provides biographical information on astronomers and cosmologists by utilizing contemporary historical scholarship. Individual entries vary from 100 to 1500 words, including the likes of the superluminaries such as Newton and Einstein, as well as lesser-known astronomers like Galileo’s acolyte, Mario Guiducci. A comprehensive contributor index helps researchers to identify the authors of important scientific topics and treatises.
Posted in Science

Agnes Mary Clerke and the Rise of Astrophysics

Author: M. T. Brück

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139432689

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 8946

Born in Ireland in the mid-nineteenth century, Agnes Mary Clerke achieved fame as the author of A History of Astronomy during the Nineteenth Century. Through her quarter-century career, she became the leading commentator on astronomy and astrophysics in the English-speaking world. The biography of Agnes Clerke describes the life and work of this extraordinary woman. It also chronicles the development of astronomy in the last decades of pre-Einstein science, and introduces many of the great figures in astronomy of that age including Huggins, Lockyer, Holden and Pickering; their achievements and their rivalries. The story follows her friendship with William and Margaret Huggins, and her prolific correspondence with eminent astronomers of the time. This biography will fascinate scientists, and anyone who admires intellectual achievement brought about through love of learning and sheer hard work.
Posted in Science

Senior High School Library Catalog

Author: H.W. Wilson Company

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Best books

Page: N.A

View: 837

Each vol. is divided into 2 parts 1st-7th ed.: Dictionary catalog and Classified catalog; 8th-9th ed. have 3rd. part: Directory of publishers.
Posted in Best books

A Question and Answer Guide to Astronomy

Author: Pierre-Yves Bely,Carol Christian,Jean-René Roy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052118066X

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 7803

A practical answer guide to humankind's age-old questions on planets, our universe and everything beyond and between.
Posted in Science

Mathematics in Victorian Britain

Author: photographer and broadcaster Foreword by Dr Adam Hart-Davis

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191627941

Category: Mathematics

Page: 480

View: 2670

During the Victorian era, industrial and economic growth led to a phenomenal rise in productivity and invention. That spirit of creativity and ingenuity was reflected in the massive expansion in scope and complexity of many scientific disciplines during this time, with subjects evolving rapidly and the creation of many new disciplines. The subject of mathematics was no exception and many of the advances made by mathematicians during the Victorian period are still familiar today; matrices, vectors, Boolean algebra, histograms, and standard deviation were just some of the innovations pioneered by these mathematicians. This book constitutes perhaps the first general survey of the mathematics of the Victorian period. It assembles in a single source research on the history of Victorian mathematics that would otherwise be out of the reach of the general reader. It charts the growth and institutional development of mathematics as a profession through the course of the 19th century in England, Scotland, Ireland, and across the British Empire. It then focuses on developments in specific mathematical areas, with chapters ranging from developments in pure mathematical topics (such as geometry, algebra, and logic) to Victorian work in the applied side of the subject (including statistics, calculating machines, and astronomy). Along the way, we encounter a host of mathematical scholars, some very well known (such as Charles Babbage, James Clerk Maxwell, Florence Nightingale, and Lewis Carroll), others largely forgotten, but who all contributed to the development of Victorian mathematics.
Posted in Mathematics

The Cambridge History of Science

Volume 3: Early Modern Science

Author: Katharine Park,Lorraine Daston

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521572444

Category: Science

Page: 865

View: 9994

A comprehensive account of knowledge of the natural world in Europe, ca.1500-1700. Often referred to as the Scientific Revolution, this period saw major transformations in fields as diverse as anatomy and astronomy, natural history and mathematics. Articles by leading specialists describe in clear, accessible prose supplemented by extensive bibliographies, how new ideas, discoveries, and institutions shaped the ways in which nature came to be studied, understood, and used. Part I frames the study of 'The New Nature' in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Part II surveys the 'Personae and Sites of Natural Knowledge'. Part III treats the study of nature by discipline, following the classification of the sciences current in early modern Europe. Part IV takes up the implications of the new natural knowledge for religion, literature, art, gender, and European identity
Posted in Science

Public Library Catalog

Author: Juliette Yaakov

Publisher: Hw Wilson Co

ISBN: 9780824210397

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1434

View: 1729

Highly recommended reference works in all subject areas and non-fiction books for adults, plus information on electronic editions when available. More than 8,000 books in the main volume. More than 2,400 new titles in annual paperbound supplements. More than 2,000 analytic entries for items in collections and anthologies.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Cosmos

An Illustrated History of Astronomy and Cosmology

Author: John North

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226594416

Category: Science

Page: 876

View: 2190

The definitive history of humanity's search to find its place within the universe. North charts the history of astronomy and cosmology from the Paleolithic period to the present day.
Posted in Science

Discoverers of the Universe

William and Caroline Herschel

Author: Michael Hoskin

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400838127

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 256

View: 7036

Discoverers of the Universe tells the gripping story of William Herschel, the brilliant, fiercely ambitious, emotionally complex musician and composer who became court astronomer to Britain's King George III, and of William's sister, Caroline, who assisted him in his observations of the night sky and became an accomplished astronomer in her own right. Together, they transformed our view of the universe from the unchanging, mechanical creation of Newton's clockmaker god to the ever-evolving, incredibly dynamic cosmos that it truly is. William was in his forties when his amateur observations using a homemade telescope led to his discovery of Uranus, and an invitation to King George's court. He coined the term "asteroid," discovered infrared radiation, was the first to realize that our solar system is moving through space, discovered 2,500 nebulae that form the basis of the catalog astronomers use today, and was unrivalled as a telescope builder. Caroline shared William's passion for astronomy, recording his observations during night watches and organizing his papers for publication. She was the first salaried woman astronomer in history, a pioneer who herself discovered nine comets and became a role model for women in the sciences. Written by the world's premier expert on the Herschels, Discoverers of the Universe traces William and Caroline's many extraordinary contributions to astronomy, shedding new light on their productive but complicated relationship, and setting their scientific achievements in the context of their personal struggles, larger-than-life ambitions, bitter disappointments, and astonishing triumphs.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Quirky Sides of Scientists

True Tales of Ingenuity and Error from Physics and Astronomy

Author: David R Topper

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387710191

Category: Science

Page: 210

View: 6119

These historical narratives of scientific behavior reveal the often irrational way scientists arrive at and assess their theories. There are stories of Einstein’s stubbornness leading him to reject a correct interpretation of an experiment and miss an important deduction from his own theory, and Newton missing the important deduction from one of his most celebrated discoveries. This enlightening book clearly demonstrates that the greatest minds throughout history arrived at their famous scientific theories in very unorganized ways and they often did not fully grasp the significance and implications of their own work.
Posted in Science

Kulturgeschichte Griechenlands in der Antike

Author: Paul Cartledge

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476044556

Category: History

Page: 380

View: 1978

"Paul Cartledge hat ein Weltklasse-Team zusammengebracht, welches das Bildmaterial als integralen Bestandteil der Darstellung behandelt" (Oliver Taplin). Dieses Buch will die antike griechische Kultur in ihrer ganzen Vielfalt darstellen und den Glanz Griechenlands von der Antike bis in unsere Zeit vor Augen führen. 300 meist farbige Abbildungen sind das Herzstück dieser Kultur- und Mentalitätsgeschichte, einer Übersetzung aus der renommierten Reihe "Cambridge Illustrated History". Die Abbildungen sind sorgfältig ausgewählt und ausführlich kommentiert. Zusammen mit historischen Karten, Fallbeispielen und "Schaukästen" machen Sie die vielen Facetten der griechischen Geschichte auf unterhaltende und faszinierende Weise anschaulich. Die neun britischen und amerikanischen Wissenschaftler schildern nicht nur die Geschichte der Kriege und der großen Kulturleistungen, sondern auch die Geschichte des alltäglichen und festtäglichen Lebens, der sozialen, wirtschaftlichen und umweltbedingten Aspekte der griechischen Kultur. So wird zum einen die enorme kulturbildende Kraft der Griechen deutlich, die die Entfaltung der westlichen Zivilisation bis heute bestimmt hat, zum anderen sind die Grenzen und die Fremdheit dieser Kultur aus heutiger Sicht eindrucksvoll nachzuvollziehen. Zeittafel, Glossar, ein Who's Who der wichtigsten Persönlichkeiten u.a. komplettieren diesen Band, der auch für den schulischen und universitären Unterricht Material in großer Fülle zu bieten hat.
Posted in History

Eine kurze Geschichte der Zeit

Author: Stephen Hawking

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644008612

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 3853

Ist das Universum unendlich oder begrenzt? Hat die Raumzeit einen Anfang, den Urknall? Dehnt sie sich aus? Wird sie wieder in sich zusammenstürzen? Liefe die Zeit dann rückwärts? Welchen Platz im Universum nehmen wir ein? Und ist in den atemberaubenden Modellen der Kosmologen noch Platz für einen Gott? – Es sind existenzielle Fragen, mit denen sich Stephen Hawking befasst, Fragen, die Forschung und Lehre in den Zentren der modernen Physik ebenso bestimmen wie die Diskussion von Geisteswissenschaftlern. Dieses Meisterwerk eines Jahrhundert-Genies hat unsere Weltsicht verändert. Zugleich hat Stephen Hawking damit neue Maßstäbe für die Erklärung komplexer physikalischer Zusammenhänge gesetzt. In diesem Buch, weltweit inzwischen über zehn Millionen Mal verkauft, ist das Credo des großen Physikers enthalten und lebendig. «Der Physiker Stephen Hawking ist im Begriff, die Formel zu finden, die das Universum erklärt.» ZEIT-Magazin
Posted in Science

Public Library Core Collection

A Selection Guide to Reference Books and Adult Nonfiction. Nonfiction

Author: John Greenfieldt,Patrice Bartell

Publisher: Hw Wilson Co

ISBN: 9780824210946

Category: Public libraries

Page: 1856

View: 8874

Posted in Public libraries

The Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada

Author: Royal Astronomical Society of Canada

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Astronomy

Page: N.A

View: 7600

"Library catalogue in 1911" (31 p.) appended to v. 4.
Posted in Astronomy

Cambridge Illustrated Dictionary of Astronomy

Author: Jacqueline Mitton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521823647

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 8081

This lavishly illustrated new dictionary written by an experienced writer and consultant on astronomy provides an essential guide to the universe for amateur astronomers of all ages. Around 1300 carefully selected and cross-referenced entries are complemented by hundreds of beautiful colour illustrations, taken from space missions, the Hubble Space Telescope, and other major observatories on Earth and in space. Distinguished stellar illustrator Wil Tirion has drawn 20 new star maps especially for inclusion here. A myriad of named astronomical objects, constellations, observatories and space missions are described in detail, as well as biographical sketches for 70 of the most luminous individuals in the history of astronomy and space science. Acronyms and specialist terms are clearly explained, making for the most thorough and carefully assembled reference resource that teachers and enthusiasts of astronomy will ever need.
Posted in Science

Partielle Differentialgleichungen und numerische Methoden

Author: Stig Larsson,Vidar Thomee

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540274227

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 612

Das Buch ist für Studenten der angewandten Mathematik und der Ingenieurwissenschaften auf Vordiplomniveau geeignet. Der Schwerpunkt liegt auf der Verbindung der Theorie linearer partieller Differentialgleichungen mit der Theorie finiter Differenzenverfahren und der Theorie der Methoden finiter Elemente. Für jede Klasse partieller Differentialgleichungen, d.h. elliptische, parabolische und hyperbolische, enthält der Text jeweils ein Kapitel zur mathematischen Theorie der Differentialgleichung gefolgt von einem Kapitel zu finiten Differenzenverfahren sowie einem zu Methoden der finiten Elemente. Den Kapiteln zu elliptischen Gleichungen geht ein Kapitel zum Zweipunkt-Randwertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen voran. Ebenso ist den Kapiteln zu zeitabhängigen Problemen ein Kapitel zum Anfangswertproblem für gewöhnliche Differentialgleichungen vorangestellt. Zudem gibt es ein Kapitel zum elliptischen Eigenwertproblem und zur Entwicklung nach Eigenfunktionen. Die Darstellung setzt keine tiefer gehenden Kenntnisse in Analysis und Funktionalanalysis voraus. Das erforderliche Grundwissen über lineare Funktionalanalysis und Sobolev-Räume wird im Anhang im Überblick besprochen.
Posted in Mathematics