The Biology of Soil

A Community and Ecosystem Approach

Author: Richard Bardgett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198525035

Category: Science

Page: 242

View: 1171

Soil science has undergone a renaissance with increasing awareness of the importance of soil organisms and below-ground biotic interactions as drivers of community and ecosystem properties.
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The Biology of Disturbed Habitats

Author: Lawrence R. Walker

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199575290

Category: Science

Page: 319

View: 1102

Providing a global summary of the biology of disturbance ecology, this text offers both the conceptual underpinnings and practical advice required to comprehend and address the unprecedented environmental challenges facing humans. It examines both natural and anthropogenic disturbances in aquatic and terrestrial habitats.
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Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Author: Diana H. Wall,Richard D. Bardgett,Valerie Behan-Pelletier,Jeffrey E. Herrick,T. Hefin Jones,Karl Ritz,Johan Six,Donald R. Strong,Wim H. van der Putten

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191632562

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 9870

This multi-contributor, international volume synthesizes contributions from the world's leading soil scientists and ecologists, describing cutting-edge research that provides a basis for the maintenance of soil health and sustainability. The book covers these advances from a unique perspective of examining the ecosystem services produced by soil biota across different scales - from biotic interactions at microscales to communities functioning at regional and global scales. The book leads the user towards an understanding of how the sustainability of soils, biodiversity, and ecosystem services can be maintained and how humans, other animals, and ecosystems are dependent on living soils and ecosystem services.
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Biological Diversity and Function in Soils

Author: Richard Bardgett,David Hopkins,Michael Usher

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521609876

Category: Nature

Page: 411

View: 3850

The dynamic nature of current research into soil biodiversity is reflected in this excellent volume.
Posted in Nature

Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry

Author: Eldor A. Paul

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123914116

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 598

View: 9928

The fourth edition of Soil Microbiology, Ecology and Biochemistry updates this widely used reference as the study and understanding of soil biota, their function, and the dynamics of soil organic matter has been revolutionized by molecular and instrumental techniques, and information technology. Knowledge of soil microbiology, ecology and biochemistry is central to our understanding of organisms and their processes and interactions with their environment. In a time of great global change and increased emphasis on biodiversity and food security, soil microbiology and ecology has become an increasingly important topic. Revised by a group of world-renowned authors in many institutions and disciplines, this work relates the breakthroughs in knowledge in this important field to its history as well as future applications. The new edition provides readable, practical, impactful information for its many applied and fundamental disciplines. Professionals turn to this text as a reference for fundamental knowledge in their field or to inform management practices. New section on "Methods in Studying Soil Organic Matter Formation and Nutrient Dynamics" to balance the two successful chapters on microbial and physiological methodology Includes expanded information on soil interactions with organisms involved in human and plant disease Improved readability and integration for an ever-widening audience in his field Integrated concepts related to soil biota, diversity, and function allow readers in multiple disciplines to understand the complex soil biota and their function
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Author: Diana H. Wall,Richard D. Bardgett,Valerie Behan-Pelletier,Jeffrey E. Herrick,T. Hefin Jones,Karl Ritz,Johan Six,Donald R. Strong,Wim H. van der Putten

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191632562

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 759

This multi-contributor, international volume synthesizes contributions from the world's leading soil scientists and ecologists, describing cutting-edge research that provides a basis for the maintenance of soil health and sustainability. The book covers these advances from a unique perspective of examining the ecosystem services produced by soil biota across different scales - from biotic interactions at microscales to communities functioning at regional and global scales. The book leads the user towards an understanding of how the sustainability of soils, biodiversity, and ecosystem services can be maintained and how humans, other animals, and ecosystems are dependent on living soils and ecosystem services.
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The Biology of Mangroves and Seagrasses

Author: Peter J. Hogarth

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198716559

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 3793

Mangroves and seagrasses form extensive and highly productive ecosystems that are both biologically diverse and economically valuable. This book, now in its third edition and fully updated throughout, continues to provide a current and comprehensive introduction to all aspects of the biology and ecology of mangroves and seagrasses. Using a global range of examples and case studies, it describes the unique adaptations of these plants to their exacting environments; the rich and diverse communities of organisms that depend on mangrove forests and seagrass meadows (including tree-climbing shrimps, synchronously flashing fireflies, and 'gardening' seacows); the links between mangrove, seagrass, and other habitats; and the evolution, biodiversity, and biogeography of mangroves and seagrasses. The economic value of mangroves and seagrasses is also discussed, including approaches to rational management of these vital resources and techniques for the restoration of degraded habitats. A final chapter, new to this edition, examines the potential effects of global climate change including sea level rise. As with other titles in the Biology of Habitats Series, particular emphasis is placed on the organisms that dominate these fascinating aquatic ecosystems although pollution, conservation, and experimental aspects are also considered. This accessible textbook assumes no previous knowledge of mangrove or seagrass ecology and is intended for senior undergraduate and graduate students, as well as professional ecologists, conservation practitioners, and resource managers.
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Serpentine

The Evolution and Ecology of a Model System

Author: Susan Harrison,Nishanta Rajakaruna

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520948459

Category: Nature

Page: 464

View: 9459

Serpentine soils have long fascinated biologists for the specialized floras they support and the challenges they pose to plant survival and growth. This volume focuses on what scientists have learned about major questions in earth history, evolution, ecology, conservation, and restoration from the study of serpentine areas, especially in California. Results from molecular studies offer insight into evolutionary patterns, while new ecological research examines both species and communities. Serpentine highlights research whose breadth provides context and fresh insights into the evolution and ecology of stressful environments.
Posted in Nature

Wetland Habitats of North America

Ecology and Conservation Concerns

Author: Darold P. Batzer,Andrew H. Baldwin

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520271645

Category: Nature

Page: 389

View: 8741

"Wetland Habitats of North America is essential reading for everyone who studies, manages, or visits North American wetlands. It fills an important void in the wetland literature, providing accessible and succinct descriptions of all of the continent's major wetland types." Arnold van der Valk, Iowa State University "Batzer and Baldwin have compiled the most comprehensive compendium of North American wetland habitats and their ecology that is presently available--a must for wetland scientists and managers." Irving A. Mendelssohn, Louisiana State University "If you want to gain a broad understanding of the ecology of North America's diverse wetlands, Wetland Habitats of North America is the book for you. Darold Batzer and Andrew Baldwin have assembled an impressive group of regional wetland scientists who have produced a virtual encyclopedia to the continent's wetlands. Reading the book is like a road trip across the Americas with guided tours of major wetland types by local experts. Your first stop will be to coastal wetlands with eight chapters covering tidal wetlands along the Atlantic, Gulf, and Pacific coasts. Then you'll travel inland where you can visit any or all of 18 types ranging from bottomland swamps of the Southeast to pothole marshes of the Northern Prairies to montane wetlands of the Rockies to tropical swamps of Central America and desert springs wetlands. All in one book--I'm impressed! Every wetlander should add this book to her or his swampland library. Ralph Tiner, University of Massachusetts-Amherst
Posted in Nature

Cold-Water Corals

The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats

Author: J. Murray Roberts

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521884853

Category: Nature

Page: 334

View: 6271

Highly illustrated synthesis of research on cold-water corals worldwide.
Posted in Nature

Biology Ii for High School

Author: N.A

Publisher: Rex Bookstore, Inc.

ISBN: 9789712326356

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 385

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The New Science of Metagenomics:

Revealing the Secrets of Our Microbial Planet

Author: Committee on Metagenomics: Challenges and Functional Applications,Board on Life Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309106761

Category: Science

Page: 170

View: 4167

Although we can't usually see them, microbes are essential for every part of human life -- indeed all life on Earth. The emerging field of metagenomics offers a new way of exploring the microbial world that will transform modern microbiology and lead to practical applications in medicine, agriculture, alternative energy, environmental remediation, and many others areas. Metagenomics allows researchers to look at the genomes of all of the microbes in an environment at once, providing a "meta" view of the whole microbial community and the complex interactions within it. It's a quantum leap beyond traditional research techniques that rely on studying -- one at a time -- the few microbes that can be grown in the laboratory. At the request of the National Science Foundation, five Institutes of the National Institutes of Health, and the Department of Energy, the National Research Council organized a committee to address the current state of metagenomics and identify obstacles current researchers are facing in order to determine how to best support the field and encourage its success. The New Science of Metagenomics recommends the establishment of a "Global Metagenomics Initiative" comprising a small number of large-scale metagenomics projects as well as many medium- and small-scale projects to advance the technology and develop the standard practices needed to advance the field. The report also addresses database needs, methodological challenges, and the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration in supporting this new field.
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Fundamentals of Soil Ecology

Author: David C. Coleman,D. A. Crossley,Paul F. Hendrix

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780121797263

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 7177

Historical overview of soils and the fitness of soil environment. Primary production processes in soils: roots and rhizosphere associates. Secondary production: activities of heterotrophic organisms-microbes. Secondary production: activities of heterotrophic organisms-the soil fauna. Decomposition and nutrient cycling. Soil food webs: Detritivory and microbivory in soils. Soil biodiversity and linkages to soil processes. Future developments in soil ecology. Laboratory and field exercises in soil ecology.
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Encyclopedia of Ecology: P-S

Author: Sven Erik Jørgensen

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780080454009

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7984

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The Biology of Coastal Sand Dunes

Author: M. Anwar Maun

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198570368

Category: Nature

Page: 265

View: 8581

A concise but comprehensive introduction to the biology of coastal sand dunes. The emphasis in this book is on the organisms that dominate this predominantly marine environment, although pollution, conservation, management and experimental aspects are considered.
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Biological Approaches to Sustainable Soil Systems

Author: Norman Uphoff,Andrew S. Ball,Erick Fernandes,Hans Herren,Olivier Husson,Mark Laing,Cheryl Palm,Jules Pretty,Pedro Sanchez,Nteranya Sanginga,Janice Thies

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 142001711X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 784

View: 5152

Global agriculture is now at the crossroads. The Green Revolution of the last century is losing momentum. Rates of growth in food production are now declining, with land and water resources becoming scarcer, while world population continues to grow. We need to continue to identify and share the knowledge that will support successful and sustainable agriculture systems. These depend crucially on soil. Gaining international attention, Dr. Uphoff’s efforts to promote and develop sustainable agriculture was recently featured in the N.Y. Times Led by Norman Uphoff, internationally renowned for his proactive approach to world hunger, this volume brings together 102 experts representing 28 nations and multiple disciplines to report on achievements in sustainable soil-system management. While accepting some continuing role for chemical and other external inputs, this book presents ways in which crops can be produced cost effectively in greater abundance with lessened dependence on the exogenous resources that have driven the expansion of agriculture in the past. Including the work of both researchers and practitioners, this important volume — · Explores soil systems in a variety of climate conditions · Discusses the importance of symbiotic relationships between plants and soil organisms, looking at crops as integral and interdependent participants in ecosystems · Seeks to reduce the distance between scientific research and technical practice · Examines related considerations such as pest and disease control, climate change, fertility restoration, and uses of monitoring and modeling With 50 self-contained chapters, this work provides researchers, practitioners, and policy makers with a comprehensive understanding of the science and steps needed to utilize soil systems for the long-term benefit of humankind. For information on the SRI, System of Rice Intensification being developed by Uphoff and others, go to http://ciifad.cornell.edu/sri/
Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Rhizosphere

An Ecological Perspective

Author: Zoe G. Cardon,Julie Lynn Whitbeck

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080493046

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 232

View: 4868

Below the soil surface, the rhizosphere is the dynamic interface among plant roots, soil microbes and fauna, and the soil itself, where biological as well as physico-chemical properties differ radically from those of bulk soil. The Rhizosphere is the first ecologically-focused book that explicitly establishes the links from extraordinarily small-scale processes in the rhizosphere to larger-scale belowground patterns and processes. This book includes chapters that emphasize the effects of rhizosphere biology on long-term soil development, agro-ecosystem management and responses of ecosystems to global change. Overall, the volume seeks to spur development of cross-scale links for understanding belowground function in varied natural and managed ecosystems. First cross-scale ecologically-focused integration of information at the frontier of root, microbial, and soil faunal biology Establishes the links from extraordinarily small-scale processes in the rhizosphere to larger-scale belowground patterns and processes Includes valuable information on ecosystem response to increased atmospheric carbon dioxide and enhanced global nitrogen deposition Chapters written by a variety of experts, including soil scientists, microbial and soil faunal ecologists, and plant biologists
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Aboveground-Belowground Linkages

Biotic Interactions, Ecosystem Processes, and Global Change

Author: Richard D. Bardgett,David A. Wardle

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199546878

Category: Nature

Page: 301

View: 7180

Synthesises and evaluates recent advances concerning how species and their interactions influence terrestrial ecosystem processes, such as productivity, decomposition, nutrient cycling, and fluxes.
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Landscape Ecological Applications in Man-Influenced Areas

Linking Man and Nature Systems

Author: Sun-Kee Hong,Nobukazu Nakagoshi,Bojie Fu,Yukihiro Morimoto

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402054882

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 3180

Landscape Ecological Applications in Man-Influenced Areas not only expands the concept of landscape ecology, but also applies its principles to man-influenced ecosystems. New dimensions of landscape ecological research in a global change such as urbanization, biodiversity, and land transformation are explored in this book. The book also includes case studies concerning landscape analysis and evaluation using spatial analysis and landscape modelling for establishing sustainable management strategy in urban and agricultural landscapes.
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