Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Author: Bart L. Weathington,Christopher J. L. Cunningham,David J. Pittenger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119470072

Category: Psychology

Page: 672

View: 5810

A comprehensive introduction to research methods and best practices for designing,conducting, interpreting, and reporting findings This text is designed to develop in students a passion for conducting research and an understanding of the practical value of systematic information- gathering and decision-making. It features step-by-step coverage of the research process including research design, statistical considerations, and guidance on writing up and presenting results. Recognized leaders in the field—authors Bart Weathington, Christopher Cunningham, and David Pittenger—present: Introductions to multiple research designs—including single-participant, multi-group, longitudinal, correlational, and experimental designs—accompanied by examples Bibliographic research and methods for appropriate sampling Identifying, developing, and evaluating reliable and valid approaches to measurement The issues and steps common to all single-factor and multifactor studies, as well as single-subject and nonexperimental methods How to summarize research in writing that conforms to the editorial guidelines of the American Psychological Association A comprehensive review of research methods and the statistical concepts that support them, Research Methods for the Behavioral and Social Sciences offers the best techniques for studying behavior and social phenomena.
Posted in Psychology

The Behavioral and Social Sciences:

Achievements and Opportunities

Author: Committee on Basic Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309037492

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 8927

This volume explores the scientific frontiers and leading edges of research across the fields of anthropology, economics, political science, psychology, sociology, history, business, education, geography, law, and psychiatry, as well as the newer, more specialized areas of artificial intelligence, child development, cognitive science, communications, demography, linguistics, and management and decision science. It includes recommendations concerning new resources, facilities, and programs that may be needed over the next several years to ensure rapid progress and provide a high level of returns to basic research.
Posted in Science

Behavioral and Social Science Research:

A National Resource

Author: Committee on Basic Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309032784

Category: Social Science

Page: 121

View: 5591

Behavioral and Social Science Research: A National Resource specifies appropriate criteria for assessing the value, significance, and social utility of basic research in the social sciences. This report identifies illustrative areas of basic research in the social sciences that have developed analytic frameworks of high social utility and describes the development of these frameworks and their utilization. It also identifies illustrative areas of basic research in the social sciences that are likely to be of high value, significance, and/or social utility in the near future, reviews the current state of knowledge in these areas, and indicates research efforts needed to bring these areas to their full potential.
Posted in Social Science

Using Basic Statistics in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Author: Annabel Ness Evans

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483323617

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 3694

Using Basic Statistics in the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Fifth Edition, by Annabel Ness Evans, presents introductory statistics in a practical, conceptual, and humorous way, reducing the anxiety that many students experience in introductory courses. Avoiding complex notation and derivation, the book focuses on helping readers develop an understanding of the underlying logic of statistics. Practical Focus on Research boxes engage students with realistic applications of statistics, and end-of-chapter exercises ensure student comprehension. This exciting new edition includes a greater number of realistic and engaging global examples within the social and behavioral sciences, making it ideal for use within many departments or in interdisciplinary settings.
Posted in Social Science

Behavioral and Social Science

50 Years of Discovery

Author: Neil J. Smelser,Dean R. Gerstein

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 319

In 1933, President Herbert Hoover commissioned the "Ogburn Report," a comprehensive study of social trends in the United States. Fifty years later, a symposium of noted social and behavioural scientists marked the report's anniversary with a book of their own from the Commission on Behavioural and Social Sciences and Education. The 10 chapters presented here relate the developments detailed in the "Ogburn Report" to modern social trends. This book discusses recent major strides in the social and behavioural sciences, including sociology, psychology, anthropology, economics, and linguistics.
Posted in Social Science

Terrorism:

Perspectives from the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Author: Committee on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism,Panel on Behavioral, Social, and Institional Issues,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Social and Economic Studies

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309086124

Category: Social Science

Page: 80

View: 900

The events and aftermath of September 11, 2001, profoundly changed the course of history of the nation. They also brought the phenomenon known as terrorism to the forefront of the nation's consciousness. As it became thus focused, the limits of scientific understanding of terrorism and the capacity to develop policies to deal with it became even more evident. The objective of this report is to bring behavioral and social science perspectives to bear on the nature, determinants, and domestic responses to contemporary terrorism as a way of making theoretical and practical knowledge more adequate to the task. It also identifies areas of research priorities for the behavioral and social sciences.
Posted in Social Science

Categorical Data Analysis for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Author: Razia Azen,Cindy M. Walker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136914242

Category: Education

Page: 296

View: 3754

Featuring a practical approach with numerous examples, this book focuses on helping the reader develop a conceptual, rather than technical, understanding of categorical methods, making it a much more accessible text than others on the market. The authors cover common categorical analyses and emphasize specific research questions that can be addressed by each analytic procedure so that readers are able to address the research questions they wish to answer. To achieve this goal, the authors: Review the theoretical implications and assumptions underlying each of the procedures Present each concept in general terms and illustrate each with a practical example Demonstrate the analyses using SPSS and SAS and show the interpretation of the results provided by these programs. A "Look Ahead" section at the beginning of each chapter provides an overview of the material covered so that the reader knows what to expect. This is followed by one or more research questions that can be addressed using the procedure(s) covered in the chapter. A theoretical presentation of the material is provided and illustrated using realistic examples from the behavioral and social sciences. To further enhance accessibility, the new procedures introduced in the book are explicitly related to analytic procedures covered in earlier statistics courses, such as ANOVA and linear regression. Throughout each chapter the authors use practical examples to demonstrate how to obtain and interpret statistical output in both SPSS and SAS. Their emphasis on the relationship between the initial research question, the use of the software to carry out the analysis, and the interpretation of the output as it relates to the initial research question, allows readers to easily apply the material to their own research. The data sets for executing chapter examples using SAS Version 9.1.3 and/or IBM SPSS Version 18 are available on a book specific web site. These data sets and syntax allow readers to quickly run the programs and obtain the appropriate output. The book also includes both conceptual and analytic end-of-chapter exercises to assist instructors and students in evaluating the understanding of the material covered in each chapter. This book covers the most commonly used categorical data analysis procedures. It is written for those without an extensive mathematical background, and is ideal for graduate courses in categorical data analysis or cross-classified data analysis taught in departments of psychology, human development & family studies, sociology, education, and business. Researchers in these disciplines interested in applying these procedures to their own research will appreciate this book’s accessible approach.
Posted in Education

Intelligence Analysis for Tomorrow:

Advances from the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Author: Committee on Behavioral and Social Science Research to Improve Intelligence Analysis for National Security,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309163420

Category: Social Science

Page: 116

View: 2774

The intelligence community (IC) plays an essential role in the national security of the United States. Decision makers rely on IC analyses and predictions to reduce uncertainty and to provide warnings about everything from international diplomatic relations to overseas conflicts. In today's complex and rapidly changing world, it is more important than ever that analytic products be accurate and timely. Recognizing that need, the IC has been actively seeking ways to improve its performance and expand its capabilities. In 2008, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) asked the National Research Council (NRC) to establish a committee to synthesize and assess evidence from the behavioral and social sciences relevant to analytic methods and their potential application for the U.S. intelligence community. In Intelligence Analysis for Tomorrow: Advances from the Behavioral and Social Sciences, the NRC offers the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) recommendations to address many of the IC's challenges. Intelligence Analysis for Tomorrow asserts that one of the most important things that the IC can learn from the behavioral and social sciences is how to characterize and evaluate its analytic assumptions, methods, technologies, and management practices. Behavioral and social scientific knowledge can help the IC to understand and improve all phases of the analytic cycle: how to recruit, select, train, and motivate analysts; how to master and deploy the most suitable analytic methods; how to organize the day-to-day work of analysts, as individuals and teams; and how to communicate with its customers. The report makes five broad recommendations which offer practical ways to apply the behavioral and social sciences, which will bring the IC substantial immediate and longer-term benefits with modest costs and minimal disruption.
Posted in Social Science

Improving Medical Education:

Enhancing the Behavioral and Social Science Content of Medical School Curricula

Author: Committee on Behavioral and Social Sciences in Medical School Curricula,Board on Neuroscience and Behavioral Health,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030909142X

Category: Medical

Page: 168

View: 2581

Roughly half of all deaths in the United States are linked to behavioral and social factors. The leading causes of preventable death and disease in the United States are smoking, sedentary lifestyle, along with poor dietary habits, and alcohol consumption. To make measurable improvements in the health of Americans, physicians must be equipped with the knowledge and skills from the behavioral and social sciences needed to recognize, understand, and effectively respond to patients as individuals, not just to their symptoms. What are medical schools teaching students about the behavioral and social sciences? In the report, the committee concluded that there is inadequate information available to sufficiently describe behavioral and social science curriculum content, teaching techniques, and assessment methodologies in U.S. medical schools and recommends development of a new national behavioral and social science database. The committee also recommended that the National Board of Medical Examiners ensure that the U.S. Medical Licensing Examination adequately cover the behavioral and social science subject matter recommended in this report.
Posted in Medical

Statistics for The Behavioral and Social Sciences: Pearson New International Edition

A Brief Course

Author: Arthur Aron,Elliot Coups,Elaine N. Aron

Publisher: Pearson Higher Ed

ISBN: 1292036222

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 1184

For one-quarter/semester courses that focus on the basics in statistics or combine statistics with research methods. The fifth edition of Statistics for the Behavioral and Social Sciences builds off an already well-established approach - emphasizing the intuitive, deemphasizing the mathematical, and explaining everything in direct, simple language - but also goes beyond these principles to further student understanding. By using definitional formulas to emphasize the concepts of statistics, rather than rote memorization, students work problems in a way that keeps them constantly aware of the underlying logic of what they are doing.
Posted in Social Science

Behavioral and Social Science Research

A National Resource

Author: Committee on Basic Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309594472

Category: Social Science

Page: 115

View: 785

Behavioral and Social Science Research: A National Resource specifies appropriate criteria for assessing the value, significance, and social utility of basic research in the social sciences. This report identifies illustrative areas of basic research in the social sciences that have developed analytic frameworks of high social utility and describes the development of these frameworks and their utilization. It also identifies illustrative areas of basic research in the social sciences that are likely to be of high value, significance, and/or social utility in the near future, reviews the current state of knowledge in these areas, and indicates research efforts needed to bring these areas to their full potential.
Posted in Social Science

International Collaborations in Behavioral and Social Sciences Research

Report of a Workshop

Author: Committee on International Collaborations in,U.S. National Committee for the International Union of Psychological Science,Board on International Scientific Organizations,Policy and Global Affairs,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309114158

Category: Social Science

Page: 102

View: 3443

Based on the outcomes of a workshop convened by the U.S. National Committee for Psychological Science and informed by a survey of social scientists who have led cross-national projects, this National Science Foundation-funded report addresses the multiple benefits of research extending across national boundaries and describes factors common among successful collaborations. Workshop participants identified the obstacles frequently encountered and suggested ways of dealing with these challenges to enhance international collaborative research in the behavioral and social sciences. Several dimensions of collaborative processes, such as research planning, methodological issues, organizational concerns, varied training approaches, and funding needs receive critical attention in this book.
Posted in Social Science

Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences

An Interdisciplinary, Searchable, and Linkable Resource

Author: N.A

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118900772

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 8770

Each essay in this collection of over 400 is drawn from the core social and behavioral sciences disciplines of anthropology, economics, political science, psychology and sociology. Hyperlinks accompany each essay, which direct readers to other relevant essays in the collection. Designed to grow organically with additional essays from relevant disciplines, Emerging Trends provides both an up-to-date resource for current scholarship and an opportunity to shape the trajectory for research and study in the coming decades.
Posted in Psychology

Behavioral Computational Social Science

Author: Riccardo Boero

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118657306

Category: Mathematics

Page: 200

View: 4481

"Provides a unified approach to social research, integrating both agent-based models and behavioral studies.Introduces the reader to all the concepts, tools and references that are required for conducting research in behavioral computational social science"--
Posted in Mathematics

Investing in Research Infrastructure in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Author: Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309062489

Category: Social Science

Page: 36

View: 2735

Posted in Social Science

Intelligence Analysis:

Behavioral and Social Scientific Foundations

Author: Committee on Behavioral and Social Science Research to Improve Intelligence Analysis for National Security,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309176980

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 1663

The U.S. intelligence community (IC) is a complex human enterprise whose success depends on how well the people in it perform their work. Although often aided by sophisticated technologies, these people ultimately rely on their own intellect to identify, synthesize, and communicate the information on which the nation's security depends. The IC's success depends on having trained, motivated, and thoughtful people working within organizations able to understand, value, and coordinate their capabilities. Intelligence Analysis provides up-to-date scientific guidance for the intelligence community (IC) so that it might improve individual and group judgments, communication between analysts, and analytic processes. The papers in this volume provide the detailed evidentiary base for the National Research Council's report, Intelligence Analysis for Tomorrow: Advances from the Behavioral and Social Sciences. The opening chapter focuses on the structure, missions, operations, and characteristics of the IC while the following 12 papers provide in-depth reviews of key topics in three areas: analytic methods, analysts, and organizations. Informed by the IC's unique missions and constraints, each paper documents the latest advancements of the relevant science and is a stand-alone resource for the IC's leadership and workforce. The collection allows readers to focus on one area of interest (analytic methods, analysts, or organizations) or even one particular aspect of a category. As a collection, the volume provides a broad perspective of the issues involved in making difficult decisions, which is at the heart of intelligence analysis.
Posted in Social Science

Behavioral Sciences and Health Care

Author: Olle-Jane Sahler,John E. Carr

Publisher: Hogrefe Publishing

ISBN: 1613343078

Category: Medical

Page: 512

View: 8298

A clearly structured, compact text on the behavioral sciences for medical and other students and trainees, including practical features such as annotated review questions and a practice exam.The brand new edition of this compact text presents succinct information about the wide variety of behavioral, social, and psychological sciences that comprise the behavioral sciences relevant to health and wellness.Based around but expanding on the Integrated Sciences Model, and integrating the Institute of Medicine¿s key themes for medical training, the new edition is organized in sections covering: ¿ Biological Mediators of Behavior ¿ Individual-Environment Interaction ¿ Development Through the Life Cycle ¿ Social and Cultural Determinants ¿ Societal and Behavioral Health Challenges ¿ The Health Care System, Policy, and Economics ¿ Physician-Patient Interaction ¿ PsychopathologyNew chapters deal with Stress, Adaptation, and Illness; Geriatric Health and Successful Aging; Palliative Care; Health Care Issues Facing Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, and Transgender Individuals; Competency in Clinical Education; Health Literacy; and Changing Risk Behaviors. Clear appendices review principles of epidemiology and biostatistics.Each chapter begins with guidance questions and ends with current recommended readings and review questions. A complete 300+ question-and-answer USMLE-type review section not only allows readers to check how well they have learned the material, but also highlights important points and adds additional specific information to supplement the text.The authors of this text are experienced teachers and researchers drawn primarily from the membership of the Association for the Behavioral Sciences and Medical Education.
Posted in Medical

International Encyclopedia of Social & Behavioral Sciences

Author: N.A

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0080548059

Category: Social Science

Page: 17500

View: 7418

This Encyclopedia is the first attempt in a generation to map the social and behavioral sciences on a grand scale. Not since the publication in 1968 of the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences, edited by David L. Sills, has there been such an ambitious project to describe the state of the art in all the fields encompassed within the social and behavioral sciences. Available in both print (26 volumes) and online editions, it comprises 4,000 articles, commissioned by 52 Section Editors, and includes 90,000 bibliographic references as well as comprehensive name and subject indexes.
Posted in Social Science

Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309298091

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 1972

Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences examines how to update human subjects protections regulations so that they effectively respond to current research contexts and methods. With a specific focus on social and behavioral sciences, this consensus report aims to address the dramatic alterations in the research landscapes that institutional review boards (IRBs) have come to inhabit during the past 40 years. The report aims to balance respect for the individual persons whose consent to participate makes research possible and respect for the social benefits that productive research communities make possible. The ethics of human subjects research has captured scientific and regulatory attention for half a century. To keep abreast of the universe of changes that factor into the ethical conduct of research today, the Department of Health and Human Services published an Advance Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM) in July 2011. Recognizing that widespread technological and societal transformations have occurred in the contexts for and conduct of human research since the passage of the National Research Act of 1974, the ANPRM revisits the regulations mandated by the Act in a correspondingly comprehensive manner. Its proposals aim to modernize the Common Rule and to improve the efficiency of the work conducted under its auspices. Proposed Revisions to the Common Rule for the Protection of Human Subjects in the Behavioral and Social Sciences identifies issues raised in the ANPRM that are critical and feasible for the federal government to address for the protection of participants and for the advancement of the social and behavioral sciences. For each identified issue, this report provides guidance for IRBs on techniques to address it, with specific examples and best practice models to illustrate how the techniques would be applied to different behavioral and social sciences research procedures.
Posted in Social Science