The Baltimore Elite Giants

Sport and Society in the Age of Negro League Baseball

Author: Bob Luke

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801891167

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 2087

One of the best-known teams in the old Negro Leagues, the Elite Giants of Baltimore featured some of the outstanding African American players of the day. Sociologist and baseball writer Bob Luke narrates the untold story of the team and its interaction with the city and its people during the long years of segregation. To convey a sense of the action on the field and the major events in the team’s history, Luke highlights important games, relives the standout performances of individual players, and discusses key decisions made by management. He introduces the team’s eventual major league stars: Roy Campanella, who went on to a ten-year Hall of Fame career with the Brooklyn Dodgers; Joe Black, the first African American pitcher to win a World Series game; and James "Junior" Gilliam, a player and coach with the Dodgers for twenty-five years. Luke also describes the often contentious relationship between the team and major league baseball before, during, and after the major leagues were integrated. The Elite Giants did more than provide entertainment for Baltimore’s black residents; the team and its star players broke the color barrier in the major leagues, giving hope to an African American community still oppressed by Jim Crow. In recounting the history of the Elite Giants, Luke reveals how the team, its personalities, and its fans raised public awareness of the larger issues faced by blacks in segregation-era Baltimore. Based on interviews with former players and Baltimore residents, articles from the black press of the time, and archival documents, and illustrated with previously unpublished photographs, The Baltimore Elite Giants recounts a barrier-breaking team’s successes, failures, and eventual demise.
Posted in History

The Most Famous Woman in Baseball

Effa Manley and the Negro Leagues

Author: Bob Luke

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 159797546X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 256

View: 5809

Never one to mince words, Effa Manley once wrote a letter to sportswriter Art Carter, saying that she hoped they could meet soon because “I would like to tell you a lot of things you should know about baseball.” From 1936 to 1948, Manley ran the Negro league Newark Eagles that her husband, Abe, owned for roughly a decade. Because of her business acumen, commitment to her players, and larger-than-life personality, she would leave an indelible mark not only on baseball but also on American history. Attending her first owners' meeting in 1937, Manley delivered an unflattering assessment of the league, prompting Pittsburgh Crawfords owner Gus Greenlee to tell Abe, “Keep your wife at home.” Abe, however, was not convinced, nor was Manley deterred. Like Greenlee, some players thought her too aggressive and inflexible. Others adored her. Regardless of their opinions, she dedicated herself to empowering them on and off the field. She meted out discipline, advice, and support in the form of raises, loans, job recommendations, and Christmas packages, and she even knocked heads with Branch Rickey, Bill Veeck, and Jackie Robinson. Not only a story of Manley's influence on the baseball world, The Most Famous Woman in Baseball vividly documents her social activism. Her life played out against the backdrop of the Jim Crow years, when discrimination forced most of Newark's blacks to live in the Third Ward, where prostitution flourished, housing was among the nation's worst, and only menial jobs were available. Manley and the Eagles gave African Americans a haven, Ruppert Stadium. She also proposed reforms at the Negro leagues' team owners' meetings, marched on picket lines, sponsored charity balls and benefit games, and collected money for the NAACP. With vision, beauty, intelligence, discipline, and an acerbic wit, Manley was a force of nature—and, as Bob Luke shows, one to be reckoned with.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Negro Leagues Baseball

Author: Roger A. Bruns

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 031338648X

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 8284

This book traces the entire story of black baseball, documenting the growth of the Negro Leagues at a time when segregation dictated that the major leagues were strictly white, and explaining how the drive to integrate the sport was a pivotal part of the American civil rights movement. * A historical timeline of events * Biographical profiles of important figures in Negro Leagues baseball
Posted in Social Science

A Calculus of Color

The Integration of Baseball's American League

Author: Robert Kuhn McGregor

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476618682

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 224

View: 9450

Library Journal Starred Review: "The author slams a home run in dealing with racism in baseball and the larger picture of American life…McGregor's account makes for a compelling read. A best sports book of 2015, and one that will stand the test of time."--Library Journal "A sweeping story of the racial integration of baseball, with a focus on the American League. A long-overdue achievement!"--Joseph Thomas Moore, author of Larry Doby: The Struggle of the American League's First Black Player In 1947, as the integration of Major League Baseball began, the once-daring American League had grown reactionary, unwilling to confront postwar challenges--population shifts, labor issues and, above all, racial integration. The league had matured in the Jim Crow era, when northern cities responded to the Great Migration by restricting black access to housing, transportation, accommodations and entertainment, while blacks created their own institutions, including baseball's Negro Leagues. As the political climate changed and some major league teams realized the necessity of integration, the American League proved painfully reluctant. With the exception of the Cleveland Indians, integration was slow and often ineffective. This book examines the integration of baseball--widely viewed as a triumph--through the experiences of the American League and finds only a limited shift in racial values. The teams accepted few black players and made no effort to alter management structures, and organized baseball remained an institution governed by tradition-bound owners.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

The Negro Southern League

A Baseball History, 1920-1951

Author: William J. Plott

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476617392

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 252

View: 6763

"This immensely entertaining book fills a void in the story of American baseball…. Plott has delved through hundreds of newspaper accounts and … [i]n what must have been a herculean effort, [he] has provided appendices listing the yearly rosters of the teams, lists of pennant winners, even no-hit games, compiling in one volume statistics that might have been lost to history if not for his research."--Alabama Writers' Forum The Negro Southern League was a baseball minor league that operated off and on from 1920 to 1951. It served as a valuable feeder system to the Negro National League and the Negro American League. A number of NNL and NAL stars got their start in the NSL, among them five Hall of Famers including Satchel Paige and Willie Mays. During its history, more than 80 teams were members of the league, representing 40 cities in a dozen states. In the end only four teams remained, operating more as semipro than professional teams. This book is a narrative history of the league from its inception with eight teams in major Southern cities until its demise three decades later.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

Soldiering for Freedom

How the Union Army Recruited, Trained, and Deployed the U.S. Colored Troops

Author: Robert A. Luke,John David Smith

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421413604

Category: History

Page: 144

View: 412

After President Lincoln issued the final Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863, Confederate slaves who could reach Union lines often made that perilous journey. A great many of the young and middle-aged among them, along with other black men in the free and border slave states, joined the Union army. These U.S. Colored Troops (USCT), as the War Department designated most black units, materially helped to win the Civil War—performing a variety of duties, fighting in some significant engagements, and proving to the Confederates that Northern manpower had practically no limits. Soldiering for Freedom explains how Lincoln’s administration came to recognize the advantages of arming free blacks and former slaves and how doing so changed the purpose of the war. Bob Luke and John David Smith narrate and analyze how former slaves and free blacks found their way to recruiting centers and made the decision to muster in. As Union military forces recruited, trained, and equipped ex-slave and free black soldiers in the last two years of the Civil War, white civilian and military authorities often regarded the African American soldiers with contempt. They relegated the men of the USCT to second-class treatment compared to white volunteers. The authors show how the white commanders deployed the black troops, and how the courage of the African American soldiers gave hope for their full citizenship after the war. Including twelve evocative historical engravings and photographs, this engaging and meticulously researched book provides a fresh perspective on a fascinating topic. Appropriate for history students, scholars of African American history, or military history buffs, this compelling and informative account will provide answers to many intriguing questions about the U.S. Colored Troops, Union military strategy, and race relations during and after the tumultuous Civil War.
Posted in History

Willie's Boys

The 1948 Birmingham Black Barons, The Last Negro League World Series, and the Making of a Baseball Legend

Author: John Klima

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470485224

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 320

View: 4269

The story of Willie Mays's rookie year with the Negro American League's Birmingham Black Barons, the Last Negro World Series, and the making of a baseball legend Baseball Hall of Famer Willie Mays is one of baseball's endearing greats, a tremendously talented and charismatic center fielder who hit 660 career homeruns, collected 3,283 hits, knocked in 1,903 runs, won 12 Gold Glove Awards and appeared in 24 All-Star games. But before Mays was the "Say Hey Kid", he was just a boy. Willie's Boys is the story of his remarkable 1948 rookie season with the Negro American League's Birmingham Black Barons, who took a risk on a raw but gifted 16-year-old and gave him the experience, confidence, and connections to escape Birmingham's segregation, navigate baseball's institutional racism, and sign with the New York Giants. Willie's Boys offers a character-rich narrative of the apprenticeship Mays had at the hands of a diverse group of savvy veterans who taught him the ways of the game and the world. Sheds new light on the virtually unknown beginnings of a baseball great, not available in other books Captures the first incredible steps of a baseball superstar in his first season with the Negro League's Birmingham Black Barons Introduces the veteran group of Negro League players, including Piper Davis, who gave Mays an incredible apprenticeship season Illuminates the Negro League's last days, drawing on in-depth research and interviews with remaining players Explores the heated rivalry between Mays's Black Barons and Buck O'Neil's Kansas City Monarchs , culminating in the last Negro League World Series Breaks new historical ground on what led the New York Giants to acquire Mays, and why he didn't sign with the Brooklyn Dodgers, New York Yankees, or Boston Red Sox Packed with stories and insights, Willie's Boys takes you inside an important part of baseball history and the development of one of the all-time greats ever to play the game.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

The Farmers' Game

Baseball in Rural America

Author: David Vaught

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421407558

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 5500

Anyone who has watched the film Field of Dreams can’t help but be captivated by the lead character’s vision. He gives his struggling farming community a magical place where the smell of roasted peanuts gently wafts over the crowded grandstand on a warm summer evening just as the star pitcher takes the mound. Baseball, America’s game, has a dedicated following and a rich history. Fans obsess over comparative statistics and celebrate men who played for legendary teams during the "golden age" of the game. In The Farmers' Game, David Vaught examines the history and character of baseball through a series of essay-vignettes. He presents the sport as essentially rural, reflecting the nature of farm and small-town life. Vaught does not deny or devalue the lively stickball games played in the streets of Brooklyn, but he sees the history of the game and the rural United States as related and mutually revealing. His subjects include nineteenth-century Cooperstown, the playing fields of Texas and Minnesota, the rural communities of California, the great farmer-pitcher Bob Feller, and the notorious Gaylord Perry. Although—contrary to legend—Abner Doubleday did not invent baseball in a cow pasture in upstate New York, many fans enjoy the game for its nostalgic qualities. Vaught's deeply researched exploration of baseball's rural roots helps explain its enduring popularity.
Posted in History

Bittersweet Goodbye

The Black Barons, the Grays, and the 1948 Negro League World Series

Author: Frederick C. Bush

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781943816552

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 444

View: 4199

This book was inspired by the last Negro League World Series ever played and presents biographies of the players on the two contending teams in 1948 - the Birmingham Black Barons and the Homestead Grays - as well as the managers, the owners, and articles on the ballparks the teams called home. Also included are articles that recap the season's two East-West All-Star Games, the Negro National League and Negro American League playoff series, and the World Series itself. Additional context is provided in essays about the effects of Organized Baseball's integration on the Negro Leagues, the exodus of Negro League players to Canada, and the signing away of top Negro League players, specifically Willie Mays. The lack of detailed press coverage of the Negro Leagues, the fact that not every player was a star with a lengthy career, and gaps in public records of the era (especially in regard to African Americans) present a situation in which it is not possible to detail the life of every single player as fully as in other SABR publications. In the face of such challenges, the SABR researchers who have contributed player biographies and feature articles to this book have done utmost diligence to uncover every possible nugget of information that is currently available and, in many instances, new discoveries have been made. Many of the players' lives and careers have been presented to a much greater extent than previously. This book represents the collaborative efforts of 49 authors and editors from the Society for American Baseball Research (SABR). Contents: Willie Mays Letter to Jim Zapp THE BIRMINGHAM BLACK BARONS Lloyd Pepper Bassett, Frederick C. Bush Herman Bell, Margaret M. Gripshover John Britton, Bill Nowlin Lorenzo "Piper" Davis (player/manager) Jeb Stewart Bill Greason, Frederick C. Bush Wiley Griggs, William Dahlberg Jay (Jehosie) Heard, J. W. Stewart Willie Mays, John Saccoman Jimmie Newberry, Jeb Stewart Alonzo Perry, Dennis D. Degenhardt Nat Pollard, Jay Hurd Bill Powell, Mark Panuthos & Frederick C. Bush Norman (Bobby) Robinson, Bob LeMoine Joe Scot, t Charles F. Faber Ed Steele, Will Osgood Bob Veale, Joseph Gerard Samuel Williams, Bob LeMoine Artie Wilson, Rob Neyer Jim Zapp, Bill Nowlin Tom Hayes (Owner) James Forr Abe Saperstein (Co-Owner, 1939-45) Norm King Rickwood Field, Clarence Watkins THE HOMESTEAD GRAYS Ted Alexander, Rob Neyer Sam Bankhead, Dave Wilkie Lefty Bell, Frederick C. Bush Garnett Blair, Bill Nowlin Bob Boston, Bill Johnson Clarence Bruce, Frederick C. Bush Luther Clifford, Richard Bogovich Luke Easter, Justin Murphy Clarence Evans, Dennis D. Degenhardt Wilmer Fields, Frederick C. Bush Ervin Fowlkes, Dave Forrester Charles Gary, Chris Rainey Robert Gaston, Chris Rainey Cecil Kaiser, Brian Baughan Larry Kimbrough, Chris Rainey Buck Leonard, Ralph Berger Luis Marquez, Amy Essington Eudie Napier, Tom Hawthorn Tom Parker, Bill Johnson Willie (Bill) Pope, Skip Nipper Willie D. Smith, Alan Cohen Frank Thompson, Michael Mattsey Bob Thurman, Rick Swaine Bob Trice, Jack Morris R. T. Walker, Irv Goldfarb John Wright, Niall Adler Vic Harris (manager) Charlie Fouche Cum Posey (Owner to 1946 d.) Brian McKenna Ethel Posey (Co-Owner) Leslie Heaphy Rufus "Sonny Man" Jackson (Co-Owner) Ralph Carhart Forbes Field, Curt Smith Griffith Stadium, John Schleppi FEATURES Players Omitted from the Rosters, Frederick C. Bush The 1948 East-West All-Star Games, Thomas E. Kern The 1948 Negro American League Playoff Series (Birmingham v. Kansas City Monarchs) Japheth Knopp The 1948 Negro National League Playoff Series (Homestead v. Baltimore Elite Giants) Steve West The 1948 Negro Leagues World Series, Richard J. Puerzer Baseball's Integration Spells the End of the Negro Leagues, Japheth Knopp The Signing of Willie Mays, John Klima From the Negro Leagues to the Quebec Provincial League, Jack Anderson Epilogue: Birmingham, Pittsburgh, and the Negro Leagues Since 1948, Frederick C. Bush Bibliography for Further Research
Posted in Sports & Recreation

The U.S. Women's Soccer Team

An American Success Story

Author: Clemente A. Lisi

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 9780810874169

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 166

View: 9813

Updated through the 2012 Olympics. In the second edition of The U.S. Women's Soccer Team, Clemente A. Lisi looks at how women's soccer has gained popularity over the last couple of decades, detailing the program's infancy and how it steadily became a model for women's teams around the globe. Beginning with the start of the U.S. program in 1985, Lisi recounts the development of the women's team, highlighted by their two first place finishes in the Women's World Cups (1991 and 1999) and four Olympic women's gold medals (1996, 2004, 2008, and 2012). In addition to chronicling the history of the team as a whole, this book offers mini profiles and photographs of some of the best players over the years, including Julie Foudy, Amy Rodriguez, Hope Solo, and Mia Hamm.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

Dean of Umpires

A Biography of Bill McGowan, 1896-1954

Author: Bob Luke

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786421363

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 223

View: 2986

"This illustrated biography gives an intimate view of talented Hall of Fame umpire Bill McGowan, from his birth in 1896 and long marriage to his death of diabetes in 1954. With research including interviews with former players as well as family members, the work provides a wealth of anecdotes and insights into his profession"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

Campy

The Two Lives of Roy Campanella

Author: Neil Lanctot

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781451606492

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 528

View: 8416

Neil Lanctot’s biography of Hall of Fame catcher Roy Campanella—filled with surprises—is the first life of the Dodger great in decades and the most authoritative ever published. Born to a father of Italian descent and an African- American mother, Campanella wanted to be a ballplayer from childhood but was barred by color from the major leagues. He dropped out of school to play professional ball with the Negro Leagues’ Washington (later Baltimore) Elite Giants, where he honed his skills under Hall of Fame catcher Biz Mackey. Campy played eight years in the Negro Leagues until the major leagues integrated. Ironically, he and not Jackie Robinson might have been the player to integrate baseball, as Lanctot reveals. An early recruit to Branch Rickey’s “Great Experiment” with the Brooklyn Dodgers, Campy became the first African-American catcher in the twentieth century in the major leagues. As Lanctot discloses, Campanella and Robinson, pioneers of integration, had a contentious relationship, largely as a result of a dispute over postseason barnstorming. Campanella was a mainstay of the great Dodger teams that consistently contended for pennants in the late 1940s and 1950s. He was a three-time MVP, an outstanding defensive catcher, and a powerful offensive threat. But on a rainy January night in 1958, all that changed. On his way home from his liquor store in Harlem, Campy lost control of his car, hit a utility pole, and was paralyzed below the neck. Lanctot reveals how Campanella’s complicated personal life (he would marry three times) played a role in the accident. Campanella would now become another sort of pioneer, learning new techniques of physical therapy under the celebrated Dr. Howard Rusk at his Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. As he gradually recovered some limited motion, Campanella inspired other athletes and physically handicapped people everywhere. Based on interviews with dozens of people who knew Roy Campanella and diligent research into contemporary sources, Campy offers a three-dimensional portrait of this gifted athlete and remarkable man whose second life after baseball would prove as illustrious and courageous as his first.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Baseball in Baltimore

The First Hundred Years

Author: James H. Bready

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801858338

Category: History

Page: 242

View: 5351

Follows Baltimore baseball over its first century, and looks at memorable players, coaches, and teams
Posted in History

Negro League Baseball

The Rise and Ruin of a Black Institution

Author: Neil Lanctot

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812202562

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 512

View: 6003

The story of black professional baseball provides a remarkable perspective on several major themes in modern African American history: the initial black response to segregation, the subsequent struggle to establish successful separate enterprises, and the later movement toward integration. Baseball functioned as a critical component in the separate economy catering to black consumers in the urban centers of the North and South. While most black businesses struggled to survive from year to year, professional baseball teams and leagues operated for decades, representing a major achievement in black enterprise and institution building. Negro League Baseball: The Rise and Ruin of a Black Institution presents the extraordinary history of a great African American achievement, from its lowest ebb during the Depression, through its golden age and World War II, until its gradual disappearance during the early years of the civil rights era. Faced with only a limited amount of correspondence and documents, Lanctot consulted virtually every sports page of every black newspaper located in a league city. He then conducted interviews with former players and scrutinized existing financial, court, and federal records. Through his efforts, Lanctot has painstakingly reconstructed the institutional history of black professional baseball, locating the players, teams, owners, and fans in the wider context of the league's administration. In addition, he provides valuable insight into the changing attitudes of African Americans toward the need for separate institutions.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

Jackie and Campy

The Untold Story of Their Rocky Relationship and the Breaking of Baseball's Color Line

Author: William C. Kashatus

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803254474

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 296

View: 2921

As star players for the 1955 World Champion Brooklyn Dodgers, and prior to that as the first black players to be candidates to break professional baseball’s color barrier, Jackie Robinson and Roy Campanella would seem to be natural allies. But the two men were divided by a rivalry going far beyond the personality differences and petty jealousies of competitive teammates. Behind the bitterness were deep and differing beliefs about the fight for civil rights. Robinson, the more aggressive and intense of the two, thought Jim Crow should be attacked head-on; Campanella, more passive and easygoing, believed that ability, not militancy, was the key to racial equality. Drawing on interviews with former players such as Monte Irvin, Hank Aaron, Carl Erskine, and Don Zimmer, Jackie and Campy offers a closer look at these two players and their place in a historical movement torn between active defiance and passive resistance. William C. Kashatus deepens our understanding of these two baseball icons and civil rights pioneers and provides a clearer picture of their time and our own.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

Willie Mays

The Life, The Legend

Author: James S. Hirsch

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781439171653

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 640

View: 8700

The “enormously entertaining and wide-ranging” (Seattle Times) authorized, definitive, New York Times bestselling biography of Willie Mays, the most complete baseball player of all time. Willie Mays is arguably the greatest player in baseball history, still revered for the passion he brought to the game. He began as a teenager in the Negro Leagues, became a cult hero in New York, and was the headliner in Major League Baseball’s bold expansion to California. He was a blend of power, speed, and stylistic bravado that enraptured fans for more than two decades. Now James Hirsch reveals the man behind the player. Mays was a transcendent figure who received standing ovations in enemy stadiums and who, during the turbulent civil rights era, urged understanding and reconciliation. More than his records, his legacy is defined by the pure joy that he brought to fans and the loving memories that have been passed to future generations so they might know the magic and beauty of the game. With meticulous research and drawing on interviews with Mays himself as well as with close friends, family, and teammates, Hirsch presents a brilliant portrait of one of America’s most significant cultural icons.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

After Jackie

Pride, Prejudice, and Baseball's Forgotten Heroes - An Oral History

Author: Cal Fussman

Publisher: ESPN Books

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 256

View: 7188

To commemorate the sixtieth anniversary of the breaking of baseball's color barrier, an exploration of Jackie Robinson's impact and legacy by the people whose lives were transformed by his courage When Jackie Robinson joined the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947, he forever changed the game of baseball -- and America itself. In After Jackie, author Cal Fussman traces Robinson's enormous legacy in sports, politics, and the civil rights movement through the men (and women) who came after him. With moving and intimate interviews of more than one hundred former major league players of African-American descent, as well as such luminaries as Jimmy Carter, Muhammad Ali, and Walter Cronkite, among others, After Jackie recalls the day one man altered history for so many, and the history that followed.
Posted in Sports & Recreation

A Negro League Scrapbook

Author: Carole Boston Weatherford

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781590780916

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 5708

Presents the history of the Negro baseball leagues with facts, photographs, and discussions of the lives of some of its greatest players, such as Josh Gibson, Satchel Paige, and James Bell.
Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

Black Sports

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: African American athletes

Page: N.A

View: 9661

Posted in African American athletes