The Ancient Languages of Europe

Author: Roger D. Woodard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139469320

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: N.A

View: 7182

This book, derived from the acclaimed Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages, describes the ancient languages of Europe, for the convenience of students and specialists working in that area. Each chapter of the work focuses on an individual language or, in some instances, a set of closely related varieties of a language. Providing a full descriptive presentation, each of these chapters examines the writing system(s), phonology, morphology, syntax and lexicon of that language, and places the language within its proper linguistic and historical context. The volume brings together an international array of scholars, each a leading specialist in ancient language study. While designed primarily for scholars and students of linguistics, this work will prove invaluable to all whose studies take them into the realm of ancient language.
Posted in Foreign Language Study

The Ancient Languages of Mesopotamia, Egypt and Aksum

Author: Roger D. Woodard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521684978

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 251

View: 1734

A convenient, portable paperback derived from the acclaimed Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages.
Posted in Foreign Language Study

The Ancient Languages of Asia and the Americas

Author: Roger D. Woodard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521684943

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 264

View: 2238

This book, derived from the acclaimed Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages, describes the ancient languages of Asia and the Americas, for the convenience of students and specialists working in that area. Each chapter of the work focuses on an individual language or, in some instances, a set of closely related varieties of a language. Providing a full descriptive presentation, each of these chapters examines the writing system(s), phonology, morphology, syntax and lexicon of that language, and places the language within its proper linguistic and historical context. The volume brings together an international array of scholars, each a leading specialist in ancient language study. While designed primarily for scholars and students of linguistics, this work will prove invaluable to all whose studies take them into the realm of ancient language.
Posted in Foreign Language Study

The Ancient Languages of Asia Minor

Author: Roger D. Woodard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139469339

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: N.A

View: 3107

This book, derived from the acclaimed Cambridge Encyclopedia of the World's Ancient Languages, describes the ancient languages of Asia Minor, for the convenience of students and specialists working in that area. Each chapter of the work focuses on an individual language or, in some instances, a set of closely related varieties of a language. Providing a full descriptive presentation, each of these chapters examines the writing system(s), phonology, morphology, syntax and lexicon of that language, and places the language within its proper linguistic and historical context. The volume brings together an international array of scholars, each a leading specialist in ancient language study. While designed primarily for scholars and students of linguistics, this work will prove invaluable to all whose studies take them into the realm of ancient language.
Posted in Foreign Language Study

Language and Society in the Greek and Roman Worlds

Author: James Clackson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316297802

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 4503

Texts written in Latin, Greek and other languages provide ancient historians with their primary evidence, but the role of language as a source for understanding the ancient world is often overlooked. Language played a key role in state-formation and the spread of Christianity, the construction of ethnicity, and negotiating positions of social status and group membership. Language could reinforce social norms and shed light on taboos. This book presents an accessible account of ways in which linguistic evidence can illuminate topics such as imperialism, ethnicity, social mobility, religion, gender and sexuality in the ancient world, without assuming the reader has any knowledge of Greek or Latin, or of linguistic jargon. It describes the rise of Greek and Latin at the expense of other languages spoken around the Mediterranean and details the social meanings of different styles, and the attitudes of ancient speakers towards linguistic differences.
Posted in History

The Languages and Linguistics of Europe

A Comprehensive Guide

Author: Bernd Kortmann,Johan van der Auwera

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110220253

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 911

View: 4583

The Languages and Linguistics of Europe: A Comprehensive Guideis part of the multi-volume reference work on the languages and linguistics of the continents of the world. The book supplies profiles of the language families of Europe, including the sign languages. It also discusses the the areal typology, paying attention to the Standard Average European, Balkan, Baltic and Mediterranean convergence areas. Separate chapters deal with the old and new minority languages and with non-standard varieties. A major focus is language politics and policies, including discussions of the special status of English, the relation between language and the church, language and the school, and standardization. The history of European linguistics is another focus as is the history of multilingual European empires and their dissolution. The volume is especially geared towards a graduate and advanced undergraduatereadership. It has been designed such that it can be used, as a whole or in parts, as a textbook, the first of its kind, for graduate programmes with a focus on the linguistic (and linguistics) landscape of Europe."
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

The History of Negation in the Languages of Europe and the Mediterranean

Volume I Case Studies

Author: David Willis,Christopher Lucas,Anne Breitbarth

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191667978

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 556

View: 8549

This is the first book in a two-volume comparative history of negation in the languages of Europe and the Mediterranean. The work integrates typological, general, and theoretical research, documents patterns and directions of change in negation across languages, and examines the linguistic and social factors that lie behind such changes. The first volume presents linked case studies of particular languages and language groups, including French, Italian, English, Dutch, German, Celtic, Slavonic, Greek, Uralic, and Afro-Asiatic. Each outlines and analyses the development of sentential negation and of negative indefinites and quantifiers, including negative concord and, where appropriate, language-specific topics such as the negation of infinitives, negative imperatives, and constituent negation. The second volume (to be pubished in 2014) will offer comparative analyses of changes in negation systems of European and north African languages and set out an integrated framework for understanding them. The aim of both is a universal understanding of the syntax of negation and how it changes. Their authors develop formal models in the light of data drawn from historical linguistics, especially on processes of grammaticalization, and consider related effects on language acquisition and language contact. At the same time the books seek to advance models of historical syntax more generally and to show the value of uniting perspectives from different theoretical frameworks.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Comparative Grammar of the Modern Aryan Languages of India

To Wit, Hindi, Panjabi, Sindhi, Gujarati, Marathi, Oriya, and Bangali

Author: John Beames

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108048137

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 382

View: 536

First published in the 1870s, this three-volume comparative grammar covers sounds, nominals and verbs in the Indo-Aryan languages.
Posted in Foreign Language Study

Licht aus dem Osten

Eine neue Geschichte der Welt

Author: Peter Frankopan

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644122814

Category: History

Page: 944

View: 1422

«‹Eine neue Geschichte der Welt› – dieses Buch verdient den Titel voll und ganz.» Peter Frankopan lehrt uns, die Geschichte neu zu sehen – indem er nicht Europa, sondern den Nahen und Mittleren Osten zum Ausgangspunkt macht. Hier entstanden die ersten Hochkulturen und alle drei monotheistischen Weltreligionen; ein Reichtum an Gütern, Kultur und Wissen, der das Alte Europa seit jeher sehnsüchtig nach Osten blicken ließ. Frankopan erzählt von Alexander dem Großen, der Babylon zur Hauptstadt seines neuen Weltreichs machen wollte; von Seide, Porzellan und Techniken wie der Papierherstellung, die über die Handelswege der Region Verbreitung fanden; vom Sklavenhandel mit der islamischen Welt, der Venedig im Mittelalter zum Aufstieg verhalf; von islamischen Gelehrten, die das antike Kulturerbe pflegten, lange bevor Europa die Renaissance erlebte; von der Erschließung der Rohstoffe im 19. Jahrhundert bis hin zum Nahostkonflikt. Schließlich erklärt Frankopan, warum sich die Weltpolitik noch heute in Staaten wie Syrien, Afghanistan und Irak entscheidet. Peter Frankopan schlägt einen weiten Bogen, und das nicht nur zeitlich: Er rückt zwei Welten zusammen, Orient und Okzident, die historisch viel enger miteinander verbunden sind, als wir glauben. Ein so fundiertes wie packend erzähltes Geschichtswerk, das wahrhaft die Augen öffnet.
Posted in History

The Expansion of England

Two Courses of Lectures

Author: John Robert Seeley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110802355X

Category: History

Page: 322

View: 9008

This 1883 work examines the history of the British Empire and its position in the world, past, present and future.
Posted in History

Towards a History of the Basque Language

Author: José Ignacio Hualde,Joseba A. Lakarra,R.L. Trask

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027285675

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 365

View: 6986

Questions related to the origin and history of the Basque language spark considerable interest, since it is the only surviving pre-Indo-European language in western Europe. However, until now, there was no readily available source in English providing answers to these questions or giving an overview of past and current research in this area. This book is intended to partly fill this void. The book contains both state-of-the-art papers which summarize our knowledge about particular areas of Basque historical linguistics, and articles presenting new hypotheses and points of view based on hard evidence and careful analysis. All contributors to this volume have demonstrated expertise in the topic within Basque historical linguistics that their chapter addresses. Two classical articles by the late Luis Michelena are included in English translation. In addition, the book includes studies on diachronic phonology, morphology and syntax. The relation of Basque to other languages is also investigated in a couple of chapters.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Modals in the Languages of Europe

A Reference Work

Author: Björn Hansen,Ferdinand de Haan

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110219212

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 590

View: 5923

This book is the first comprehensive survey of modals and modal constructions in the languages of Europe. It is a collaborative effort between scholars from Europe and the United States, stemming from a workshop on Modals in the Languages of Europe in Valencia. The aim of this book is to describe the properties of modals and modal constructions in the European area and to compare the systems in individual languages or language families from an areal and genetic perspective. For the sake of contrast, the book also looks at the expression of modality in some languages just outside of Europe. The book consists of fourteen chapters on modal systems in individual languages or language families, written by experts in the respective languages, and an introductory and concluding chapter, written by the editors. The book gives both a description of the modals in the individual languages and an account of the nature and status of modals in general. It provides the reader with a theoretical account of how modals and modal constructions are grammaticalized. This theoretical account is informed by the parameters of grammaticalization of Christian Lehmann. These parameters were chosen because they are language-independent, as opposed to more language specific criteria (for instance, the NICE-criteria for English). The parameters themselves are examined as well for their suitability as part of any theory of grammaticalization. The book thus gives readers access to a collection of data on modality that surpasses most works in this field and also provides a fresh perspective on issues of grammaticalization and language contact. It is therefore of interest to scholars of modality, language contact and areal linguistics, grammaticalization theory and typology.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Word Prosodic Systems in the Languages of Europe

Author: Harry van der Hulst

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110197081

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1079

View: 9964

The series is a platform for contributions of all kinds to this rapidly developing field. General problems are studied from the perspective of individual languages, language families, language groups, or language samples. Conclusions are the result of a deepened study of empirical data. Special emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose analysis may shed new light on long-standing problems in general linguistics.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines