The Ancient Greeks

Author: Nicholas Sekunda

Publisher: Osprey Publishing

ISBN: 9780850456868

Category: History

Page: 64

View: 2526

The cradle of western civilisation, the ancient Greek world, consisted of a series of independent city states some of which, such as Athens and Sparta, became major world powers. This authoritative volume by Nicholas Sekunda covers Greek warfare in the Classical Period, which stretches from the Greek victories over the Persian Empire to the death of Alexander the Great at the end of the 4th century. The book includes such famous battles such as Marathon, Thermopylae and Salamis and offers a detailed account of Greek military dress during this period, supported by 12 full colour plates by Angus McBride.
Posted in History

Body, Dress, and Identity in Ancient Greece

Author: Mireille M. Lee

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107055369

Category: Art

Page: 379

View: 5964

This is the first general monograph on ancient Greek dress in English to be published in more than a century. By applying modern dress theory to the ancient evidence, this book reconstructs the social meanings attached to the dressed body in ancient Greece. Whereas many scholars have focused on individual aspects of ancient Greek dress, from the perspectives of literary, visual, and archaeological sources, this volume synthesizes the diverse evidence and offers fresh insights into this essential aspect of ancient society.
Posted in Art

Introducing the Ancient Greeks: From Bronze Age Seafarers to Navigators of the Western Mind

Author: Edith Hall

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393244121

Category: History

Page: 336

View: 9063

"Wonderful…a thoughtful discussion of what made [the Greeks] so important, in their own time and in ours." —Natalie Haynes, Independent The ancient Greeks invented democracy, theater, rational science, and philosophy. They built the Parthenon and the Library of Alexandria. Yet this accomplished people never formed a single unified social or political identity. In Introducing the Ancient Greeks, acclaimed classics scholar Edith Hall offers a bold synthesis of the full 2,000 years of Hellenic history to show how the ancient Greeks were the right people, at the right time, to take up the baton of human progress. Hall portrays a uniquely rebellious, inquisitive, individualistic people whose ideas and creations continue to enthrall thinkers centuries after the Greek world was conquered by Rome. These are the Greeks as you’ve never seen them before.
Posted in History

Benefaction and Rewards in the Ancient Greek City

The Origins of Euergetism

Author: Marc Domingo Gygax

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316586243

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 4989

This volume presents for the first time an in-depth analysis of the origins of Greek euergetism. Derived from the Greek for 'benefactor', 'euergetism' refers to the process whereby citizens and foreigners offered voluntary services and donations to the polis that were in turn recognised as benefactions in a formal act of reciprocation. Euergetism is key to our understanding of how city-states negotiated both the internal tensions between mass and elite, and their conflicts with external powers. This study adopts the standpoint of historical anthropology and seeks to identify patterns of behaviour and social practices deeply rooted in Greek society and in the long course of Greek history. It covers more than five hundred years and will appeal to ancient historians and scholars in other fields interested in gift exchange, benefactions, philanthropy, power relationships between mass and elite, and the interplay between public discourse and social praxis.
Posted in History

Mass and Elite in the Greek and Roman Worlds

From Sparta to Late Antiquity

Author: Richard Evans

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 131706688X

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 381

This volume has its origin in the 14th University of South Africa Classics Colloquium in which the topic and title of the event were inspired by Josiah Ober’s seminal work Mass and Elite in Democratic Athens (1989). Indeed the influence this work has had on later research in all aspects of the Greek and Roman world is reflected by the diversity of the papers collected here, which take their cue and starting point from the argument that, in Ober’s words (1989, 338): ‘Rhetorical communication between masses and elites... was a primary means by which the strategic ends of social stability and political order were achieved.’ However, the contributors to the volume have also sought to build further on such conclusions and to offer new perceptions about a spread of issues affecting mass and elite interaction in a far wider number of locations around the ancient Mediterranean over a much longer chronological span. Thus the conclusions here suggest that once the concept of mass and elite was established in the minds of Greeks and later Romans it became a universal component of political life and from there was easily transferred to economic activity or religion. In casting the net beyond the confines of Athens (although the city is also represented here) to – amongst others – Syracuse, the cities of Asia Minor, Pompeii and Rome, and to literary and philosophical discourse, in each instance that interplay between the wider body of the community and the hierarchically privileged can be shown to have governed and directed the thoughts and actions of the participants.
Posted in History

The Seer in Ancient Greece

Author: Michael Flower

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520259939

Category: History

Page: 305

View: 5747

"The seer (mantis), an expert in the art of divination, operated in ancient Greek society through a combination of charismatic inspiration and diverse skills ranging from examining the livers of sacrificed animals to spirit possession. Unlike the palm readers and mediums who exist on the fringe of modern society, many seers were highly paid, well respected, educated members of the elite who played an essential role in the conduct of daily life, political decisions, and military campaigns. Armies, for example, never went anywhere without one. This engaging book, the only comprehensive study of this fascinating figure, enters into the socioreligious world of ancient Greece to explore what seers did, why they were so widely employed, and how their craft served as a viable and useful social practice." -- Publisher's description.
Posted in History

The Hunt in Ancient Greece

Author: Judith M. Barringer

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801874602

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 3563

Through an exploration of various representations of the hunt, Barringer provides extraordinary insight into Athenian society.
Posted in History

Citizen and Self in Ancient Greece

Individuals Performing Justice and the Law

Author: Vincent Farenga

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139456784

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 9826

This 2006 study examines how the ancient Greeks decided questions of justice as a key to understanding the intersection of our moral and political lives. Combining contemporary political philosophy with historical, literary and philosophical texts, it examines a series of remarkable individuals who performed 'scripts' of justice in early Iron Age, archaic and classical Greece. From the earlier periods, these include Homer's Achilles and Odysseus as heroic individuals who are also prototypical citizens, and Solon the lawgiver, writing the scripts of statute law and the jury trial. In democratic Athens, the focus turns to dialogues between a citizen's moral autonomy and political obligation in Aeschyleon tragedy, Pericles' citizenship paradigm, Antiphon's sophistic thought and forensic oratory, the political leadership of Alcibiades and Socrates' moral individualism.
Posted in History

A Brief History of Ancient Greece

Politics, Society, and Culture

Author: N.A

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 4608

The story of the ancient Greeks is one of the most improbable success stories in world history. A small group of people inhabiting a country poor in resources and divided into hundreds of quarreling states created one of the most remarkable civilizations ever. Comprehensive and balanced, A Brief History of Ancient Greece: Politics, Society, and Culture, Second Edition is a shorter version of the authors' highly successful Ancient Greece: A Political, Social, and Cultural History, Second Edition (OUP, 2008). Four leading authorities on the classical world offer a lively and up-to-date account of Greek civilization and history in all its complexity and variety, covering the entire period from the Bronze Age through the Hellenistic Era, and integrating the most recent research in archaeology, comparative anthropology, and social history. They show how the early Greeks borrowed from their neighbors but eventually developed a distinctive culture all their own, one that was marked by astonishing creativity, versatility, and resilience. Using physical evidence from archaeology, the written testimony of literary texts and inscriptions, and anthropological models based on comparative studies, this compact volume provides an account of the Greek world that is thoughtful and sophisticated yet accessible to students and general readers with little or no knowledge of Greece.
Posted in History

Religions of the Ancient Greeks

Author: S. R. F. Price

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521388672

Category: History

Page: 217

View: 4788

This is a book about the religious life of the Greeks from archaic times to the fifth century AD, looked at in the context of a variety of different cities and periods. Simon Price examines local practices and ideas in the light of general Greek ideas, relating them to gender roles, for example, political life, Attic tragedy and the trial of Socrates. He lays emphasis on the reactions to Greek religions of ancient thinkers - Greek, Roman and Christian. The evidence drawn on is of all kinds: literary, inscriptional and archaeological.
Posted in History

Images of Ancient Greek Pederasty

Boys Were Their Gods

Author: Andrew Lear,Eva Cantarella

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135235996

Category: Art

Page: 288

View: 7481

This lavishly illustrated book brings together, for the first time, all of the different ways in which vase-painting portrays or refers to pederasty, from scenes of courtship, foreplay, and sex, to scenes of Zeus with his boy-love Ganymede, to painted inscriptions praising the beauty of boys. The book shows how painters used the language of vase-painting to cast pederasty in an idealizing light, portraying it as part of a world in which beautiful elite males display praiseworthy attitudes, such as moderation, and engage in approved activities, such as hunting, athletics, and the symposium. The book also incorporates a comprehensive catalogue of relevant vase-paintings, compiled by noted archaeologist Keith DeVries. It is the most comprehensive treatment available of an institution that has few modern parallels.
Posted in Art

The Greeks and Greek Civilization

Author: Jacob Burckhardt,Oswyn Murray,Sheila Stern

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780312244477

Category: History

Page: 504

View: 1004

The landmark study of ancient Greek civilization by a renowned nineteenth-century scholar and historian sheds new light on Greek culture and its influence that rejects the long-held myth of the Greek democratic state. 25,000 first printing.
Posted in History

The Discovery of Freedom in Ancient Greece

Revised and Updated Edition

Author: Kurt Raaflaub

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226701011

Category: History

Page: 420

View: 2901

Although there is constant conflict over its meanings and limits, political freedom itself is considered a fundamental and universal value throughout the modern world. For most of human history, however, this was not the case. In this book, Kurt Raaflaub asks the essential question: when, why, and under what circumstances did the concept of freedom originate? To find out, Raaflaub analyses ancient Greek texts from Homer to Thucydides in their social and political contexts. Archaic Greece, he concludes, had little use for the idea of political freedom; the concept arose instead during the great confrontation between Greeks and Persians in the early fifth century BCE. Raaflaub then examines the relationship of freedom with other concepts, such as equality, citizenship, and law, and pursues subsequent uses of the idea—often, paradoxically, as a tool of domination, propaganda, and ideology. Raaflaub's book thus illuminates both the history of ancient Greek society and the evolution of one of humankind's most important values, and will be of great interest to anyone who wants to understand the conceptual fabric that still shapes our world views.
Posted in History

Sport and Society in Ancient Greece

Author: Mark Golden

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521497909

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 2150

This is new to the Key Themes in Ancient History series, a range of books designed for students and teachers of ancient history, aimed at providing a readable, authoritative and concise introduction to some of the major topics in Greek and Roman history. In Sport and Society in Ancient Greece , the author addresses such important themes as the link between sport, religion and warfare and the games as an arena for expression of difference between individuals or groups, while providing a guide to the ancient evidence and to the current state of thinking on the subject. He also evaluates the significance of these themes in our understanding of ancient culture. The book contains a useful bibliographical essay with suggestions for further reading, a complete list of works cited and a nice calendar of important dates for the evidence.
Posted in History

The Invention of Art History in Ancient Greece

Religion, Society and Artistic Rationalisation

Author: Jeremy Tanner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521846145

Category: Art

Page: 331

View: 3433

The ancient Greeks developed their own very specific ethos of art appreciation, advocating a rational involvement with art. This book explores why the ancient Greeks started to write art history and how the writing of art history transformed the social functions of art in the Greek world. It looks at the invention of the genre of portraiture and the social uses to which portraits were put in the city state. Later chapters explore how artists sought to enhance their status by writing theoretical treatises and producing works of art intended for purely aesthetic contemplation, which ultimately gave rise to the writing of art history and to the development of art collecting. The study, which is illustrated throughout and draws on contemporary perspectives in the sociology of art, will prompt the student of classical art to rethink fundamental assumptions about Greek art and its cultural and social implications.
Posted in Art

The Emotions of the Ancient Greeks

Studies in Aristotle and Classical Literature

Author: David Konstan

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 0802091032

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 422

View: 3936

It is generally assumed that whatever else has changed about the human condition since the dawn of civilization, basic human emotions - love, fear, anger, envy, shame - have remained constant. David Konstan, however, argues that the emotions of the ancient Greeks were in some significant respects different from our own, and that recognizing these differences is important to understanding ancient Greek literature and culture. With The Emotions of the Ancient Greeks, Konstan reexamines the traditional assumption that the Greek terms designating the emotions correspond more or less to those of today. Beneath the similarities, there are striking discrepancies. References to Greek 'anger' or 'love' or 'envy,' for example, commonly neglect the fact that the Greeks themselves did not use these terms, but rather words in their own language, such as orgê and philia and phthonos, which do not translate neatly into our modern emotional vocabulary. Konstan argues that classical representations and analyses of the emotions correspond to a world of intense competition for status, and focused on the attitudes, motives, and actions of others rather than on chance or natural events as the elicitors of emotion. Konstan makes use of Greek emotional concepts to interpret various works of classical literature, including epic, drama, history, and oratory. Moreover, he illustrates how the Greeks' conception of emotions has something to tell us about our own views, whether about the nature of particular emotions or of the category of emotion itself.
Posted in Literary Criticism

The Invention of Coinage and the Monetization of Ancient Greece

Author: David Schaps

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472025333

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 9446

The invention of coinage was a conceptual revolution, not a technological one. Only with the invention of Greek coinage does the concept "money" clearly materialize in history. Coinage appeared at a moment when it fulfilled an essential need in Greek society, bringing with it rationalization and social leveling in some respects, while simultaneously producing new illusions, paradoxes, and elites. In an argument of interest to scholars of ancient history and archaeology as well as to modern economists, David M. Schaps addresses a range of issues pertaining to major shifts in ancient economies, including money, exchange, and economic organization in the Near East and Greece before the introduction of coinage; the invention of coinage and the reasons for its adoption; and the development of using money to generate greater wealth.
Posted in Social Science

Olive Cultivation in Ancient Greece

Seeking the Ancient Economy

Author: Lin Foxhall

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198152884

Category: Gardening

Page: 294

View: 9513

An examination of olive cultivation as a way of understanding ancient Greek agriculture in its different settings. The author assembles evidence from written sources, archaeology, and visual images. Her investigation opens up new ways of thinking about the economies of the archaic and classical Greek world.
Posted in Gardening

Early China/Ancient Greece

Thinking through Comparisons

Author: Steven Shankman,Stephen W. Durrant

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791453131

Category: History

Page: 305

View: 5925

The first edited volume in Sino-Hellenic studies, this book compares early Chinese and ancient Greek thought and culture.
Posted in History

The Greek City

From Homer to Alexander

Author: Oswyn Murray,S. R. F. Price

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0198147910

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 4760

The Greek city-state or polis is the earliest advanced form of social organization in the western world; it was the dominant political structure in the Mediterranean area from the eighth until the late fourth century BC, when it was transformed into a basis for world civilization by the conquests of Alexander the Great. The experience of the polis is the starting-point for western political thought. Fourteen new essays by leading scholars from Britain, Denmark, France, Italy, and NorthAmerica present leading aspects of this phenomenon. The Greek city is placed in the general context of Mediterranean history and its impact on the urbanization of Italy is assessed. Other chapters consider the geography of the polis and the relationship between city and countryside, its political and religious institutions, and the distinction between public and private spheres. The first essay seeks to define then uniqueness of the phenomenon of the polis, and the last assesses the reasons for its decline. The book is written for the general reader and the student of social sciences as much as for professional historians of the ancient world. It presents a variety of contemporary approaches to the phenomenon of the polis.
Posted in History