Osprey's study of one of the most important battles of the long-elasting Germanic Wars (113 BC - 439 AD). Arminius, a young member of the Cheruscan tribe under the Roman Empire felt that Rome could be beaten in battle and that such a victory would guarantee the freedom of the Germans as a confederation of independent tribes, led by the Cheruscans, who would - in turn - be led by him. Throughout AD 8 and the early part of AD 9, Arminius used his position under the governor of Germania Inferior well, ostensibly promoting Rome whilst in reality welding the tribes together in an anti-Roman alliance, agreeing with his confederates that they would wait until the Roman garrison had moved to their summer quarters and then rise up against the invaders. With the arrival of September, the time soon came for the Roman troops to return to their stations along the Rhine and as they marched westwards through the almost impenetrable Teutoburg Forest, Arminius sprang his trap. In a series of running battles in the forest, Varus' army, consisting of three Roman Legions (XVII, XVIII and XIX) and several thousand auxiliaries - a total of roughly 20,000 men - was destroyed. The consequences for Rome were enormous - the province of Germania was now virtually undefended and Gaul was open to a German invasion which although it never materialized, led a traumatized Augustus to decree that, henceforth, the Rhine would remain the demarcation line between the Roman world and the German tribes, in addition to which the destroyed legions were never re-formed or their numbers reused in the Roman Army: after AD 9, the sequence of numbers would run from I to XVI and then from XX onwards, it was as if the three legions had never existed.
The destruction of Varus and his legions
Author: Michael McNally
Publisher: Osprey Publishing
No book on Roman history has attempted to do what Stephen Dando-Collins does in Legions of Rome: to provide a complete history of every Imperial Roman legion and what it achieved as a fighting force. The author has spent the last thirty years collecting every scrap of available evidence from numerous sources: stone and bronze inscriptions, coins, papyrus and literary accounts in a remarkable feat of historical detective work. The book is divided into three parts: Part 1 provides a detailed account of what the legionaries wore and ate, what camp life was like, what they were paid and how they were motivated and punished. The section also contains numerous personal histories of individual soldiers. Part 2 offers brief unit histories of all the legions that served Rome for 300 years from 30BC. Part 3 is a sweeping chronological survey of the campaigns in which the armies were involved, told from the point of view of particular legions. Lavish, authoritative and beautifully produced, Legions of Rome will appeal to ancient history enthusiasts and military history buffs alike.
The definitive history of every Roman legion
Author: Stephen Dando-Collins
Publisher: Hachette UK
Die Hermannsschlacht ist ein Drama in fünf Akten. Heinrich von Kleist verfasste es 1808, nach der preußischen Niederlage gegen Frankreich. Hermann, der Fürst der Cherusker, wird von zwei Seiten bedrängt. Der Suebenfürst Marbod steht im Südosten seines Landes und fordert Tribut von ihm. Der römische Feldherr Varus bedroht ihn mit drei Legionen aus dem Westen und bietet seine Hilfe gegen Marbod an, dem er aber insgeheim angeboten hat mit ihm gegen Hermann vorzugehen. Die bei Hermann versammelten germanischen Fürsten drängen ihn zum Krieg gegen die Römer, was er aber mit Hinweis auf die militärische Unterlegenheit der Germanen ablehnt ... (aus wikipedia.de) Die Serie "Meisterwerke der Literatur" beinhaltet die Klassiker der deutschen und weltweiten Literatur in einer einzigartigen Sammlung. Lesen Sie die besten Werke großer Schriftsteller,Poeten, Autoren und Philosophen auf Ihrem elektronischen Lesegerät. Dieses Werk bietet zusätzlich * Eine Biografie/Bibliografie des Autors.
Author: Heinrich von Kleist
Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag
"Arminius the Liberator: Myth and Ideology deals with a particular, although wide-ranging, aspect in the long reception history of Arminius the Cheruscan, commonly called Hermann. Arminius inflicted one of their most devastating defeats on the Romans in the year 9 A.D., when he destroyed three legions under the command of Varus in the Battle in the Teutoburg Forest, as it is generally called. Martin M. Winkler traces the origin and development of the Arminius legend in antiquity and in political and ideological appropriations of Arminius-Hermann since the nineteenth century. The book's central theme is the ideological use and abuse of history and of historical myth in Germany: Weimar-era nationalism, National Socialism, and the reaction to the ideological taint of the Arminius figure after 1945. The book also examines the various appearances of Arminius in art and media from the 1960s until today. Special emphasis is on the representation of Arminius in the era of visual mass media in Germany, Italy, and the U.S.: painting (Anselm Kiefer) and theater (Claus Peymann) but, most extensively, cinema, television, and computer videos"--
Myth and Ideology
Author: Martin M. Winkler
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Wendepunkt der Geschichte?
Author: Rainer Wiegels
President Obama has declared that the greatest terrorist threat which America faces is attacks by lone wolf terrorists. This volume expands the lone wolf rubric to include autonomous cells: small groups of terrorists who cooperate, but operate independently. The challenge presented by lone wolves and autonomous cells, unlike the threat emanating from established terrorist groups like Al Qaeda, has proven intractable because of the difficulty of gathering intelligence on these actors or effectively countering their actions. Lone wolves operate under the radar, staging deadly attacks such as that at the Boston Marathon, and the 2011 attacks in Norway. This volume includes Theory and Policy Studies, individual case studies and the technological impacts of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons as well as the impact of social media in the process of recruitment and radicalization. This book was originally published as a special issue of Terrorism & Political Violence.
Author: Jeffrey Kaplan,Heléne Lööw,Leena Malkki
Jeffrey Kaplan has been one of the most influential scholars of new religious movements, extremism and terrorism. His pioneering use of interpretive fieldwork among radical and violent subcultures opened up new fields of scholarship and vastly increased our understanding of the beliefs and activities of extremists. This collection features many of his seminal contributions to the field alongside several new pieces which place his work within the context of the latest research developments. Combining discussion of the methodological issues alongside a broad array of case studies, this will be essential reading for all students and scholars of extremism, religion and politics and terrorism.
Theory and Case Studies
Author: Jeffrey Kaplan
Category: Political Science
The extraordinarily rich cultural legacy of the Roman world has had a profound affect world civilization. Roman achievements in architecture, law, politics, literature, war, and philosophy serve as the foundation of modern Western society. Now, for the first time in an A-Z format, A Dictionary of the Roman Empire assembles the people, places, events, and ideas of this remarkable period in one easy-to-use source. With over 1,900 entries covering more than five hundred years of Roman history, from Julius Caesar and the Gallic Wars (59-51 B.C.) to the fall of Romulus Augustus, the last Roman emperor (476 A.D.), this accessible guide provides quick reference to one of the most studied periods of all antiquity. Every aspect of Roman life is included. Here are profiles of the great emperors, such as Marcus Aurelius, one of the most profoundly intellectual monarchs in western civilization, and the aberrant Gaius Caligula, who, after draining the Roman treasury with his eccentric behavior, made it a capital crime for citizens not to bequeath him their estates. Informative entries describe the complex workings of Roman government, such as census taking, the creation of civil service, coinage, and the venerable institution of the Senate, and offer insight into the various trends and cultural tastes that developed throughout Roman history. For example, a discussion on baths, the most common type of building in the Roman Empire, demonstrates the unique intermingling of luxury, community, recreation, and, in the provinces, an association with Rome, that served as the focus of any city aspiring to greatness. Other entries describe the practice of paganism, marriage and divorce, ludi (public games held to entertain the Roman populace), festivals of the Roman year, and gluttony (epitomized by famous gourmands such as the emperor Vitellius, who according to the historian Suetonius, lived for food, banqueting three or four times a day, routinely vomiting up his meal and starting over). Also featured are longer essays on such topics as art and architecture, gods and goddesses, and the military, as well as a chronology, a short glossary of Roman terms, and appendices listing the emperors of the Empire and diagram the often intertwined family trees of ruling dynasties. Comprehensive, authoritative, and illustrated with over sixty illustrations and maps, A Dictionary of the Roman Empire provides easy access to the remarkable civilization upon which Western society was built.
Author: Matthew Bunson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Foreign Language Study
die Varusschlacht und ihre Folgen
Author: Klaus Kösters
Category: Civilization, Germanic
A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge
Author: George Ripley,Charles Anderson Dana
Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries
Nachdruck des Originals von 1899 ber die Schlacht im Teutoburger Walde zwischen den r mischen Truppen unter Varus und den germanischen unter Arminius.
Author: A. Wilms
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
Im Jahre 98 n. Christus schreibt der Gelehrte und Künstler Tacitus den wohl ältesten Bericht über das Volk der Germanen. Er beschreibt ein Volk, das in vielem anders ist, als sein Rom, dem die Unterwerfung der Germanen nur schwerlich gelingt. Wir erfahren in dieser Beschreibung die Ursprünge der Germanen, die zu einem Kunstwerk der Antike avancierte und es heute auch noch ist.
Author: Cornelius Tacitus
Wie waren die Germanen wirklich, und woher kamen sie? S. Fischer-Fabian räumt auf mit den Klischeevorstellungen von den ersten Deutschen: Sie waren keine biertrinkenden Rauhbeine oder nordische Übermenschen. Uns tritt stattdessen ein Volk entgegen, in dem die Erdverbundenheit von Bauern mit der Kampfeslust von Hirtenkriegern aus dem Osten verschmolz. Von Anbeginn "wohnten zwei Seelen in ihrer Brust". Aus archäologischen Funden, den Werken antiker Schriftsteller und zahllosen anderen Quellen entstand ein faszinierendes Bild der Geschichte unserer Vorfahren.
Über das rätselhafte Volk der Germanen
Author: S. Fischer-Fabian
Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE
Author: Rosemary Sutcliff
Author: Tim Cornell,John Frederick Matthews
Publisher: Alexandria, Va. : Stonehenge
germanische Krieger zu Beginn des 1. nachchristlichen Jahrhunderts
Author: Andreas Strassmeir,Andreas Gagelmann
Category: Germanic peoples
Leben in den germanischen Provinzen Roms
Author: Maureen Carroll
Author: Harry Thurston Peck
Category: Classical dictionaries
Author: Günther Moosbauer
Category: Germanic peoples