Tending the Wild

Native American Knowledge and the Management of California's Natural Resources

Author: Kat Anderson

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520248519

Category: Nature

Page: 526

View: 4732

Demonstrates how Native American knowledge and uses of California's natural resources can contribute to contemporary conservation efforts, exploring the land management practices that Native Americans recall from their grandparents, such as how and when areas were burned, which plants were eaten and which were used for basketry, and how plants were tended. Original.
Posted in Nature

Forgotten Fires

Native Americans and the Transient Wilderness

Author: Omer Call Stewart

Publisher: University of Oklahoma Press

ISBN: 9780806134239

Category: History

Page: 364

View: 6526

A common stereotype about American Indians is that for centuries they lived in static harmony with nature, in a pristine wilderness that remained unchanged until European colonization. Omer C. Stewart was one of the first anthropologists to recognize that Native Americans made significant impact across a wide range of environments. Most important, they regularly used fire to manage plant communities and associated animal species through varied and localized habitat burning. In Forgotten Fires, editors Henry T. Lewis and M. Kat Anderson present Stewart's original research and insights, written in the 1950s yet still provocative today. Significant portions of Stewart's text have not been available until now, and Lewis and Anderson set Stewart's findings in the context of current knowledge about Native hunter-gatherers and their uses of fire.
Posted in History

Keeping it Living

Traditions of Plant Use and Cultivation on the Northwest Coast of North America

Author: Douglas Deur,Nancy J. Turner

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 9780774812672

Category: Indians of North America

Page: 404

View: 1340

Keeping It Living brings together some of the world'smost prominent specialists on Northwest Coast cultures to examinetraditional cultivation practices from Oregon to Southeast Alaska. Itexplores tobacco gardens among the Haida and Tlingit, managed camasplots among the Coast Salish of Puget Sound and the Strait of Georgia,estuarine root gardens along the central coast of British Columbia,wapato maintenance on the Columbia and Fraser Rivers, and tended berryplots up and down the entire coast. With contributions from a host of experts, Native American scholarsand elders, Keeping It Living documents practices ofmanipulating plants and their environments in ways that enhancedculturally preferred plants and plant communities. It describes howindigenous peoples of this region used and cared for over 300 speciesof plants, from the lofty red cedar to diminutive plants of backwaterbogs.
Posted in Indians of North America

Introduction to Water in California

Author: David Carle

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520962893

Category: Science

Page: 348

View: 746

This thoroughly engaging, concise book tells the story of California's most precious resource, tracing the journey of water in the state from the atmosphere to the snowpack to our faucets and foods. Along the way, we learn much about California itself as the book describes its rivers, lakes, wetlands, dams, and aqueducts and discusses the role of water in agriculture, the environment, and politics. Essential reading in a state facing the future with an overextended water supply, this fascinating book shows that, for all Californians, every drop counts. New to this updated edition: * Additional maps, figures, and photos * Expanded coverage of potential impacts to precipitation, snowpack, and water supply from climate change * Updated information about the struggle for water management and potential solutions * New content about sustainable groundwater use and regulation, desalination, water recycling, stormwater capture, and current proposals for water storage and diversion *Additional table summarizing water sources for 360 California cities and towns
Posted in Science

Indian Summer

Traditional Life Among the Choinumne Indians of California's San Joaquin Valley

Author: Thomas Jefferson Mayfield

Publisher: Heyday Books

ISBN: 9780930588649

Category: History

Page: 125

View: 9454

In 1850, six-year-old Thomas Jefferson Mayfield was adopted by the Choinumne Yokuts of California's San Joaquin Valley. For the next dozen years he slept in their houses, joined them on their daily rounds, and followed them on their annual expeditions by tule boat to Tulare Lake. He spoke their language, wore their style of dress, ate their foods, and in short, lived almost entirely like an Indian. The reminiscences he left behind are unique: the only known account by any outsider who lived among a California Indian people while they were still following their traditional ways. Rich in detail and anecdote, Indian Summer tells how the Choinumne built their houses, navigated their boats, hunted their game, and prepared their foods. It also provides a rare and welcome glimpse into the intimacies of daily life. Enlightening as well are descriptions of the natural landscape of the San Joaquin Valley in the 1850s--of the expansive flowery meadows, the lakes and sloughs, the great forests of valley oaks, the herds of antelope, the surge of salmon that fought their way up the rivers, the flight of geese and ducks that darkened the sky. Abounding in information that anthropologist John P. Harrington described as "rescued from oblivion," Indian Summer portrays with accuracy, zest, and insight the nearly lost and beautiful world of the Choinumne Yokuts and the valley in which they lived. --From publisher description.
Posted in History

Prescribed Burning in California Wildlands Vegetation Management

Author: Harold Hubert Biswell

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520219458

Category: Nature

Page: 255

View: 579

00 Harold Biswell's decades of research and field experience were a major factor in developing policies of controlled or prescribed burning, which mimics or reintroduces the natural fire cycle. This comprehensive study introduces the principles and practices of prescribed burning, which apply far beyond California, within a historical and ecological perspective. Available for the first time in paperback, with a new foreword by James Agee, this book places Biswell's study--and his legacy--in the context of recent developments in the field. Harold Biswell's decades of research and field experience were a major factor in developing policies of controlled or prescribed burning, which mimics or reintroduces the natural fire cycle. This comprehensive study introduces the principles and practices of prescribed burning, which apply far beyond California, within a historical and ecological perspective. Available for the first time in paperback, with a new foreword by James Agee, this book places Biswell's study--and his legacy--in the context of recent developments in the field.
Posted in Nature

Forgotten Grasslands of the South

Natural History and Conservation

Author: Reed F. Noss

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 161091225X

Category: Nature

Page: 320

View: 746

Forgotten Grasslands of the South is a literary and scientific case study of some of the biologically richest and most endangered ecosystems in North America. Eminent ecologist Reed Noss tells the story of how southern grasslands arose and persisted over time and addresses questions that are fundamental for conserving these vital yet poorly understood ecosystems. The author examines: the natural history of southern grasslands their origin and history (geologic, vegetation, and human) biological hotspots and endangered ecosystems physical determinants of grassland distribution, including ecology, soils, landform, and hydrology fire, herbivores, and ecological interactions. The final chapter presents a general conservation strategy for southern grasslands, including prioritization, protection, restoration, and management. Also included are examples of ongoing restoration projects, along with a prognosis for the future. In addition to offering fascinating new information about these little-studied ecosystems, Noss demonstrates how natural history is central to the practice of conservation. Natural history has been on a declining trajectory for decades, as theory and experimentation have dominated the field of ecology. Ecologists are coming to realize that these divergent approaches are in fact complementary, and that pursuing them together can bring greater knowledge and understanding of how the natural world works and how we can best conserve it. Forgotten Grasslands of the South explores the overarching importance of ecological processes in maintaining healthy ecosystems, and is the first book of its kind to apply natural history, in a modern, comprehensive sense, to the conservation of biodiversity across a broad region. It sets a new standard for scientific literature and is essential reading not only for those who study and work to conserve the grasslands of the South but also for everyone who is fascinated by the natural world.
Posted in Nature

Oaks of California

Author: N.A

Publisher: Cachuma Pr


Category: Nature

Page: 184

View: 2577

Posted in Nature

Braiding Sweetgrass

Indigenous Wisdom, Scientific Knowledge and the Teachings of Plants

Author: Robin Wall Kimmerer

Publisher: Milkweed Editions

ISBN: 1571318712

Category: Nature

Page: 320

View: 4252

As a botanist, Robin Wall Kimmerer has been trained to ask questions of nature with the tools of science. As a member of the Citizen Potawatomi Nation, she embraces the notion that plants and animals are our oldest teachers. In Braiding Sweetgrass, Kimmerer brings these two lenses of knowledge together to take us on “a journey that is every bit as mythic as it is scientific, as sacred as it is historical, as clever as it is wise” (Elizabeth Gilbert). Drawing on her life as an indigenous scientist, and as a woman, Kimmerer shows how other living beings—asters and goldenrod, strawberries and squash, salamanders, algae, and sweetgrass—offer us gifts and lessons, even if we've forgotten how to hear their voices. In reflections that range from the creation of Turtle Island to the forces that threaten its flourishing today, she circles toward a central argument: that the awakening of ecological consciousness requires the acknowledgment and celebration of our reciprocal relationship with the rest of the living world. For only when we can hear the languages of other beings will we be capable of understanding the generosity of the earth, and learn to give our own gifts in return.
Posted in Nature

Before the wilderness

environmental management by native Californians

Author: Thomas C. Blackburn,Kat Anderson

Publisher: Ballena Pr


Category: Nature

Page: 476

View: 5071

Posted in Nature

Native Women and Land

Narratives of Dispossession and Resurgence

Author: Stephanie J. Fitzgerald

Publisher: UNM Press

ISBN: 0826355587

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 178

View: 9493

“What roles do literary and community texts and social media play in the memory, politics, and lived experience of those dispossessed?” Fitzgerald asks this question in her introduction and sets out to answer it in her study of literature and social media by (primarily) Native women who are writing about and often actively protesting against displacement caused both by forced relocation and environmental disaster. By examining a range of diverse materials, including the writings of canonical Native American writers such as Louise Erdrich, Linda Hogan, and Elizabeth Cook-Lynn, and social media sites such as YouTube and Facebook, this work brings new focus to analyzing how indigenous communities and authors relate to land, while also exploring broader connections to literary criticism, environmental history and justice, ecocriticism, feminist studies, and new media studies.
Posted in Literary Criticism

Chumash Ethnobotany

Plant Knowledge Among the Chumash People of Southern California

Author: Janice Timbrook

Publisher: Heyday Books

ISBN: 9781597140485

Category: Nature

Page: 271

View: 9108

From islands off the shore of Santa Barbara to the chaparral-covered mountains of the dry inland regions, the land of the Chumash is a storehouse of plants, an area of great biological richness and variety. Living intimately within this land for more than nine thousand years, the Chumash developed an intense and sophisticated relationship with the plants around them. They collected and processed nuts, seeds, berries, roots, leaves, twigs, shoots, and wood from which they created practically everything they needed to live, from medicines to weapons to decorative items.
Posted in Nature

The Tanoak Tree

An Environmental History of a Pacific Coast Hardwood

Author: Frederica Bowcutt

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 0295805935

Category: Nature

Page: 240

View: 2560

Tanoak (Notholithocarpus densiflorus) is a resilient and common hardwood tree native to California and southwestern Oregon. People�s radically different perceptions of it have ranged from treasured food plant to cash crop to trash tree. Having studied the patterns of tanoak use and abuse for nearly twenty years, botanist Frederica Bowcutt uncovers a complex history of cultural, sociopolitical, and economic factors affecting the tree�s fate. Still valued by indigenous communities for its nutritious acorn nut, the tree has also been a source of raw resources for a variety of industries since white settlement of western North America. Despite ongoing protests, tanoaks are now commonly killed with herbicides in industrial forests in favor of more commercially valuable coast redwood and Douglas-fir. As one nontoxic alternative, many foresters and communities promote locally controlled, third-party certified sustainable hardwood production using tanoak, which doesn�t depend on clearcutting and herbicide use. Today tanoaks are experiencing massive die-offs due to sudden oak death, an introduced disease. Bowcutt examines the complex set of factors that set the stage for the tree�s current ecological crisis. The end of the book focuses on hopeful changes including reintroduction of low-intensity burning to reduce conifer competition for tanoaks, emerging disease resistance in some trees, and new partnerships among tanoak defenders, including botanists, foresters, Native Americans, and plant pathologists. Watch the book trailer: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xzY7QxOiI8I
Posted in Nature

Native American Ethnobotany

Author: Daniel E. Moerman

Publisher: Timber Press (OR)

ISBN: 9780881924534

Category: Science

Page: 927

View: 9615

An extraordinary compilation of the plants used by North American native peoples for medicine, food, fiber, dye, and a host of other things. Anthropologist Daniel E. Moerman has devoted 25 years to the task of gathering together the accumulated ethnobotanical knowledge on more than 4000 plants. More than 44,000 uses for these plants by various tribes are documented here. This is undoubtedly the most massive ethnobotanical survey ever undertaken, preserving an enormous store of information for the future.
Posted in Science

The California Naturalist Handbook

Author: Greg de Nevers,Deborah Stanger Edelman,Adina Merenlender

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520274806

Category: Nature

Page: 261

View: 3915

The California Naturalist Handbook provides a fun, science-based introduction to California’s natural history with an emphasis on observation, discovery, communication, stewardship and conservation. It is a hands-on guide to learning about the natural environment of California. Subjects covered include California natural history and geology, native plants and animals, California’s freshwater resources and ecosystems, forest and rangeland resources, conservation biology, and the effects of global warming on California’s natural communities. The Handbook also discusses how to create and use a field notebook, natural resource interpretation, citizen science, and collaborative conservation and serves as the primary text for the California Naturalist Program.
Posted in Nature

Ancient Pathways, Ancestral Knowledge

Ethnobotany and Ecological Wisdom of Indigenous Peoples of Northwestern North America

Author: Nancy Turner

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773585400

Category: Social Science

Page: 554

View: 6157

Volume 1: The History and Practice of Indigenous Plant Knowledge Volume 2: The Place and Meaning of Plants in Indigenous Cultures and Worldviews Nancy Turner has studied Indigenous peoples' knowledge of plants and environments in northwestern North America for over forty years. In Ancient Pathways, Ancestral Knowledge, she integrates her research into a two-volume ethnobotanical tour-de-force. Drawing on information shared by Indigenous botanical experts and collaborators, the ethnographic and historical record, and from linguistics, palaeobotany, archaeology, phytogeography, and other fields, Turner weaves together a complex understanding of the traditions of use and management of plant resources in this vast region. She follows Indigenous inhabitants over time and through space, showing how they actively participated in their environments, managed and cultivated valued plant resources, and maintained key habitats that supported their dynamic cultures for thousands of years, as well as how knowledge was passed on from generation to generation and from one community to another. To understand the values and perspectives that have guided Indigenous ethnobotanical knowledge and practices, Turner looks beyond the details of individual plant species and their uses to determine the overall patterns and processes of their development, application, and adaptation. Volume 1 presents a historical overview of ethnobotonical knowledge in the region before and after European contact. The ways in which Indigenous peoples used and interacted with plants - for nutrition, technologies, and medicine - are examined. Drawing connections between similarities across languages, Turner compares the names of over 250 plant species in more than fifty Indigenous languages and dialects to demonstrate the prominence of certain plants in various cultures and the sharing of goods and ideas between peoples. She also examines the effects that introduced species and colonialism had on the region's Indigenous peoples and their ecologies. Volume 2 provides a sweeping account of how Indigenous organizational systems developed to facilitate the harvesting, use, and cultivation of plants, to establish economic connections across linguistic and cultural borders, and to preserve and manage resources and habitats. Turner describes the worldviews and philosophies that emerged from the interactions between peoples and plants, and how these understandings are expressed through cultures’ stories and narratives. Finally, she explores the ways in which botanical and ecological knowledge can be and are being maintained as living, adaptive systems that promote healthy cultures, environments, and indigenous plant populations. Ancient Pathways, Ancestral Knowledge both challenges and contributes to existing knowledge of Indigenous peoples' land stewardship while preserving information that might otherwise have been lost. Providing new and captivating insights into the anthropogenic systems of northwestern North America, it will stand as an authoritative reference work and contribute to a fuller understanding of the interactions between cultures and ecological systems.
Posted in Social Science

The Ethnobotany of the California Indians

Author: George R. Mead

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780989092791

Category: Reference

Page: 698

View: 5645

The Ethnobotany of the California Indians, revised, updated, expanded, from the First Edition (2003), is a compilation of 1,343 plants listed in alphabetic order by their scientific names. For each of the listings, depending upon the available literature, there are sub-headings that note by the tribe how the plant was utilized: Food; Material; Medicine; Miscellaneous. In addition, there are sections that provide the native terminology if available, Citations, as well as a Notes section presenting information on such things as food value, hazardous properties, etc. There is a full Reference Section and four Appendices: Tribal Listing by Plant Entry Number; Native Orthography; Plants Synonyms; and a Glossary.
Posted in Reference

Secrets of the Oak Woodlands

Plants and Animals Among California's Oaks

Author: Kate Marianchild,Ann Meyer Maglinte

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781597142625

Category: Nature

Page: 202

View: 7270

Richly illustrated this book combines extensive research and years of personal experience to explore the diverse plants and animals that the oak woodlands nurture.
Posted in Nature

The Ohlone way

Indian life in the San Francisco-Monterey Bay Area

Author: Malcolm Margolin

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 182

View: 5888

Nonfiction. Two hundred years ago herds of elk and antelope dotted the hills of the San Francisco-Monterey Bay area. Grizzly bears lumbered down to the creeks to fish for salmon and steelhead trout. From the vast marshlands, geese, ducks, and other birds rose in thick clouds "with a sound like that of a hurricane." This land of "inexpressible fertility," as one early explorer described it, supported one of the densest Indian populations in all of North America. Clearly and accessibly written, uniquely alive and at the same time informed, this well-loved classic vividly recreates the lost world of the Indian people who lived here such a short time ago.
Posted in History