Technique and Application in Dental Anthropology

Author: Joel D. Irish,Greg C. Nelson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139468111

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 3194

Bringing together a variety of accomplished dental researchers, this book covers a range of topics germane to the study of human and other primate teeth. The chapters encompass work on individuals to samples, ranging from prehistoric to modern times. The focus throughout the book is the methodology required for the study of modern dental anthropology, comprising the scientific methods in use today - ranging from simple observation to advanced computer-based analyses - which can be utilized by the reader in their own dental research. Originating from the 20th anniversary meeting of the Dental Anthropology Association, this is a valuable reference source for graduate students, academic researchers and professionals in the social and life sciences, as well as clinicians.
Posted in Social Science

Sant Ypoelten - Stift und Stadt im Mittelalter

Katalogbuch zur Sonderausstellung des Diözesanmuseums St. Pölten aus Anlass der Verleihung des Privilegs von 1159 ; 5. Mai bis 31. Oktober 2009

Author: Diözesanmuseum (Sankt Pölten)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783901863332

Category: Sankt Pölten (Austria)

Page: 254

View: 2624

Posted in Sankt Pölten (Austria)

Anthropological Perspectives on Tooth Morphology

Genetics, Evolution, Variation

Author: G. Richard Scott,Joel D. Irish

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107011450

Category: Medical

Page: 559

View: 4837

This follow-up to The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth puts methods to use in interpreting human origins and affinities.
Posted in Medical

The Anthropology of Modern Human Teeth

Dental Morphology and Its Variation in Recent and Fossil Homo sapien

Author: G. Richard Scott,Christy G. Turner II,Grant C. Townsend,María Martinón-Torres

Publisher: Cambridge Studies in Biologica

ISBN: 1107174414

Category: Law

Page: 450

View: 3618

Complete guide to genetics, evolution, and variation in human tooth crown and root morphology in modern and fossil Homo sapiens.
Posted in Law

The First Humans

Origin and Early Evolution of the Genus Homo

Author: Frederick E. Grine,John G Fleagle,Richard E. Leakey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402099809

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 3465

There are some issues in human paleontology that seem to be timeless. Most deal with the origin and early evolution of our own genus – something about which we should care. Some of these issues pertain to taxonomy and systematics. How many species of Homo were there in the Pliocene and Pleistocene? How do we identify the earliest members the genus Homo? If there is more than one Plio-Pleistocene species, how do they relate to one another, and where and when did they evolve? Other issues relate to questions about body size, proportions and the functional adaptations of the locomotor skeleton. When did the human postcranial “Bauplan” evolve, and for what reasons? What behaviors (and what behavioral limitations) can be inferred from the postcranial bones that have been attributed to Homo habilis and Homo erectus? Still other issues relate to growth, development and life history strategies, and the biological and archeological evidence for diet and behavior in early Homo. It is often argued that dietary change played an important role in the origin and early evolution of our genus, with stone tools opening up scavenging and hunting opportunities that would have added meat protein to the diet of Homo. Still other issues relate to the environmental and climatic context in which this genus evolved.
Posted in Social Science

Human Growth in the Past

Studies from Bones and Teeth

Author: Robert D. Hoppa,Charles M. FitzGerald

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521631532

Category: Nature

Page: 315

View: 4886

An interdisciplinary analysis of human growth in past populations, first published in 1999.
Posted in Nature

Three-Dimensional Imaging in Paleoanthropology and Prehistoric Archaeology

Author: Bertrand-Yves Mafart,Hervé Delingette,Gérard Subsol

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 108

View: 1089

A collection of 16 papers forming the Acts of the XIVth UISPP Congress, University of Liège, Belgium, 2-8 September 2001 . The papers address the application of 3-D imaging in archaeology, the pitfalls involved, methodology and its use for reconstruction purposes with relation to prehistoric case studies.
Posted in Social Science

Eskimoleben

Author: Fridtjof Nansen

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3845720395

Category: History

Page: 348

View: 7721

Fritdjof Nansen, wohl einer der bekanntesten Polarforscher, unternahm 1888 die erste erfolgreiche Expedition zur Durchquerung Grönlands. Während dieser Forschungsreise verbrachten er und sein Team viel Zeit mit den grönländischen Eskimos, deren Lebensweise, Traditionen und Kultur Nansen faszinierten. Im vorliegenden Band gibt er diese Erfahrungen und tiefen Einblicke wieder, von den Jagdmethoden über die soziale Struktur, Moralvorstellungen und Religion bis hin zu Ernährungsgewohnheiten und kulturellen Erzeugnissen. Angesichts der zunehmenden Assimilierung der Inuit in die moderne Zivilisation und der damit einhergehenden Entfremdung vom eigenen kulturellen Erbe stellt Nansens Werk ein wichtiges Zeugnis der Lebensweise der Ureinwohner Grönlands dar. Mit zahlreichen Abbildungen. Nachdruck der deutschsprachigen Originalausgabe.
Posted in History

Human Adult Odontometrics

The Study of Variation in Adult Tooth Size

Author: Julius A. Kieser

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521353908

Category: Science

Page: 194

View: 990

This book has an important role in demonstrating to students the diverse practical applications of odontometrics.
Posted in Science

Biological anthropology of the human skeleton

Author: Sara Stinson,Mary Anne Katzenberg,Shelley Rae Saunders

Publisher: Wiley-Liss

ISBN: 9780471316169

Category: Nature

Page: 504

View: 6070

The biology of prehistoric and early historic peoples is studied largely through the analysis of hard tissue. Fascinating changes have occurred in the analysis of human skeletal and dental remains over the past few years for various reasons. Factors such as new technology, advances in the field of forensic anthropology, and heightened ethical concerns regarding the study of aboriginal peoples' remains where those people are no longer the dominant culture have emerged as significant themes for research and are examined in this comprehensive book. Organized into five parts with contributing chapters written by experts in the field of human skeletal biology, Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton delves into a variety of areas unique to literature. Part One covers theory and application, which leads to Part Two's discussion of morphological analyses of bone, teeth, and age changes. Following in Part Three are reviews of prehistoric health and disease. Part Four examines chemical and genetic analyses of hard tissues, and Part Five closes with coverage of quantitative methods and population studies. Such in-depth topics as how humans have regarded the dead over time and across cultures, the ethics of skeletal research, and the contributions and advances in research analysis are essential elements contained within this book. Other subjects covered are: * Dental morphology, highlighting new methods of characterizing tooth size and shape * Recent investigations of microstructural growth markers in dental tissues * Studies based on gross observations of bones, gross observations of teeth, and microscopic studies * Bone structure at the histological level and the factors that account for variation * Stable isotope analysis, trace element analysis, and the extraction and amplification of ancient DNA * Plus many other topics that contain the common thread of determining information about past peoples from their skeletal and dental remains Biological Anthropology of the Human Skeleton covers a scope of major topics in human skeletal biology and will be an indispensable research guide to biological anthropologists, osteologists, paleoanthropologists, and archaeologists.
Posted in Nature

Anthropologie

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 1395

Posted in Anthropology

Bones and the Man

Studies in Honour of Don Brothwell

Author: Don R. Brothwell

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: 9781842170601

Category: Social Science

Page: 113

View: 9299

Papers presented in honour of the eminent archaeologist and paleopathologist, Don Brothwell. The papers are linked together by the theme of "People" - our evolution, our bodily remains and burial practices, and our behaviour with respect to other animals (particularly as it may be inferred form animal bones).
Posted in Social Science

Dental microwear in Natufian hunter-gatherers and pre-pottery neolithic agriculturalists from northern Israel

Author: Patrick Mahoney

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 82

View: 2252

The aim of this study is to infer dietary texture from dental microwear during the Natufian hunter-gatherer to pre-pottery Neolithic agricultural development in northern Israel. Microwear patterns were recorded from sixty skeletons form eight sites. Diet-microwear correlations were identified through univariate and multivariate statistical procedures. The study included an investigation into the relationship between microwear, the position of a molar along the tooth row, and location on molar facet 9. A microwear methodology was developed from these investigations. Dental pits were larger and scratches wider amongst the agriculturalists compared to the hunter-gatherers. It was inferred from this pattern that the agriculturalists consumed a harder diet and this was related to an archaeologically suggested change in food processing.
Posted in Medical

Neanderthals on the Edge

Papers from a Conference Marking the 150th Anniversary of the Forbes' Quarry Discovery, Gibraltar

Author: Chris Stringer,R. N. E. Barton,Nicholas Barton,Clive Finlayson

Publisher: Oxbow Books Limited

ISBN: 9781842170151

Category: Science

Page: 267

View: 9613

In 1998 a conference was held to mark the 150th anniversary of the famous Gibraltar skull. The papers reflect the state of our knowledge about the role played by Gibraltar and the southern Iberian Peninsula in the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic. Contents: Neandertal landscapes (W Davies, J Stewart & T H van Andel) ; Mediterranean perspective on the Middle/Upper Palaeolithic (O Bar-Yosef) ; Mousterian in Mediterranean France (C C Szmidt) ; Late Neandertals in the South West of France (J-P Rigaud) ; Chatelperronian chronology and the case for Neanderthal/Modern Human `acculturation' (P Mellars) ; Final Acheulian to the Middle Palaeolithic in the Iberian Peninsula (F G Pacheco, A Santiago Perez, J Ma Gutierrez Lopez, E Mata Almonte & L Aguilera Rodriguez) ; Middle Palaeolithic technocomplexes and lithic industries in the Northwest Iberian Peninsula (J A Cano Pan, F Giles Pacheco, E Aguirre, A Santiago Perez, F J Garcia Prieto, E Mata Almonte, J Ma Gutierrez & O Prieto Reina) ; Mousterian hearths at Abric Romani, Catalonia (I Pasto, E Allue & Josep Vallverdu) ; Late Middle Palaeolithic in the Northwest of the Iberian Peninsula (M Vaquero & E Carbonell) ; Middle-Upper Palaeolithic transition in Cantabrian Spain (V Cabrera, A Pike-Tay, M Lloret & F Bernaldo de Quiros) ; Middle-Upper Palaeolithic transition in Portugal (L Raposo) ; Late extinction of Iberian Neanderthals
Posted in Science

Advances in Dental Anthropology

Author: Mark A. Kelley,Clark Spencer Larsen

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 402

View: 8520

Owing to their hardness, density and extreme durability in the burial matrix, human teeth offer investigators a remarkably complete biological and behavioral record of past and living populations. This volume chronicles the dramatic progress made in dental anthropology since the field was established in 1963. Covers a range of methodologies and addresses numerous research questions of current interest. Among the topics discussed are microwear, morphological variation, adontometrics, intentional and unintentional modification, age estimation, pathology, enamel defects, occlusal variation, growth and development.
Posted in Social Science