Taiwan

A Political History

Author: Denny Roy

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801488054

Category: History

Page: 255

View: 2534

For centuries, various great powers have both exploited and benefited Taiwan, shaping its multiple and frequently contradictory identities. Offering a narrative of the island's political history, the author contends that it is best understood as a continuous struggle for security.
Posted in History

Taiwan: A New History

A New History

Author: Murray A. Rubinstein

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317459075

Category: Religion

Page: 450

View: 7160

This is a comprehensive portrait of Taiwan. It covers the major periods in the development of this small but powerful island province/nation. The work is designed in the style of the multi-volume "Cambridge History of China".
Posted in Religion

Government and Politics in Taiwan

Author: Dafydd Fell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317285069

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 412

Written by an experienced teacher and scholar, this new and revised second edition of Government and Politics in Taiwan introduces students to the big questions concerning change and continuity in Taiwanese politics and governance. Taking a critical approach, Dafydd Fell provides students with the essential background to the history and development of the political system, as well as an explanation of the key structures, processes and institutions that have shaped Taiwan over the last few decades. Using key features such as suggestions for further reading and end-of-chapter study questions, this textbook covers: • the transition to democracy and party politics; • cross-Strait relations and foreign policy; • electoral politics and voting; • social movements; • national identity; • gender politics. Having been fully updated to take to take stock of the 2012 and 2016 General Elections, the Sunflower Movement and new developments in cross-Strait relations, this is an essential text for any course on Taiwanese politics, Chinese politics and East Asian politics.
Posted in Political Science

Becoming "Japanese"

Colonial Taiwan and the Politics of Identity Formation

Author: Leo T. S. Ching

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520225538

Category: History

Page: 251

View: 9601

This book examines political and cultural identity formations in Taiwan during Japanese domination from the early 1920s to the end of Japanese rule in 1945.
Posted in History

Li Ang's Visionary Challenges to Gender, Sex, and Politics

Author: Yenna Wu

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739177958

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 200

View: 4718

Li Ang’s Visionary Challenges to Gender, Sex, and Politics is the first collection of critical essays in English on Li Ang, the famous and controversial feminist writer from Taiwan, and some of her most celebrated works. The examination of Li Ang’s taboo-breaking, trail-blazing discourse on gender, sex, national politics, and identity by historians and literary scholars will be of interest to scholars in the fields of modern Taiwanese and Chinese literature, feminist studies, Taiwan studies, and comparative literature.
Posted in Literary Criticism

Taiwan

Nation-State or Province?

Author: John F Copper

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 0813346932

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 3963

In this newly revised and updated edition of Taiwan: Nation-State or Province? John F. Copper examines Taiwan's geography and history, society and culture, economy, political system, and foreign and security policies in the context of Taiwan's uncertain political status as either a sovereign nation or a province of the People's Republic of China. Copper argues that Taiwan's very rapid and successful democratization suggests Taiwan should be independent and separate from China, while economic links between Taiwan and China indicate the opposite. New to the sixth edition is enhanced coverage of the issues of immigration; the impact of having the world's lowest birthrate; China's economic and military rise and America's decline; Taiwan's relations with China, the United States, and Japan; and the KMT's (Nationalist Party) return to power. The new edition will also examine the implications of the 2012 presidential election. A selected bibliography guides students in further research.
Posted in History

Writing Taiwan

A New Literary History

Author: David Der-wei Wang,Carlos Rojas

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 082238857X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 424

View: 4907

Writing Taiwan is the first volume in English to examine the entire span of modern Taiwan literature, from the first decades of the twentieth century to the present. In this collection, leading literary scholars based in Taiwan and the United States consider prominent Taiwanese authors and works in genres including poetry, travel writing, and realist, modernist, and postmodern fiction. The diversity of Taiwan literature is signaled by the range of authors treated, including Yang Chichang, who studied Japanese literature in Tokyo in the early 1930s and wrote all of his own poetry and fiction in Japanese; Li Yongping, an ethnic Chinese born in Malaysia and educated in Taiwan and the United States; and Liu Daren, who was born in mainland China and effectively exiled from Taiwan in the 1970s on account of his political activism. Because the island of Taiwan spent the first half of the century as a colony of Japan and the second half in an umbilical relationship to China, its literature challenges basic assumptions about what constitutes a “national literature.” Several contributors directly address the methodological and epistemological issues involved in writing about “Taiwan literature.” Other contributors investigate the cultural and political grounds from which specific genres and literary movements emerged. Still others explore themes of history and memory in Taiwan literature and tropes of space and geography, looking at representations of boundaries as well as the boundary-crossing global flows of commodities and capital. Like Taiwan’s history, modern Taiwan literature is rife with conflicting legacies and impulses. Writing Taiwan reveals a sense of its richness and diversity to English-language readers. Contributors. Yomi Braester, Sung-sheng Yvonne Chang, Fangming Chen, Lingchei Letty Chen, Chaoyang Liao, Ping-hui Liao, Joyce C. H. Liu, Kim-chu Ng, Carlos Rojas, Xiaobing Tang, Ban Wang, David Der-wei Wang, Gang Gary Xu, Michelle Yeh, Fenghuang Ying
Posted in Literary Criticism

Debating Human Rights in China

A Conceptual and Political History

Author: Marina Svensson

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0742576361

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 3916

Tracing the concept of human rights in Chinese political discourse since the late Qing dynasty, this comprehensive history convincingly demonstrates that—contrary to conventional wisdom—there has been a vibrant debate on human rights throughout the twentieth century. Drawing on little-known sources, Marina Svensson argues that the concept of human rights was invoked by the Chinese people well before the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, and that it has continued to have strong appeal after 1949, both in Taiwan and on the mainland. These largely forgotten debates provide important perspectives on and contrasts to the official PRC line. The author gives particular attention to the issues of power and agency in describing the widely divergent views of official spokespersons, establishment intellectuals, and dissidents. Until quite recently the PRC dismissed human rights as a bourgeois slogan. Yet the globalization of human rights and the growing importance of the issue in bilateral and multilateral relations have forced the regime to embrace, or rather appropriate, the language of human rights, an appropriation that continues to be vigorously challenged by dissidents at home and abroad. By exploring the relationship between domestic and international human rights discourses, this study offers new insights not only into the Chinese but also into the Western human rights debate. Students and scholars of China and of human rights will find this work an important tool for understanding one of the great issues of our time.
Posted in Social Science

Heijin

Organized Crime, Business, and Politics in Taiwan

Author: Ko-lin Chin

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765612199

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 267

View: 2887

In recent years, "black gold politics" has become a major issue in Taiwan. The term "black gold politics" refers to the penetration of violent racketeers and self-serving businessmen into politics. According to Ko-lin Chin, this situation can be very threatening to a society since it undermines the integrity and legitimacy of public institutions. As members of the underworld transform their criminal identities into that of legitimate businessmen a society may experience changes in the institutional structure of the political economy. This book examines the structure and illegal activities of organized crime groups in Taiwan and explores the infiltration of crime groups into the business and political arenas. The author looks at the intricate relationship among government officials, elected deputies, businessmen, and underworld figures. He evaluates the impact of the "purification" of organized crime in Taiwan and includes data collected from first-hand interviews with underworld figures, government officials, law enforcement authorities, elected representatives, and other key informants. This timely study will help academics and policymakers to better understand the social and political contexts of organized crime in Taiwan and the development and impact of "black gold politics".
Posted in Business & Economics

Representing Atrocity in Taiwan

The 2/28 Incident and White Terror in Fiction and Film

Author: Sylvia Li-chun Lin

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231143605

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 3044

In 1945, Taiwan was placed under the administrative control of the Republic of China, and after two years, accusations of corruption and a failing economy sparked a local protest that was brutally quashed by the Kuomintang government. The February Twenty-Eighth (or 2/28) Incident led to four decades of martial law that became known as the White Terror. During this period, talk of 2/28 was forbidden and all dissent violently suppressed, but since the lifting of martial law in 1987, this long-buried history has been revisited through commemoration and narrative, cinema and remembrance. Drawing on a wealth of secondary theoretical material as well as her own original research, Sylvia Li-chun Lin conducts a close analysis of the political, narrative, and ideological structures involved in the fictional and cinematic representations of the 2/28 Incident and White Terror. She assesses the role of individual and collective memory and institutionalized forgetting, while underscoring the dangers of re-creating a historical past and the risks of trivialization. She also compares her findings with scholarly works on the Holocaust and the aftermath of the atomic bombings of Japan, questioning the politics of forming public and personal memories and the political teleology of "closure." This is the first book to be published in English on the 2/28 Incident and White Terror and offers a valuable matrix of comparison for studying the portrayal of atrocity in a specific locale.
Posted in History

Der Traum von der eigenen Nation

Geschichte und Gegenwart der Unabhängigkeitsbewegung Taiwans

Author: Stefan Fleischauer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531910310

Category: Political Science

Page: 415

View: 4046

In Taiwan ist die Frage nach staatlicher Unabhängigkeit das bedeutendste politische Thema, dessen Brisanz weit über die kleine Inselrepublik hinausweist. Denn der Konflikt mit der Volksrepublik China, die Taiwan als ihr Hoheitsgebiet betrachtet, könnte militärisch eskalieren – mit unabsehbaren Folgen für den regionalen und globalen Frieden. In der vorliegenden Studie werden Geschichte und Gegenwart der taiwanesischen Unabhängigkeitsbewegung, die im „228“-Aufstand des Jahres 1947 ihren Anfang nahm und die über lange Zeit nur im Ausland aktiv sein konnte, einer umfassenden und systematischen Untersuchung unterzogen. Die Arbeit stützt sich auf eine Fülle von Quellenmaterial, das zuvor in der westlichen Forschung noch unerschlossen war: zum einen zahlreiche und bislang wenig beachtete Primärquellen, zum anderen Interviews mit bedeutenden Führungspersönlichkeiten und Protagonisten der Unabhängigkeitsbewegung. So entsteht ein facettenreiches Bild der historischen Hintergründe und Zielsetzungen, der Rückschläge und Erfolge sowie nicht zuletzt der heutigen Bedeutung der Unabhängigkeitsbewegung in der komplexen politischen Landschaft Taiwans. Gleichzeitig werden die Konturen einer taiwanesischen Nation deutlich, deren Umstrittenheit nicht nur den innergesellschaftlichen Diskurs Taiwans prägt, sondern auch für das nationale Selbstverständnis der VR China von eminenter Bedeutung ist. Im Kontext von nationaler Identität und Identitätspolitik ist dieses Buch somit nicht nur für die zeitgenössische Taiwanforschung, sondern auch für die Chinaforschung von hohem Interesse.
Posted in Political Science

Democracy (Made in Taiwan)

The 'Success' State as a Political Theory

Author: Chih-Yu Shih

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 1461633311

Category: Political Science

Page: 298

View: 7198

While political scientists generally see Taiwan as a success state because of its economic modernization and political democratization, this book reinterprets Taiwan's success from the Confucian and postcolonial perspectives. Democracy (Made in Taiwan) uncovers the hegemonic construction of the myth of the "success state" and challenges political scientists to abandon both the liberal-centrism and state-centrism prevailing in the literature of democratization.
Posted in Political Science

Healthy Democracies

Welfare Politics in Taiwan and South Korea

Author: Joseph Wong

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 1501711482

Category: History

Page: 222

View: 4248

Do the pressures of economic globalization undermine the welfare state? Contrary to the expectations of many analysts, Taiwan and South Korea have embarked on a new trajectory, toward a strengthened welfare state and universal inclusion. In Healthy Democracies, Joseph Wong offers a political explanation for health care reform in these two countries. He focuses specifically on the ways in which democratic change in Taiwan and South Korea altered the incentives and ultimately the decisions of policymakers and social policy activists in contemporary health care debates. Wong uses extensive field research and interviews to explore both similarities and subtle differences in the processes of political change and health care reform in Taiwan and South Korea. During the period of authoritarian rule, he argues, state leaders in both places could politically afford to pursue selective social policies—reform was piecemeal and health care policy outcomes far from universal. Wong finds that the introduction of democratic reform changed the political logic of social policy reform: vote-seeking politicians needed to promote popular policies, and health care reform advocates, from bureaucrats to grassroots activists, adapted to this new political context. In Wong's view, the politics of democratic transition in Taiwan and South Korea has served as an effective antidote to the presumed economic imperatives of social welfare retrenchment during the process of globalization.
Posted in History

Language Planning in Nepal, Taiwan, and Sweden

Author: Richard B. Baldauf,Robert B. Kaplan

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781853594830

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 203

View: 4777

This volume covers the language situation in Nepal, Taiwan and Sweden explaining the minority language situation, the linguistic diversity, the historical and political contexts and the current language situation - including language-in-education planning, the role of the media, the role of religion, and the roles of non-indigenous languages, especially English. The authors have had long-term involvement in the language planning context.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Politics in China

An Introduction, Second Edition

Author: William A. Joseph

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199384835

Category: Political Science

Page: 576

View: 9962

On October 1, 2009, the People's Republic of China (PRC) celebrated the 60th anniversary of its founding. And what an eventful and tumultuous six decades it had been. During that time, under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), China was transformed from one of the world's poorest countries into the world's fastest growing major economy, and from a weak state barely able to govern or protect its own territory to a rising power that is challenging the United States for global influence. Over those same years, the PRC also experienced the most deadly famine in human history, caused largely by the actions and inactions of its political leaders. Not long after, there was a collapse of government authority that pushed the country to the brink of (and in some places actually into) civil war and anarchy. Today, China is, for the most part, peaceful, prospering, and proud. This is the China that was on display for the world to see during the Beijing Olympics in 2008. The CCP maintains a firm grip on power through a combination of popular support largely based on its recent record of promoting rapid economic growth and harsh repression of political opposition. Yet, the party and country face serious challenges on many fronts, including a slowing economy, environmental desecration, pervasive corruption, extreme inequalities, and a rising tide of social protest. Politics in China is an authoritative introduction to how the world's most populous nation and rapidly rising global power is governed today. Written by leading China scholars, the book's chapters offers accessible overviews of major periods in China's modern political history from the mid-nineteenth century to the present, key topics in contemporary Chinese politics, and developments in four important areas located on China's geographic periphery: Tibet, Xinjiang, Hong Kong, and Taiwan.
Posted in Political Science

The Chinese Diaspora

Space, Place, Mobility, and Identity

Author: Laurence J. C. Ma,Carolyn L. Cartier

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742517561

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 3425

Leading scholars in the field consider the profound importance of meanings of place and the spatial processes of mobility and settlement for the Chinese overseas. Visit our website for sample chapters!
Posted in Social Science

The Politics of Buddhist Organizations in Taiwan, 1989-2003

Safeguard the Faith, Build a Pure Land, Help the Poor

Author: André Laliberté

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134353537

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 5899

Laliberté looks at a relatively unexplored aspect of modern Taiwan: the influence of religion on politics. This book offers a detailed survey of three of the most important Buddhist organizations in Taiwan: the Buddhist Association of the Republic of China (BAROC), the Buddha Light Mountain (or Foguanshan) monastic order, and the Buddhist Compassion Relief Tzu Chi Association (or Ciji). It examines their contrasting approaches to three issues: state supervision of religion, the first presidential election of 1996, and the establishment of the National Health Insurance. This study analyzes the factors that explain the diverse paths the three organizations have taken in the politics of Taiwan. Based on an in-depth examination of Buddhist leaders' behaviour, The Politics of Buddhist Organizations in Taiwan compels us to question conventional views about the allegedly passive aspect of religious tradition, deference to authority in societies influenced by Confucian culture and the adverse legacy of authoritarian regimes.
Posted in History