Sustainable Water and Environmental Management in the California Bay-Delta

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Sustainable Water and Environmental Management in the California Bay-Delta

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309256194

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 2786

Extensively modified over the last century and a half, California's San Francisco Bay Delta Estuary remains biologically diverse and functions as a central element in California's water supply system. Uncertainties about the future, actions taken under the federal Endangered Species Act (ESA) and companion California statues, and lawsuits have led to conflict concerning the timing and amount of water that can be diverted from the Delta for agriculture, municipal, and industrial purposes and concerning how much water is needed to protect the Delta ecosystem and its component species. Sustainable Water and Environmental Management in the California Bay-Delta focuses on scientific questions, assumptions, and conclusions underlying water-management alternatives and reviews the initial public draft of the Bay Delta Conservation Plan in terms of adequacy of its use of science and adaptive management. In addition, this report identifies the factors that may be contributing to the decline of federally listed species, recommend future water-supple and delivery options that reflect proper consideration of climate change and compatibility with objectives of maintaining a sustainable Bay-Delta ecosystem, advises what degree of restoration of the Delta system is likely to be attainable, and provides metrics that can be used by resource managers to measure progress toward restoration goals.
Posted in Political Science

A Scientific Assessment of Alternatives for Reducing Water Management Effects on Threatened and Endangered Fishes in California's Bay-Delta

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Water Science and Technology Board,Committee on Sustainable Water and Environmental Management in the California Bay-Delta

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309128021

Category: Science

Page: 108

View: 8469

California's Bay-Delta estuary is a biologically diverse estuarine ecosystem that plays a central role in the distribution of California's water from the state's wetter northern regions to its southern, arid, and populous cities and agricultural areas. Recently, the Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Marine Fisheries Service required changes (reasonable and prudent alternatives, or RPAs) in water operations and related actions to avoid jeopardizing the continued existence and potential for recovery of threatened species of fish. Those changes have reduced the amount of water available for other uses, and the tensions that resulted have been exacerbated by recent dry years. The complexity of the problem of the decline of the listed species and the difficulty of identifying viable solutions have led to disagreements, including concerns that some of the actions in the RPAs might be ineffective and might cause harm and economic disruptions to water users, and that some of the actions specified in the RPAs to help one or more of the listed species might harm others. In addition, some have suggested that the agencies might be able to meet their legal obligation to protect species with less economic disruptions to other water users. The National Research Council examines the issue in the present volume to conclude that most of the actions proposed by two federal agencies to protect endangered and threatened fish species through water diversions in the California Bay-Delta are "scientifically justified." But less well-supported by scientific analyses is the basis for the specific environmental triggers that would indicate when to reduce the water diversions required by the actions.
Posted in Science

A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan

Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Water Science and Technology Board,Panel to Review California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309212340

Category: Political Science

Page: 92

View: 1568

The San Francisco Bay Delta Estuary is a large, complex estuarine ecosystem in California. It has been substantially altered by dikes, levees, channelization, pumps, human development, introduced species, dams on its tributary streams and contaminants. The Delta supplies water from the state's wetter northern regions to the drier southern regions and also serves as habitat for many species, some of which are threatened and endangered. The restoration of water exacerbated tensions over water allocation in recent years, and have led to various attempts to develop comprehensive plans to provide reliable water supplies and to protect the ecosystem. One of these plans is the Bay Delta Conservation Plan (BDCP). The report, A Review of the Use of Science and Adaptive Management in California's Draft Bay Delta Conservation Plan, determines that the plan is incomplete in a number of important areas and takes this opportunity to identify key scientific and structural gaps that, if addressed, could lead to a more successful and comprehensive final BDCP. The plan is missing the type of structure usually associated with current planning methods in which the goals and objectives are specified, alternative measure for achieving the objectives are introduced and analyzed, and a course of action in identified based on analytical optimization of economic, social, and environmental factors. Yet the panel underscores the importance of a credible and a robust BDCP in addressing the various water management problems that beset the Delta. A stronger, more complete, and more scientifically credible BDCP that effectively integrates and utilizes science could indeed pave the way toward the next generation of solutions to California's chronic water problems.
Posted in Political Science

Improving Water Quality in the Mississippi River Basin and Northern Gulf of Mexico

Strategies and Priorities

Author: Committee on Clean Water Act Implementation Across the Mississippi River Basin,Water Science and Technology Board,Division on Earth and Life Studies,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309162734

Category: Science

Page: 21

View: 4114

Most water resources managers, scientists, and other experts would agree that nonpoint source pollution is a more pressing and challenging national water quality problem today than point source pollution. Nonpoint sources of pollutants include parking lots, farm fields, forests, or any source not from a discrete conveyance such as a pipe or canal. Of particular concern across the Mississippi River basin (MRB) are high levels of nutrient loadings--nitrogen and phosphorus--from both nonpoint and point sources that ultimately are discharged into the northern Gulf of Mexico (NGOM). Nutrients emanate from both point and nonpoint sources across the river basin, but the large majority of nutrient yields across the MRB are nonpoint in nature and are associated with agricultural activities, especially applications of nitrogen-based fertilizers and runoff from concentrated animal feeding operations. Improving Water Quality in the Mississippi River Basin and Northern Gulf of Mexico offers strategic advice and priorities for addressing MRB and NGOM water quality management and improvements. Although there is considerable uncertainty as to whether national water quality goals can be fully realized without some fundamental changes to the CWA, there is general agreement that significant progress can be made under existing statutory authority and budgetary processes. This book includes four sections identifying priority areas and offering recommendations to EPA and others regarding priority actions for Clean Water Act implementation across the Mississippi River basin. These sections are: USDA's Mississippi River Basin Healthy Watersheds Initiative; Numeric Water Quality Criteria for the northern Gulf of Mexico; A Basinwide Strategy for Nutrient Management and Water Quality; and, Stronger Leadership and Collaboration.
Posted in Science

Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2014

Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, First Session

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: United States

Page: N.A

View: 4801

Posted in United States

Institutions in Environmental Management

Constructing Mental Models and Sustainability

Author: Janne Hukkinen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134712421

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 3457

This work explores the difficulties of solving contemporary environmental problems within existing global institutions. It questions guidelines set out in recent influential policy reports, and suggests new agendas for sustainability, industrial ecology, and institutional reform. Including case studies from the USA, Europe and China, this book investigates a wide range of environmental problems presently confronting experts worldwide.
Posted in Science

Water Policy for Sustainable Development

Author: Dave Feldman

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801885884

Category: Nature

Page: 392

View: 8484

The shortage of fresh water is likely to be one of the most pressing issues of the twenty-first century. A UNESCO report predicts that as many as 7 billion people will face shortages of drinking water by 2050. Here, David Lewis Feldman examines river-basin management cases around the world to show how fresh water can be managed to sustain economic development while protecting the environment. He argues that policy makers can employ adaptive management to avoid making decisions that could harm the environment, to recognize and correct mistakes, and to monitor environmental and socioeconomic changes caused by previous policies. To demonstrate how adaptive management can work, Feldman applies it to the Delaware, Susquehanna, Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint, Sacramento--San Joaquin, and Columbia river basins. He assesses the impacts of runoff pollution and climate change, the environmental-justice aspects of water management, and the prospects for sustainable fresh water management. Case studies of the Murray-Darling basin in Australia, the Rhine and Danube in Europe, the Zambezi in Africa, and the Rio de la Plata in South America reveal the impediments to, and opportunities for, adaptive management on a global scale. Feldman's comprehensive investigation and practical analysis bring new insight into the global and political challenges of preserving and managing one of the planet's most important resources.
Posted in Nature

Beyond Chinatown

The Metropolitan Water District, Growth, and the Environment in Southern California

Author: Steven P. Erie,Harold David Brackman

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804751407

Category: Political Science

Page: 364

View: 6242

Examines the history of the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, from its obscure 1920s-era origins, through the Colorado River Aqueduct and State Water Projects, to today's daunting mission of drought management, water quality, environmental stewardship, and post-9/11 supply security. Simultaneous.
Posted in Political Science

Spaces of Environmental Justice

Author: Ryan Holifield,Michael Porter,Gordon Walker

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444399446

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 5700

In this cutting-edge volume, leading scholars examine a diverse range of environmental inequalities from around the world. Shows how far the field has moved beyond its original focus on uneven distributions of pollution in the USA Considers the influence of critical geographical and social theory on environmental justice studies Examines a range of possibilities for future research directions Explores the challenges of investigating and pursuing environmental justice at a time of rapid economic and environmental change
Posted in Science

H.R. 123, H.R. 2498 and H.R. 2535

Legislative Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Water and Power of the Committee on Natural Resources, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Tenth Congress, First Session, Tuesday, September 25, 2007

Author: N.A

Publisher: Government Printing Office

ISBN: 9780160818226

Category: Federal aid to water resources development

Page: 72

View: 9812

Posted in Federal aid to water resources development

Land, Water and Development

Sustainable Management of River Basin Systems

Author: Malcolm Newson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134732309

Category: Science

Page: 464

View: 2564

This is a fully revised and expanded second edition of Malcolm Newson's acclaimed book. Exploring in greater depth the meaning of sustainability in river basin development this new edition: * highlights the rapid evolution of practical concepts since the Rio Earth Summit * features new illustrations and case studies from Australia, South Africa and Israel * makes the ecosystem model more explicit throughout * strengthens coverage of the linkages between land and water management.
Posted in Science

Creating Jobs by Overcoming Manmade Drought

Time for Congress to Listen and Act : Oversight Field Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Water and Power of the Committee on Natural Resources, U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, First Session, Monday, April 11, 2011, in Fresno, California

Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Natural Resources. Subcommittee on Water and Power

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Water

Page: 82

View: 5606

Posted in Water

Comparing Futures for the Sacramento - San Joaquin Delta

Author: Jay Lund,Ellen Hanak,William Fleenor,Willaim Bennett,Richard Howitt

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520945379

Category: Nature

Page: 256

View: 9456

An ecosystem in freefall, a shrinking water supply for cities and agriculture, an antiquated network of failure-prone levees—this is the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta, the major hub of California's water system. Written by a team of independent water experts, this analysis of the latest data evaluates proposed solutions to the Delta's myriad problems. Through in-depth economic and ecological analysis, the authors find that the current policy of channeling water exports through the Delta is not sustainable for any interest. Employing a peripheral canal-conveying water around the Delta instead of through it—as part of a larger habitat and water management plan appears to be the best strategy to maintain both a high-quality water supply and at the same time improve conditions for native fish and wildlife. This important assessment includes integrated analysis of long term ecosystem and water management options and demonstrates how issues such as climate change and sustainability will shape the future. Published in cooperation with the Public Policy Institute of California
Posted in Nature

From Red Tape to Results

Creating a Government that Works Better & Costs Less : Reinventing Environmental Management

Author: DIANE Publishing Company

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780788129087

Category: Administrative agencies

Page: 37

View: 2283

Provides a background, federal outlook, and plans for the implementation of environmental management. Strives to find a way of bringing about a government wide environmentally sound landscape program.
Posted in Administrative agencies

Environmental Scenario in India

Successes and Predicaments

Author: Sacchidananda Mukherjee,Debashis Chakraborty

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136488650

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 5743

India has moved along an impressive growth path over the last decade, marked with falling share of agriculture, stagnating manufacturing, expanding services segment, growing trade orientation, enhanced FDI inflows etc. The consequent growth implications are obvious as far as the numbers like GDP growth rate and Per Capita GDP trend are concerned, but how sustainable the associated development is with respect to resource management and environmental governance? This book captures the economy-wide impacts of various activities on environment in India. The environmental impacts on water, air, soil quality and human health are captured through case studies from different parts of India. Analyzing separately the concern areas within agriculture (cultivation, aquaculture), manufacturing (industrial pollution, power generation), services (waste management, bio-medical waste, e-waste recycling) and external sector (agricultural trade, FDI inflow, trade in waste products) performance of India, the book attempts to find an answer to that crucial question. The methodology adopted to capture the environmental impacts of various economic activities is derived from the relevant branches like environmental economics, agricultural economics, and water resources economics. The book, focusing on particular sectors, indicates the concern areas and possible ways for enhancing environmental governance.
Posted in Business & Economics

Energy and Water Development Appropriations for Fiscal Year 2013

Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate, One Hundred Twelfth Congress, Second Session, on H.R. 5325/S. 2465, an Act Making Appropriations for Energy and Water Development for the Fiscal Year Ending September 30, 2013, and for Other Purposes

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Energy development

Page: 333

View: 4655

Posted in Energy development

Country Case Study

Development and Status of Freshwater Aquaculture in Bangladesh

Author: N.A

Publisher: WorldFish

ISBN: 9832346703

Category: Aquaculture

Page: 73

View: 9262

Posted in Aquaculture

Sustainability Networks

Cognitive Tools for Expert Collaboration in Social-Ecological Systems

Author: Janne Hukkinen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134043783

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 4119

Sustainability is a word that means different things depending on who is using it, thus underlining the potential problems involved in experts from different fields teaming up to tackle sustainability problems. In this book, Janne Hukkinen argues for a reflexive approach to sustainability as a means of coming to grips with the threatening challenges arising out of human-environment interaction. The author illustrates his argument with a case study of natural resource management in Lapland, showing how sustainability is understood holistically by academics and professionals alike. This book reflects an emerging cognitive turn in sustainability sciences, conceptualizing environmental challenges during action on our social and material environments, rather than in isolation. Hukkinen argues that this conceptual blending enables sustainability experts to hybridize themselves: to immerse themselves in the fields of other experts and imagine the other's work - both prerequisites of trans-disciplinary knowledge integration. This book shows how sustainability experts can reveal their intellectual engagements when designing scenarios and indicators and presents a rigorous framework for organizing expert collaboration.
Posted in Business & Economics

In Search of Sustainable Water Management

International Lessons for the American West and Beyond

Author: Douglas S. Kenney

Publisher: Edward Elgar Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 185

View: 8137

'Collectively the papers provide concise, insightful coverage of critical water problems in the US and carefully integrate relevant lessons from international water management into these discussions. Highly recommended.' - B.F. Hope, Choice Water issues in the American West share many similarities with those seen elsewhere in the world as population growth exacerbates longstanding problems of inappropriate water use and management. The contributors to this timely volume examine the universal challenge of sustainable water management to improve the use of water resources already developed and find ways to moderate our growing collective thirst.
Posted in Science