Sustainable and Green Electrochemical Science and Technology

Author: Prof Keith Scott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111869810X

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 8449

Sustainable and Green Electrochemical Science and Technology brings together the basic concepts of electrochemical science and engineering and shows how these are applied in an industrial context, emphasising the major role that electrochemistry plays within society and industry in providing cleaner, greener and more sustainable technologies. Electrochemistry has many applications for sustainability; it can be used to store energy, synthesise materials and chemicals, to generate power and to recycle valuable resources. Coverage includes Electrochemistry, Electrocatalysis and Thermodynamics Electrochemical Cells, Materials and Reactors Carbon Dioxide Reduction and Electro-Organic Synthesis Hydrogen production and Water Electrolysis Inorganic Synthesis Electrochemical Energy Storage and Power Sources Electrochemical processes for recycling and resource recovery Fuel Cell Technologies This book is targeted at both industrial and academic readers, providing a good technological reference base for electrochemistry. It will enable the reader to build on basic principles of electrochemistry, and takes these through to cell design for various and diverse applications.
Posted in Science

Sustainability Science and Technology

An Introduction

Author: Alejandro De Las Heras

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466518081

Category: Nature

Page: 348

View: 1327

Sustainability Science and Technology: An Introduction explains the root causes of global failures in natural and human systems, as well as the most readily available technological solutions. The book dispels risky scientific and technological ideas that further complicate the current environmental and socioeconomic predicaments. It also bridges gaps among scientific and technological fields and systematically translates current findings for a wide technical and public audience. Written at a level accessible to all, the story is told one bite-sized chapter at a time, about the size of a scientific journal article. The chapters are self-contained, each grappling with a large topic. This provides more in-depth coverage of a topic than a standard encyclopedia article and promotes the widest possible dialog around sustainability issues and their solutions. Case studies from all continents and all technological development levels expound viable solutions for each of the planetary systems: water, soils, and atmosphere. In turn, the wider socioeconomic context of sustainable science and technology is examined. One of the first books to address the full scope of sustainability, it sets the stage for discussion and sustainability re(training) across professional divides. The editor and contributors take a balanced approach that is neither too technical nor too focused on any particular field. They highlight global and regional perspectives and the linkages between different planetary and human systems. The book helps you understand the thorny essence of sustainability issues—often fraught with ethical dilemmas, obsolete technologies, and lifestyle implications—and how to develop solutions to them.
Posted in Nature

Electrochemical Energy

Advanced Materials and Technologies

Author: Pei Kang Shen,Chao-Yang Wang,San Ping Jiang,Xueliang Sun,Jiujun Zhang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482227282

Category: Science

Page: 622

View: 6539

Electrochemical Energy: Advanced Materials and Technologies covers the development of advanced materials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage. The book was created by participants of the International Conference on Electrochemical Materials and Technologies for Clean Sustainable Energy (ICES-2013) held in Guangzhou, China, and incorporates select papers presented at the conference. More than 300 attendees from across the globe participated in ICES-2013 and gave presentations in six major themes: Fuel cells and hydrogen energy Lithium batteries and advanced secondary batteries Green energy for a clean environment Photo-Electrocatalysis Supercapacitors Electrochemical clean energy applications and markets Comprised of eight sections, this book includes 25 chapters featuring highlights from the conference and covering every facet of synthesis, characterization, and performance evaluation of the advanced materials for electrochemical energy. It thoroughly describes electrochemical energy conversion and storage technologies such as batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, hydrogen generation, and their associated materials. The book contains a number of topics that include electrochemical processes, materials, components, assembly and manufacturing, and degradation mechanisms. It also addresses challenges related to cost and performance, provides varying perspectives, and emphasizes existing and emerging solutions. The result of a conference encouraging enhanced research collaboration among members of the electrochemical energy community, Electrochemical Energy: Advanced Materials and Technologies is dedicated to the development of advanced materials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage and details the technologies, current achievements, and future directions in the field.
Posted in Science

Electrochemical Science for a Sustainable Society

A Tribute to John O’M Bockris

Author: Kohei Uosaki

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319573101

Category: Science

Page: 259

View: 2363

This book honors Professor. John O’M. Bockris, presenting authoritative reviews on some of the subjects to which he made significant contributions – i.e., electrocatalysis, fuel cells, electrochemical theory, electrochemistry of single crystals, in situ techniques, rechargeable batteries, passivity, and solar-fuels – and revealing the roles of electrochemical science and technology in achieving a sustainable society. Electrochemistry has long been an object of study and is now growing in importance, not only because of its fundamental scientific interest but also because of the central role it is expected to play in a future sustainable society. Professor John O’M. Bockris contributed greatly to various aspects of fundamental and applied electrochemistry – such as the structure of the double layer, kinetics and mechanism of the electrochemistry of hydrogen and oxygen, electrocatalysis, adsorption and electrochemical oxidation of small organic molecules, fuel cells, electrocrystallization, theoretical electrochemistry, new methods, photoelectrochemistry, bioelectrochemistry, corrosion and passivity, hydrogen in metals, ionic solutions and ionic liquids, and molten silicates and glasses, as well as socio-economic issues such as the hydrogen economy – for over half a century from 1945 until his retirement in 1997.
Posted in Science

Carbon Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Energy Technologies

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Shuhui Sun,Xueliang Sun,Zhongwei Chen,Yuyu Liu,David P. Wilkinson,Jiujun Zhang

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351648047

Category: Science

Page: 313

View: 6424

This book offers comprehensive coverage of carbon-based nanomaterials and electrochemical energy conversion and storage technologies such as batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, and hydrogen generation and storage, as well as the latest material and new technology development. It addresses a variety of topics such as electrochemical processes, materials, components, assembly and manufacturing, degradation mechanisms, challenges, and strategies. With in-depth discussions ranging from electrochemistry fundamentals to engineering components and applied devices, this all-inclusive reference offers a broad view of various carbon nanomaterials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage devices.
Posted in Science

Handbook on Applications of Ultrasound

Sonochemistry for Sustainability

Author: Dong Chen,Sanjay K. Sharma,Ackmez Mudhoo

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439842078

Category: Science

Page: 739

View: 3585

Ultrasonic irradiation and the associated sonochemical and sonophysical effects are complementary techniques for driving more efficient chemical reactions and yields. Sonochemistry—the chemical effects and applications of ultrasonic waves—and sustainable (green) chemistry both aim to use less hazardous chemicals and solvents, reduce energy consumption, and increase product selectivity. A comprehensive collection of knowledge, Handbook on Applications of Ultrasound covers the most relevant aspects linked to and linking green chemistry practices to environmental sustainability through the uses and applications of ultrasound-mediated and ultrasound-assisted biological, biochemical, chemical, and physical processes. Chapters are presented in the areas of: Medical applications Drug and gene delivery Nanotechnology Food technology Synthetic applications and organic chemistry Anaerobic digestion Environmental contaminants degradation Polymer chemistry Industrial syntheses and processes Reactor design Electrochemical systems Combined ultrasound−microwave technologies While the concepts of sonochemistry have been known for more than 80 years, in-depth understanding of this phenomenon continues to evolve. Through a review of the current status of chemical and physical science and engineering in developing more environmentally friendly and less toxic synthetic processes, this book highlights many existing applications and the enormous potential of ultrasound technology to upgrade present industrial, agricultural, and environmental processes.
Posted in Science

Green Corrosion Chemistry and Engineering

Opportunities and Challenges

Author: Sanjay K. Sharma

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527641793

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 430

View: 4471

With its unique focus on specifically addressing the problems for societies and economies associated with corrosion and their solution, this book provides an up-to-date overview of the progress in corrosion chemistry and engineering. International experts actively involved in research and development place particular emphasis on how to counter the economic and environmental consequences of corrosion with the help of science and technology, making this a valuable resource for researchers as well as decision makers in industry and politics. Further major parts of the book are devoted to corrosion prevention in the naval and energy sector as well as to corrosion monitoring and waste management.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Sustainable Nanosystems Development, Properties, and Applications

Author: Putz, Mihai V.,Mirica, Marius Constantin

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522504931

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 794

View: 6545

Global economic demands and population surges have led to dwindling resources and problematic environmental issues. As the climate and its natural resources continue to struggle, it has become necessary to research and employ new forms of sustainable technology to help meet the growing demand. Sustainable Nanosystems Development, Properties, and Applications features emergent research and theoretical concepts in the areas of nanotechnology, photovoltaics, electrochemistry, and materials science, as well as within the physical and environmental sciences. Highlighting progressive approaches and utilization techniques, this publication is a critical reference source for researchers, engineers, students, scientists, and academicians interested in the application of sustainable nanotechnology.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Bioelectrochemistry

Fundamentals, Applications and Recent Developments

Author: Richard C. Alkire,Dieter M. Kolb,Jacek Lipkowski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527644121

Category: Science

Page: 411

View: 1987

Bioelectrochemistry is a fast growing field at the interface between electrochemistry and other sciences such as biochemistry, analytical chemistry and medicinal chemistry. In the recent years, the methods and the understanding of the fundamentals have seen significant progress, which has led to rapid development in the field. Here, the expert editors have carefully selected contributions to best reflect the latest developments in this hot and rapidly growing interdisciplinary topic. The resulting excellent and timely overview of this multifaceted field covers recent methodological advances, as well as a range of new applications for analytical detection, drug screening, tumor therapy, and for energy conversion in biofuel cells. This book is a must-have for all Electrochemists, Biochemists, Analytical Chemists, and Medicinal Chemists.
Posted in Science

Handbook of sol-gel science and technology. 3. Applications of sol-gel technology

Author: Sumio Sakka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402079689

Category: Ceramic materials

Page: 791

View: 793

Since Dr. Disiich of Germany prepared a glass lens by the sol-gel method around 1970, sol-gel science and technology has continued to develop. Since then this field has seen remarkable technical developments as well as a broadening of the applications of sol-gel science and technology. There is a growing need for a comprehensive reference that treats both the fundamentals and the applications, and this is the aim of "Handbook of Sol-Gel Science and Technology."The primary purpose of sol-gel science and technology is to produce materials, active and non-active including optical, electronic, chemical, sensor, bio- and structural materials. This means that sol-gel science and technology is related to all kinds of manufacturing industries. Thus Volume 1, "Sol-Gel Processing," is devoted to general aspects of processing. Newly developed materials such as organic-inorganic hybrids, photonic crystals, ferroelectric coatings, photocatalysts will be covered. Topics in this volume include: Volume 2, "Characterization of Sol-Gel Materials and Products, "highlights the important fact that useful materials are only produced when characterization is tied to processing. Furthermore, characterization is essential to the understanding of nanostructured materials, and sol-gel technology is a most important technology in this new field. Since nanomaterials display their functional property based on their nano- and micro-structure, "characterization" is very important. Topics found in Volume 2 include: Sol-gel technology is a versatile technology, making it possible to produce a wide variety of materials and to provide existing substances with novel properties. This technology was applied to producingnovel materials, for example organic-inorganic hybrids, which are quite difficult to make by other fabricating techniques, and it was also applied to producing materials based on high temperature superconducting oxides. "Applications of Sol-Gel Technology," (Volume 3), will cover applications such as:
Posted in Ceramic materials

Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis

Author: John Meurig Thomas,J. M. Thomas,W. John Thomas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352731458X

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 5884

This long-awaited second edition of the successful introduction to the fundamentals of heterogeneous catalysis is now completely revised and updated. Written by internationally acclaimed experts, this textbook includes fundamentals of adsorption, characterizing catalysts and their surfaces, the significance of pore structure and surface area, solid-state and surface chemistry, poisoning, promotion, deactivation and selectivity of catalysts, as well as catalytic process engineering. A final section provides a number of examples and case histories. With its color and numerous graphics plus references to help readers to easily find further reading, this is a pivotal work for an understanding of the principles involved.
Posted in Science

Developments in Sustainable Chemical and Bioprocess Technology

Author: Ravindra Pogaku,Awang Bono,Christopher Chu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461462088

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 7481

Environmental sustainability and development is of critical importance. Technological advances in the production of new energy sources are making their way into our lives in more and more depth every day. However, there is an urgent need to address the technological challenges and advancement of the various chemical and bio-processes to maintain the dynamic sustainability of our energy needs. Toward that end, an attempt is being made to look at recent advances, key issues still faced and where possible, offer suggestions on alternative technologies to optimize sustainable processes. Still considered a new area of science, energy sources themselves are still being 'discovered'...meaning, what is financially viable in the current marketplace is changing. For example, energy from plants has not been financially viable in the past because of the high cost of growing, harvesting, breaking down cell walls, disposal of waste products, etc. Materials used to derive energy from sustainable resources is changing, making previously high-cost processes more efficient. It is crucial that the industry as a while works in tandem to develop crops that new technological advances make financially feasible. This book will cover recent advances in the chemicals, bioprocesses and other materials used in growing and extracting energy from sustainable products. Membrane/cell wall digestion issues will also be covered as well as recovering mamixal amounts of energy from sources to limit waste. Finally a section on safety and control will be presented with has been poorly covered in other publications. ​
Posted in Science

Green Electrical Energy Storage

Author: Gabriele Zini

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 1259642844

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 2369

Cutting-edge technologies, finance, and implementation for real-world renewable energy storage applications Plan, fund, and successfully implement renewable energy storage projects using the expert information contained in this comprehensive guide. Green Electrical Energy Storage: Science and Finance for Total Fossil Fuel Substitution thoroughly explains the theories and technologies used in the many different kinds of electric energy storage along with pertinent economics, legal, and financing information. Written by a recognized expert in the field, the book offers detailed coverage of electrochemical, chemical, electrical, and flywheel mechanical energy storage devices, their integration in energy systems using renewable energy sources, the financial and legal tools to build them. Inside: • Introduction to green electrical energy storage • Benefits and challenges of energy storage systems • Electrochemical storage • Chemical storage • Electrical storage • Flywheel mechanical storage • Energy system storage design and functioning • Financial, economic and risk analysis • Business law concepts • Private and public sources of funding
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Nanomaterials For Energy Conversion And Storage

Author: Wang Dunwei,Cao Guozhong

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 1786343649

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 836

View: 335

The use of nanomaterials in energy conversion and storage represents an opportunity to improve the performance, density and ease of transportation in renewable resources. This book looks at the most recent research on the topic, with particular focus on artificial photosynthesis and lithium-ion batteries as the most promising technologies to date. Research on the broad subject of energy conversion and storage calls for expertise from a wide range of backgrounds, from the most fundamental perspectives of the key catalytic processes at the molecular level to device scale engineering and optimization. Although the nature of the processes dictates that electrochemistry is a primary characterization tool, due attention is given to advanced techniques such as synchrotron studies in operando. These studies look at the gap between the performance of current technology and what is needed for the future, for example how to improve on the lithium-ion battery and to go beyond its capabilities. Suitable for students and practitioners in the chemical, electrochemical, and environmental sciences, Nanomaterials for Energy Conversion and Storage provides the information needed to find scalable, economically viable and safe solutions for sustainable energy. Contents: The Principle of Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting (Peiyan Ma and Dunwei Wang)Semiconducting Photocatalysis for Solar Hydrogen Conversion (Shaohua Shen and Jie Chen)Visible-Light-Driven Photocatalysis (Qingzhe Zhang, Yanlong Liu, Zhenhe Xu, Yue Zhao, Mohamed Chaker and Dongling Ma)Metal-Nitride Nanostructures: Emerging Catalysts for Artificial Photosynthesis (Md Golam Kibria, Bandar AlOtaibi and Zetian Mi)Surface Engineering of Semiconductors for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting (Gongming Wang, Yi Yang and Yat Li)Photoanodic and Photocathodic Materials Applied for Free-Running Solar Water Splitting Devices (Miao Zhong, Hiroyuki Kaneko, Taro Yamada and Kazunari Domen)Electrocatalytic Processes in Energy Technologies (Yang Huang, Min Zeng, Qiufang Gong and Yanguang Li)Soft X-Ray Spectroscopy on Photocatalysis (Yi-Sheng Liu, Cheng-Hao Chuang and Jinghua Guo)Photoelectrochemical Tools for the Assessment of Energy Conversion Devices (Isaac Herraiz-Cardona and Sixto Gimenez)Fundamentals of Rechargable Batteries and Electrochemical Potentials of Electrode Materials (Chaofeng Liu and Guozhong Cao)Revitalized Interest in Vanadium Pentoxide as Cathode Material for Alkali-Ion Batteries (Yanwei Li, Jinhuan Yao, Robert C Massé, Evan Uchaker and Guozhong Cao)Tin-Based Compounds as Anode Materials for Lithium-Ion Storage (Ming Zhang and Guozhong Cao)Beyond Li-Ion: Electrode Materials for Sodium- and Magnesium-Ion Batteries (Robert Massé, Evan Uchaker and Guozhong Cao)Nanomaterials and Nanostructures for Regulating Ions and Electron Transport in Advanced Energy Storage Devices (Yu Wang and Wei-Hong Zhong) Readership: Students, researchers and practitioners in the chemical, electrochemical, and environmental sciences. Keywords: Nanomaterials;Lithium-Ion Batteries;Electrochemistry;Energy Conversion;Energy Storage;Artificial PhotosynthesisReview:0
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Nanotechnology for Electronics, Photonics, and Renewable Energy

Author: Anatoli Korkin,Predrag S. Krstić,Jack C. Wells

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441974549

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 4614

Tutorial lectures given by world-renowned researchers have become one of the important traditions of the Nano and Giga Challenges (NGC) conference series. 1 Soon after preparations had begun for the rst forum, NGC2002, in Moscow, Russia, the organizers realized that publication of the lectures notes would be a va- able legacy of the meeting and a signi cant educational resource and knowledge base for students, young researchers, and senior experts. Our rst book was p- lished by Elsevier and received the same title as the meeting itself—Nano and Giga 2 Challenges in Microelectronics. Our second book, Nanotechnology for Electronic 3 4 Materials and Devices, based on the tutorial lectures at NGC2004 in Krakow, 5 Poland, the third book from NGC2007 in Phoenix, Arizona, and the current book 6 from joint NGC2009 and CSTC2009 meeting in Hamilton, Ontario, have been published in Springer’s Nanostructure Science and Technology series. Hosted by McMaster University, the meeting NGC/CSTC 2009 was held as a joint event of two conference series, Nano and Giga Challenges (Nano & Giga Forum) and Canadian Semiconductor Technology Conferences (CSTC), bringing together the networks and expertise of both professional forums. Informational (electronics and photonics), renewable energy (solar systems, fuel cells, and batteries), and sensor (nano and bio) technologies have reached a new stage in their development in terms of engineering limits to cost-effective impro- ment of current technological approaches. The latest miniaturization of electronic devices is approaching atomic dimensions.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Energy: Electrochemical Storage and Sustainable Development

Inaugural Lecture delivered on Thursday 9 December 2010

Author: Jean-Marie Tarascon

Publisher: Collège de France

ISBN: 2722602830

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9345

The storage and conversion of energy is one of the major scientific challenges of the decades to come, with high stakes for the environment. What new materials will allow for more efficient and “cleaner” batteries to be developed? Jean-Marie Tarascon reviews these issues and their implications for our future and that of the planet. In particular, he discusses lithium-ion technology, the contribution of nanotechnologies, and current research using bio-inspired methods to develop innovations such as electrode material obtained from biomass through “green chemistry”.
Posted in Science

Materials for Sustainable Energy

A Collection of Peer-reviewed Research and Review Articles from Nature Publishing Group

Author: Vincent Dusastre

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814317640

Category: Science

Page: 331

View: 1933

The search for cleaner, cheaper, smaller and more efficient energy technologies has to a large extent been motivated by the development of new materials. The aim of this collection of articles is therefore to focus on what materials-based solutions can offer and show how the rationale design and improvement of their physical and chemical properties can lead to energy-production alternatives that have the potential to compete with existing technologies. In terms of alternative means to generate electricity that utilize renewable energy sources, the most dramatic breakthroughs for both mobile (i.e., transportation) and stationary applications are taking place in the fields of solar and fuel cells. And from an energy-storage perspective, exciting developments can be seen emerging from the fields of rechargeable batteries and hydrogen storage.
Posted in Science

Green Chemistry

An Introductory Text

Author: Mike Lancaster

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1847558739

Category: Science

Page: 328

View: 4462

Aimed at students, this introduction to green chemistry encourages new ways of thinking about how products and processes are developed.
Posted in Science

Green Energy

Basic Concepts and Fundamentals

Author: Xianguo Li

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1848826478

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 5209

Green Energy: Basic Concepts and Fundamentals addresses the need for diversity within energy systems. It focuses on the theme of energy diversity with local resources, and the integration and optimisation of conventional and alternative energy systems. The book provides a summary of the state-of-art knowledge and technology for future energy systems, covering topics such as: • green energy carriers; • emission control, reduction, and abatement; • energy conversation and management; and • energy environment interaction. This first book in the Progress in Green Energy series will be of value to energy researchers, technology developers and professionals from policy makers to engineers, as well as to advanced undergraduate and postgraduates studying in the field.
Posted in Science