Survival by Hunting

Prehistoric Human Predators and Animal Prey

Author: George Frison

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520927964

Category: Social Science

Page: 285

View: 7064

The North American Great Plains and Rocky Mountains have yielded many artifacts and other clues about the prehistoric people who once lived there, but little is understood about the hunting practices that ensured their survival for thousands of years. Noted archaeologist George Frison brings a lifetime of experience as a hunter, rancher, and guide to bear on excavation data from the region relating to hunting, illuminating prehistoric hunting practices in entirely new ways. Sharing his intimate knowledge of animal habitats and behavior and his familiarity with hunting strategies and techniques, Frison argues that this kind of firsthand knowledge is crucial for understanding hunting in the past.
Posted in Social Science

Der Feind in meinem Topf?

Schluss mit dem Legenden vom bösen Essen

Author: Susanne Schäfer

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 345585138X

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 240

View: 8070

Essen ist Lifestyle. Und zugleich wird Essen immer häufiger als Bedrohung wahrgenommen. Echte oder gefühlte Unverträglichkeiten und diffuse Ängste vor bestimmten Inhaltsstoffen dominieren den Speiseplan von immer mehr Menschen. Der Trend lautet "Frei von ..." Geradezu hysterisch werden wahlweise Gluten, Laktose, Fruktose oder Histamin als Risiko für unsere Gesundheit gebrandmarkt. Etliche dieser Empfehlungen haben eine kürzere Haltbarkeit als die darauf abgestimmten Produkte, an denen die Nahrungsmittelindustrie kräftig verdient - und für Gesunde keinen medizinisch nachweisbaren Nutzen. Susanne Schäfer untersucht aus medizinischer, psychologischer und soziologischer Perspektive, was für das wirklich gute Bauchgefühl nötig ist. Denn viele der Legenden vom gefährlichen Essen verbreiten sich grundlos. Nie war es so einfach wie heute, sich gesund zu ernähren und mit hochwertigen Lebensmitteln zu versorgen!
Posted in Health & Fitness

Bildung und Gewalt

Author: Johannes Bilstein,Jutta Ecarius,Norbert Ricken,Ursula Stenger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365810810X

Category: Education

Page: 273

View: 9839

Im Zentrum des Bandes steht der Diskurs über Gewalt und Gewaltverhältnisse in der Erziehungswissenschaft und die Feststellung, dass es sich hier um ein konstantes pädagogisches Problem handelt. Die erziehungswissenschaftlichen Diskussionen haben sich in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten immer wieder mit den unterschiedlichen Phänomenen und Strukturen von Gewalt auseinandergesetzt und dabei einerseits Differenzierungen zwischen körperlichen und nicht-körperlichen Gewaltformen herausgearbeitet, andererseits unterschiedlichste – teils auch konzeptionell widersprüchliche – Theorien und Modelle der Gewaltprävention entwickelt. Der Verlauf dieser erziehungswissenschaftlichen Gewalt-Diskurse zeigt dabei, dass es sich um ein grundsätzliches Problem handelt, das gerade auf der Diskussionsebene der Allgemeinen Erziehungswissenschaft von hoher und struktureller Relevanz ist.
Posted in Education

Hunting Caribou

Subsistence Hunting Along the Northern Edge of the Boreal Forest

Author: Henry S. Sharp,Karyn Sharp

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803277350

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 859

Denésuliné hunters range from deep in the Boreal Forest far into the tundra of northern Canada. Henry S. Sharp, a social anthropologist and ethnographer, spent several decades participating in fieldwork and observing hunts by this extended kin group. His daughter, Karyn Sharp, who is an archaeologist specializing in First Nations Studies and is Denésuliné, also observed countless hunts. Over the years the father and daughter realized that not only their personal backgrounds but also their disciplinary specializations significantly affected how each perceived and understood their experiences with the Denésuliné. In Hunting Caribou, Henry and Karyn Sharp attempt to understand and interpret their decades-long observations of Denésuliné hunts through the multiple disciplinary lenses of anthropology, archaeology, and ethnology. Although questions and methodologies differ between disciplines, the Sharps' ethnography, by connecting these components, provides unique insights into the ecology and motivations of hunting societies. Themes of gender, women's labor, insects, wolf and caribou behavior, scale, mobility and transportation, and land use are linked through the authors' personal voice and experiences. This participant ethnography makes an important contribution to multiple fields in academe while simultaneously revealing broad implications for research, public policy, and First Nations politics.
Posted in History

American Scientist

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Greek letter societies

Page: N.A

View: 7478

Posted in Greek letter societies

Arizona Wildlife Views

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Fishing

Page: N.A

View: 3192

Posted in Fishing

First Peoples in a New World

Colonizing Ice Age America

Author: David J. Meltzer

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 446

View: 3876

"Meltzer's compelling account of the data and the debates takes readers behind the scenes of the often contentious arguments that have redirected the scientific pursuit of the first Americans."--Tom D. Dillehay, author of The Settlement of the Americas "In remarkably comprehensive and lucid fashion, Meltzer synthesizes the complex and commonly conflicting evidence for the earliest human presence in the Americas and provides an honestly told lesson about the workings of scientific thought."--David Hurst Thomas, author of Skull Wars "A natural storyteller, David Meltzer gives us a vivid picture of both the colonizing bands of humans who moved into the Americas and the researchers who followed their footsteps from Alaska to Chile. This is an insider's account, told with a keen eye and sense of humor, as if Meltzer were there when discoveries were made and when disputes were aired--as, indeed, he often was."--Ann Gibbons, author of The First Human: The Race to Discover our Earliest Ancestors "The settling of the Americas has been a first-rate scientific puzzle since Columbus stumbled across the peoples of the Caribbean. David Meltzer is its ideal chronicler: a major participant in the research that is unlocking the mystery and a fine writer with a wry humor. Thank goodness there aren't too many scientists like him--science journalists like me would be out of business."--Charles C. Mann, author of 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus
Posted in History

Northwest Science

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 6296

Posted in Science

The Anthropology of War

Author: Keith F. Otterbein

Publisher: Waveland PressInc

ISBN: 9781577666073

Category: Social Science

Page: 140

View: 2949

Posted in Social Science

Imagining Head-Smashed-In

Aboriginal buffalo hunting on the northern Plains

Author: Jack Brink

Publisher: Au Pr


Category: History

Page: 342

View: 6941

For millennia, Aboriginal hunters on the North American Plains used their knowledge of the land and of buffalo behaviour to drive their quarry over cliffs. Archaeologist Jack Brink has written a major study of the mass buffalo hunts and the culture they supported before and after European contact. By way of example, he draws on his 25 years excavating at Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump in southwestern Alberta, Canada a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Says Jack, "I love the story behind the jump the events and planning that went into making the whole event work. I continue to learn more about the complex interaction between people, bison, and the environment, and I continue to be impressed with how the ancient hunters pulled off these astonishing kills."
Posted in History

Mountain spirit

the Sheep Eater Indians of Yellowstone

Author: Lawrence L. Loendorf,Nancy Medaris Stone

Publisher: Univ of Utah Pr

ISBN: 9780874808681

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 1914

Drawing on the results of ongoing archaeological excavations and extensive ethnographic work among descendant native peoples, this volume discusses the many groups that visited or lived in Yellowstone in prehistoric and historic times, putting to rest the pervasive notion that Indians did not inhabit the area.
Posted in History

Archaeology in Washington

Author: Ruth Kirk,Richard D. Daugherty

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780295986975

Category: History

Page: 158

View: 1087

Archaeology--along with Native American traditions and memories--holds a key to understanding early chapters of the human story in Washington. This all-new book draws together and brings up to date much of what has been learned about the state's prehistory and the environments early people experienced. It presents a sample of sites representing Washington's geographic regions and touches on historical archaeology, including excavations at fur-trade forts and the Whitman mission, and Cathlapotle, a Columbia River village visited by Lewis and Clark. The authors portray the discovery of a mastodon butchered by hunters on the Olympic Peninsula 14,000 years ago; the nearly 13,000-year-old Clovis points in an East Wenatchee apple orchard; an 11,200-year-old "Marmes Man" in the Palouse; and the controversial "Kennewick Man," more than 9,000 years old, eroded out of the riverbank at Tri-Cities. They discuss a 5,000-year-old camas earth oven in the Pend Oreille country; 5,000 years of human habitation at Seattle's Metro sewage treatment site; the recovery at Hoko River near Neah Bay of a 3,200-year-old fishnet made of split spruce boughs and tiny stone knife blades still hafted in cedar handles; and the world-renowned coastal excavations at Ozette, where mudslides repeatedly swept into houses, burying and preserving them. The tale ranges from the earliest bands of hunters, fishers, and gatherers to the complex social organizations and highly developed technologies of native peoples at the time of their disruption by the arrival of Euro-American newcomers. Also included is a summary of the changing role, techniques, and perspectives of archaeology itself, from the surveys and salvage excavation barely ahead of dam construction on the Snake and among Columbia rivers to today's collaboration between archaeologists, Native Americans, private landowners, and public agencies. Color photographs, line drawings, and maps lavishly illustrate the text.
Posted in History

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 1438

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Posted in History

American Indian Quarterly

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Indians of Central America

Page: N.A

View: 9018

Posted in Indians of Central America

Kennewick Man

The Scientific Investigation of an Ancient American Skeleton

Author: Douglas W. Owsley,Richard L. Jantz

Publisher: Texas A & M University Press


Category: Nature

Page: 669

View: 4373

A thorough examination of the Kennewick Man human remains by forensic anthropologists, archaeologists, geologists, and geochemists reveals the secrets of one of the earliest human occupants of North America.
Posted in Nature


Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 9448

Posted in Academic libraries

Adaptation and Survival

Author: Denise Walker

Publisher: Black Rabbit Books

ISBN: 9781583409923

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 2339

Introduces readers to the ways in which living things adapt to survive on Earth. Find out how plants and animals change to suit their environment, learn about evolutionary processes, and discover how pollution and natural disasters can affect living things.
Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

The Role of Human Predation in the Structuring of Prehistoric Prey Populations in Northwestern California

Author: Adrian Robert Whitaker

Publisher: N.A


Category: California mussel

Page: 728

View: 946

Archaeological evidence demonstrates over 10,000 years of human interactions with plant and animal populations in the Western United States (Anderson 2005, Broughton 1999, Jones and Raab 2004). Generally these studies have demonstrated adverse effects of human hunting on populations of mammals, birds, fish and invertebrate prey. Often, however, archaeologists have assumed that the population characteristics of a diverse range of prey taxa are similar. To gain a better understanding of specific relationships between humans and their prey I model the population dynamics of three taxa under human predation: mussels (Mytilus californianus), deer (Odocoileus sp.) and sea lions (Otariid sp.). These models are used to derive predictions which are tested with archaeological data from northwestern California. The study of mussel procurement at the Punta Gorda Rockshelter in Humboldt County, California demonstrates the resilience of mussel to overexploitation. Furthermore, the model and archaeological data show how prolonged procurement of mussel using a "stripping" technique at regular intervals may increase the productivity of mussel beds, a form of pseudo-aquaculture which, rather than maximizing short term gains increases long term yields. There are no data, however, to indicate that this sustainable harvesting was the result of conscious conservation behavior. Deer populations are shown to be more resilient to over-hunting than previous archaeological studies have shown. Elk, however, may be more prone to over-hunting. Data from several archaeological sites in northwestern California fails to provide evidence for adverse effects on artiodactyl (elk or deer) populations. In contrast to deer and mussels, sea lion populations are shown to be extremely prone to over-hunting. Because sea lions are migratory, effects of human hunting for the entire Pacific Coast are reviewed followed by local population studies for Mendocino and Humboldt counties in California. Data indicate that a breeding population of Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus) may have been extirpated at MEN-828 whereas sea lions appear to have been hunted without effects on the population at HUM-129. The lack of effects at HUM-129 is explained as resulting from a lack of breeding populations in the area leading to the exploitation of reproductively unimportant juvenile males near the site.
Posted in California mussel