Superconductivity, Superfluids and Condensates

Author: James F. Annett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198507567

Category: Science

Page: 186

View: 3886

Superconductivity, provides a basic introduction to one of the most innovative areas in condensed matter physics today. This book includes ample tutorial material, including illustrations, chapter summaries, graded problem sets, and concise examples. This book is part of the Oxford Master Series in Condensed Matter Physics.
Posted in Science

Superconductivity and Superfluidity

Author: T. Tsuneto

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521020930

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 9695

This 1998 book describes the physics of superconductivity and superfluidity, macroscopic quantum phenomena found in many conductors at low temperatures and in liquid helium 4 and helium 3. In the first part of the book the author presents the mean field theory of generalized pair condensation. This is followed by a description of the properties of ordinary superconductors using BCS theory. The book then proceeds with expositions of strong coupling theory and the Ginzberg-Landau theory. The remarkable properties of superfluid helium 3 are then described, as an example of a superfluid with internal degrees of freedom. The topics covered are dealt with in a coherent manner, with all necessary theoretical background given. Recent topics in the field, such as the copper-oxide high temperature superconductors and exotic superconductivity of heavy fermion systems are discussed in the final chapter. This book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in condensed matter physics, especially those working in superconductivity and superfluidity.
Posted in Science

Superfluidity and Superconductivity

Author: D.R. Tilley,J Tilley

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780750300339

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 7049

Superfluidity and Superconductivity, Third Edition introduces the low-temperature phenomena of superfluidity and superconductivity from a unified viewpoint. The book stresses the existence of a macroscopic wave function as a central principle, presents an extensive discussion of macroscopic theories, and includes full descriptions of relevant experimental results throughout. This edition also features an additional chapter on high-temperature superconductors. With problems at the end of most chapters as well as the careful elaboration of basic principles, this comprehensive survey of experiment and theory provides an accessible and invaluable foundation for graduate students studying low-temperature physics as well as senior undergraduates taking specialized courses.
Posted in Science

On Superconductivity and Superfluidity

A Scientific Autobiography

Author: Vitaly L. Ginzburg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354068008X

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 8880

A Nobel Laureate presents his view of developments in the field of superconductivity, superfluidity and related theory. The book contains Ginzburg’s amended version of the Nobel lecture in Physics 2003, as well as his expanded autobiography.
Posted in Science

Supraleitung, Suprafluidität und Kondensate

Author: James F Annett

Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag

ISBN: 9783486705409

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 5501

Das Buch behandelt drei physikalische Phänomene: die Bose-Einstein-Kondensation, Suprafluidität und Supraleitung. In seinem Aufbau verfolgt es das Ziel, die wesentlichen Konzepte und notwendigen mathematischen Formalismen zu motivieren. Das Buch beginnt mit dem einfachsten der drei Phänomene, der Bose-Einstein-Kondensation. Nach einem Überblick über grundlegenden Eigenschaften idealer Bose-Gase werden Verfahren zum Einfangen und Kühlen von Atomen vorgestellt, um schließlich auf die Realisierung von Bose-Einstein-Kondensaten in verdünnten atomaren Gasen eingehen zu können. Aufgrund von Zusammenfassungen und weiterführenden Literaturangaben ist das Werk gleichermaßen zum Selbststudium geeignet wie zur vertiefenden Vorlesungsbegleitung. Zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben, teils mit Lösungen und Hinweisen, ermöglichen die unmittelbare Überprüfung des Gelernten.
Posted in Science

High Temperature Superconductors And Other Superfluids

Author: A S Alexandrov,Nevill Mott

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482272679

Category: Science

Page: 188

View: 736

Written by eminent researchers in the field, this text describes the theory of superconductivity and superfluidity starting from liquid helium and a charged Bose-gas. It also discusses the modern bipolaron theory of strongly coupled superconductors, which explains the basic physical properties of high-temperature superconductors. This book will be of interest to fourth year graduate and postgraduate students, specialist libraries, information centres and chemists working in high-temperature superconductivity.
Posted in Science

Superconductivity

Author: J. B. Ketterson,S. N. Song

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521565622

Category: Science

Page: 497

View: 9047

Graduate text on superconductivity, an area of intense research activity worldwide.
Posted in Science

Macroscopic Theories of Superfluids

Author: G. Grioli

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 9780521375726

Category: Mathematics

Page: 213

View: 2798

This book is based on lectures delivered at a meeting organised by the academia Nazionale dei Lincei with contributions from some of the leading research workers in the field. They deal with topics of contemporary interest such as: solitons, hydrodynamic and nonlinear problems in superfluids, turbulence, thermodynamics, first and second sound, and the comparison between superconductivity and superfluidity. Experimental results and theoretical considerations are included. Thus the book will be an invaluable survey for research workers in superfluidity.
Posted in Mathematics

Novel Superfluids

Author: Karl-Heinz Bennemann,John B. Ketterson

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191029998

Category: Science

Page: 592

View: 612

Volume 2 of Novel Superfluids continues the presentation of recent results on superfluids, including novel metallic systems, superfluid liquids, and atomic/molecular gases of bosons and fermions, particularly when trapped in optical lattices. Since the discovery of superconductivity (Leyden, 1911), superfluid 4He (Moscow and Cambridge, 1937), superfluid 3He (Cornell, 1972), and observation of Bose-Einstein Condensation (BEC) of a gas (Colorado and MIT, 1995), the phenomenon of superfluidity has remained one of the most important topics in physics. Again and again, novel superfluids yield surprising and interesting behaviors. The many classes of metallic superconductors, including the high temperature perovskite-based oxides, MgB2, organic systems, and Fe-based pnictides, continue to offer challenges. The technical applications grow steadily. What the temperature and field limits are remains illusive. Atomic nuclei, neutron stars and the Universe itself all involve various aspects of superfluidity, and the lessons learned have had a broad impact on physics as a whole.
Posted in Science

Modern trends in Superconductivity and Superfluidity

Author: M. Yu. Kagan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 940076961X

Category: Science

Page: 550

View: 6130

This book concisely presents the latest trends in the physics of superconductivity and superfluidity and magnetism in novel systems, as well as the problem of BCS-BEC crossover in ultracold quantum gases and high-Tc superconductors. It further illuminates the intensive exchange of ideas between these closely related fields of condensed matter physics over the last 30 years of their dynamic development. The content is based on the author’s original findings obtained at the Kapitza Institute, as well as advanced lecture courses he held at the Moscow Engineering Physical Institute, Amsterdam University, Loughborough University and LPTMS Orsay between 1994 and 2011. In addition to the findings of his group, the author discusses the most recent concepts in these fields, obtained both in Russia and in the West. The book consists of 16 chapters which are divided into four parts. The first part describes recent developments in superfluid hydrodynamics of quantum fluids and solids, including the fashionable subject of possible supersolidity in quantum crystals of 4He, while the second describes BCS-BEC crossover in quantum Fermi-Bose gases and mixtures, as well as in the underdoped states of cuprates. The third part is devoted to non-phonon mechanisms of superconductivity in unconventional (anomalous) superconductors, including some important aspects of the theory of high-Tc superconductivity. |The last part considers the anomalous normal state of novel superconductive materials and materials with colossal magnetoresistance (CMR). The book offers a valuable guide for senior-level undergraduate students and graduate students, postdoctoral and other researchers specializing in solid-state and low-temperature physics.
Posted in Science

Quantum Physics

Volume 2: From Time-Dependent Dynamics to Many-Body Physics and Quantum Chaos

Author: Vladimir Zelevinsky

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352740984X

Category: Science

Page: 644

View: 8945

This two-volume set can be naturally divided into two semester courses, and contains a full modern graduate course in quantum physics. The idea is to teach graduate students how to practically use quantum physics and theory, presenting the fundamental knowledge, and gradually moving on to applications, including atomic, nuclear and solid state physics, as well as modern subfields, such as quantum chaos and quantum entanglement. The book starts with basic quantum problems, which do not require full quantum formalism but allow the student to gain the necessary experience and elements of quantum thinking. Only then does the fundamental Schrodinger equation appear. The author has included topics that are not usually covered in standard textbooks and has written the book in such a way that every topic contains varying layers of difficulty, so that the instructor can decide where to stop. Although supplementary sources are not required, "Further reading" is given for each chapter, including references to scientific journals and publications, and a glossary is also provided. Problems and solutions are integrated throughout the text.
Posted in Science

Vortices in Unconventional Superconductors and Superfluids

Author: Rudolf Huebener,N. Schopohl,G.E. Volovik

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540423362

Category: Science

Page: 359

View: 2939

The physics of vortices in classical fluids has been a highly important subject for many years, both in fundamental science and in engineering applications. About 50 years ago, vortices started to become prominent as quantum me chanical objects constructed from a macroscopic wavefunction. Here the key developments are associated with the names R. Feynman, L. Onsager, L. D. Landau, F. London, V.L. Ginzburg and A.A. Abrikosov. Recently, the physics of vortices has undergone a further important step of diversification, namely in unconventional superconductors and superfluids, which are characterized by an anisotropic and/or spatially complex order parameter. It is this latest evolutionary step of vortex physics that is addressed in this book. The indi vidual chapters are concerned with the microscopic structure and dynamics of vortices in diverse systems ranging from superfluids and superconductors to neutron stars. Each of the 20 chapters is written by one or more experts on the parti cular subject. Each chapter provides an introduction and overview, empha sizing theoretical as well as experimental work, and includes references to both recent and pioneering earlier developments. In this way non-expert rea ders will also benefit from these lecture notes. Hence, the book will be useful for all researchers and graduate students interested in the physics of vorti ces in unconventional superconductors and superfluids. It may also serve as supplementary material for a graduate course on low-temperature solid-state physics.
Posted in Science

Feynman's Lost Lecture

The Motions of Planets Around the Sun

Author: David L Goodstein,Judith R Goodstein

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1448181100

Category: Reference

Page: 192

View: 7097

On 14 March 1964 Richard Feynman, one of the greatest scientific thinkers of the 20th Century, delivered a lecture entitled 'The Motion of the Planets Around the Sun'. For thirty years this remarkable lecture was believed to be lost. But now Feynman's work has been reconstructed and explained in meticulous, accessible detail, together with a history of ideas of the planets' motions. The result is a vital and absorbing account of one of the fundamental puzzles of science, and an invaluable insight into Feynman's charismatic brilliance.
Posted in Reference

The Electromagnetic Spectrum of Neutron Stars

Author: A. Baykal (Ed),Sinan K. Yerli,Sitki C. Inam,Sergei Grebenev

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402038600

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 705

Neutron stars hold a central place in astrophysics, not only because they are made up of the most extreme states of the condensed matter, but also because they are, along with white dwarfs and black holes, one of the stable configurations that stars reach at the end of stellar evolution. Neutron stars posses the highest rotation rates and strongest magnetic fields among all stars. They radiate prolifically, in high energy electromagnetic radiation and in the radio band. This book is devoted to the selected lectures presented in the 6th NATO-ASI series entitled "The Electromagnetic Spectrum of Neutron Stars" in Marmaris, Turkey, on 7-18 June 2004. This ASI is devoted to the spectral properties of neutron stars. Spectral observations of neutron stars help us to understand the magnetospheric emission processes of isolated radio pulsars and the emission processes of accreting neutron stars. This volume includes spectral information from the neutron stars in broadest sense, namely neutrino and gravitational radiation along with the electromagnetic spectrum. We believe that this volume can serve as graduate level of text including the broad range of properties of neutron stars.
Posted in Science

Superfluid States of Matter

Author: Boris V. Svistunov,Egor S. Babaev,Nikolay V. Prokof'ev

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439802769

Category: Science

Page: 583

View: 1999

Covers the State of the Art in Superfluidity and Superconductivity Superfluid States of Matter addresses the phenomenon of superfluidity/superconductivity through an emergent, topologically protected constant of motion and covers topics developed over the past 20 years. The approach is based on the idea of separating universal classical-field superfluid properties of matter from the underlying system’s “quanta.” The text begins by deriving the general physical principles behind superfluidity/superconductivity within the classical-field framework and provides a deep understanding of all key aspects in terms of the dynamics and statistics of a classical-field system. It proceeds by explaining how this framework emerges in realistic quantum systems, with examples that include liquid helium, high-temperature superconductors, ultra-cold atomic bosons and fermions, and nuclear matter. The book also offers several powerful modern approaches to the subject, such as functional and path integrals. Comprised of 15 chapters, this text: Establishes the fundamental macroscopic properties of superfluids and superconductors within the paradigm of the classical matter field Deals with a single-component neutral matter field Considers fundamentals and properties of superconductors Describes new physics of superfluidity and superconductivity that arises in multicomponent systems Presents the quantum-field perspective on the conditions under which classical-field description is relevant in bosonic and fermionic systems Introduces the path integral formalism Shows how Feynman path integrals can be efficiently simulated with the worm algorithm Explains why nonsuperfluid (insulating) ground states of regular and disordered bosons occur under appropriate conditions Explores superfluid solids (supersolids) Discusses the rich dynamics of vortices and various aspects of superfluid turbulence at T →0 Provides account of BCS theory for the weakly interacting Fermi gas Highlights and analyzes the most crucial developments that has led to the current understanding of superfluidity and superconductivity Reviews the variety of superfluid and superconducting systems available today in nature and the laboratory, as well as the states that experimental realization is currently actively pursuing
Posted in Science

Superconductivity

Part 2 (In Two Parts)

Author: R. D. Parks

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824715212

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 768

View: 8312

Posted in Technology & Engineering

Introduction to Superfluidity

Field-theoretical Approach and Applications

Author: Andreas Schmitt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319079476

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 155

View: 5533

Superfluidity – and closely related to it, superconductivity – are very general phenomena that can occur on vastly different energy scales. Their underlying theoretical mechanism of spontaneous symmetry breaking is even more general and applies to a multitude of physical systems. In these lecture notes, a pedagogical introduction to the field-theory approach to superfluidity is presented. The connection to more traditional approaches, often formulated in a different language, is carefully explained in order to provide a consistent picture that is useful for students and researchers in all fields of physics. After introducing the basic concepts, such as the two-fluid model and the Goldstone mode, selected topics of current research are addressed, such as the BCS-BEC crossover and Cooper pairing with mismatched Fermi momenta.
Posted in Technology & Engineering