Statistics for the Behavioral and Social Sciences

A Brief Course

Author: Arthur Aron,Elaine Aron,Elliot J. Coups

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 477

View: 1362

For one-quarter/semester courses that focus on the basics or combine statistics with research methods. By using definitional formulas to emphasize the concepts of statistics, rather than rote memorization, students work problems in a way that keeps them constantly aware of the underlying logic of what they are doing. Here, in the fourth edition ofStatistics for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, the authors have refined their text by building off an already well-established approach - emphasizing the intuitive, deemphasizing the mathematical, and explaining everything in direct, simple language - but also going beyond these principles to both further student understanding and stimulate the long-suffering community of statistics instructors. By using definitional formulas to emphasize the concepts of statistics, rather than rote memorization, students work problems in a way that keeps them constantly aware of the underlying logic of what they are doing.
Posted in Social Science

Improving Business Statistics Through Interagency Data Sharing

Summary of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Steering Committee for the Workshop on the Benefits of Interagency Business Data Sharing

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309102618

Category: Computers

Page: 156

View: 2064

U.S. business data are used broadly, providing the building blocks for key national-as well as regional and local-statistics measuring aggregate income and output, employment, investment, prices, and productivity. Beyond aggregate statistics, individual- and firm-level data are used for a wide range of microanalyses by academic researchers and by policy makers. In the United States, data collection and production efforts are conducted by a decentralized system of statistical agencies. This apparatus yields an extensive array of data that, particularly when made available in the form of microdata, provides an unparalleled resource for policy analysis and research on social issues and for the production of economic statistics. However, the decentralized nature of the statistical system also creates challenges to efficient data collection, to containment of respondent burden, and to maintaining consistency of terms and units of measurement. It is these challenges that raise to paramount importance the practice of effective data sharing among the statistical agencies. With this as the backdrop, the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) asked the Committee on National Statistics of the National Academies to convene a workshop to discuss interagency business data sharing. The workshop was held October 21, 2005. This report is a summary of the discussions of that workshop. The workshop focused on the benefits of data sharing to two groups of stakeholders: the statistical agencies themselves and downstream data users. Presenters were asked to highlight untapped opportunities for productive data sharing that cannot yet be exploited because of regulatory or legislative constraints. The most prominently discussed example was that of tax data needed to reconcile the two primary business lists use by the statistical agencies.
Posted in Computers

Issues in Prevention, Diagnostics, Screening, Statistics, and Testing: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464967180

Category: Medical

Page: 333

View: 7338

Issues in Prevention, Diagnostics, Screening, Statistics, and Testing: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Prevention, Diagnostics, Screening, Statistics, and Testing. The editors have built Issues in Prevention, Diagnostics, Screening, Statistics, and Testing: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Prevention, Diagnostics, Screening, Statistics, and Testing in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Prevention, Diagnostics, Screening, Statistics, and Testing: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Posted in Medical

Principles and Practices for a Federal Statistical Agency

Second Edition

Author: National Research Council,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309073146

Category: Computers

Page: 72

View: 1149

Since 1992, the Committee on National Statistics (CNSTAT) has produced a book on principles and practices for a federal statistical agency, updating the document every 4 years to provide a current edition to newly appointed cabinet secretaries at the beginning of each presidential administration. This second edition presents and comments on three basic principles that statistical agencies must embody in order to carry out their mission fully: (1) They must produce objective data that are relevant to policy issues, (2) they must achieve and maintain credibility among data users, and (3) they must achieve and maintain trust among data providers. The book also discusses 11 important practices that are means for statistical agencies to live up to the four principles. These practices include a commitment to quality and professional practice and an active program of methodological and substantive research.
Posted in Computers

The Bureau of Transportation Statistics

Priorities for the Future

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Panel on Statistical Programs and Practices of the Bureau of Transportation Statistics

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309064040

Category: Transportation

Page: 160

View: 2128

How can the Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS), the nation's newest federal statistical agency, contribute to the work of the U.S. Department of Transportation (USDOT)? What is the appropriate role for such an agency as a part of a major department? BTS was authorized in 1991 by the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) in recognition of the need for more and better data for transportation officials at local, state, and federal levels. While the USDOT has many long-standing data collection programs for particular transportation modes (highways, rail, air, etc.), it has never had a statistical agency with a mandate to improve the quality and relevance of transportation data for important system-wide, cross-modal analyses of the nation's transportation system. This book examines how BTS can provide statistical leadership for USDOT, define and maintain quality standards for transportation data, and improve data documentation. It considers BTS's role in developing national transportation indicators, coordinating data collection throughout USDOT, filling gaps, identifying user needs, and developing analysis programs for transportation data. Anyone concerned with having high-quality, relevant transportation indicators and other data available for policy planning, evaluation, and research will be interested in this book, as will students of effective government.
Posted in Transportation

Essentials of Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Author: Barry H. Cohen,R. Brooke Lea

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471480762

Category: Psychology

Page: 291

View: 1378

Master the essential statistical skills used in social andbehavioral sciences Essentials of Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciencesdistills the overwhelming amount of material covered inintroductory statistics courses into a handy, practical resourcefor students and professionals. This accessible guide covers basicto advanced concepts in a clear, concrete, and readablestyle. Essentials of Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciencesguides you to a better understanding of basic concepts ofstatistical methods. Numerous practical tips are presented forselecting appropriate statistical procedures. In addition, thisuseful guide demonstrates how to evaluate and interpret statisticaldata, provides numerous formulas for calculating statistics fromtables of summary statistics, and offers a variety of workedexamples. As part of the Essentials of Behavioral Science series, this bookoffers a thorough review of the most relevant statistical conceptsand techniques that will arm you with the tools you'll need forknowledgeable, informed practice. Each concise chapter featuresnumerous callout boxes highlighting key concepts, bulleted points,and extensive illustrative material, as well as "Test Yourself"questions that help you gauge and reinforce your grasp of theinformation covered.
Posted in Psychology

The Demography of Health and Health Care (second Edition)

Author: Louis G. Pol,Richard K. Thomas

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306463372

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 374

View: 4446

"Health demography" has come to play an increasingly important role within the larger field during the past twenty years; the number of health professionals who utilize its methods and materials has grown exponentially. In a thoroughgoing revision of the first edition of this classic text and reference, published by Plenum in 1992, the authors convey the general principles that underlie this applied subdiscipline and demonstrate how the merging of demography and health care impacts on the planning processes of a range of health care organizations.
Posted in Business & Economics

Evaluating AIDS Prevention Programs

Expanded Edition

Author: Panel on the Evaluation of AIDS Interventions,Committee on AIDS Research and the Behavioral, Social, and Statistical Sciences,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309555671

Category: Medical

Page: 363

View: 6526

With insightful discussion of program evaluation and the efforts of the Centers for Disease Control, this book presents a set of clear-cut recommendations to help ensure that the substantial resources devoted to the fight against AIDS will be used most effectively. This expanded edition of Evaluating AIDS Prevention Programs covers evaluation strategies and outcome measurements, including a realistic review of the factors that make evaluation of AIDS programs particularly difficult. Randomized field experiments are examined, focusing on the use of alternative treatments rather than placebo controls. The book also reviews nonexperimental techniques, including a critical examination of evaluation methods that are observational rather than experimental--a necessity when randomized experiments are infeasible.
Posted in Medical

Explaining Social Behavior

More Nuts and Bolts for the Social Sciences

Author: Jon Elster

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139463527

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 7465

This book is an expanded and revised edition of the author's critically acclaimed volume Nuts and Bolts for the Social Sciences. In twenty-six succinct chapters, Jon Elster provides an account of the nature of explanation in the social sciences. He offers an overview of key explanatory mechanisms in the social sciences, relying on hundreds of examples and drawing on a large variety of sources - psychology, behavioral economics, biology, political science, historical writings, philosophy and fiction. Written in accessible and jargon-free language, Elster aims at accuracy and clarity while eschewing formal models. In a provocative conclusion, Elster defends the centrality of qualitative social sciences in a two-front war against soft (literary) and hard (mathematical) forms of obscurantism.
Posted in Philosophy

Statistics on U.S. Immigration

An Assessment of Data Needs for Future Research

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics and Committee on Population

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309176347

Category: Social Science

Page: 104

View: 7641

The growing importance of immigration in the United States today prompted this examination of the adequacy of U.S. immigration data. This volume summarizes data needs in four areas: immigration trends, assimilation and impacts, labor force issues, and family and social networks. It includes recommendations on additional sources for the data needed for program and research purposes, and new questions and refinements of questions within existing data sources to improve the understanding of immigration and immigrant trends.
Posted in Social Science

Understanding the Demand for Illegal Drugs

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on Understanding and Controlling the Demand for Illegal Drugs

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309159342

Category: Law

Page: 124

View: 9299

Despite efforts to reduce drug consumption in the United States over the past 35 years, drugs are just as cheap and available as they have ever been. Cocaine, heroin, and methamphetamines continue to cause great harm in the country, particularly in minority communities in the major cities. Marijuana use remains a part of adolescent development for about half of the country's young people, although there is controversy about the extent of its harm. Given the persistence of drug demand in the face of lengthy and expensive efforts to control the markets, the National Institute of Justice asked the National Research Council to undertake a study of current research on the demand for drugs in order to help better focus national efforts to reduce that demand. This study complements the 2003 book, Informing America's Policy on Illegal Drugs by giving more attention to the sources of demand and assessing the potential of demand-side interventions to make a substantial difference to the nation's drug problems. Understanding the Demand for Illegal Drugs therefore focuses tightly on demand models in the field of economics and evaluates the data needs for advancing this relatively undeveloped area of investigation.
Posted in Law

Applied Longitudinal Analysis

Author: Garrett M. Fitzmaurice,Nan M. Laird,James H. Ware

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470380276

Category: Mathematics

Page: 701

View: 3547

Praise for the First Edition ". . . [this book] should be on the shelf of everyone interested in . . . longitudinal data analysis." ?Journal of the American Statistical Association Features newly developed topics and applications of the analysis of longitudinal data Applied Longitudinal Analysis, Second Edition presents modern methods for analyzing data from longitudinal studies and now features the latest state-of-the-art techniques. The book emphasizes practical, rather than theoretical, aspects of methods for the analysis of diverse types of longitudinal data that can be applied across various fields of study, from the health and medical sciences to the social and behavioral sciences. The authors incorporate their extensive academic and research experience along with various updates that have been made in response to reader feedback. The Second Edition features six newly added chapters that explore topics currently evolving in the field, including: Fixed effects and mixed effects models Marginal models and generalized estimating equations Approximate methods for generalized linear mixed effects models Multiple imputation and inverse probability weighted methods Smoothing methods for longitudinal data Sample size and power Each chapter presents methods in the setting of applications to data sets drawn from the health sciences. New problem sets have been added to many chapters, and a related website features sample programs and computer output using SAS, Stata, and R, as well as data sets and supplemental slides to facilitate a complete understanding of the material. With its strong emphasis on multidisciplinary applications and the interpretation of results, Applied Longitudinal Analysis, Second Edition is an excellent book for courses on statistics in the health and medical sciences at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. The book also serves as a valuable reference for researchers and professionals in the medical, public health, and pharmaceutical fields as well as those in social and behavioral sciences who would like to learn more about analyzing longitudinal data.
Posted in Mathematics

Food Insecurity and Hunger in the United States

An Assessment of the Measure

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel to Review the U.S Department of Agriculture's Measurement of Food Insecurity and Hunger

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309180368

Category: Medical

Page: 156

View: 681

The United States is viewed by the world as a country with plenty of food, yet not all households in America are food secure, meaning access at all times to enough food for an active, healthy life. A proportion of the population experiences food insecurity at some time in a given year because of food deprivation and lack of access to food due to economic resource constraints. Still, food insecurity in the United States is not of the same intensity as in some developing countries. Since 1995 the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has annually published statistics on the extent of food insecurity and food insecurity with hunger in U.S. households. These estimates are based on a survey measure developed by the U.S. Food Security Measurement Project, an ongoing collaboration among federal agencies, academic researchers, and private organizations. USDA requested the Committee on National Statistics of the National Academies to convene a panel of experts to undertake a two-year study in two phases to review at this 10-year mark the concepts and methodology for measuring food insecurity and hunger and the uses of the measure. In Phase 2 of the study the panel was to consider in more depth the issues raised in Phase 1 relating to the concepts and methods used to measure food security and make recommendations as appropriate. The Committee on National Statistics appointed a panel of 10 experts to examine the above issues. In order to provide timely guidance to USDA, the panel issued an interim Phase 1 report, Measuring Food Insecurity and Hunger: Phase 1 Report. That report presented the panel's preliminary assessments of the food security concepts and definitions; the appropriateness of identifying hunger as a severe range of food insecurity in such a survey-based measurement method; questions for measuring these concepts; and the appropriateness of a household survey for regularly monitoring food security in the U.S. population. It provided interim guidance for the continued production of the food security estimates. This final report primarily focuses on the Phase 2 charge. The major findings and conclusions based on the panel's review and deliberations are summarized.
Posted in Medical

Measuring Racial Discrimination

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on Methods for Assessing Discrimination

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309133333

Category: Social Science

Page: 334

View: 757

Many racial and ethnic groups in the United States, including blacks, Hispanics, Asians, American Indians, and others, have historically faced severe discriminationâ€"pervasive and open denial of civil, social, political, educational, and economic opportunities. Today, large differences among racial and ethnic groups continue to exist in employment, income and wealth, housing, education, criminal justice, health, and other areas. While many factors may contribute to such differences, their size and extent suggest that various forms of discriminatory treatment persist in U.S. society and serve to undercut the achievement of equal opportunity. Measuring Racial Discrimination considers the definition of race and racial discrimination, reviews the existing techniques used to measure racial discrimination, and identifies new tools and areas for future research. The book conducts a thorough evaluation of current methodologies for a wide range of circumstances in which racial discrimination may occur, and makes recommendations on how to better assess the presence and effects of discrimination.
Posted in Social Science

Statistical Concepts for the Behavioral Sciences

Author: Harold O. Kiess,Bonnie A. Green

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 9780205626243

Category: Psychology

Page: 565

View: 6482

This text emphasizes contemporary research problems to better illustrate the relevance of statistical analysis in scientific research. All statistical methods are introduced in the context of a realistic problem, many of which are from contemporary published research. Visit Bonnie and Hal's Statistical Sage Blog which includes helpful information on teaching and engaging students in your undergraduage statistics course! Click here: http://statisticalsage.wordpress.com/
Posted in Psychology

The Dynamics of Disability

Measuring and Monitoring Disability for Social Security Programs

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee to Review the Social Security Administration's Disability Decision Process Research

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309084199

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 8539

The Society Security disability program faces urgent challenges: more people receiving benefits than ever before, the prospect of even more claimants as baby boomers age, changing attitudes culminating in the Americans With Disabilities Act. Disability is now understood as a dynamic process, and Social Security must comprehend that process to plan adequately for the times ahead. The Dynamics of Disability provides expert analysis and recommendations in key areas: Understanding the current social, economic, and physical environmental factors in determining eligibility for disability benefits. Developing and implementing a monitoring system to measure and track trends in work disability. Improving the process for making decisions on disability claims. Building Social Security’s capacity for conducting needed research. This book provides a wealth of detail on the workings of the Social Security disability program, recent and emerging disability trends, issues and previous experience in researching disability, and more. It will be of primary interest to federal policy makers, the Congress, and researchersâ€"and it will be useful to state disability officials, medical and rehabilitation professionals, and the disability community.
Posted in Medical

Behind the Numbers

U.S. Trade in the World Economy

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on Foreign Trade Statistics

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309045908

Category: Political Science

Page: 312

View: 6344

America's international economic decisions rest to a large degree on the information available to policymakers. Yet the quality of international trade and financial data is in serious doubt. This book reveals how our systems for collecting and analyzing trade data have fallen behind the times--and presents recommendations for new approaches to accuracy and usefulness of these economic data. The volume traces the burgeoning use of international economic data by public and private analysts at a time when the United States is becoming increasingly integrated into the world economy. It also points out problems of capturing new transactions, comparing data from different sources, limited access to the data, and more. This is the first volume to review all three types of U.S. international data--merchandise trade, international services transactions, and capital flows. Highlights include: Specific steps for U.S. agencies to take. Special analyses on improving the accuracy of merchandise trade data, filling data gaps on the fast-growing international services transactions, and understanding structural changes in world capital markets. Comments, complaints, and suggestions from an original survey of more than 100 key users of trade data. This practical volume will be invaluable to policymakers, government officials, business executives, economists, statisticians, and researchers.
Posted in Political Science

The Psychological and Social Impact of Illness and Disability, 6th Edition

Author: Mark A. Stebnicki, PhD, LCP, DCMHS, CRC, CCM,Irmo Marini, PhD, DSc, CRC, CLCP

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826106560

Category: Psychology

Page: 568

View: 7566

"This edition...adds an important international perspective on illness and disability. The personal narratives help bring the real world of people who are suffering to the forefront of the scientific discourse."--Doody's Medical Reviews Now in its sixth edition, this best-selling textbook continues to be the most comprehensive and diverse text available on the psychosocial aspects of disability. It examines current thought and treatment approaches to working with individuals with disabilities through the contributions of expert thinkers and practitioners in the disability field. Abundant and insightful narratives by disabled individuals offer a bridge between theory and practice for students in rehabilitation psychology and counseling courses. In addition to completely updated and reorganized material, this edition contains insightful new section introductions, empirically based research articles, and the contributions of international researchers presenting a more global and richer perspective on the psychosocial aspects of disability and illness. It also contains an increased focus on the negative impact of societal attitudes and treatment of disabled individuals on their psychological adjustment to disability. The addition of objectives at the beginning of each chapter and review questions and personal perspectives at the end of each chapter further facilitate in-depth learning. Key Features: Presents the most comprehensive and diverse coverage of psychosocial aspects of disability topics of any textbook available Examines contemporary thinking and treatment approaches in working with individuals with disabilities Provides a bridge between theory and practice through the narratives of individuals with disabilities Establishes a historical understanding of societal attitudes toward disability and treatment past and present of persons with disabilities Analyzes barriers to enabling persons with disabilities and improving social consciousness and quality of life for this population Facilitates course planning through inclusion of objectives and review questions/personal perspectives in each chapter
Posted in Psychology

Behavioral and Social Science

50 Years of Discovery

Author: Neil J. Smelser,Dean R. Gerstein

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 298

View: 2912

In 1933, President Herbert Hoover commissioned the "Ogburn Report," a comprehensive study of social trends in the United States. Fifty years later, a symposium of noted social and behavioural scientists marked the report's anniversary with a book of their own from the Commission on Behavioural and Social Sciences and Education. The 10 chapters presented here relate the developments detailed in the "Ogburn Report" to modern social trends. This book discusses recent major strides in the social and behavioural sciences, including sociology, psychology, anthropology, economics, and linguistics.
Posted in Social Science

Bibliography of Geography

The United Stats of America. I

Author: Chauncy Dennison Harris

Publisher: Museum Tusculanum Press

ISBN: 9780890651124

Category: Geography

Page: 178

View: 9316

Posted in Geography