This book is aimed primarily at microbiologists who are undertaking research, and who require a basic knowledge of statistics to analyse their experimental data. Computer software employing a wide range of data analysis methods is widely available to experimental scientists. The availability of this software, however, makes it even more essential that microbiologists understand the basic principles of statistics. Statistical analysis of data can be complex with many different methods of approach, each of which applies in a particular experimental circumstance. In addition, most statistical software commercially available is complex and difficult to use. Hence, it is easy to apply an incorrect statistical method to data and to draw the wrong conclusions from an experiment. The purpose of this book is an attempt to present the basic logic of statistics as clearly as possible and therefore, to dispel some of the myths that often surround the subject. The book is presented as a series of 2018Statnotes', many of which were originally published in the 2018Microbiologist' by the Society for Applied Microbiology, each of which deals with various topics including the nature of variables, comparing the means of two or more groups, non-parametric statistics, analysis of variance, correlating variables, and more complex methods such as multiple linear regression and factor analysis. In each case, the relevant statistical methods are illustrated with scenarios and real experimental data drawn from experiments in microbiology. The text will incorporate a glossary of the most commonly used statistical terms and a section to aid the investigator to select the most appropriate test.
Author: Richard A. Armstrong,Anthony C. Hilton
Mathematical and Statistical Approaches in Food Science and Technology offers an accessible guide to applying statistical and mathematical technologies in the food science field whilst also addressing the theoretical foundations. Using clear examples and case-studies by way of practical illustration, the book is more than just a theoretical guide for non-statisticians, and may therefore be used by scientists, students and food industry professionals at different levels and with varying degrees of statistical skill.
Author: Daniel Granato,Gast?n Ares
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
The biological sciences cover a broad array of literature types, from younger fields like molecular biology with its reliance on recent journal articles, genomic databases, and protocol manuals to classic fields such as taxonomy with its scattered literature found in monographs and journals from the past three centuries. Using the Biological Literature: A Practical Guide, Fourth Edition is an annotated guide to selected resources in the biological sciences, presenting a wide-ranging list of important sources. This completely revised edition contains numerous new resources and descriptions of all entries including textbooks. The guide emphasizes current materials in the English language and includes retrospective references for historical perspective and to provide access to the taxonomic literature. It covers both print and electronic resources including monographs, journals, databases, indexes and abstracting tools, websites, and associations—providing users with listings of authoritative informational resources of both classical and recently published works. With chapters devoted to each of the main fields in the basic biological sciences, this book offers a guide to the best and most up-to-date resources in biology. It is appropriate for anyone interested in searching the biological literature, from undergraduate students to faculty, researchers, and librarians. The guide includes a supplementary website dedicated to keeping URLs of electronic and web-based resources up to date, a popular feature continued from the third edition.
A Practical Guide, Fourth Edition
Author: Diane Schmidt
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Uncovers the Key Role Microbes Play in the Transformation of Oxidizable and Reducible Minerals Many areas of geomicrobial processes are receiving serious attention from microbiologists, specifically the role microbes play in the formation and degradation of minerals and fossil fuels and elemental cycling. Most notably, the latest research finds that microbes have a more direct impact on the transformation of oxidizable and reducible minerals than was previously believed. Following in the footsteps of its prior editions, Geomicrobiology, Fifth Edition serves as an introduction to this globally pertinent field and as an up-to-date reference reflecting recent groundbreaking advances. Includes an Array of Detailed Illustrations Authored by two of the leading authorities in the field, this book illuminates the processes by which bacteria catalyze geomicrobial reactions. Generously laden with tables, graphics, diagrams, photographs, and illustrations, this all-encompassing reference examines the geomicrobial aspects of a wide range of minerals, including aluminum- and arsenic-containing minerals, and various fossil fuels. Examines Geomicrobial Interactions with: Silicon Phosphorus Nitrogen Arsenic Polonium Plutonium Manganese Antimony Chromium Molybdenum Vanadium Uranium Iron One of life’s great mysteries is how it sustains itself even in seemingly inhospitable environments, such as the deep subsurface. The authors anticipate that as mechanistic molecular approaches are increasingly applied to diverse problems in geomicrobiology, this and other fundamental puzzles will be resolved.
Author: Henry Lutz Ehrlich,Dianne K. Newman
Publisher: CRC Press
An estimated 4 million people are living with Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) in America today, with approximately 370,000 new cases diagnosed every year. AD patients live anywhere from 5 to 20 years after their diagnosis; and their inability to care for themselves grows more dramatic as the disease progresses, creating profound implications for their families and healthcare providers. Its impact on families during the caregiving years is overwhelming. If you have a family member or close friend who’s suffering from Alzheimer’s Disease and you’re looking for current, useful information, then Alzheimer’s For Dummies is for you. This reference guide also is helpful if you Need to know more about its diagnosis and treatment Want to take care of yourself while taking care of your loved one Are not the primary caregiver but want to know how to help Want to know how Alzheimer’s Disease is going to affect you and your loved one Alzheimer’s For Dummies takes a realistic look at Alzheimer’s Disease, what it is and what it isn’t. It offers pertinent, easy-to-understand advice for dealing with the myriad concerns and responsibilities that a primary caregiver must assume when managing an Alzheimer’s patient. Here’s a sampling of the information you’ll find in this valuable guide: Maneuvering through medical, legal, and financial tangles Distinguishing AD from other brain diseases and medical conditions Handling the fears that may accompany the diagnosis Evaluating current drug therapies; watching out for scams and quack treatments Finding the best doctors; dealing with attorneys and CPAs Looking at Medicare regulations Evaluating the cost of care The current state of research, diagnosis, and treatment Television personality Leeza Gibbons, whose mother was stricken with AD, writes in the foreword of this book, “There is no upside to keeping your head in the sand. This book is a crucial step in your new fight. Arm yourself with the knowledge waiting for you in these pages. It will help you find answers and resources as you adjust to your new reality.”
Author: Patricia B. Smith,Mary M. Kenan,Mark Edwin Kunik
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Health & Fitness
Methods and Applications of Statistics in Clinical Trials, Volume 2: Planning, Analysis, and Inferential Methods includes updates of established literature from the Wiley Encyclopedia of Clinical Trials as well as original material based on the latest developments in clinical trials. Prepared by a leading expert, the second volume includes numerous contributions from current prominent experts in the field of medical research. In addition, the volume features: • Multiple new articles exploring emerging topics, such as evaluation methods with threshold, empirical likelihood methods, nonparametric ROC analysis, over- and under-dispersed models, and multi-armed bandit problems • Up-to-date research on the Cox proportional hazard model, frailty models, trial reports, intrarater reliability, conditional power, and the kappa index • Key qualitative issues including cost-effectiveness analysis, publication bias, and regulatory issues, which are crucial to the planning and data management of clinical trials
Planning, Analysis, and Inferential Methods
Author: N. Balakrishnan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Recent history reveals that both the large-scale reforestation projects of the 20th century have often been less successful than anticipated, and that tree growing by smallholders – as an alternative means to combat deforestation and promote sustainable land use – has received relatively little attention from the scientific and development communities. Taking a first step to addressing that balance, this collection of peer-reviewed papers adopts a comparative approach to explore the potential role that tree growing by farmers can play in sustainable forest management. The goal of this approach is to identify common threads and to start to develop a framework for future research and practice. Presenting case studies from the Philippines and comparative data from a number of Asian countries the book reveals that farmer tree growing has the potential to play a significant role in sustainable forest management, and discusses the surrounding issues which must be addressed in order to realise this potential. The book is primarily aimed at research scientists and graduate students interested in relevant aspects of forestry, agroforestry, agricultural diversity, natural resource management and conservation in agricultural landscapes, as well as those involved in sustainable development and international development studies. It will also provide a valuable reference for professionals, managers, consultants, policy makers and planners dealing with issues in sustainable development, natural resource management, land use change issues and participatory approaches to resource management.
Lessons from Asia
Author: Denyse J. Snelder,Rodel D. Lasco
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
This volume comprises of 21 selected chapters, including two overview chapters devoted to abdominal imaging in clinical applications supported computer aided diagnosis approaches as well as different techniques for solving the pectoral muscle extraction problem in the preprocessing part of the CAD systems for detecting breast cancer in its early stage using digital mammograms. The aim of this book is to stimulate further research in medical imaging applications based algorithmic and computer based approaches and utilize them in real-world clinical applications. The book is divided into four parts, Part-I: Clinical Applications of Medical Imaging, Part-II: Classification and clustering, Part-III: Computer Aided Diagnosis (CAD) Tools and Case Studies and Part-IV: Bio-inspiring based Computer Aided diagnosis techniques.
Algorithmic and Computer-Based Approaches
Author: Nilanjan Dey,Vikrant Bhateja,Aboul Ella Hassanien
"Training Showjumpers has been the standard textbook on showjumping since it first appeared in 1978. This second edition has been updated with new photographs and a revised text. Anthony Paalman is internationally known as a showjumping trainer, consultant and course designer. He is an advocate of the Natural Method of training horses and riders derived from the classical principles of the European cavalry schools. His book is a complete guide to showjumping training, from selection and early training of the young horse right up to participation in the highest grade of competition."--Publisher's description.
Author: Anthony Paalman
Publisher: J. A. Allen, Limited
Category: Sports & Recreation
Census 2000 showed that the U.S. population was 281.4 million on April 1, 2000. Of the total, 4.1 million, or 1.5%, reported American Indian and Alaska Native. This report, part of a series that analyzes population and housing data collected from Census 2000, provides a portrait of the American Indian population in the U.S. and discusses its distribution at both the national and subnational levels. It begins by discussing the characteristics of the total American Indian population and then focuses on selected tribal groupings, for ex., Navajo, Cherokee, or Eskimo. The text of this report discusses data for the U.S., including the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Tables, charts and map.
Census 2000 Brief
Author: Stella U. Ogunwole
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Regulatory Affair and its Importance - Drug Discover and Development - Regulatory Strategy - Investigational New Drug Application IND - New Drug Application NDA - Abbreviated New Drug Application ANDA - Drug Master File DMF - Orphan Drug - Biological Licensing Application BLA - Registrationa of Drug Products in Overseas Markets Pharmaceutical export - Regulatory Authorities and Agencies - Overview of Drug and Cosmetic Act - Regulatory Guidelines - Useful Information
Author: Dr Ns Vyawahare,MR Sachin C Itkar
Publisher: Nirali Prakashan
Now in its 34th edition, Essential Med Notes 2018: Comprehensive Medical Reference & Review for USMLE II and MCCQE has been trusted by decades of students preparing for medical licensing exams. Students from the University of Toronto write and edit the entirety of the text with assistance and peer-review from the university's faculty, so the book provides students with perspectives from their peers. Every year, new contributors and editors take over the reins to make sure that the content is up-to-date and thorough. Featuring a new layout across every chapter, this edition enhances the reading experience with a consistent format and content updates to text, figures, and evidence-based medicine sections. Perfect for rounds and perforated so sections can easily fit in binders, this edition of Essential Med Notes includes a new Medical Genetics chapter, DMS-5 criteria in the psychiatry chapter, and additional books and online material. Clinical Handbook This compilation of key facts is condensed down to the essentials that fit in a pocket-sized guide to common clinical management situations for in-pocket use during clinical rotations. STAT Notes With a step-by-step approach to emergencies common in the wards, this on-call guide to hospital scenarios easily fits in pockets, so it can be on hand for reference anytime. Ebook Discount Downloadable and searchable, the full-color ebook allows readers to take notes and bookmark information on smart phones or tablets. Toronto Notes Quiz App Online access to the book's question bank lets students test how well they understand and remember the material, all on their phones or tablets. Toronto Notes Website Designed for a user-friendly experience, the web platform's additional learning resources include a color atlas, an imaging database, practice questions, relevant videos, and interactive training modules. 31 In-Depth Chapters Anesthesia and Perioperative Medicine � Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery � Clinical Pharmacology � Dermatology � Emergency Medicine � Endocrinology � Ethical, Legal, and Organizational Medicine � Family Medicine � Gastroenterology � General Surgery and Thoracic Surgery � Geriatric Medicine � Gynecology � Hematology � Infectious Diseases � Medical Genetics � Medical Imaging � Nephrology � Neurology � Neurosurgery � Obstetrics � Ophthalmology � Orthopedics � Otolaryngology � Pediatrics � Plastic Surgery � Population Health and Epidemiology � Psychiatry � Respirology � Rheumatology � Urology � Vascular Surgery
Comprehensive Medical Reference and Review for USMLE II and MCCQE 1
Author: Tina Binesh-Marvasti
Publisher: Thieme Medical Publishers
Statistical genomics is a rapidly developing field, with more and more people involved in this area. However, a lack of synthetic reference books and textbooks in statistical genomics has become a major hurdle on the development of the field. Although many books have been published recently in bioinformatics, most of them emphasize DNA sequence analysis under a deterministic approach. Principles of Statistical Genomics synthesizes the state-of-the-art statistical methodologies (stochastic approaches) applied to genome study. It facilitates understanding of the statistical models and methods behind the major bioinformatics software packages, which will help researchers choose the optimal algorithm to analyze their data and better interpret the results of their analyses. Understanding existing statistical models and algorithms assists researchers to develop improved statistical methods to extract maximum information from their data. Resourceful and easy to use, Principles of Statistical Genomics is a comprehensive reference for researchers and graduate students studying statistical genomics.
Author: Shizhong Xu
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Written for the professional who has an immediate need for the information but has little or no training in the subject, Cleanroom Microbiology for the Non-Microbiologist, Second Edition introduces principles of microbiology. It explains the consequences of microbiological contamination, what contamination is all about, how microorganisms grow, and how they can be controlled. The author introduces the vocabulary of microbiology and the types, sources, control, and elimination of organisms encountered in the manufacture of sterile products. Beginning with a discussion of the various types of organisms, the text then covers applications for bacterial detection, avoidance of contamination, cleanroom design considerations, and validation of disinfection methods. New topics covered include: International cleanroom standards Application of rapid, automated methods for detecting and identifying microbial contaminants In-depth examination of the role of biofilms in pure water systems Increased coverage of production of therapeutic products derived from live tissues and cells
Author: David M. Carlberg
Publisher: CRC Press
Preventing, controlling and treating drug-resistant infections is one of the major challenges in modern medicine. Antimicrobial Resistance goes beyond simple definitions and microbiological data to fully explore this rapidly changing area, describing evidence for effective interventions, costs, treatment strategies and directions for future research.Each chapter provides essential background and examines the evidence for an important aspect of prevention and control, treatment strategy or policy decision. Prevention and control strategies are analyzed for inappropriate antimicrobial use, fluoroquinolone-resistant organisms, health-care associated infections and parasitic diseases. Furthermore, treatment strategies for changing resistance patterns are explored for community-acquired pneumonia during an influenza pandemic and infections with community-associated MRSA, extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing organisms and fungi. Data for policy making are presented in articles that detail the costs of antimicrobial-resistant infections in healthcare settings and the threat of resistance with the introduction of antiretroviral therapy for large populations in the developing world. These reviews show where interventions, surveillance and research will be most useful in the future. Antimicrobial Resistance is an invaluable contribution for infectious disease physicians and public health officials who are interested in the prevention of antimicrobial-resistant infections.
Author: J.T. Weber
Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
This important new study examines in detail a semantic-pragmatic pattern surrounding the basic verb 'acquire' in nearly 30 Southeast Asian languages, concentrating on Lao, Vietnamese, Khmer, Kmhmu, Hmong, and varieties of Chinese. The book makes a significant contribution to empirical work on semantic and grammatical change in a linguistic area, as well as representing theoretical advances in cognitive semantics. Gricean pragmatics, semantic change, grammaticalization, language contact, and areal linguistics. The book also examines how changes in the speech of individuals actually become changes in large-scale public convention, 'language contact' is reconsidered, and traditional distinctions such as that between 'internal' and 'external' linguistic mechanisms are challenged. This groundbreaking new book is for specialists in Southeast Asian linguistics as well as scholars of descriptive semantics and pragmatics, grammaticalisation, linguistic change and evolution, areal linguistics and language contact, history and linguistic anthropology.
Semantics and Grammar of Language Contact in Mainland Southeast Asia
Author: N.J. Enfield
Category: Foreign Language Study
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is now considered the imaging modality of choice for the majority of disorders affecting the central nervous system. This is particularly true for gray and white matter disorders, thanks to the superb soft tis sue contrast in MRI which allows gray matter, unmyelinated, and myelinated white matter to be distinguished and their respective disorders identified. The pre sent book is devoted to the disorders of myelin and myelination. A growing amount of detailed in vivo information about myelin, myelination, and myelin dis orders has been derived both from MRI and from MR spectroscopy (MRS). This prompted us to review the clinical, laboratory, biochemical, and pathological data on this subject in order to integrate all available information and to provide im proved insights into normal and disordered myelin and myelination. We will show how the synthesis of all available information contributes to the interpretation of MR images. After a brief historical review about the increasing knowledge on myelin and my elin disorders, we propose a new classification of myelin disorders based on the subcellular localization of the enzymatic defects as far as the inborn errors of me tabolism are concerned. This classification serves as a guide throughout the book. All items of the classification will be discussed and, whenever relevant and possi ble, be illustrated by MR images.
Author: Jacob Valk,Marjo S. van der Knaap
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Offers advice for closing the achievement gap of low-income African American students in urban schools -- Focuses on issues of assessment for K-12 students and teachers of color -- Explores the declining number of teachers of color in the United States and its relation to school failure among African American and Latino students -- Outlines a curriculum for teacher education programs to help them produce culturally aware and effective teachers -- Examines how colleges of education can reverse the cycle of failure for students of color by producing teachers who are culturally responsive -- Concludes with a summary of the work and recommendations of such scholars as James A. Banks and Sonia Nieto.
Seeing with a Cultural Eye
Author: Jacqueline Jordan Irvine
Publisher: Teachers College Press
Bacterial endospores are dormant structures produced by stressed bacterial cells. Due to their intrinsic resistance, endospores are perfect vehicles for causing infection. A number of endospore-producing bacteria can cause diseases, including tetanus, anthrax, and botulism. Other spore-forming species have been used in biotechnological applications, such as probiotics and biocides. Modern molecular studies are providing new insights into the biochemical and biophysical characteristics of spore forming bacteria that may lead to promising new applications, detection methods, and therapeutics. In this book, expert authors from around the world contribute comprehensive, up-to-date reviews on the current state of knowledge of bacterial endospores. Topics include: gene regulation of sporulation * fruiting body development in Myxococcus Xanthus * sporulation in Streptomyces * structure and composition of the bacterial spore * mechanisms of spore survival * germination of spores * spore peptidoglycan degradation * water and cations flux during sporulation and germination * the spore as an infectious agent * heterogeneity in spore populations * detection of bacterial spores * the expression of recombinant proteins using spores. This is an essential text for everyone involved in spore research, the expression of recombinant proteins, and pathogen detection. The book is also recommended for all scientists who wish to keep up with cutting-edge research in microbiology and biotechnology.
Current Research and Applications
Author: Ernesto Abel-Santos
Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press
Author: Michael Allaby
Publisher: Oxford University Press