Staphylococcus

Molecular Genetics

Author: Jodi A. Lindsay

Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press

ISBN: 1904455298

Category: Science

Page: 278

View: 1330

Focusing on the staphylococcal genetics, this title brings together the expertise and enthusiasm of an international panel of leading staphylococcal researchers to provide a state-of-the-art overview of the field.
Posted in Science

Molecular Biology of the Staphylococci

Author: Richard P. Novick

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biologie moléculaire - Congrès

Page: 639

View: 4998

Posted in Biologie moléculaire - Congrès

Molecular Medical Microbiology, Three-Volume Set

Author: Yi-Wei Tang,Dongyou Liu,Ian Poxton,Joseph Schwartzman,Max Sussman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080536883

Category: Science

Page: 2223

View: 1033

The molecular age has brought about dramatic changes in medical microbiology, and great leaps in our understanding of the mechanisms of infectious disease. Molecular Medical Microbiology is the first book to synthesise the many new developments in both molecular and clinical research in a single comprehensive resource. This timely and authoritative 3-volume work is an invaluable reference source of medical bacteriology. Comprising over 100 chapters, organised into 17 major sections, the scope of this impressive work is wide-ranging. Written by experts in the field, chapters include cutting edge information, and clinical overviews for each major bacterial group, in addition to the latest updates on vaccine development, molecular technology and diagnostic technology. * The first comprehensive and accessible reference on Molecular Medical Microbiology * Two color presentation throughout * Full colour plate section * Fully integrated and meticulously organised * In depth discussion of individual pathogenic bacteria in a system-oriented approach * Includes a clinical overview for each major bacterial group * Presents the latest information on vaccine development, molecular technology and diagnostic technology * Extensive indexing and cross-referencing throughout * Over 100 chapters covering all major groups of bacteria * Written by an international panel of authors expert in their respective disciplines * Over 2300 pages in three volumes
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Staphylococcus aureus

Author: Alexandra Fetsch

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128097973

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 5180

Staphylococcus aureus provides information on food borne outbreaks of disease and their impact on human health. It is for anyone interested in the features of the pathogen, and its food safety aspects, as well as its prevalence and possible control and eradication options. This is a practical reference for those in the food industry, but also includes some theoretical information useful for advising. The book introduces detailed features and molecular biology of the pathogen, as well as selective methods of detection, prevention and eradication essential for research. It covers methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus for food related industries, information on genetic lineages, cell wall components, cell division machinery, molecular characterization, and capillary electrophoresis for detecting and characterizing staphylococcus aureus. Includes information on established and novel antibiotic agents for experimental studies and methods of control and eradication Presents use cases of outbreak studies in molecular and cell biology Provides summary points of detection methods and applicability of those methods to other foodborne pathogens Covers the Staphylococcus aureus’ mode of transmission, detection, biology and impact on foodborne illness
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The Genetic Manipulation of Staphylococci

Methods and Protocols

Author: Jeffrey L. Bose

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781493931583

Category: Gene expression

Page: 186

View: 7388

This detailed book contains chapters using unbiased approaches such as chemical and transposon mutagenesis, as well as a protocol for allelic exchange, to make targeted mutants in Staphylococcus, as generating mutants of this bacteria can be accomplished in many ways, depending on the intended changes. Using these methods, the authors have been successful at making mutants that span individual single-nucleotide changes in the chromosome to whole genome mutant libraries. The latter strategy provides a useful tool for high-throughput screening, while single nucleotide changes are an elegant way of teasing apart the importance of single nucleotides in gene expression or to create specific amino acid substitutions to examine protein function. Written for the Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Practical and authoritative, The Genetic Manipulation of Staphylococci: Methods and Protocols serves as a vital resource and guide to scientists in the Staphylococcus community as they pursue their studies on these bacteria.
Posted in Gene expression

Pet-to-Man Travelling Staphylococci

A World in Progress

Author: Vincenzo Savini

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128135484

Category: Science

Page: 322

View: 4281

Pet-to-Man Travelling Staphylococci: A World in Progress explores Staphylococci, a dangerous pathogen that affects both humans and animals with a wide range of infection states. This bacteria can spread rapidly as a commensal organism in both humans and pets, and is an agent of disease. Staphylococci are potentially highly virulent pathogens which require urgent medical attention. In addition, Staphylococci remain a threat within hospital environments, where they can quickly spread across a patient population. This book explores the organisms' resistance to many compounds used to treat them, treatment failure and multidrug resistant staphylococci, amongst other related topics. Focuses not only on man and animal staphylococcal diseases, but on the role of shared household in man-to-pet (and vice versa) transmission Underlines the importance of professional exposure to mammals (i.e. veterinary and farm personnel) in the establishment of shared colonization's and related diseases Highlights the impact of shared staphylococci and virulence determinants in human and veterinary pathology Sheds light on the way staphylococci may be recognized in clinical laboratories
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Molecular Typing in Bacterial Infections

Author: Ivano Filippis,Marian L. McKee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1627031855

Category: Science

Page: 484

View: 7901

Molecular Typing in Bacterial Infections covers common bacterial pathogenic agents, with the most effective methods for their identification and classification in the light of their specific epidemiology. The book will be a valuable resource for molecular typing of infectious diseases agents encountered in both the research and hospital clinical lab settings, as well as culture collections. Each chapter provides an overview of molecular approaches to typing bacterial pathogens. Part I gives a general overview of typing methods used in the traditional microbiology laboratory in comparison to molecular methods of epidemiology. In Part II, the relative strengths and weaknesses of the different methods applicable to the specific agents of infectious diseases are emphasized. Specific emphasis is placed on recent changes and updates in molecular typing.
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Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases

Author: Michel Tibayrenc

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0128001534

Category: Medical

Page: 686

View: 3283

Genetics and Evolution of Infectious Diseases, Second Edition, discusses the constantly evolving field of infectious diseases and their continued impact on the health of populations, especially in resource-limited areas of the world. Students in public health, biomedical professionals, clinicians, public health practitioners, and decisions-makers will find valuable information in this book that is relevant to the control and prevention of neglected and emerging worldwide diseases that are a major cause of global morbidity, disability, and mortality. Although substantial gains have been made in public health interventions for the treatment, prevention, and control of infectious diseases during the last century, in recent decades the world has witnessed a worldwide human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) pandemic, increasing antimicrobial resistance, and the emergence of many new bacterial, fungal, parasitic, and viral pathogens. The economic, social, and political burden of infectious diseases is most evident in developing countries which must confront the dual burden of death and disability due to infectious and chronic illnesses. Takes an integrated approach to infectious diseases Includes contributions from leading authorities Provides the latest developments in the field of infectious disease
Posted in Medical

Food Borne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance

Author: Om V. Singh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119139155

Category: Medical

Page: 512

View: 8639

Food is an essential means for humans and other animals to acquire the necessary elements needed for survival. However, it is also a transport vehicle for foodborne pathogens, which can pose great threats to human health. Use of antibiotics has been enhanced in the human health system; however, selective pressure among bacteria allows the development for antibiotic resistance. Foodborne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance bridges technological gaps, focusing on critical aspects of foodborne pathogen detection and mechanisms regulating antibiotic resistance that are relevant to human health and foodborne illnesses This groundbreaking guide: • Introduces the microbial presence on variety of food items for human and animal consumption. • Provides the detection strategies to screen and identify the variety of food pathogens in addition to reviews the literature. • Provides microbial molecular mechanism of food spoilage along with molecular mechanism of microorganisms acquiring antibiotic resistance in food. • Discusses systems biology of food borne pathogens in terms of detection and food spoilage. • Discusses FDA’s regulations and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) towards challenges and possibilities of developing global food safety. Foodborne Pathogens and Antibiotic Resistance is an immensely useful resource for graduate students and researchers in the food science, food microbiology, microbiology, and industrial biotechnology. About the Editor Om V. Singh, PhD, is an Associate Professor of Microbiology at the University of Pittsburgh, Bradford in Bradford, PA, USA.
Posted in Medical

Staphylococcus

Author: Greg A. Somerville

Publisher: Caister Academic Press

ISBN: 1910190500

Category: Medical

Page: 398

View: 7423

In the twenty first century, the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus continues to be a global threat to human and animal health. There is currently no vaccine for preventing S. aureus infections and the bacterium has developed resistance to many, if not most, antibiotics, hence the therapeutic options are rapidly disappearing. The genetic and physiological flexibility that allows this commensal bacterium to become a powerful pathogen and elucidating the myriad of mechanisms it employs to avoid the host and/or antimicrobials are important areas of research. This book brings together respected S. aureus experts from around the world to provide a timely overview of staphylococcal research. Topics covered include: historical background; medical significance in humans and animals; genetic variation; virulence factors; metabolism and physiology; physiological proteomics; cell wall assembly and physiology; transition metal ion homeostasis; molecular strategies of antibiotic resistance; genetic regulation; and immune response. Essential reading for scientists working with staphylococci. This text is an excellent introduction for entry level scientists, as well as those seeking a deeper understanding of this critically important bacterial pathogen.
Posted in Medical

Helicobacter Pylori

Molecular Genetics and Cellular Biology

Author: Yoshio Yamaoka

Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press

ISBN: 190445531X

Category: Medical

Page: 261

View: 827

Helicobacter pylori is an important human pathogen that infects up to 50% of the human population. As the leading cause of peptic ulcers, gastritis, and gastric cancer worldwide, the organism has been the subject of intensive research to unravel the mysteries of its genetics and cellular biology. In fact, the number of publications in this field has risen dramatically in recent years making it extremely difficult for even the most diligent reader to stay abreast of progress. This book distills the most important cutting-edge findings in the field to produce a timely and comprehensive review. With contributions from leading international helicobacter researchers, topics include: lipopolysaccharides, outer membrane proteins, motility and chemotaxis, type IV secretions systems, metal metabolism, molecular mechanisms of host adaptation, genomotyping, and proteonomics. As a useful introduction to the subject for new researchers and as an invaluable reference for the experienced researcher, this book is essential reading for all researchers working with Helicobacter and related organisms.
Posted in Medical

Clostridia

Molecular Biology in the Post-genomic Era

Author: Holger Brüggemann,Gerhard Gottschalk

Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press

ISBN: 1904455387

Category: Science

Page: 230

View: 7257

"In this book internationally recognized Clostridium experts critically review the most important aspects of clostridial research, providing the first coherent picture of the organism's molecular and cellular biology in this post-genomic era. Essential reading for every clostridia researcher, from the PhD student to the experienced scientist, as it provides a timely review of current research." --Book Jacket.
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Molecular, Genetic, and Nutritional Aspects of Major and Trace Minerals

Author: James F Collins

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128023767

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 1417

Molecular, Genetic, and Nutritional Aspects of Major and Trace Minerals is a unique reference that provides a complete overview of the non-vitamin micronutrients, including calcium, copper, iodine, iron, magnesium, manganese, molybdenum, phosphorus, potassium, selenium, sodium, and zinc. In addition, the book covers the nutritional and toxicological properties of nonessential minerals chromium, fluoride and boron, and silicon and vanadium, as well as ultra-trace minerals and those with no established dietary requirement for humans. Users will find in-depth chapters on each essential mineral and mineral metabolism, along with discussions of dietary recommendations in the United States and around the world. Presents the only scientific reference to cover all of the nutritionally relevant essential major and trace minerals Provides a broad introductory chapter on each mineral to give readers valuable background and context Clarifies the cellular and molecular aspects of each mineral and its genetic and genomic aspects Includes coverage of all nutritionally relevant minerals—essential major trace minerals and ultra-trace minerals Underscores the important interactions between minerals so readers learn how metabolism of one mineral influences another
Posted in Medical

Bacteriophage

Genetics and Molecular Biology

Author: Stephen Mc Grath,Douwe van Sinderen

Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press

ISBN: 190445514X

Category: Science

Page: 343

View: 9835

Bacteriophages (viruses that infect bacteria) are fascinating organisms that have played and continue to play a key role in bacterial genetics and molecular biology. Phage can confer key phenotypes on their host - for example, converting a non-pathogenic strain into a pathogen - and they play a key role in regulating bacterial populations in all sorts of environments. The phage-bacterium relationship varies enormously, from the simple predator-prey model to a complex, almost symbiotic relationship that promotes the survival and evolutionary success of both. While infection of bacteria used in the fermentation industry can be very problematic and result in financial losses, in other scenarios, phage infection of bacteria can be exploited for industrial and/or medical applications. Interest in phage and phage gene products as potential therapeutic agents is increasing rapidly and is likely to have a profound impact on the pharmaceutical industry and biotechnology in general over the coming years. One potential application is the use of phage to combat the growing menace of antibiotic-resistant infections. Written by eminent international researchers actively involved in the disparate areas of bacteriophage research, this book focuses on the current rapid developments in this exciting field. The book opens with an excellent chapter that provides a broad overview of the topics and also highlights the multifaceted nature of bacteriophage research. This is followed by a series of reviews that focus on the current, most cutting-edge topics including bioinformatics and genomics, phage in the environment, bacteriophage in medicine, transfer of phage DNA to the host, contribution to host phenotype, and much more. The book will be essential reading for all phage researchers and of interest to molecular biologists and microbiologists working on bacteria in academia, biotechnology, and pharmaceutical companies, as well as in the food industry.
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Staphylococcus Epidermidis

Methods and Protocols

Author: Paul D. Fey

Publisher: Humana Press

ISBN: 9781493960538

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 2653

Due to the highly collaborative nature of investigators working in the field, we have rapidly advanced our understanding of Staphylococcus epidermidis and other staphylococci in the last two decades. The chapters in Staphylococcus Epidermidis: Methods and Protocols are designed to give the new investigator a series of tools so they can ask novel and exciting questions related to the biology of this opportunistic pathogen, as many exciting and unexplored questions such as defining the interaction of S. epidermidis and other normal flora remain to be discovered. Written in the successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols, and notes on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and easily accessible, Staphylococcus Epidermidis: Methods and Protocols seeks to serve both professionals and novices with its well-honed methodologies.
Posted in Medical

Gram-positive Pathogens

Author: Vincent A. Fischetti

Publisher: ASM Press

ISBN: 1555813437

Category: Medical

Page: 849

View: 4059

Provides comprehensive coverage of all gram-positive pathogens, including genome data. Appeals to clinicians, infectious disease specialists, and instructors and students seeking a single reference source on gram-positive bacteria.
Posted in Medical

Staphylococci in Human Disease

Author: Kent B. Crossley,Kimberly K. Jefferson,Gordon L. Archer,Vance G. Fowler

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444308471

Category: Medical

Page: 640

View: 8998

Staphylococci remain the most important cause of hospital-acquired infections in the U.S. and MRSA has become the most common cause of skin and soft tissue infection in many parts of the world. There is now a much greater understanding of the physiology and evolution of the staphylococci and this new edition reflects the rapid advancements in knowledge about this pathogen and provides a comprehensive review from both clinical and basic science perspectives. The first section addresses the basic biology of the staphylococci, their molecular genetics, host defenses and host evasion, virulence determinants, mechanisms of antibiotic resistance, and laboratory techniques. The second section deals with epidemiology, and the third section provides an overview of the varied clinical manifestations of human staphylococcal infections. The fourth section covers prevention and treatment of these often life-threatening infections. Written by experts from around the globe, this book is essential reading for all clinicians and basic scientists studying the staphylococci.
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Pseudomonas

Genomics and Molecular Biology

Author: Pierre Cornelis

Publisher: Horizon Scientific Press

ISBN: 1904455190

Category: Science

Page: 244

View: 4342

The genome sequences of several pseudomonads have become available in recent years and researchers are beginning to use the data to make new discoveries about this bacterium. This concise volume reviews the most current and topical aspects of Pseudomonas molecular biology and genomics and is aimed at a readership of research scientists, graduate students and other specialists. Renowned international authors have contributed chapters on diverse topics including taxonomy, genome diversity, oligonucleotide usage, polysaccharides, pathogenesis, virulence, biofilms, antibiotic resistance and iron uptake. In addition an entire chapter is devoted to the genetic tools being developed to take full advantage of the wealth of information generated by the genome sequencing efforts. This book is essential reading for anyone involved in Pseudomonas research.
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Molecular Genetics of Mycobacteria

Author: Graham F. Hatfull,William R. Jacobs, Jr.

Publisher: American Society for Microbiology Press

ISBN: 1555818838

Category: Science

Page: 824

View: 2359

A comprehensive collection of perspectives by experts in mycobacterial molecular biology Mycobacterium tuberculosis causes one in four avoidable deaths in the developing world and kills more adults than malaria, AIDS, and all tropical diseases combined. Tuberculosis was named a global health emergency by the World Health Organization, a distinction no other disease has received. Although the study of mycobacterial genetics has expanded dramatically, with new investigations into mycobacterial growth, replication, metabolism, physiology, drug susceptibility, and virulence, most of the problems in tuberculosis control that existed in 2000 remain today. Advances in our understanding of mycobacterial genetics have been reflected in exciting recent developments. New diagnostic approaches can identify drug resistance within a few hours, promising new drugs are progressing through the pipeline and into the clinic, and a range of newly developed vaccines are being evaluated. It is an exciting time as the fruits of 30 years of intensive genetic investigation are finally beginning to emerge. Written by leading experts in the field, Molecular Genetics of Mycobacteria, Second Edition, • Discusses key areas of current research in mycobacterial genetics • Explains the genetics of the physiology, metabolism, and drug sensitivities of M. tuberculosis • Presents genetic approaches for manipulating M. tuberculosis This book is an invaluable resource for anyone interested in the molecular genetics and molecular biology of mycobacteria.
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Methods for General and Molecular Microbiology

Author: C. A. Reddy,Terry J. Beveridge,John A. Breznak,George Marzluf

Publisher: American Society for Microbiology Press

ISBN: 1555812236

Category: Science

Page: 1069

View: 6144

A first source for traditional methods of microbiology as well as commonly used modern molecular microbiological methods. • Provides a comprehensive compendium of methods used in general and molecular microbiology. • Contains many new and expanded chapters, including a section on the newly important field of community and genomic analysis. • Provides step-by-step coverage of procedures, with an extensive list of references to guide the user to the original literature for more complete descriptions. • Presents methods for bacteria, archaea, and for the first time a section on mycology. • Numerous schematics and illustrations (both color and black and white) help the reader to easily understand the topics presented.
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