Speech Communities

Author: Marcyliena H. Morgan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107023505

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 200

View: 3645

What makes a speech community? How do they evolve? How are speech communities identified? Speech communities are central to our understanding of how language and interactions occur in societies around the world and in this book readers will find an overview of the main concepts and critical arguments surrounding how language and communication styles distinguish and identify groups. Speech communities are not organized around linguistic facts but around people who want to share their opinions and identities; the language we use constructs, represents and embodies meaningful participation in society. This book focuses on a range of speech communities, including those that have developed from an increasing technological world where migration and global interactions are common. Essential reading for graduate students and researchers in linguistic anthropology, sociolinguistics and applied linguistics.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Language, Culture, and Society

Key Topics in Linguistic Anthropology

Author: Christine Jourdan,Kevin Tuite

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139452517

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: N.A

View: 9083

Language, our primary tool of thought and perception, is at the heart of who we are as individuals. Languages are constantly changing, sometimes into entirely new varieties of speech, leading to subtle differences in how we present ourselves to others. This revealing account brings together eleven leading specialists from the fields of linguistics, anthropology, philosophy and psychology, to explore the fascinating relationship between language, culture, and social interaction. A range of major questions are discussed: How does language influence our perception of the world? How do new languages emerge? How do children learn to use language appropriately? What factors determine language choice in bi- and multilingual communities? How far does language contribute to the formation of our personalities? And finally, in what ways does language make us human? Language, Culture and Society will be essential reading for all those interested in language and its crucial role in our social lives.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Linguistic Anthropology

A Reader

Author: Alessandro Duranti

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405126337

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 522

View: 8505

Linguistic Anthropology: A Reader is a comprehensive collection of the best work that has been published in this exciting and growing area of anthropology, and is organized to provide a guide to key issues in the study of language as a cultural resource and speaking as a cultural practice. Revised and updated, this second edition contains eight new articles on key subjects, including speech communities, the power and performance of language, and narratives Selections are both historically oriented and thematically coherent, and are accessibly grouped according to four major themes: speech community and communicative competence; the performance of language; language socialization and literacy practices; and the power of language An extensive introduction provides an original perspective on the development of the field and highlights its most compelling issues Each section includes a brief introductory statement, sets of guiding questions, and list of recommended readings on the main topics
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

The Oxford Handbook of African American Language

Author: Sonja Lanehart

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199795398

Category: African Americans

Page: 903

View: 7830

The goal of The Oxford Handbook of African American Language is to provide readers with a wide range of analyses of both traditional and contemporary work on language use in African American communities in a broad collective. The Handbook offers a survey of language and its uses in African American communities from a wide range of contexts organized into seven sections: Origins and Historical Perspectives; Lects and Variation; Structure and Description; Child Language Acquisition and Development; Education; Language in Society; and Language and Identity. It is a handbook of research on African American Language (AAL) and, as such, provides a variety of scholarly perspectives that may not align with each other -- as is indicative of most scholarly research. The chapters in this book "interact" with one another as contributors frequently refer the reader to further elaboration on and references to related issues and connect their own research to related topics in other chapters within their own sections and the handbook more generally to create dialogue about AAL, thus affirming the need for collaborative thinking about the issues in AAL research. Though the Handbook does not and cannot include every area of research, it is meant to provide suggestions for future work on lesser-studied areas (e.g., variation/heterogeneity in regional, social, and ethnic communities) by highlighting a need for collaborative perspectives and innovative thinking while reasserting the need for better research and communication in areas thought to be resolved.
Posted in African Americans

Unequal Accommodation of Minority Rights

Hungarians in Transylvania

Author: Tamás Kiss,István Gergő Székely,Tibor Toró,Nándor Bárdi,István Horváth

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319788930

Category: Social Science

Page: 545

View: 6961

This book provides an in-depth multidisciplinary analysis of the major social and political processes affecting Hungarians in Romania after the overthrow of the Communist regime in 1989. The volume highlights the interdependence between the ethno-political strategies of minority elites and Romania's minority policy regime on the one hand, and social processes such as ethnic boundary making and ethnic stratification on the other. The chapters combine perspectives from a variety of disciplines including political science and the sociology of ethnic relations, supported by the findings of a broad array of empirical investigations carried out in Transylvania. It will therefore be of particular interest to scholars and students with a focus on minority politics, ethnic mobilization and nationalism, as well as researchers of ethnic relations, ethnic boundary making, social distances and ethnic inequalities.
Posted in Social Science

A Companion to Linguistic Anthropology

Author: Alessandro Duranti

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470997265

Category: Social Science

Page: 648

View: 3234

A Companion to Linguistic Anthropology provides a series of in-depth explorations of key concepts and approaches by some of the scholars whose work constitutes the theoretical and methodological foundations of the contemporary study of language as culture. Provides a definitive overview of the field of linguistic anthropology, comprised of original contributions by leading scholars in the field Summarizes past and contemporary research across the field and is intended to spur students and scholars to pursue new paths in the coming decades Includes a comprehensive bibliography of over 2000 entries designed as a resource for anyone seeking a guide to the literature of linguistic anthropology
Posted in Social Science

Living Language

An Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology

Author: Laura M. Ahearn

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444340549

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 1008

Accessible and clearly written, Living Language: An Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology introduces readers to the study of language in real-life social contexts around the world through the contemporary theory and practice of linguistic anthropology. A highly accessible introduction to the study of language in real-life social contexts around the world Combines classic studies on language and cutting-edge contemporary scholarship and assumes no prior knowledge in linguistics or anthropology Provides a unifying synthesis of current research and considers future directions for the field Covers key topics such as: language and gender, race, and ethnicity; language acquisition and socialization in children and adults; language death and revitalization; performance; language and thought; literacy practices; and multilingualism and globalization
Posted in Social Science

The Routledge Handbook of Linguistic Anthropology

Author: Nancy Bonvillain

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135050902

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 480

View: 455

The Routledge Handbook of Linguistic Anthropology is a broad survey of linguistic anthropology, featuring contributions from prominent scholars in the field. Each chapter presents a brief historical summary of research in the field and discusses topics and issues of current concern to people doing research in linguistic anthropology. The handbook is organized into four parts – Language and Cultural Productions; Language Ideologies and Practices of Learning; Language and the Communication of Identities; and Language and Local/Global Power – and covers current topics of interest at the intersection of the two fields, while also contextualizing them within discussions of fieldwork practice. Featuring 30 contributions from leading scholars in the field, The Routledge Handbook of Linguistic Anthropology is an essential overview for students and researchers interested in understanding core concepts and key issues in linguistic anthropology.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

The Anthropology of Language: An Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology

Author: Harriet Ottenheimer

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495508845

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 6125

Ottenheimer’s authoritative yet approachable introduction to the field’s methodology, skills, techniques, tools, and applications emphasizes the kinds of questions that anthropologists ask about language — and the kinds of questions that intrigue students. The text brings together the key areas of linguistic anthropology, addressing issues of power, race, gender, and class throughout. Further stressing the everyday relevance of the text material, Ottenheimer includes In the Field vignettes that draw you in to the chapter material via stories culled from her own and others’ experiences, as well as Doing Linguistic Anthropology and Cross- Language Miscommunication features that describe real-life applications of text concepts. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Social Science

Sociolinguistic Fieldwork

Author: Natalie Schilling

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521762928

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 323

View: 9800

Looking for an easy-to-use, practical guide to conducting fieldwork in sociolinguistics? This invaluable textbook will give you the skills and knowledge required for carrying out research projects in 'the field', including: • How to select and enter a community • How to design a research sample • What recording equipment to choose and how to operate it • How to collect, store and manage data • How to interact effectively with participants and communities • What ethical issues you should be aware of. Carefully designed to be of maximum practical use to students and researchers in sociolinguistics, linguistic anthropology and related fields, the book is packed with useful features, including: • Helpful checklists for recording techniques and equipment specifications • Practical examples taken from classic sociolinguistic studies • Vivid passages in which students recount their own experiences of doing fieldwork in many different parts of the world
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Das Lachen

Deutsch von Julius Frankenberger und Walter Fränzel

Author: Henri Bergson

Publisher: marixverlag

ISBN: 3843804524

Category: Philosophy

Page: 128

View: 1739

"Leute, die nicht lachen, sind keine ernsthaften Leute." FRÉDÉRIC CHOPIN "Was ist das Wesen des Lachens? Was liegt allem Lächerlichen zugrunde? Was haben ein Clownsgesicht, ein Wortspiel, eine Verwechslungsszene in einem Schwank und eine Szene des feinen Lustspiels gemeinsam? Wie destillieren wir die Substanz heraus, die so verschiedenen Dingen das gleiche bisweilen aufdringlich starke, bisweilen ganz diskrete Aroma verleiht? Die größten Denker von Aristoteles an haben sich an der Lösung dieses winzigen Problems versucht, das einem, wenn man es fassen will, unter der Hand zerrinnt, verschwindet, gar nicht dagewesen ist und sich doch wieder aufwirft; eine unerhörte Herausforderung an den philosophischen Scharfsinn." HENRI BERGSON "Es ist immer noch zu wenig gelacht worden in der Welt, das ist die größte Schuld." FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE Das Lachen ist eines der rätselhaftesten Phänomene des menschlichen Lebens. Wir wissen meist besser, wie man jemanden zum Lachen bringt, als was einen selbst und überhaupt zum Lachen bringt; und so haben sich seit der Antike fast alle namhaften Philosophen an diesem Problem die Zähne ausgebissen. Für die einen ist Lachen ein Ver-Lachen, etwas, das den Lachenden über den Verlachten stellt. Für andere ist das Lachen - ganz technisch und psychologisch verstanden - ein Effekt, der durch die geschickte Kombination von Widersprüchen und Kontrasten entsteht. Bergson interpretiert das Lachen als soziales Phänomen, findet aber im Auslachen nichts Bösartiges. Bergsons lebensphilosophische Antwort ist philosophiegeschichtlich einmalig: Wir erleben uns im Lachen als etwas Lebendiges, das etwas Mechanisches, Automatenhaftes im Lebendigen entdeckt und überwindet.
Posted in Philosophy

The Handbook of Language, Gender, and Sexuality

Author: Susan Ehrlich,Miriam Meyerhoff,Janet Holmes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119384206

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 688

View: 6930

Significantly expanded and updated, the second edition of The Handbook of Language, Gender and Sexuality brings together a team of the leading specialists in the field to create a comprehensive overview of key historical themes and issues, along with methodologies and cutting-edge research topics. Examines the dynamic ways that women and men develop and manage gendered identities through their talk, presenting data and case studies from interactions in a range of social contexts and different communities Substantially updated for the second edition, including a new introduction, 24 newly-commissioned chapters, ten updated chapters, and a comprehensive index Includes new chapters on research in non-English speaking countries – from Asia to South America – and cutting-edge topics such as language, gender, and popular culture; language and sexual identities; and language, gender, and socio-phonetics New sections focus on key themes and issues in the field, such as methodological approaches to language and gender, incorporating new chapters on conversation analysis, critical discourse analysis, corpus linguistics, and variation theory Provides unrivalled geographic coverage and an essential resource for a wide range of disciplines, from linguistics, psychology, sociology, and anthropology to communication and gender studies
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines


An International Handbook of the Science of Language and Society

Author: Ulrich Ammon

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110141894

Category: Sociolinguistics

Page: N.A

View: 433

Posted in Sociolinguistics

Strukturen der Syntax

Author: Noam Chomsky

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110813629

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 136

View: 6175

Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Essentials of Language Documentation

Author: Jost Gippert,Nikolaus P. Himmelmann,Ulrike Mosel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110197731

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 434

View: 1558

Language documentation is a rapidly emerging new field in linguistics which is concerned with the methods, tools and theoretical underpinnings for compiling a representative and lasting multipurpose record of a natural language. This volume presents in-depth introductions to major aspects of language documentation, including overviews on fieldwork ethics and data processing, guidelines for the basic annotation of digitally-stored multimedia corpora and a discussion on how to build and maintain a language archive. It combines theoretical and practical considerations and makes specific suggestions for the most common problems encountered in language documentation. Key features textbook introduction to Language Documentation considers all common problems
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Social Anthropology and Language

Author: Edwin Ardener

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415330268

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 7530

Providing a critical framework for the consideration of the relationship between modern social anthropology and linguistics, this volume covers topics such as classification, symbolism, and structuralism. The relevance of the works of Saussure, Lévi-Strauss and Chomsky is considered. There are two case-studies: the first outlines a 'social history' of the succession of pidgins that are documented on the West African coast, ending with Pidgin English. The second analyzes the status of three language varieties used in a 'trilingual' community in the Carnian Alps. Originally published in 1971.
Posted in Social Science

A Concise Introduction to Linguistics

Author: Bruce M. Rowe,Diane P. Levine

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317349288

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 2945

Provides a linguistic foundation for students of all majors Assisted by numerous pedagogical aids, A Concise Introduction to Linguistics, 4/e explains all concepts in a systematic way making complex linguistic topics as easy to learn as possible. This introductory title covers the core topics of linguistics, providing the information and concepts that will allow students to understand more detailed and advanced treatments of linguistics. This student-friendly and well-balanced overview of the field of introductory linguistics pays special attention to linguistic anthropology and reveals the main contributions of linguistics to the study of human communication and how issues of culture are relevant. Its workbook format contains well-constructed exercises in every chapter that allow students to practice key concepts.
Posted in Social Science

Language and Interaction

Discussions with John J. Gumperz

Author: Susan L. Eerdmans,Carlo L. Prevignano,Paul J. Thibault

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027296847

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 171

View: 7332

This book features a fascinating and extended focal interview with Professor John J. Gumperz, who ranges over his long career trajectory and reflects on his scientific achievements and how they relate to the contemporary linguistic scene. In this way, the reader is presented with a snapshot introduction to Gumperz's work in a contemporary context. A number of commentaries provide a stimulating and illuminating series of theoretical and applied encounters with Gumperz's work from different perspectives. In so doing, they shed new light on Gumperz's seminal contribution to the study of language and interaction. In his Response Essay and in a final discussion, Gumperz clarifies his views on many of the topics discussed in the volume, as well as sharing with readers his views on some other approaches to language and interaction that are closely aligned to his own. Sociolinguistics, the ethnographic approach to language, language and social interaction, intercultural communication, communicative conventions, contextualization – these are some of the key terms which Professor John J. Gumperz discusses in this wide ranging and searching interview about his career as an anthropological linguist and sociolinguist interested in cultural diversity and intercultural communication. John J. Gumperz, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, University of California, Berkeley, is one of the founders of Sociolinguistics whose early work on speech communities and on the relationship of linguistic to social boundaries helped lay the basis for much current work in the field. Since the 1970s he has concentrated on a theory and methods of discourse analysis that can account for the intrinsic diversity of today’s communicative environments. His publications include: Language in Social Groups (1962); Ethnography of Communication (1964) and Directions in Sociolinguistics (1972/2002), both coedited with Dell Hymes; Discourse Strategies (1982); Language and Social Identity (1982); and Rethinking Linguistic Relativity (1996), coedited with Steven Levinson. He is currently working on a collection of studies New Ethnographies of Communication (coedited with Marco Jacquemet); and Language in Social Theory.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Women, Men and Language

A Sociolinguistic Account of Gender Differences in Language

Author: Jennifer Coates

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317292537

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 262

View: 1101

Women, Men and Language has long been established as a seminal text in the field of language and gender, providing an account of the many ways in which language and gender intersect. In this pioneering book, bestselling author Jennifer Coates explores linguistic gender differences, introducing the reader to a wide range of sociolinguistic research in the field. Written in a clear and accessible manner, this book introduces the idea of gender as a social construct, and covers key topics such as conversational practice, same sex talk, conversational dominance, and children’s acquisition of gender-differentiated language, discussing the social and linguistic consequences of these patterns of talk. Here reissued as a Routledge Linguistics Classic, this book contains a brand new preface which situates this text in the modern day study of language and gender, covering the postmodern shift in the understanding of gender and language, and assessing the book’s impact on the field. Women, Men and Language continues to be essential reading for any student or researcher working in the area of language and gender.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines