Space, Time, and Spacetime

Author: Lawrence Sklar

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520031746

Category: Philosophy

Page: 423

View: 6362

In this book, Lawrence Sklar demonstrates the interdependence of science and philosophy by examining a number of crucial problems on the nature of space and time--problems that require for their resolution the resources of philosophy and of physics. The overall issues explored are our knowledge of the geometry of the world, the existence of spacetime as an entity over and above the material objects of the world, the relation between temporal order and causal order, and the problem of the direction of time. Without neglecting the most subtle philosophical points or the most advanced contributions of contemporary physics, the author has taken pains to make his explorations intelligible to the reader with no advanced training in physics, mathematics, or philosophy. The arguments are set forth step-by-step, beginning from first principles; and the philosophical discussions are supplemented in detail by nontechnical expositions of crucial features of physical theories.
Posted in Philosophy

Space, Time, and Spacetime

Physical and Philosophical Implications of Minkowski's Unification of Space and Time

Author: Vesselin Petkov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642135385

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 8512

Dedicated to the centennial anniversary of Minkowski's discovery of spacetime, this volume contains papers, most presented at the Third International Conference on the Nature and Ontology of Spacetime, that address some of the deepest questions in physics.
Posted in Science

Space, Time, and Gravity

The Theory of the Big Bang and Black Holes

Author: Robert M. Wald

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226870281

Category: Science

Page: 153

View: 2561

Writing for the general reader or student, Wald has completely revised and updated this highly regarded work to include recent developments in black hole physics and cosmology. Nature called the first edition "a very readable and accurate account of modern relativity physics for the layman within the unavoidable constraint of almost no mathematics. . . . A well written, entertaining and authoritative book."
Posted in Science

Einstein's Space-Time

An Introduction to Special and General Relativity

Author: Rafael Ferraro

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387699465

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 3212

This excellent textbook offers a unique take on relativity theory, setting it in its historical context. Ideal for those interested in relativity and the history of physics, the book contains a complete account of special relativity that begins with the historical analysis of the reasons that led to a change in our view of space and time. Its aim is to foster a deep understanding of relativistic spacetime and its consequences for Dynamics.
Posted in Science

Space, Time, and Spacetime

Author: Lawrence Sklar

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520031746

Category: Philosophy

Page: 423

View: 5994

In this book, Lawrence Sklar demonstrates the interdependence of science and philosophy by examining a number of crucial problems on the nature of space and time--problems that require for their resolution the resources of philosophy and of physics. The overall issues explored are our knowledge of the geometry of the world, the existence of spacetime as an entity over and above the material objects of the world, the relation between temporal order and causal order, and the problem of the direction of time. Without neglecting the most subtle philosophical points or the most advanced contributions of contemporary physics, the author has taken pains to make his explorations intelligible to the reader with no advanced training in physics, mathematics, or philosophy. The arguments are set forth step-by-step, beginning from first principles; and the philosophical discussions are supplemented in detail by nontechnical expositions of crucial features of physical theories.
Posted in Philosophy

Space, Time, and Spacetime

Author: Lawrence Sklar

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520031746

Category: Philosophy

Page: 423

View: 8879

In this book, Lawrence Sklar demonstrates the interdependence of science and philosophy by examining a number of crucial problems on the nature of space and time--problems that require for their resolution the resources of philosophy and of physics. The overall issues explored are our knowledge of the geometry of the world, the existence of spacetime as an entity over and above the material objects of the world, the relation between temporal order and causal order, and the problem of the direction of time. Without neglecting the most subtle philosophical points or the most advanced contributions of contemporary physics, the author has taken pains to make his explorations intelligible to the reader with no advanced training in physics, mathematics, or philosophy. The arguments are set forth step-by-step, beginning from first principles; and the philosophical discussions are supplemented in detail by nontechnical expositions of crucial features of physical theories.
Posted in Philosophy

Flat and Curved Space-times

Author: George Francis Rayner Ellis,Ruth M. Williams

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 9780198506560

Category: Science

Page: 375

View: 3368

'' G.Ellis and R. Williams two seasoned and wellknown Relativists, have done a super job in suceeding to present ' just the facts' and at the same time make their book a pleasure to read, even for motivated, non-experts'' -European Astronomical Society NewsletterMany people know that Einstein invented the theory of relativity, but only few have more than a superficial idea of its content. This book aims to explain the basic features of relativity in detail, emphasising the geometrical aspects by using a large number of diagrams, and assuming no knowledge of higher level mathematics.
Posted in Science

Spacetime Physics

Author: Edwin F. Taylor,John Archibald Wheeler

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 9780716723271

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 5749

Written by two of the field's true pioneers, Spacetime Physics can extend and enhance coverage of specialty relativity in the classroom. This thoroughly up-to-date, highly accessible overview covers microgravity, collider accelerators, satellite probes, neutron detectors, radioastronomy, and pulsars. The chapter on general relativity with new material on gravity waves, black holes, and cosmology.
Posted in Science

Space, Time and Matter

Author: Dipak Kumar Sen

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814522848

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 4395

This volume deals with the fundamental concepts of space, time and matter. It presents a novel reformulation of both the special and general theory of relativity, in which time does not constitute the fourth dimension in a conventional 4-dimensional space-time. Instead, the role of time is played by the flow of a vector field on a 3-dimensional space. The standard models of de Sitter, Schwarzschild and Kerr space-times are reformulated in a purely 3-dimensional manifold. The volume also presents a theory of matter in which the fundamental particles, such as baryons and leptons, appear as a result of an interaction between left-handed and right-handed 2-component Weyl neutrinos. The Appendices contain a comprehensive treatment of classical mechanics in terms of Hamiltonian vector fields on symplectic manifolds. Graduate students of mathematical physics or theoretical physics, as well as academics, will find this volume of interest. Sample Chapter(s). Space and Time (295 KB). Contents: Relativistic Kinematics and Dynamics on 3-Manifolds; GaussOCoEinstein Equations on 3-Manifolds; The de Sitter, Schwarzschild and Kerr Space-Times; A New Solution of the Vacuum Einstein Field Equations; Weyl Neutrinos and the Photon; A Neutrino Theory of Matter; Dynamical Vector Fields of Classical Mechanics. Readership: Graduate students and researchers in mathematical physics and theoretical physics.
Posted in Science

Time and Space

Author: Barry Dainton

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134943970

Category: Philosophy

Page: 448

View: 9613

The first edition (2001) of this title quickly established itself on courses on the philosophy of time and space. This fully revised and expanded new edition sees the addition of chapters on Zeno's paradoxes, speculative contemporary developments in physics, and dynamic time, making the second edition, once again, unrivalled in its breadth of coverage. Surveying both historical debates and the ideas of modern physics, Barry Dainton evaluates the central arguments in a clear and unintimidating way and is careful to keep the conceptual issues throughout comprehensible to students with little scientific or mathematical training. The book makes the philosophy of space and time accessible for anyone trying to come to grips with the complexities of this challenging subject. With over 100 original line illustrations and a full glossary of terms, the book has the requirements of students firmly in sight and will continue to serve as an essential textbook for philosophy of time and space courses.
Posted in Philosophy

World Enough and Space-Time

Absolute Vs. Relational Theories of Space and Time

Author: John Earman

Publisher: Bradford Books

ISBN: 9780262550215

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 5868

Newton's Principia introduced conceptions of space and time that launched one of themost famous and sustained debates in the history of physics, a controversy that involves fundamentalconcerns in the foundations of physics, metaphysics, and scientific epistemology.This bookintroduces and clarifies the historical and philosophical development of the clash between Newton'sabsolute conception of space and Leibniz's relational one. It separates the issues and provides newperspectives on absolute relational accounts of motion and relational-substantival accounts of theontology of space time.Earman's sustained treatment and imaginative insights raise to a new levelthe debate on these important issues at the boundary of philosophy and physics. He surveys thehistory of the controversy from Newton to Einstein develops the mathematics and physics needed topose the issues in sharp form and provides a persuasive assessment of the philosophical problemsinvolved.Most importantly, Earman revitalizes the connection of the debate to contemporary science.He shows, for example, how concerns raised by Leibniz form the core of ongoing debate on thefoundations of general theory of relativity, moving the discussion into a new and vital arena andintroducing arguments that will be discussed for years to come.John Earman is Professor of Historyand Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh. A Bradford Book
Posted in Science

Space, Time and Quanta

Author: Robert Mills

Publisher: W. H. Freeman

ISBN: 9780716724360

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 9636

Posted in Science

Ripples in Spacetime

Einstein, Gravitational Waves, and the Future of Astronomy

Author: Govert Schilling

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674971663

Category: BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY

Page: 340

View: 6632

The detection of gravitational waves—ripples in spacetime—has already been called the scientific coup of this century. Govert Schilling recounts the struggles that threatened to derail the quest and describes the detector’s astounding precision, weaving far-reaching discoveries about the universe into a gripping story of ambition and perseverance.
Posted in BIOGRAPHY & AUTOBIOGRAPHY

Foundations of Space-Time Theories

Relativistic Physics and Philosophy of Science

Author: Michael Friedman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400855128

Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 7638

This book, explores the conceptual foundations of Einstein's theory of relativity: the fascinating, yet tangled, web of philosophical, mathematical, and physical ideas that is the source of the theory's enduring philosophical interest. Originally published in 1983. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Posted in Science

Relativity

Einstein's Theory of Spacetime, Time Dilation, Gravity, and Cosmology

Author: Albert Einstein

Publisher: Red & Black Pub

ISBN: 9781934941461

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 6283

The theory of relativity, explained by the greatest mind of the 20th century. Albert Einstein discusses the special and general theories of relativity, and the core concepts of modern cosmology, including time dilation, the spacetime continuum, and the energy-mass relationship, in simple non-mathematical terms.
Posted in Science

The Theory of Space, Time and Gravitation

Author: V. Fock

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483184900

Category: Science

Page: 460

View: 5779

The Theory of Space, Time, and Gravitation, 2nd Revised Edition focuses on Relativity Theory and Einstein's Theory of Gravitation and correction of the misinterpretation of the Einsteinian Gravitation Theory. The book first offers information on the theory of relativity and the theory of relativity in tensor form. Discussions focus on comparison of distances and lengths in moving reference frames; comparison of time differences in moving reference frames; position of a body in space at a given instant in a fixed reference frame; and proof of the linearity of the transformation linking two inertial frames. The text then ponders on general tensor analysis, including permissible transformations for space and time coordinates, parallel transport of a vector, covariant differentiation, and basic properties of the curvature tensor. The publication examines the formulation of relativity theory in arbitrary coordinates and principles of the theory of gravitation. Topics include equations of mathematical physics in arbitrary coordinates; integral form of the conservation laws in arbitrary coordinates; variational principle and the energy tensor; and comparison with the statement of the problem in Newtonian theory. The manuscript is a dependable reference for readers interested in the theory of space, time, and gravitation.
Posted in Science

Space, Time, and Stuff

Author: Frank Arntzenius,Cian Dorr

Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)

ISBN: 0198705913

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 9213

Frank Arntzenius presents a series of radical new ideas about the structure of space and time. Space, Time, and Stuff is an attempt to show that physics is geometry: that the fundamental structure of the physical world is purely geometrical structure. Along the way, he examines some non-standard views about the structure of spacetime and its inhabitants, including the idea that space and time are pointless, the idea that quantum mechanics is a completely local theory, the idea that antiparticles are just particles travelling back in time, and the idea that time has no structure whatsoever. The main thrust of the book, however, is that there are good reasons to believe that spaces other than spacetime exist, and that it is the existence of these additional spaces that allows one to reduce all of physics to geometry. Philosophy, and metaphysics in particular, plays an important role here: the assumption that the fundamental laws of physics are simple in terms of the fundamental physical properties and relations is pivotal. Without this assumption one gets nowhere. That is to say, when trying to extract the fundamental structure of the world from theories of physics one ignores philosophy at one's peril!
Posted in Philosophy

Space, Time and Incarnation

Author: Thomas F. Torrance

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780567043115

Category: Religion

Page: 92

View: 1716

When the Nicene Creed affirms that the eternal Son of God 'for us and for our salvation came down from heaven', it asserts that God Himself is actively present within the space and time of our world. The philosophical problems that this involves are bound up with Christian theology, and form the subject of this book. Professor Torrance begins with a critique of modern Protestant thinking, and proceeds to examine the place of spatial and temporal elements in basic theological concepts. He then offers a positive account of the relation of the incarnation to space and time. While related to the work of the great theologians of the past, this study is also supremely relevant to theological thinking in this age of science.
Posted in Religion

Space, Time and Einstein

An Introduction

Author: J.B. Kennedy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317489438

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 6055

This introduction to one of the liveliest and most popular fields in philosophy is written specifically for a beginning readership with no background in philosophy or science. Step-by-step analyses of the key arguments are provided and the philosophical heart of the issues is revealed without recourse to jargon, maths, or logical formulas. The book introduces Einstein's revolutionary ideas in a clear and simple way, along with the concepts and arguments of philosophers, both ancient and modern that have proved of lasting value. Specifically, the theories of the ancient Greek philosophers, Zeno, Euclid and Parmenides are considered alongside the ideas of Newton, Leibniz and Kant as well as the giants of twentieth-century physics, Einstein and Lorentz. The problems at the heart of the philosophy of space and time, such as change, motion, infinity, shape, and inflation, are examined and the seismic impact made by relativity theory and quantum theory is assessed in the light of the latest research. The writing is lucid and entertaining, allowing a beginning readership to grasp some difficult concepts while offering the more experienced reader a succinct and illuminating presentation of the state of the debate. "Space, Time and Einstein" shows the reader the excitement of scientific discovery and the beauty of theory in the search for answers to these fundamental questions.
Posted in Philosophy