Space, Hope, and Brutalism

English Architecture, 1945-1975

Author: Elain Harwood

Publisher: Paul Mellon Ctr for Studies

ISBN: 9780300204469

Category: Architecture

Page: 512

View: 6574

This is the first major book to study English architecture between 1945 and 1975 in its entirety. Challenging previous scholarship on the subject and uncovering vast amounts of new material at the boundaries between architectural and social history, Elain Harwood structures the book around building types to reveal why the architecture takes the form it does. Buildings of all budgets and styles are examined, from major universities to the modest café. The book is illustrated with stunning new photography that reveals the logic, aspirations, and beauty of hundreds of buildings throughout England, at the point where many are disappearing or are being mutilated. Space, Hope, and Brutalism offers a convincing and lively overview of a subject and period that fascinates younger scholars and appeals to those who were witnesses to this history.
Posted in Architecture

Architecture and the Modern Hospital

Nosokomeion to Hygeia

Author: Julie Willis,Philip Goad,Cameron Logan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429785151

Category: Architecture

Page: 244

View: 4804

More than any other building type in the twentieth century, the hospital was connected to transformations in the health of populations and expectations of lifespan. From the scale of public health to the level of the individual, the architecture of the modern hospital has reshaped knowledge about health and disease and perceptions of bodily integrity and security. However, the rich and genuinely global architectural history of these hospitals is poorly understood and largely forgotten. This book explores the rapid evolution of hospital design in the twentieth century, analysing the ways in which architects and other specialists reimagined the modern hospital. It examines how the vast expansion of medical institutions over the course of the century was enabled by new approaches to architectural design and it highlights the emerging political conviction that physical health would become the cornerstone of human welfare.
Posted in Architecture

Raw Concrete

The Beauty of Brutalism

Author: Barnabas Calder

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0434022446

Category: Architecture

Page: 405

View: 747

'Brilliant' Elain Harwood 'Part history, part aesthetic autobiography, wholly engaging and liable to convince those procrastinators sitting (uncomfortably) on the concrete fence' Jonathan Meades 'A learned and passionate book' Simon Bradley, author of The Railways 'A compelling and evocative read, meticulously researched, and filled with insight and passion' Kate Goodwin, Head of Architecture, Royal Academy of Arts The raw concrete buildings of the 1960s constitute the greatest flowering of architecture the world has ever seen. The biggest construction boom in history promoted unprecedented technological innovation and an explosion of competitive creativity amongst architects, engineers and concrete-workers. The Brutalist style was the result. Today, after several decades in the shadows, attitudes towards Brutalism are slowly changing, but it is a movement that is still overlooked, and grossly underrated. Raw Concrete overturns the perception of Brutalist buildings as the penny-pinching, utilitarian products of dutiful social concern. Instead it looks a little closer, uncovering the luxuriously skilled craft and daring engineering with which the best buildings of the 1960s came into being: magnificent architectural visions serving clients rich and poor, radical and conservative. Beginning in a tiny hermitage on the remote north Scottish coast, and ending up backstage at the National Theatre, Raw Concrete embarks on a wide-ranging journey through Britain over the past sixty years, stopping to examine how eight extraordinary buildings were made - from commission to construction - why they have been so vilified, and why they are beginning to be loved. In it, Barnabas Calder puts forward a powerful case: Brutalism is the best architecture there has ever been, and perhaps the best there ever will be.
Posted in Architecture

Architectural Principles in the Age of Historicism

Author: Robert Jan van Pelt,Carroll William Westfall

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300057881

Category: Architecture

Page: 417

View: 4687

Explores the relationship between architectural history and the current practice of architecture. The authors draw on insights from anthropology, ancient history, theology, philosophy and the Holocaust. They also provide practical ideas which should help students build a more human world.
Posted in Architecture

The World Recast

70 Buildings from 70 Years of Concrete Quarterly

Author: Nick Jones

Publisher: Artifice

ISBN: 9781911339144

Category: Architecture, Modern

Page: 240

View: 4418

As the modern world rose from the rubble of Second World War, it was shaped by one material above all others. In 1947, a new magazine honed in on this paradigmatic shift in architecture and design: 'Concrete Quarterly'. 'The World Recast' charts this journey through the stunning photography and eyewitness testimony of 'Concrete Quarterly's' rich and fascinating archive. It is the story of heroic architecture, ingenious engineering and how the world we now take for granted came into being.The World Recast celebrates 'Concrete Quarterly's' summative coverage of this pivotal era in architecture, focusing on 70 buildings from the magazine's 70-year history. Plentiful and cheap, but also bold and undeniably modern, concrete suited the spirit of the post-war period perfectly. It was the obvious means of building the power stations, motorways and factories that would be the engines of economic recovery, and made possible a new era in architecture and design. But it was also the choice of a generation of designers keen to express themselves through radically new architectural forms and types of structure. 'The World Recast' reflects upon the legacy of 'Concrete Quarterly' and the significance of concrete within modernism and other architectural movements. It also expands the conversation into the present day, offering crucial insight into concrete's comeback within today's architecture, as well as its recent popularity in contemporary culture at large.
Posted in Architecture, Modern

England's Post-War Listed Buildings

Author: Elain Harwood

Publisher: Batsford

ISBN: 9781849941464

Category: Architecture

Page: 608

View: 7642

England's Post-War Listed Buildings is a comprehensive and stylish guide to over 500 of the country's most striking and historically relevant architectural gems, from private houses to schools, churches, military buildings, monuments and parks. Listed buildings include traditional works by Raymond Erith and Donald McMorran and many of the 'pop icons' of the 1960s (including Centre Point). Also featured are internationally outstanding modern works like Stirling and Gowan's Leicester Engineering Building and Foster Associates' offices for Willis Faber Dumas in Ipswich. This fully updated and expanded edition contains numerous new entries arranged in an accessible, regional structure, as well as features on telephone boxes, landscapes, memorials and sculptures. Each entry is illustrated with photographs and includes information on architect, date of construction and listing grade date, as well as a detailed description of the site and what makes it unique.
Posted in Architecture

The Guggenheim

Frank Lloyd Wright and the Postwar Art Museum

Author: Francesco Dal Co

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300226055

Category:

Page: 176

View: 6554

The captivating tale of the plans and personalities behind one of New York City's most radical and recognizable buildings Considered the crowning achievement of Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959), the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum in Manhattan is often called iconic. But it is in fact iconoclastic, standing in stark contrast to the surrounding metropolis and setting a new standard for the postwar art museum. Commissioned to design the building in 1943 by the museum's founding curator, Baroness Hilla von Rebay, Wright established residence in the Plaza Hotel in order to oversee the project. Over the next 17 years, Wright continuously clashed with his clients over the cost and the design, a conflict that extended to the city of New York and its cultural establishment. Against all odds, Wright held fast to his radical design concept of an inverted ziggurat and spiraling ramp, built with a continuous beam--a shape recalling the form of an hourglass. Construction was only completed in 1959, six months after Wright's death. The building's initial critical response ultimately gave way to near-universal admiration, as it came to be seen as an architectural masterpiece. This essential text, offering a behind-the-scenes story of the Guggenheim along with a careful reading of its architecture, is beautifully illustrated with more than 150 images, including plans, drawings, and rare photographs of the building under construction.
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Sfera E Il Labirinto

Author: Manfredo Tafuri

Publisher: MIT Press (MA)

ISBN: 9780262700399

Category: Architecture

Page: 383

View: 2173

"Tafuri's work is probably the most innovative and exciting new form of European theory since French poststructuralism and this book is probably the best introduction to it for the newcomer. ..."
Posted in Architecture

Chamberlin, Powell and Bon

The Barbican and Beyond

Author: Elain Harwood

Publisher: English Heritage

ISBN: 9781859463970

Category: Architecture

Page: 145

View: 4548

Published in association with The Twentieth Century Society and English Heritage.
Posted in Architecture

Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Architecture

Author: Stephen Sennott

Publisher: Taylor & Francis US

ISBN: 9781579584351

Category: Architecture, Modern

Page: 1525

View: 9646

For more information including the introduction, a full list of entries and contributors, a generous selection of sample pages and more, visit the Encyclope dia of 20th Century Architecture website. Focusing on architecture from all regions of the world, this three-volume set profiles the twentieth century's vast chronicle of architectural achievements, both within and well beyond the theoretical confines of modernism. Unlike existing works, this encyclopedia examines the complexities of rapidly changing global conditions that have dispersed modern architectural types, movements, styles, and building practices across traditional geographic and cultural boundaries.
Posted in Architecture, Modern

England

A Guide to Post-war Listed Buildings

Author: Elain Harwood

Publisher: B T Batsford Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 751

View: 331

From humble prefabs to Sheffield’s colossal Park Hill, the number of English buildings listed for their special architectural and historical interest is staggering. All of them appear here, with 350 color photos, right from the very first post-war residence listed: Sir Albert Richardson’s Bracken House. Every region in England is covered, with London divided into 3 areas. The buildings range from traditional works to internationally outstanding modern structures. “[An] excellent introduction...a punchy little book.”—Urban Design.
Posted in Architecture

New Haven, a Guide to Architecture and Urban Design

Author: Elizabeth Mills Brown

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300019933

Category: History

Page: 228

View: 6306

Fifteen tours of the city for pedestrians, cyclists, and motorists and information on cultural history accompany captioned photographs of more than five hundred buildings.
Posted in History

The Art of Immersion: How the Digital Generation Is Remaking Hollywood, Madison Avenue, and the Way We Tell Stories

Author: Frank Rose

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393341259

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 6233

A contributing editor at Wired examines the way entertainment has shifted in the face of new media and discusses the way that people such as Will Wright, James Cameron and Damon Lindelof are changing how we play, relax and think. Reprint.
Posted in Business & Economics

Sanctioning Modernism

Architecture and the Making of Postwar Identities

Author: Timothy Parker,Monica Penick,Vladimir Kulic

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292757255

Category: Architecture

Page: 304

View: 9483

In the decades following World War II, modern architecture spread around the globe alongside increased modernization, urbanization, and postwar reconstruction—and it eventually won widespread acceptance. But as the limitations of conventional conceptions of modernism became apparent, modern architecture has come under increasing criticism. In this collection of essays, experienced and emerging scholars take a fresh look at postwar modern architecture by asking what it meant to be "modern," what role modern architecture played in constructing modern identities, and who sanctioned (or was sanctioned by) modernism in architecture. This volume presents focused case studies of modern architecture in three realms—political, religious, and domestic—that address our very essence as human beings. Several essays explore developments in Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Yugoslavia and document a modernist design culture that crossed political barriers, such as the Iron Curtain, more readily than previously imagined. Other essays investigate various efforts to reconcile the concerns of modernist architects with the traditions of the Roman Catholic Church and other Christian institutions. And a final group of essays looks at postwar homebuilding in the United States and demonstrates how malleable and contested the image of the American home was in the mid-twentieth century. These inquiries show the limits of canonical views of modern architecture and reveal instead how civic institutions, ecclesiastical traditions, individual consumers, and others sought to sanction the forms and ideas of modern architecture in the service of their respective claims or desires to be modern.
Posted in Architecture

Brutalism Resurgent

Author: Julia Gatley,Stuart King

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317228278

Category: Architecture

Page: 148

View: 6698

Brutalism had its origins in béton brut – concrete in the raw – and thus in the post-war work of Le Corbusier. The British architects Alison and Peter Smithson used the term "New Brutalism" from 1953, claiming that if their house in Soho had been built, "it would have been the first exponent of the ‘New Brutalism’ in England". Reyner Banham famously gave the movement a series of characteristics, including the clear expression of a building’s structure and services, and the honest use of materials in their "as-found" condition. The Smithsons and Banham promoted the New Brutalism as ethic rather than aesthetic, privileging truth to structure, materials and services and the gritty reality of the working classes over the concerns of the bourgeoisie. But Brutalist architecture changed as it was taken up by others, giving rise to more sculptural buildings flaunting their raw materials, including off-form concrete, often in conjunction with bold structural members. While Brutalism fell out of vogue in the 1980s, recent years have seen renewed admiration for it. This volume is consistent with this broader resurgence, presenting new scholarship on Brutalist architects and projects from Skopje to Sydney, and from Harvard to Haringey. It will appeal to readers interested in twentieth-century architecture, and modern and post-war heritage. This book was originally published as a special issue of Fabrications: the Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, Australia and New Zealand.
Posted in Architecture

Historical Dictionary of Architecture

Author: Allison Lee Palmer

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442263091

Category: Architecture

Page: 462

View: 4005

This second edition of Historical Dictionary of Architecture contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 400 cross-referenced entries on architects, famous structures, types of materials, and the different architectural styles.
Posted in Architecture

Architectural Principles in the Age of Cybernetics

Author: Christopher Hight

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134173857

Category: Architecture

Page: 240

View: 8437

A theoretical history of anthropomorphism and proportion in modern architecture, this volume brings into focus the discourse around proportion with current problems of post-humanism in architecture alongside the new possibilities made available through digital technologies. The book examines how the body and its ordering has served as a central site of architectural discourse in recent decades, especially in attempts to reformulate architecture’s relationship to humanism, modernism and technology. Challenging some concepts and categories of architectural history and situates current debates within a broader cultural and technological context, Hight makes complex ideas easily accessible. Extensively illustrated and written without academic jargon for an informed but non-specialized architectural audience, this book elucidates the often obscure debates of avant-garde architectural discourse and design, while demonstrating how these debates have affected everyday places and concepts of architecture. As a result, it will appeal to professional architects, academics and students, combining as it does an insightful introduction to the fundamental issues of architectural history and theory over the past fifty years with entirely new formulations of what that history is and means.
Posted in Architecture

Architecture Theory Since 1968

Author: K. Michael Hays

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262581882

Category: Architecture

Page: 807

View: 4299

Forty-seven of the primary texts of contemporary architecture theory, introducing each by detailing the concepts and categories necessary for its understanding and evaluation.
Posted in Architecture

Traumatic Affect

Author: Meera Atkinson,Michael Richardson

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 144385221X

Category: History

Page: 305

View: 3428

Traumatic Affect examines the intersection of trauma theory and affect theory, two areas of crucial relevance to contemporary thought. While both fields continue to offer insights into individual and collective experience, exploring their nexus offers timely and necessary critiques of film, literature, art, culture and politics. This collection of essays by established and emerging thinkers considers the dynamic relations within and between affect and trauma. Varied in style and approach, this volume asks how the relational subject conceived by affect theory might bring into question certain presuppositions common to trauma theory and how the ethical imperatives of trauma might require a rethinking of aspects of affect theory. Thus the contributors reimagine the unrepresentability of trauma, reveal its affective economies, and chart innovative understandings of experiences, embodiments, and events. From the silence into which Walter Benjamin fell after the suicide of his closest friend to the trauma of becoming the emblematic media figure of the London bombings, Traumatic Affect traverses diverse terrain: gesture and the everyday, cinema and torture, art and writing, civility and specters, media representation and Indigenous Australian film. Featuring essays by Shoshana Felman, Karyn Ball, Jennifer L. Biddle, Anna Gibbs, Ben O’Loughlin, Anne Rutherford, Magdalena Zolkos, Aaron Kerner, Ricardo Mbarkho, Jonathan L. Knapp, Michael Richardson and Meera Atkinson, Traumatic Affect ventures into bold new territories at the juncture between trauma and affect, illuminating pressing realities that demand engagement.
Posted in History