Sources of the Self

The Making of the Modern Identity

Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521429498

Category: Philosophy

Page: 613

View: 5689

Charles Taylor's latest book sets out to define the modern identity by tracing its genesis.
Posted in Philosophy

Quellen des Selbst

die Entstehung der neuzeitlichen Identität

Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518288337

Category: Civilization, Modern

Page: 911

View: 7751

Quellen des Selbst bietet eine Geschichte der neuzeitlichen Identität. Mit diesem Ausdruck meint Taylor die Gesamtheit der (weitgehend unformulierten) Auffassungen dessen, was es heißt, ein handelndes menschliches Wesen zu sein - was die im neuzeitlichen Abendland beheimateten Empfindungen der Innerlichkeit, der Freiheit, der Individualität und des Eingebettetseins in die Natur bedeuten. Darüber hinaus zeigt er, wie die Ideale und Verbote dieser Identitätsvorstellung - also was sie hervortreten läßt und was sie in den Schatten rückt - unser philosophisches Denken, unsere Erkenntnistheorie und unsere Sprachphilosophie prägen, ohne daß uns das meistens zum Bewußtsein käme. Schließlich soll diese Darstellung unseres Identitätsbegriffs einem erneuerten Verständnis der Neuzeit als Ausgangspunkt dienen.
Posted in Civilization, Modern

Sources of the Christian Self

A Cultural History of Christian Identity

Author: James M. Houston,Jens Zimmermann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780802876270

Category: Religion

Page: 696

View: 9153

Building on Charles Taylor's Sources of the Self, this book explores lived Christian identity through the ages. Beginning with such Old Testament figures as Abraham, Moses, and Daniel and moving through the New Testament, the early church, the Middle Ages, and onward, 40 short biographical chapters illustrate how Christian identity has been formed by history, society, and God. Among the many historical subjects are Justin Martyr, Augustine, Julian of Norwich, Dante, John Calvin, Teresa of �vila and C. S. Lewis - all of whom boldly lived their Christian identities in the world. Sources of the Christian Self shows how Christian identity has evolved over time and, in so doing, offers deep insight into our own Christian selves today. Contributors include: Markus Bockmuehl, Gerald P. Boersma, Hans Boersma, Julie Canlis, James M. Houston, Jonathan Sing-cheung Li, V. Phillips Long, Howard Louthan, Elizabeth Ludlow, Eleanor McCullough, Stephen Ney, Ryan S. Olson, Steve L. Porter, Iain Provan, Murray Rae, Jonathan Reimer, Ronald T. Rittgers, Sven Soderlund, Janet Martin Soskice, Mikael Tellbe, Colin Thompson, Bruce K. Waltke, Steven Watts, Robyn Wrigley-Carr and Jens Zimmermann.
Posted in Religion

The Ethics of Authenticity

Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674268630

Category: Philosophy

Page: 142

View: 1556

Everywhere we hear talk of decline, of a world that was better once, maybe fifty years ago, maybe centuries ago, but certainly before modernity drew us along its dubious path. While some lament the slide of Western culture into relativism and nihilism and others celebrate the trend as a liberating sort of progress, Charles Taylor calls on us to face the moral and political crises of our time, and to make the most of modernity's challenges. At the heart of the modern malaise, according to most accounts, is the notion of authenticity, of self-fulfillment, which seems to render ineffective the whole tradition of common values and social commitment. Though Taylor recognizes the dangers associated with modernity's drive toward self realization, he is not as quick as others to dismiss it. He calls for a freeze on cultural pessimism. In a discussion of ideas and ideologies from Friedrich Nietzsche to Gail Sheehy, from Allan Bloom to Michel Foucault, Taylor sorts out the good from the harmful in the modern cultivation of an authentic self. He sets forth the entire network of thought and morals that link our quest for self-creation with our impulse toward self-fashioning, and shows how such efforts must be conducted against an existing set of rules, or a gridwork of moral measurement. Seen against this network, our modern preoccupations with expression, rights, and the subjectivity of human thought reveal themselves as assets, not liabilities. By looking past simplistic, one-sided judgments of modern culture, by distinguishing the good and valuable from the socially and politically perilous, Taylor articulates the promise of our age. His bracing and provocative book gives voice to the challenge of modernity, and calls on all of us to answer it.
Posted in Philosophy

Modern Social Imaginaries

Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822332930

Category: Philosophy

Page: 215

View: 8720

DIVAn accounting of the varying forms of social imaginary that have underpinned the rise of Western modernity./div
Posted in Philosophy

New Sources of Self

Pergamon General Psychology Series

Author: T. R. Young

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483158489

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 124

View: 5026

New Sources of Self investigates the self and its origins, functions, development, and expression. A central theme in this book is that the psychobiological capacities of individuals are in the process of being replaced in ""modern"" society by the electromagnetic capacities of technology, by the decision-making and control capacities of business systems, and by the physical capacities of modern industrial machinery. Some of the consequences of this replacement are explored. This monograph is comprised of seven chapters and begins by reexamining the assumption, that self and society are intertwined and challenging the necessity of the social order being the primary source of ""human nature."" The next chapter considers the delineation and measurement of the self-system, the cybernetics of self-control, and the sociological and psychological perspectives of self. The argument that the separation of self and society is tragic is also analyzed, together with some contemporary social movements as ventures in the private construction and private use of self; the processes by which self is linked to social structure and whether these processes are operative in the large-scale organizations typically found in a complex industrial society; and some sources and uses of self. This text will be of interest to sociologists, psychiatrists, clinical and social psychologists, and psychiatric social workers.
Posted in Family & Relationships

The Perceived Self

Ecological and Interpersonal Sources of Self Knowledge

Author: Ulric Neisser

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521030403

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 1241

This book brings different ideas to bear on the classical problem of the self. Self-perception, both ecological and social, is the earliest and most fundamental form of self-knowledge. In his introduction, Ulric Neisser describes the 'ecological self' as based on direct and realistic perception of one's situation in the environment; the 'interpersonal self' as established by social interaction with other people. He argues that both of these 'selves' appear in early infancy, long before anything like a self-concept or a self-narrative is possible. In subsequent chapters, fifteen contributors - psychologists, philosophers and others - elaborate on these notions and introduce related ideas of their own. Their topics range from the perceptual and social development of infants to autism and blindness; from mechanisms of motor control to dance and non-verbal communication. The combined contributions of these leading individuals creates an unusual synthesis of perceptual, social and developmental theory.
Posted in Psychology

Unity of Knowledge and Action, The

Toward a Nonrepresentational Theory of Knowledge

Author: Warren G. Frisina

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791488667

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 3096

Uses the thought of Wang Yang-ming, John Dewey, and Alfred North Whitehead to explain a more coherent theory of knowledge.
Posted in Philosophy

The Nature of the Self

Recognition in the Form of Right and Morality

Author: Paul Cobben

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110219875

Category: Philosophy

Page: 250

View: 6784

The human self is a free self that gets shape in a society in which it is both equal to the others and unique. Therefore, the modern debate on society is dominated by the determination of the relation between right and morality. This work argues that this relation has to be developed as a systematic elaboration of the mind-body-relation
Posted in Philosophy

Ancient Philosophy of the Self

Author: Pauliina Remes,Juha Sihvola

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402085966

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 5092

Pauliina Remes and Juha Sihvola In the course of history, philosophers have given an impressive variety of answers to the question, “What is self?” Some of them have even argued that there is no such thing at all. This volume explores the various ways in which selfhood was approached and conceptualised in antiquity. How did the ancients understand what it is that I am, fundamentally, as an acting and affected subject, interpreting the world around me, being distinct from others like and unlike me? The authors hi- light the attempts in ancient philosophical sources to grasp the evasive character of the specifically human presence in the world. They also describe how the ancient philosophers understood human agents as capable of causing changes and being affected in and by the world. Attention will be paid to the various ways in which the ancients conceived of human beings as subjects of reasoning and action, as well as responsible individuals in the moral sphere and in their relations to other people. The themes of persistence, identity, self-examination and self-improvement recur in many of these essays. The articles of the collection combine systematic and historical approaches to ancient sources that range from Socrates to Plotinus and Augustine.
Posted in Philosophy

The Ageless Self

Sources of Meaning in Late Life

Author: Sharon R. Kaufman

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 9780299108649

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 208

View: 5103

Among the many studies of aging and the aged, there is comparatively little material in which the aged speak for themselves. In this compelling study, Sharon Kaufman encourages just such expression, recording and presenting the voices of a number of old Americans. Her informants tell their life stories and relate their most personal feelings about becoming old. Each story is unique, and yet, presented together, they inevitable weave a clear pattern, one that clashes sharply with much current gerontological thought. With this book, Sharon Kaufman allows us to understand the experience of the aging by listening to the aged themselves. Kaufman, while maintaining objectivity, is able to draw an intimate portrait of her subjects. We come to know these people as individuals and we become involved with their lives. Through their words, we find that the aging process is not merely a period of sensory, functional, economic, and social decline. Old people continue to participate in society, and—more important—continue to interpret their participation in the social world. Through themes constructed from these stories, we can see how the old not only cope with losses, but how they create new meaning as they reformulate and build viable selves. Creating identity, Kaufman stresses, is a lifelong process. Sharon Kaufman's book will be of interest and value not only to students of gerontology and life span development, and to professionals in the field of aging, but to everyone who is concerned with the aging process itself. As Sharon Kaufman says, "If we can find the sources of meaning held by the elderly and see how individuals put it all together, we will go a long way toward appreciating the complexity of human aging and the ultimate reality of coming to terms with one's whole life."
Posted in Family & Relationships

The Ecology of the Self

Relocation and Self-Concept Change

Author: Stefan E. Hormuth

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521324017

Category: Psychology

Page: 218

View: 5217

This 1991 book addresses the question of stability and change in our concepts of ourselves. The self is described as part of an ecological system, seen as a conjunction of other people, environments and objects. These serve as the sources and settings, instruments and symbols of social experience. The external elements of the ecological system are reflected in self-related cognitions: so long as the ecology of the self is stable, the self-concept will likewise achieve stability. Self-concept change, therefore, can be studied from the point of view of change in the relationship between person and environment. Using a multi-method, multi-study approach, Stefan Hormuth takes relocation as his paradigm for assessing the meaning of the physical environment for the self-concept and everyday social behaviour. This book presents results from an original and important research programme which is innovative both theoretically and methodologically.
Posted in Psychology

Stories and Portraits of the Self

Author: Helena Carvalhão Buescu

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9042023287

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 332

View: 7261

In contemporary societies privatization has long ceased to be just an economic concept; rather, it must increasingly be made to refer to the ongoing shrinking of the public space under the impact of the representation of individual lives and images, which cuts across all discourses, genres and media to become one of the primary means of production of culture. This volume is intended to cover such an historical, social and intellectual ground, where self-representation comes to the fore. Targeting mostly an academic readership but certainly also of interest to the general educated public, it collects a wide range of essays dealing with diverse modes of life writing and portraying from a variety of perspectives and focusing on different historical periods and media. It thus offers itself as a major contribution to a better understanding of the world we live in: its past legacy and present configuration.ContentsIntroduction: Signposts of the Self in Modernity Part I. The Representational Dilemma Christopher PRENDERGAST: The Self as a Work of Art: Proust's ScepticismPaulo DE MEDEIROS: (Re-)Constructing, (Re-)Membering Postcolonial Selves Aleksandra PODSIADLIK: `Doing Identity? in Fiction: Identity Construction as a Dialogue between Individuals and Cultural Narratives Clara ROWLAND: Self-Representation and Temporality: `Parabasis? in Guimar'es Rosa's Grande Sert'o: Veredas Daniel ROVERS: New Man: Marie Kessels? Inner Portrait of a Writing Self Gaston FRANSSEN: Good Intentions, Ethical Commitment, and Impersonal Poetry:The Work of Gerrit Kouwenaar Jan RUPP: `For-Getting? Plural Selves: Narrative and Identity in Caryl Phillips's A Distant Shore Lars BERNAERTS: The Straitjacket of Normality. The Interaction with the Psychiatrist in Maurits Dekker's Waarom ik niet krankzinnig benLars DALUM GRANILD: The Self's Struggle for Recognition: August Strindberg and the Other Marinela FREITAS: Unshaded Shadows: Performances of Gender in Emily Dickinson and Luiza Neto Jorge Part II. Signalling Identity Peter BROOKS: The Identity Paradigm Roland GREENE: The Global I Davy VAN OERS: Staining the Past with Ink in Lorenzo Da Ponte's Memorie (1830): The Fallacies of Autobiographical `Writing? Eli PARK SORENSEN: Between Autobiography and Fiction: Narrating the Self in Gabriel Garcia Marquez's Vivir para contarla Mirjam TRUWANT: The Passion of Lena Christ: From Fictionalized Autobiography to Biographical Novel Ricardo GIL SOEIRO: Dreams in the Mirror: George Steiner by George Steiner Part III. Images of the Self Across the Arts Timothy MATHEWS: Reading W. G. Sebald with Alberto Giacometti Paula MOR?O: The Impossible Self-Portrait Anna Viola SBORGI: Between Literature and the Visual Arts: Portraits of the Self in William Carlos Williams, Marianne Moore, and Fernando Pessoa Jakob STOUGAARD-NIELSEN: Photography and Shadow-Writing: Henry James's Revisions of the Self in the New York Edition Patrick VAN ROSSEM: Consumed by the Audience. Inhibition, Fear, and Anxiety in the Oeuvre of Bruce Nauman Anke BROUWERS: There Was Something about Mary: Mary Pickford's Perfect `Little American? Verena-Susanna NUNGESSER: Paint it Red: Death Artistry as a Portrait of the Self
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Pragmatic Liberalism and the Critique of Modernity

Author: Gary Gutting

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521649735

Category: Philosophy

Page: 198

View: 8661

In this book Gary Gutting offers a powerful account of the nature of human reason in modern times. The fundamental question addressed by the book is what authority human reason can still claim once it is acknowledged that our fundamental metaphysical and religious pictures of the world no longer command allegiance. If ethics and science remain sources of authority what is the basis of that authority? Gutting develops answers to these questions through critical analysis of the work of three dominant philosophical voices in our time: Richard Rorty, Alasdair MacIntyre, and Charles Taylor. His own position is defined as 'pragmatic liberalism'.
Posted in Philosophy

Das überreizte Kind

Wie Eltern ihr Kind besser verstehen und zu innerer Balance führen. Mit der weltweit bewährten Methode der Selbstregulierung

Author: Dr. Stuart Shanker

Publisher: Mosaik Verlag

ISBN: 3641183855

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 384

View: 2395

Dr. Stuart Shanker revolutioniert die Erziehung unserer Kinder: Seine Methode der Selbstregulierung ermöglicht Kindern aller Altersstufen – und deren Eltern – zu einer besonderen inneren Balance zu finden, einem Zustand von ruhiger Wachsamkeit. Von klein an wirken zu viele Reize auf sie ein, spätestens ab dem Schulalter sind sie einem oft unvorstellbaren Stress ausgesetzt. Das macht unruhig, unkonzentriert, aggressiv und hyperaktiv. Erwachsene reagieren meist mit einer Forderung nach Gehorsam – was leider nur dazu führt, dass der Druck weiter erhöht wird. Dr. Shankers Methode geht an die Wurzeln und bietet eine wirkliche Lösung. So kann Kindern – vom Kleinkind bis zum Teenager – geholfen werden. Jedem einzelnen.
Posted in Family & Relationships

Self-Efficacy In Nursing

Research and Measurement Perspectives

Author: Elizabeth R. Lenz, RN, PhD, FAAN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826115591

Category: Medical

Page: 128

View: 8625

Self efficacy, or the belief that one can self-manage one's own health, is an important goal of health care providers, particularly in chronic illness. This book explores the concept of self efficacy from theory, research, measurement, and practice perspectives. The core of the book is an international collaboration of nurses from the U.S. and the Netherlands who have developed tools for promoting and measuring self efficacy in diabetes management.
Posted in Medical

Self-Esteem and Positive Psychology, 4th Edition

Research, Theory, and Practice

Author: Christopher J. J. Mruk, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826108997

Category: Psychology

Page: 304

View: 8776

"The author's voice is engaged, authoritative, and convinced of the esential role self-esteem plays in connecting psychological theory to clinical practice, a perspective many readers will welcome....Recommended."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries This new edition of the most comprehensive text available on the theories, research findings, and practice implications of self-esteem represents a major shift in our contemporary understanding of self-esteem and positive psychology. The book has been thoroughly updated to integrate positive psychology themes throughout and explain how self-esteem enhancement interventions fit into evidence-based practice. This insightful work provides scholars, clinicians, and students with both an extensive overview of research and with Mrukís often-cited theoretical framework for self-esteem. Featuring the authorís noted Competence and Worthiness Training program for enhancing self-esteem, this fourth edition reflects changes in the field by also including expanded coverage of: Self-esteem in relationships Validity issues in researching self-esteem The concept of authenticity in the self Self-esteem as a function of motivation and well-being Existentially oriented theory Key Features: Offers the most comprehensive and thorough overview of self-esteem theory and research available Considers self-esteem from personality, human development, and clinical perspectives Contains updated and more integrated coverage of self-esteem as a major element of positive psychology Places clinical practices that enhance self-esteem in the context of evidence-based practice Features expanded coverage of personal relationships, research issues, and well-being in self
Posted in Psychology

The Senses of Humor

Self and Laughter in Modern America

Author: Daniel B. Wickberg

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801454379

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 495

Why do modern Americans believe in something called a sense of humor, and how did they come to that belief? Daniel Wickberg traces the relatively short cultural history of the concept to its British origins as a way to explore new conceptions of the self and social order in modern America. More than simply the history of an idea, Wickberg's study provides new insights into a peculiarly modern cultural sensibility. The expression "sense of humor" was first coined in the 1840s, and the idea that such a sense was a personality trait to be valued developed only in the 1870s. What is the relationship between medieval humoral medicine and this distinctively modern idea of the sense of humor? What has it meant in the past 125 years to declare that someone lacks a sense of humor? Why do modern Americans say it is a good thing not to take oneself seriously? How is the joke, as a twentieth-century quasi-literary form, different from the traditional folktale? Wickberg addresses these questions among others and in the process uses the history of ideas to throw new light on the way contemporary Americans think and speak about humor and laughter. The context of Wickberg's analysis is Anglo-American; the specifically British meanings of humor and laughter from the sixteenth century forward provide the framework for understanding American cultural values in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The genealogy of the sense of humor is, like the study of keywords, an avenue into a significant aspect of the cultural history of modernity. Drawing on a wide range of sources and disciplinary perspectives, Wickberg's analysis challenges many of the prevailing views of modern American culture and suggests a new model for cultural historians.
Posted in History