Theory and Practice in Sociology

Author: Ian Marsh

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317904850

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 2314

Theory and Practise in Sociology provide's students with a comprehensive, clear and accessible introduction to the main methods of research and the main theoretical approaches in sociology, and help's them examine the relationship between methods and theory.
Posted in Social Science

A History of Sociological Research Methods in America, 1920-1960

Author: Jennifer Platt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521646499

Category: History

Page: 333

View: 3507

This is the first book on the general history of US sociological research. It provides systematic archival, documentary, and interview data which question conventional views on research methods, developing our understanding of both the history of social thought, and the settings in which social research is produced.
Posted in History

Social Theory and Social Practice

Author: Hans L. Zetterberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351306189

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 999

Social Theory and Social Practice is a unique effort at applied social theory. Hans L. Zetterberg believes that social research has now advanced so far that social scientists can give advice without being restricted to new research projects. They can use previously proven theories as the basis for sound practical recommendations. This approach has profound implications in the application of social science to problems in business management, labor strife, government decision-making, in such areas as education, health and human welfare. It remains a pioneering discourse for practitioners of social research and social policy. Zetterberg gives a searching review of the various ways in which social practitioners attempt to use the accumulated knowledge of social science. He proceeds with a compact summary of the knowledge of the academicians of social science, noting that practitioners are often unaware of much useful academic knowledge. The process by which this knowledge is transformed into practical advice is spelled out in detail, and is illustrated with examples from an actual consultation about problems faced by an art museum that wanted to increase its audience. Chapter 1 identifies the problem; chapter 2, "The Knowledge of Social Practitioners," outlines practitioners' reliance on scientific knowledge; chapter 3, "The Knowledge of Social Theorists," discusses sociological terms and sociological law; chapter 4, "The Practical Use of Social Theory through Scholarly Consultants," explores the actual specificity of social theory and its uses, while the concluding chapter examines the uses of consultants, covering some prerequisites for the successful use of applied science. The book rejects the widespread view that in order to put social science to use, we have to popularize its content. Zetterberg's approach is rather to translate a client's problem into a powerful theoretical statement, the solution to which is calculated and then presented to the client as down-to-earth advice. This volume will be of immediate interest to scholars in the field of social theory; to consultants and practitioners who give advice on social problems and policy decisions; and to executives who use advice from social scientists.
Posted in Social Science

Sociological Practice

Linking Theory and Social Research

Author: Derek Layder

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 144623682X

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 6462

In this textbook, Derek Layder offers a better understanding of the links between theory and research, and provides an analysis of the relationship between the two. He develops clear usable strategies to encourage theory development in the practical context of social research, and introduces a new approach - adaptive theory - which can be used to generate new theory as well as develop existing theory in conjunction with empirical research. Layder concludes by providing an outline of new rules of sociological method that show how adaptive theory can be put into practice.
Posted in Social Science

Social Research and Reflexivity

Author: Tim May,Beth Perry

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446248151

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 4952

What are the critical gaps in thinking about reflexivity and social research? How is reflexive practice shaped by the contexts and cultures in which researchers work? How might research practice respond to twin demands of excellence and relevance in the knowledge-based economy? Thinking reflexively about the inter-relationships between social research and societal practices is all the more important in the so-called knowledge economy. Developing reflexive practices in social research is not achieved through applying a method. Where and how researchers work is fundamental in shaping the capacities and capabilities to produce research as content and context lie in a dynamic interaction. This book not only provides a history of reflexive thought, but its consequences for the practice of social research and an understanding of the contexts in which it is produced. It provides critical insights into the implications of reflexivity through a discussion of positioning, belonging and degrees of epistemic permeability in disciplines. It is also highly innovative in its suggestions for ways forward in research practice through the introduction of active intermediaries. Overall, the book offers an exciting new position on reflexive research that will generate much debate through its successful achievement of two difficult feats: providing essential reading for orientations on reflexivity and social research in the twenty-first century and making a landmark contribution to thinking and practice in the field. Social Research and Reflexivity is suitable for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates and social researchers in general across a number of disciplines including geography, social research, management and organizations; economics, urban studies, sociology, social policy, anthropology and politics, as well as science and technology studies.
Posted in Social Science

Social Theory and Nursing

Author: Martin Lipscomb

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317287886

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 1294

Despite noteworthy exceptions, nursing’s literature largely disregards the ways in which social and sociological theory permeates, guides and shapes research, education, and practice. Likewise, social theory’s ability to position nursing within wider structures of healthcare and educational provision is similarly and puzzlingly downplayed. The questions nurses ask and the problems they face cannot however, adequately be addressed without engaging with social and sociological theory and, to progress this engagement, contributors to this book explore how social theories are used by and might apply to nursing and nursing practice. The book draws on a wide range of perspectives – philosophical, theoretical, empirical and political – to offer a robust and wide-ranging critique and analysis. Social Theory and Nursing is essential reading for nursing researchers, academics and educators, as well as scholars and researchers in medical sociology, medicine and allied health.
Posted in Social Science

Comparative methodology

theory and practice in international social research

Author: Else Øyen

Publisher: Sage Pubns

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 827

Social scientists are increasingly faced with the need to conduct research on an international scale. Although there is a long-established tradition of comparative research, the design and conduct of cross-national studies continues to present serious theoretical and methodological difficulties. In this book an experienced international team of researchers explores these problems and examines how they have been addressed through specific examples of comparative research. Does comparison across national boundaries present a new set of theoretical, methodological and epistemological challenges; or is it simply a variant (however complex in practice) of other social research? How far can the findings of single-country studies be replicated and validated through cross-national research? Is there a specific comparative methodology? How do the methodological issues of comparative work cut across other debates on method? Do data already available in national and international archives offer a route towards resolving practical problems in comparative research? Exploring these and other issues in comparative methodology, this book will be essential reading for sociologists, political scientists and others engaged in international social research.
Posted in Social Science

Understanding Social Research

Perspectives on Methodology and Practice

Author: George McKenzie,Jane Powell,Robin Usher

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135712263

Category: Education

Page: 245

View: 8597

In 1991 the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) published "Postgraduate Taining Guidelines". Throughout the document emphasis is placed on the need for universities to make postgraduate research students aware of the methodological issues that affect their work.; This text explores the relationship between knowledge, methodology and research practice across the broad spectrum of the social sciences in langage that is accessible to researchers at all levels of their research careers. It follows the themes that there is no single practice or correct methodology, and that the diversity and variety in terms of methodology and disciplinary focus are a sign of the sophistication and complexity of the proceses of social research. The text examines socio-cultural contexts of social research and relates them to contemporary shifts in focus such as feminism, critical theory and postmodernism. The importance of selecting the research methodology most appropriate to the subject discipline concerned is emphasized.
Posted in Education

Social Research

Issues, Methods and Research

Author: May, Tim

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335235670

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 6749

Sociology & anthropology.
Posted in Social Science

Investigative Research

Theory and Practice

Author: Derek Layder

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1526422360

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 7756

With its unique modelling and mapping of social processes, Investigative Research offers an alternative approach to social research. This book guides you through the theoretical grounding and rules you need to effectively combine the evidence-based explanations of social behaviour and distinctive strategies of data collection associated with investigative research. It helps you answer key investigative questions like: How are models and maps of social reality crucial to the formulation of research problems and questions? What are the main phases, challenges, and theories of investigative research? How does investigative research compare with other research approaches, like surveys, case studies, grounded theory, and mixed methods? How can you control the quality and validity of your investigative research? With its clear focus on investigative research exploration, description, and explanation, this book gives you the solid building blocks needed to manage and integrate the theoretical and practical issues in your work.
Posted in Social Science

Social Theory and Education

A Critique of Theories of Social and Cultural Reproduction

Author: Raymond Allen Morrow,Carlos Alberto Torres

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791422519

Category: Education

Page: 517

View: 5852

This book summarizes and critiques theories of social and cultural reproduction as they relate to sociology of education.
Posted in Education

Practice and Research in Social Work

Postmodern Feminist Perspectives

Author: Barbara Fawcett,Brid Featherstone,Jan Fook,Amy Rossiter

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415195119

Category: Social Science

Page: 201

View: 5496

Although postmodernist theory has been related to and explored in sociology and social policy, this book is amongst the first to apply the theories to social work, and relate them to current debates. Contributors come from the UK, Australia, South Africa and Canada and many have professional experience as social workers. They appraise the key issues in the contested field of postmodernism and feminism and focus on their applications to practice, research and education in social work.
Posted in Social Science

Practice Theory and Research

Exploring the dynamics of social life

Author: Gert Spaargaren,Don Weenink,Machiel Lamers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131732644X

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 6058

There has been an upsurge in scholarship concerned with theories of social practices in various fields including sociology, geography and management studies. This book provides a systematic introduction and overview of recent formulations of practice theory organised around three important themes: the importance of analysing the role of the non-human alongside the human; the reflexive nature of social science research; and the dynamics of social change. Combining a rich variety of detailed empirical research examples with discussion of the relevance of practice theories for policy and social change, this book represents an excellent sourcebook for all academic and professional researchers interested in working with practice theory.
Posted in Social Science

Practice, Learning and Change

Practice-Theory Perspectives on Professional Learning

Author: Paul Hager,Alison Lee,Ann Reich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400747748

Category: Education

Page: 292

View: 7825

The three concepts central to this volume—practice, learning and change—have received very different treatments in the educational literature, an oversight directly confronted here. While learning and change have been extensively theorised, their various contexts articulated and analysed, practice is notably underrepresented. Where much of the literature on learning and change takes the notion of ‘practice’ as an unexamined given, its co-location as a term with various classifiers, as in ‘legal practice’ and ‘teaching practice’, render it curiously devoid of semantic force. In this book, ‘practice’ is the super-ordinate organising idea. Drawing on what has been termed the ‘practice turn in contemporary theory’, the work develops a conceptual framework for researching learning in, and on, practice. It challenges received notions of practice, questioning the assumptions, elisions, conflations and silences on the subject. In so doing, it offers fresh insights into learning and change, and how they relate to practice. In tandem with this conceptual work, the book details site-ontological studies of practice and learning in diverse professional and workplace contexts, examining the work of occupations as various as doctors, chefs and orchestral musicians. It demonstrates the value of theorising practice, learning and change, as well as exploring the connections between them amid our evolving social and institutional structures.
Posted in Education

Researching Beneath the Surface

Psycho-social Research Methods in Practice

Author: Simon Clarke,Paul Hoggett

Publisher: Karnac Books

ISBN: 1855756188

Category: Psychology

Page: 274

View: 7793

"This book offers an overview of the rapidly expanding field of psycho-social research. Drawing on aspects of discourse psychology, continental philosophy and anthropological and neuro-scientific understandings of the emotions, psycho-social studies has emerged as an embryonic new paradigm in the human sciences. Psycho-social studies uses psychoanalytic concepts and principles to illuminate core issues within the social sciences." --Book Jacket.
Posted in Psychology

Feminist Research Practice

A Primer

Author: Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483315673

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 6025

The fully revised and updated Second Edition of Feminist Research Practice: A Primer, edited by Sharlene Nagy Hesse-Biber, draws on the expertise of a stellar group of interdisciplinary scholars who cover cutting-edge research methods and explore research questions related to the complex and diverse issues that deeply impact women’s lives. This text offers a unique hands-on approach to research by featuring engaging and relevant exercises as well as behind-the-scenes glimpses of feminist researchers at work. The in-depth examples cover the range of research questions that feminists engage with, including issues of gender inequality, violence against women, body image issues, and the discrimination of other marginalized groups. Written in a clear, concise manner that invites students to explore and practice a wide range of research, the Second Edition offers seven new chapters that reflect the latest scholarship in the field, a stronger focus on ethics, new examples that bring concepts to life, effective learning tools, and more.
Posted in Social Science

Working for Equity in Heterogeneous Classrooms

Sociological Theory in Practice

Author: Elizabeth G. Cohen,Rachel A. Lotan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780807736449

Category: Education

Page: 317

View: 8101

This volume provides the theory and research on which Elizabeth Cohen's Designing Groupwork: Strategies for the Heterogeneous Classroom (1994), was based. It documents, with systematic data collection and analysis, how it is possible to abolish ability grouping without sacrificing the intellectual challenge of the curriculum. This illustration of the practical application of sociological theory and research strategies shows how they can be utilized in reconstructing classrooms to simultaneously achieve goals of equity and development of higher order thinking. The innovation of this approach, Complex Instruction (CI), has a systematic knowledge base that permits examination of implementation, staff development, equal-status interaction, and outcomes of achievement and cognitive development. The work of this group of researchers is testimony to the potential that sociological theory and research have for the field of education.
Posted in Education

Grounded Theory in Practice

Author: Anselm Strauss,Juliet M. Corbin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761907480

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 280

View: 4281

Grounded theory methodology and procedure have become one of the most influential modes of carrying out qualitative research when generating theory is a principle aim of the researcher. This volume presents a series of readings that emphasize different aspects of grounded theory methodology and methods. The selections are written by former students of the late Anselm Strauss and have been chosen for their accessibility and range.
Posted in Family & Relationships

The Practice of Sociology

Author: Maitrayee Chaudhuri

Publisher: Orient Blackswan

ISBN: 9788125025122

Category: Sociology

Page: 435

View: 9346

This book grew out of a need to examine the practice the teaching and research of sociology in India. This need was, in turn, prompted by the experience of the contributors as students and teachers, of the problems of understanding/communicating the connections between sociology and the society in which one lives, and between sociological theory and empirical studies.
Posted in Sociology