Social Control

An Introduction

Author: James J. Chriss

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745638584

Category: Law

Page: 230

View: 6354

James J. Chriss carefully guides readers through the debates about social control. The book provides a comprehensive guide to historical debates and more recent controversies, examining in detail the criminal justice system, medicine, everyday life and national security.
Posted in Law

Crime and Social Control

An Introduction

Author: Robert Douglas White,Santina Perrone

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 8765

Crime and offending behaviour are major issues in society today. The ways in which society responds to crime are likewise a matter of constant public debate. Crime and Social Control introduces the key players in the criminal justice system, shows how state agencies and social institutions respond to (and create) offensive behaviour, surveys the strengths and weaknesses of existing forms and methods of crime control, and describes the development of general theories and practices of criminal justice. The book examines five broad areas of topical concern and interest - policing, courts and sentencing, punishment and prisons, diversion and community-based schemes, and victim services. Each of these areas has been marked by divergent opinion and much public controversy. The book provides an overview of the people and issues associated with each specific form of intervention and practice. In each case, the descriptions of actual processes and agencies are placed in the context of particular criminological perspectives and critiques. One of the messages of the book is that implicit within each institutional sphere are various, often competing, approaches to crime control. A major underlying concern of the book is to expose the politics of social control as this relates to both the formal institutions of criminal justice, and community-based institutions and agencies. Crime and Social Control provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the majorinstitutions and central issues of criminal justice in Australia today. It will be of special interest to criminology, sociology and law students.
Posted in Social Science

Social Control, An Introduction

Sociology, Sociology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1490260986

Category: Education

Page: 65

View: 4512

Facts101 is your complete guide to Social Control, An Introduction. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Posted in Education

Crimes, courts, and corrections

an introduction to crime and social control in Canada

Author: Augustine Brannigan

Publisher: Holt, Rinehart and Winston of Canada

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 274

View: 337

Posted in Law

Social Control in Europe: 1500-1800

Author: Herman Roodenburg

Publisher: Ohio State University Press

ISBN: 0814209688

Category: Social Science

Page: 826

View: 1339

This first volume of a two-volume collection of essays provides a comprehensive examination of the idea of social control in the history of Europe. The uniqueness of these volumes lies in two main areas. First, the contributors compare methods of social control on many levels, from police to shaming, church to guilds. Second, they look at these formal and informal institutions as two-way processes. Unlike many studies of social control in the past, the scholars here examine how individuals and groups that are being controlled necessarily participate in and shape the manner in which they are regulated. Hardly passive victims of discipline and control, these folks instead claimed agency in that process, accepting and resisting -- and thus molding -- the controls under which they functioned. The essays in this volume focus on the interplay of ecclesiastical institutions and the emerging states, examining discipline from a bottom-up perspective. Book jacket.
Posted in Social Science

Social Control

A Survey of the Foundations of Order

Author: Edward Alsworth Ross

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351490443

Category: Psychology

Page: 488

View: 1237

Social Control falls within social psychology, which is the branch of knowledge that deals with the psychic interplay between man and his environment. In Ross' terms, one of these branches, social ascendency, deals with the domination of society over the individual. Another, individual ascendency, embraces such topics as invention, leadership, the role of great men, and deals with the domination of the individual over society.Social ascendency is divided into social infl uence-- mob mind, fashion, convention, custom, public opinion, and the like--and social control. Th e former is occupied with social domination that is without intention or purpose. The latter is concerned with social domination that is intended and that fulfi ls a function in the life of society. At the start of the twentieth century this work played an important role in the origination of social psychology as a distinct field.Ross sought to determine how far the order we see about us is due to infl uences that reach men and women without social intervention. Investigation shows that the personality freely unfolds under conditions of healthy fellowship and may arrive at goodness on its own, and that order is explained partly by this streak in human nature and partly by the infl uence of social surroundings. Ross' book separates the individual's contribution to social order from that of society, and, brings to light everything that is considered in the social contribution of the individual. Th is classic volume is an important contribution to the history of ideas.
Posted in Psychology

Crime and Justice in America

An Introduction to Criminal Justice

Author: Joycelyn M. Pollock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1437735126

Category: Political Science

Page: 436

View: 6864

This book views peacemaking as a broad, encompassing process that is expressed in many different shapes and forms. It blends ancient-wisdom traditions, peacemaking criminology, and restorative justice principles as a way of intervening with offenders in both institutional and community-based settings. Philosophical and spiritual contexts for peacemaking are presented that form a foundation for understanding the potential for peacemaking in criminological thought, the criminal justice system, and society in general.
Posted in Political Science

Images of Deviance and Social Control

A Sociological History

Author: Stephen J. Pfohl

Publisher: McGraw-Hill College

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 402

View: 4547

Posted in Social Science

Modellbildung und Simulation

Eine anwendungsorientierte Einführung

Author: Hans-Joachim Bungartz,Stefan Zimmer,Martin Buchholz,Dirk Pflüger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642376568

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 9594

Dieses Buch gibt eine Einführung in die mathematische und informatische Modellierung sowie in die Simulation als universelle Methodik. Und so geht es um Klassen von Modellen, um deren Herleitung und um die Vielfalt an Beschreibungsarten, die eingesetzt werden können – diskret oder kontinuierlich, deterministisch oder stochastisch. Aber immer geht es auch darum, wie aus unterschiedlichen abstrakten Modellen ganz konkrete Simulationsergebnisse gewonnen werden können. Nach einem kompakten Repetitorium zum benötigten mathematischen Apparat wird das Konzept „Über das Modell zur Simulation" anhand von 14 Szenarien aus den Bereichen „Spielen – entscheiden – planen", „Verkehr auf Highways und Datenhighways", „Dynamische Systeme" sowie „Physik im Rechner" umgesetzt. Ob Spieltheorie oder Finanzmathematik, Verkehr oder Regelung, ob Populationsdynamik oder Chaos, Molekulardynamik, Kontinuumsmechanik oder Computergraphik – der Leser erhält auf anschauliche und doch systematische Weise Einblicke in die Welt der Modelle und Simulationen.
Posted in Computers

Social Policy

An Introduction

Author: Ken Blakemore,Louise Warwick-Booth

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 033524663X

Category: Education

Page: 378

View: 2479

A highly respected introductory textbook to social policy, updated to cover recent developments.
Posted in Education

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 8313

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.
Posted in Political Science

Law and Society

An Introduction

Author: Steven E. Barkan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317346882

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 8811

Law and Society is written to be highly accessible to the average undergraduate student. This multidisciplinary text draws on the work of anthropologists, historians, law professors, political scientists, psychologists, and sociologists to clearly outline how law is an essential social institution that shapes society, while also being shaped by it.
Posted in Social Science

The Finnish Yearbook of International Law 1997

Author: Martti Koskenniemi,Kari Takamaa

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9789041111302

Category: Law

Page: 528

View: 358

Despite its Finnish initiative and pedigrees, "The Finnish Yearbook of International Law" does not restrict itself to purely 'Finnish' topics. On the contrary, it reflects the many connections in law between the national and the international. "The Finnish Yearbook of International Law" annually publishes, in both English and French, articles of high quality dealing with all aspects of international law, including international law aspects of European law, with close attention to developments that affect Finland. Its offerings include: - longer articles of a theoretical nature, exploring new avenues and approaches; - shorter polemics; - commentaries on current international law developments; - book reviews; and - documentation of relevance to Finland's foreign relations not easily available elsewhere. "The Finnish Yearbook" offers a fertile ground for the expression of and reflection on the connections between Finnish law and international law as a whole and insight into the richness of this interaction.
Posted in Law

Die Unsterblichkeit der Henrietta Lacks

Die Geschichte der HeLa-Zellen

Author: Rebecca Skloot

Publisher: Irisiana

ISBN: 3641051754

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 512

View: 8129

Dieses Buch betrifft uns alle Sie waren notwendig, um Fortschritte gegen Krebs und AIDS zu erzielen. Klonen und Genforschung wäre ohne sie nicht möglich gewesen. Kurz: Die größten Erfolge der Medizin der letzten Jahrzehnte basieren auf der Entdeckung der HeLa-Zellen. Hinter dem Kürzel verbirgt sich eine Frau namens Henrietta Lacks. Die Afroamerikanerin aus ärmlichen Verhältnissen starb 1951 jung an Gebärmutterhalskrebs. Zuvor wurden ihr ohne ihr Wissen Zellproben entnommen, die sich überraschenderweise vermehrten. Damit war der entscheidende Durchbruch in der Zellkulturforschung geschafft. Die prämierte Wissenschaftsjournalistin Rebecca Skloot stellt in ihrem brillant verfassten Buch wichtige Jahrzehnte der Medizingeschichte vor und wirft dabei immer wieder ethische Fragen auf. Sie erzählt die tragische Familiengeschichte der Lacks’, die von Rassismus und mangelnden Bildungschancen geprägt ist. Ihr Buch ist eine gekonnte Mischung aus Biografie, Medizingeschichte, Debattenbuch und beachtlichem Enthüllungsjournalismus.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

An Introduction to Sociology

Author: Ken Browne

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745632580

Category: Social Science

Page: 470

View: 3363

Thoroughly revised and fully updated, An Introduction to Sociology gives concise yet comprehensive coverage of all the topics specified by the GCSE examining boards. The second edition was described by the AQA′s Chief Examiner for GCSE Sociology as establishing ′the standard for textbooks at this level′ – this new edition builds on the book′s existing achievements. New material is found throughout the book, including substantive new sections on gender, identity, citizenship, education, new social movements, poverty and the welfare state, religion, the mass media, work and leisure, and population. The book has been carefully designed to support and extend students′ learning. Each chapter begins with a summary of the key issues to be covered, and goes on to highlight important terms, which are then explained in a clear glossary. Summaries at the end of each chapter, a lively range of new activities and discussion points, the use of websites, as well as helpful suggestions for coursework, all add to the book′s value as a learning and teaching resource. Student–friendly cartoons, tables, diagrams, and photographs – and the re–designed internal lay–out – also enliven the text, making sociology seem exciting and relevant to students of all interests and abilities. The new edition of this highly successful textbook will prove invaluable to anyone taking an introductory sociology course, especially at GCSE and related levels. Students taking AS and A–level – as well as Access, nursing, and health and social care courses – will also find the book provides an easy and fun introduction to studying sociology.
Posted in Social Science

An Introduction to Criminological Theory

Author: Marilyn McShane

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135632731

Category: Reference

Page: 300

View: 9196

First Published in 1997. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Posted in Reference

Law and Society

An Introduction

Author: John Harrison Watts,Cliff Roberson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466583290

Category: Law

Page: 350

View: 939

In recent years, legal studies courses have increased the focus on contemporary social issues as part of the curriculum. Law and Society: An Introduction discusses the interface between these two institutions and encourages students in the development of new insights on the topic. The book begins by introducing definitions, classifications, and the concept of the "rule of law." It then explores: Principal legal systems, including common law, civil law, Islamic and socialist systems, and American Indian law Feminist legal theories, critical race theory, and the roles of morality and values in social control The contributions of sociological research and its impact on the law Court systems and procedures, the exclusionary rule, and plea bargaining The nature and process of legislative, administrative, and judicial lawmaking Alternative dispute resolution and international arbitration and mediation The law as a mechanism for social changes, such as those brought on by the 1964 Civil Rights Act Issues related to the legal profession and professional responsibility This text eliminates the need for a separate reader by also discussing controversial legal topics—including affirmative action, education, the death penalty, right to work laws, and abortion. Each chapter builds on the previous ones and includes concrete examples of the issues involved. Enhanced by chapter summaries of salient points, review questions, and practical exercises, the book is designed to encourage students in the development of new insights into the relationships between law and society.
Posted in Law

An Introduction to Sociology

Author: John Lewis Gillin,John Philip Gillin

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: 806

View: 1468

Posted in Sociology