Research policies for the social and behavioral sciences


Author: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service,United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Task Force on Science Policy

Publisher: N.A


Category: Federal aid to research

Page: 229

View: 8249

Posted in Federal aid to research

Annual Report - National Academy of Sciences

Author: National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)

Publisher: National Academies



Page: N.A

View: 2664

Posted in

Reauthorization of the National Science Foundation, 1985

Hearing Before the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate, Ninety-eighth Congress, Second Session ... April 4, 1984

Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Labor and Human Resources

Publisher: N.A



Page: 103

View: 6708

Posted in

Handbook of Cognitive Aging

Interdisciplinary Perspectives

Author: Scott M. Hofer,Duane F Alwin

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 145227892X

Category: Psychology

Page: 744

View: 6264

"Provides a unique perspective. I am particularly impressed with the sections on innovative design and methods to investigate cognitive aging and the integrative perspectives. None of the existing texts covers this material to the same level." —Donna J. La Voie, Saint Louis University "The emphasis on integrating the literature with theoretical and methodological innovations could have a far-reaching impact on the field." —Deb McGinnis, Oakland University The Handbook of Cognitive Aging: Interdisciplinary Perspectives clarifies the differences in patterns and processes of cognitive aging. Along with a comprehensive review of current research, editors Scott M. Hofer and Duane F. Alwin provide a solid foundation for building a multidisciplinary agenda that will stimulate further rigorous research into these complex factors. Key Features Gathers the widest possible range of perspectives by including cognitive aging experts in various disciplines while maintaining a degree of unity across chapters Examines the limitations of the extant literature, particularly in research design and measurement, and offers new suggestions to guide future research Highlights the broad scope of the field with topics ranging from demography to development to neuroscience, offering the most complete coverage available on cognitive aging
Posted in Psychology

Protecting Participants and Facilitating Social and Behavioral Sciences Research

Author: Panel on Institutional Review Boards, Surveys, and Social Science Research,Committee on National Statistics,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309511364

Category: Social Science

Page: 251

View: 9191

Institutional review boards (IRBs) are the linchpins of the protection systems that govern human participation in research. In recent years, high-profile cases have focused attention on the weaknesses of the procedures for protecting participants in medical research. The issues surrounding participants protection in the social, behavioral, and economic sciences may be less visible to the public eye, but they are no less important in ensuring ethical and responsible research. This report examines three key issues related to human participation in social, behavioral, and economic sciences research: (1) obtaining informed, voluntary consent from prospective participants: (2) guaranteeing the confidentiality of information collected from participants, which is a particularly challenging problem in social sciences research; and (3) using appropriate review procedures for “minimal-risk” research. Protecting Participants and Facilitating Social and Behavioral Sciences Research will be important to policy makers, research administrators, research sponsors, IRB members, and investigators. More generally, it contains important information for all who want to unsure the best protection—for participants and researchers alike—in the social, behavioral, and economic sciences.
Posted in Social Science

Communicating Uncertainty

Media Coverage of New and Controversial Science

Author: Sharon M. Friedman,Sharon Dunwoody,Carol L. Rogers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0805827277

Category: Education

Page: 277

View: 5878

This work explores scientific uncertainty and media coverage of science in such major public issues as AIDS, biotechnology, dioxin, global warming, and nature vs nurture.
Posted in Education

An Assessment of Research-Doctorate Programs in the United States

Social and Behavioral Sciences

Author: Committee on an Assessment of Quality-Related Characteristics of Research-Doctorate Programs in the United States

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309540968

Category: Education

Page: 241

View: 1580

Posted in Education

Milestones and Millstones

Social Science at the National Science Foundation, 1945-1991

Author: Otto N. Larsen

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412828628

Category: Education

Page: 285

View: 1190

From the 1960s onwards, the clothing industry in the Netherlands and elsewhere in the European Union, experienced a deep crisis. Numerous went bankrupt and, even more so, workers lost their jobs. Imports from low wage countries started providing the bulk of retailers' collections. In the high wage economy of the Netherlands there seemed to be no more room for labour intensive industry such as clothing. However, in the 1980s a surprising development took place. In Amsterdam, a substantial number of new small clothing firms were established, focusing on short-cycle fashion production. Most of these firms were run by Turkish immigrants. During the 1990s, most of these firms disappeared again. At the same time the pattern of imports changed as well, with nearby countries in the Mediterranean region and Eastern Europe increasing their share of the fashionable clothing market. Migration and fashion played an important role in these processes. In this study, Stephan Raes analyses these developments and tries to explain why they occurred. He offers an elaborate multilevel theoretical framework to deal with the changes in the spatial organization of clothing supply. His analysis shows how large retailers have become the most powerful players in the Dutch clothing sector, and how the changes in the spatial pattern of clothing supply have to be understood against the changing logistics of their sourcing. The study takes us from the history of the Dutch clothing industry in the 19th century, to the detailed description of migrants entrepreneurs in the sector, and the changes in trade patterns. It focuses on the interaction of retailers with other actors in the sector, such as suppliers, consumers and governments. Finally, it takes places these developments against the background of transformations in the political economy of the Netherlands and Turkey.
Posted in Education

The Behavioral and Social Sciences

Achievements and Opportunities

Author: Committee on Basic Research in the Behavioral and Social Sciences,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309542782

Category: Science

Page: 279

View: 9823

This volume explores the scientific frontiers and leading edges of research across the fields of anthropology, economics, political science, psychology, sociology, history, business, education, geography, law, and psychiatry, as well as the newer, more specialized areas of artificial intelligence, child development, cognitive science, communications, demography, linguistics, and management and decision science. It includes recommendations concerning new resources, facilities, and programs that may be needed over the next several years to ensure rapid progress and provide a high level of returns to basic research.
Posted in Science

Communicating Science and Engineering Data in the Information Age

Author: Panel on Communicating National Science Foundation Science and Engineering Information to Data Users,Committee on National Statistics,Computer Science and Telecommunications Board,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309222095

Category: Computers

Page: 122

View: 625

The National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) of the National Science Foundation (NSF) communicates its science and engineering (S&E) information to data users in a very fluid environment that is undergoing modernization at a pace at which data producer dissemination practices, protocols, and technologies, on one hand, and user demands and capabilities, on the other, are changing faster than the agency has been able to accommodate. NCSES asked the Committee on National Statistics and the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board of the National Research Council to form a panel to review the NCSES communication and dissemination program that is concerned with the collection and distribution of information on science and engineering and to recommend future directions for the program. Communicating Science and Engineering Data in the Information Age includes recommendations to improve NCSES's dissemination program and improve data user engagement. This report includes recommendations such as NCSES's transition to a dissemination framework that emphasizes database management rather than data presentation, and that NCSES analyze the results of its initial online consumer survey and refine it over time. The implementation of the report's recommendations should be undertaken within an overall framework that accords priority to the basic quality of the data and the fundamentals of dissemination, then to significant enhancements that are achievable in the short term, while laying the groundwork for other long-term improvements.
Posted in Computers

Providing National Statistics on Health and Social Welfare Programs in an Era of Change:

Summary of a Workshop

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309060400

Category: Social Science

Page: 72

View: 928

Posted in Social Science

Investing in Research Infrastructure in the Behavioral and Social Sciences

Author: Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309062489

Category: Social Science

Page: 36

View: 2501

Posted in Social Science

Using the American Community Survey for the National Science Foundation's Science and Engineering Workforce Statistics Programs

Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on National Statistics,Panel on Assessing the Benefits of the American Community Survey for the NSF Division of Science Resources Statistics

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309178341

Category: Social Science

Page: 102

View: 4173

The National Science Foundation (NSF) has long collected information on the number and characteristics of individuals with education or employment in science and engineering and related fields in the United States. An important motivation for this effort is to fulfill a congressional mandate to monitor the status of women and minorities in the science and engineering workforce. Consequently, many statistics are calculated by race or ethnicity, gender, and disability status. For more than 25 years, NSF obtained a sample frame for identifying the target population for information it gathered from the list of respondents to the decennial census long-form who indicated that they had earned a bachelors or higher degree. The probability that an individual was sampled from this list was dependent on both demographic and employment characteristics. But, the source for the sample frame will no longer be available because the census long-form is being replaced as of the 2010 census with the continuous collection of detailed demographic and other information in the new American Community Survey (ACS). At the request of NSF's Science Resources Statistics Division, the Committee on National Statistics of the National Research Council formed a panel to conduct a workshop and study the issues involved in replacing the decennial census long-form sample with a sample from the ACS to serve as the frame for the information the NSF gathers. The workshop had the specific objective of identifying issues for the collection of field of degree information on the ACS with regard to goals, content, statistical methodology, data quality, and data products.
Posted in Social Science

Writing Successful Grant Proposals from the Top Down and Bottom Up

Author: Robert J. Sternberg

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412999286

Category: Psychology

Page: 355

View: 9117

Witten by well-respected editors with proven success in grant writing, this book will provide comprehensive advice on how to build a successful grant proposal, from the top down and from the bottom up. The book provides advice on planning, executing, submitting, and revising grant proposals in order to maximize their chances of success. Features: · Explores general strategies and tactics including laying the groundwork, follow-up, attracting colleagues to participate, revisions, and resubmissions · Examines key mistakes that grant-proposers often make and offers suggestions for how to avoid them · Includes tips for writing specific proposal for various agencies
Posted in Psychology

Social Science and Government

Policies and problems

Author: A. B. Cherns,W. I. Jenkins,R. Sinclair

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136444610

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 3048

Tavistock Press was established as a co-operative venture between the Tavistock Institute and Routledge & Kegan Paul (RKP) in the 1950s to produce a series of major contributions across the social sciences. This volume is part of a 2001 reissue of a selection of those important works which have since gone out of print, or are difficult to locate. Published by Routledge, 112 volumes in total are being brought together under the name The International Behavioural and Social Sciences Library: Classics from the Tavistock Press. Reproduced here in facsimile, this volume was originally published in 1972 and is available individually. The collection is also available in a number of themed mini-sets of between 5 and 13 volumes, or as a complete collection.
Posted in Social Science

The Invention of International Relations Theory

Realism, the Rockefeller Foundation, and the 1954 Conference on Theory

Author: Nicolas Guilhot

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023152644X

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 9139

The 1954 Conference on Theory, sponsored by the Rockefeller Foundation, featured a who's who of scholars and practitioners debating the foundations of international relations theory. Assembling his own team of experts, all of whom have struggled with this legacy, Nicolas Guilhot revisits a seminal event and its odd rejection of scientific rationalism. Far from being a spontaneous development, these essays argue, the emergence of a "realist" approach to international politics, later codified at the conference, was deliberately triggered by the Rockefeller Foundation. The organization was an early advocate of scholars who opposed the idea of a "science" of politics, pursuing, for the sake of disciplinary autonomy, a vision of politics as a prerational and existential dimension that could not be "solved" by scientific means. As a result, this nascent theory was more a rejection of behavioral social science than the birth of one of its specialized branches. The archived conversations reproduced here, along with unpublished papers by Hans Morgenthau, Reinhold Niebuhr, and Paul Nitze, speak to this defensive stance. International relations theory is critically linked to the context of postwar liberalism, and the contributors explore how these origins have played out in political thought and American foreign policy.
Posted in Political Science

Research Doctorate Programs in the United States:

Continuity and Change

Author: Committee for the Study of Research-Doctorate Programs in the United States,National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309050944

Category: Education

Page: 768

View: 1170

Doctoral programs at U.S. universities play a critical role in the development of human resources both in the United States and abroad. This volume reports the results of an extensive study of U.S. research-doctorate programs in five broad fields: physical sciences and mathematics, engineering, social and behavioral sciences, biological sciences, and the humanities. Research-Doctorate Programs in the United States documents changes that have taken place in the size, structure, and quality of doctoral education since the widely used 1982 editions. This update provides selected information on nearly 4,000 doctoral programs in 41 subdisciplines at 274 doctorate-granting institutions. This volume also reports the results of the National Survey of Graduate Faculty, which polled a sample of faculty for their views on the scholarly quality of program faculty and the effectiveness of doctoral programs in preparing research scholars/scientists. This much-anticipated update of such an essential reference will be useful to education administrators, university faculty, and students seeking authoritative information on doctoral programs.
Posted in Education

Science, Technology, and Society

A Sourcebook on Research and Practice

Author: David D. Kumar,Daryl E. Chubin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306461736

Category: Education

Page: 308

View: 2825

This volume will take a comprehensive view of STS education, the goals of which are manifold, and include making science and technology literacy available for all Americans, preparing those not bound for college to compete successfully in an increasingly science-and technology-oriented global market, and equipping the average person with the information necessary for making informed personal and policy decisions concerning the role of science and technology in society.
Posted in Education