Shifting Cultivation and Environmental Change

Indigenous People, Agriculture and Forest Conservation

Author: Malcolm F. Cairns

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317750195

Category: Nature

Page: 1032

View: 5348

Shifting cultivation is one of the oldest forms of subsistence agriculture and is still practised by millions of poor people in the tropics. Typically it involves clearing land (often forest) for the growing of crops for a few years, and then moving on to new sites, leaving the earlier ground fallow to regain its soil fertility. This book brings together the best of science and farmer experimentation, vividly illustrating the enormous diversity of shifting cultivation systems as well as the power of human ingenuity. Some critics have tended to disparage shifting cultivation (sometimes called 'swidden cultivation' or 'slash-and-burn agriculture') as unsustainable due to its supposed role in deforestation and land degradation. However, the book shows that such indigenous practices, as they have evolved over time, can be highly adaptive to land and ecology. In contrast, 'scientific' agricultural solutions imposed from outside can be far more damaging to the environment and local communities. The book focuses on successful agricultural strategies of upland farmers, particularly in south and south-east Asia, and presents over 50 contributions by scholars from around the world and from various disciplines, including agricultural economics, ecology and anthropology. It is a sequel to the much praised "Voices from the Forest: Integrating Indigenous Knowledge into Sustainable Upland Farming" (RFF Press, 2007), but all chapters are completely new and there is a greater emphasis on the contemporary challenges of climate change and biodiversity conservation.
Posted in Nature

Agriculture and Environmental Change

Temporal and Spatial Dimensions

Author: A. M. Mannion

Publisher: John Wiley & Son Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 405

View: 2714

This textbook defines the complex nature of agriculture in the context of environmental constraints and social stimuli. Attention is paid to plant and animal domestication, and to the subsequent spread of agricultural systems worldwide.
Posted in Science

Shifting Cultivation and Secondary Succession in the Tropics

Author: Albert O. Aweto

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1780640439

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 196

View: 2750

Shifting cultivation is the predominant system of arable farming in the humid and sub-humid tropics, where several hundred million people depend on this system of agriculture for their livelihood. This book documents and systematizes findings in shifting cultivation from over the last six decades, including characterizing secondary succession and relating the changes that fallow vegetation undergoes to the process of soil fertility restoration. This book is essential reading for researchers and students of tropical agriculture and related areas.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Shifting Cultivation in Northern Thailand

Possibilities for Development

Author: Terry B. Grandstaff

Publisher: United Nations Univ

ISBN: N.A

Category: Agricultura

Page: 44

View: 372

Posted in Agricultura

Shifting Cultivation Policies

Balancing Environmental and Social Sustainability

Author: Malcolm Cairns

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 1786391791

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1115

View: 3022

Shifting cultivation supports around 200 million people in the Asia-Pacific region alone. It is often regarded as a primitive and inefficient form of agriculture that destroys forests, causes soil erosion and robs lowland areas of water. These misconceptions and their policy implications need to be challenged. Swidden farming could support carbon sequestration and conservation of land, biodiversity and cultural heritage. This comprehensive analysis of past and present policy highlights successes and failures and emphasizes the importance of getting it right for the future. This book is enhanced with supplementary resources. The addendum chapters can be found at: www.cabi.org/openresources/91797
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Aufstieg und Niedergang von Nationen

ökonomisches Wachstum, Stagflation und soziale Starrheit

Author: Mancur Olson

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161485237

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 328

View: 6083

Posted in Business & Economics

Explaining Human Actions and Environmental Changes

Author: Andrew P. Vayda

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780759119000

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 2221

In this selection of essays from the past two decades, Vayda focuses on research and explanation concerned with causes of concrete events, especially human actions and the environmental changes brought about by them.
Posted in Social Science

The Hoe and the Axe

An Ethnohistory of Shifting Cultivation in Eastern India

Author: Ajay Pratap

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 157

View: 4669

This Study Is The First Ever Comprehensive Attempt In India To Tackle The Archaeology Of Shifting Cultivation. It Will Be Of Interest To Archaeologists, Anthropologists, Historians, Agricultural Scientists, Administrators And Policy Planners.
Posted in History

Biodiversity, Communities and Climate Change

Author: Chandra Prakash Kala,Chandra Shekhar Silori

Publisher: The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI)

ISBN: 817993442X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 354

View: 8348

Biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of natural resources has remained one of the key challenges for development agencies and concerned stakeholders for decades together. The huge threat of climate change has only added to this complexity. In this context, the present book Biodiversity, Community, and Climate Change is designed to help in guiding the various principles of biodiversity conservation, effects of climate change and role of communities at various levels and landscapes. A total of 19 chapters are covered in this book and they encompass a wide range of topics including tools of biodiversity assessment ranging from conventional ecological and social survey methods to the use of latest technology such as Geographical Information System (GIS) and remote sensing.
Posted in Business & Economics

Pioneer Shifting Cultivation in Calminor, Philippines

Sustainability Or Degradation from Changing Human-ecosystem Interactions?

Author: Sam Fujisaka,Ana Doris Capistrano

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 158

View: 6392

Posted in

Shifting Cultivation in Lao PDR

An Overview of Land Use and Policy Initiatives

Author: Pheng Souvanthong

Publisher: IIED

ISBN: N.A

Category: Forest policy

Page: 38

View: 910

Posted in Forest policy

Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems

Author: John M. Kimble,Bobby A. Stewart

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566704854

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 456

View: 7177

Tropical ecosystems - the regions between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn - play an important role in global processes, economic issues, and political concerns. In their natural state, tropical ecosystems support a large quantity of above- and below-ground biomass, and constitute a major part of the terrestrial carbon pool. Conversion of the natural ecosystem to agriculture and forestry ecosystems disturbs this ecological balance. Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems presents data on carbon pool fluxes from case studies in 12 countries in tropical regions. The chapters cover: Characteristics of tropical ecosystems Soil and biotic carbon pools Impacts of land use and soil management Slash-and-burn practices Crop residue and fertility management This volume adds to the understanding of pedospheric processes in tropical ecosystems and how to better use soils as a sink for carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. With Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems you will understand the link between soil productivity, environmental quality and the global carbon cycle, not only in these ecologically sensitive regions but worldwide.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Population, Land Management, and Environmental Change

UNU Global Environmental Forum IV

Author: Juha I. Uitto,Akiko Ono

Publisher: United Nations Univ

ISBN: 9789280809565

Category: Agricultural ecology

Page: 89

View: 436

Agricultural development that is environmentally, socially, economically, and culturally sustainable is essential for food production of the increasing world population, and the very future of mankind. The issues pertaining to the so-called population-environmental nexus are at the heart of the current debate on sustainable development. It is argued that while on a global scale population growth is one of the main driving forces of environmental change, there are significant local variations in the interrelationship between people, food production, and environmental change. This publication is base on the UNU Global Environmental Forum, which brought together leading scholars from both the South and the North to address the issues of population, land management, and environmental change. The authors draw extensively upon field research carried out in the tropical and subtropical regions of South-East Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, and the Amazon. the agricultural ecosystems; indigenous knowledge in the sustainable management of biological and land resources; the role of women; and participatory approaches to rural development. It is realized that a large part of the problem of conservation of biological diversity lies outside of the protected areas, in agricultural areas where pressures have led to often detrimental changes in the production processes and the environment. It is argued that indigenous production systems are often highly adaptive to the local ecological and socio-economic conditions, and can be sustainable if given the chance.
Posted in Agricultural ecology

Population Growth, Shifting Cultivation, and Unsustainable Agricultural Development

A Case Study in Madagascar

Author: Andrew Keck,Narendra P. Sharma,Gershon Feder

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821327937

Category: Social Science

Page: 63

View: 5958

World Bank Discussion Paper 234. This study of a microregion of Madagascar illustrates the important relationships between population growth, unsustainable agriculture, and natural resource decline. It shows how agricultural development has been ha
Posted in Social Science