Sharing Transboundary Resources

International Law and Optimal Resource Use

Author: Eyal Benvenisti

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521640985

Category: Law

Page: 276

View: 7231

Why do states often fail to cooperate, using transboundary natural resources inefficiently and unsustainably? This book, first published in 2002, examines the contemporary international norms and policy recommendations that could provide incentives for states to cooperate. Its approach is multi-disciplinary, proposing transnational institutions for the management of transboundary resources. Benvenisti takes a fresh approach to the problem, considering mismanagement as the link between domestic and international processes. As well, he explores reasons why some collective efforts to develop the international law on transnational ecosystems have failed, while others succeeded. This inquiry suggests that adjudicators need to be assertive in progressively developing the law, while relying on scientific knowledge more than on past practice. Global water policy issues seem set to remain a cause for concern for the foreseeable future; this study provides a new approach to the problem of freshwater, and will interest international environmentalists and lawyers, and international relations scholars and practitioners.
Posted in Law

The Impact of International Law on International Cooperation

Theoretical Perspectives

Author: Eyal Benvenisti,Moshe Hirsch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139456067

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 7080

This 2004 book aims at advancing our understanding of the influences international norms and international institutions have over the incentives of states to cooperate on issues such as environment and trade. Contributors adopt two different approaches in examining this question. One approach focuses on the constitutive elements of the international legal order, including customary international law, soft law and framework conventions, and on the types of incentives states have, such as domestic incentives and reputation. The other approach examines specific issues in the areas of international environment protection and international trade. The combined outcome of these two approaches is an understanding of the forces that pull states toward closer cooperation or prevent them from doing so, and the impact of different types of international norms and diverse institutions on the motivation of states. The insights gained suggest ways for enhancing states' incentives to cooperate through the design of norms and institutions.
Posted in Law

Transboundary Water Resources in the Balkans

Initiating a Sustainable Co-operative Network

Author: Jacques Ganoulis,I.L. Murphy,Mitja Brilly

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401143676

Category: Science

Page: 254

View: 5546

A source of up-to-date information on current water resources, their quality and quantity, in every country in the Balkans. Institutional structures, water management issues and water monitoring problems are analyzed, with special reference to international waters, using characteristic case studies, including the Sava River, Lake Ohrid, The Nestos/Mesta River, the Neretva River estuary, and coastal waters in Turkey. Contributions written by experts from France, the UK and the USA demonstrate state-of-the-art electronic networking and the management of distributed water databases. The protection of water resources in the Balkans has become a high profile issue since the collapse of communism in the area, the break up of former Yugoslavia, and ethnic tensions in Kosovo. Transboundary river pollution and the development of international water basins call demand urgent regional co-operation, which will be facilitated by the International Network of Water-Environment Centres for the Balkans, the initiation of which is described in the final conclusions of the book.
Posted in Science

Recasting Transboundary Fisheries Management Arrangements in Light of Sustainability Principles

Canadian and International Perspectives

Author: Dawn A. Russell,David L. VanderZwaag

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004174400

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 544

View: 1647

This volume reviews and critiques efforts to recast governance of marine fisheries on the basis of sustainability principles (e.g., precautionary and ecosystem approaches), with a focus on Canada’s transboundary fisheries management arrangements, and surveys international laws and policy developments governing transboundary fisheries.
Posted in Business & Economics

Water Resources in the Middle East

Israel-Palestinian Water Issues – From Conflict to Cooperation

Author: Hillel Shuval,Hassan Dweik

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540695095

Category: Science

Page: 454

View: 5010

This book presents various approaches to the resolution of the severe water resource issues of the Middle East, with particular emphasis on the Israeli-Palestinian water conflicts. The authors include leading Palestinian and Israeli water experts who have worked together on joint research projects aimed at building up mutual understanding and respect. The studies consider the various approaches that could be used to improve cooperation and solve the problems arising from conflicting interests.
Posted in Science

Model Water Sharing Agreements for the Twenty-First Century

Author: Stephen E. Draper

Publisher: ASCE Publications

ISBN: 9780784475157

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 184

View: 9483

Sponsored by the Task Committee for the Shared Use of Transboundary Water Resources of the Environmental and Water Resources Institute and the Laws and Institutions Committee of ASCE. This report proposes clear standards and principles for effective and efficient water sharing among two or more autonomous political bodies. Drawing from existing transboundary agreements, this report presents a series of model codes that could limit the potential for conflict while providing an appropriate balance among efficient use of the water resource for economic purposes, public health, and ecological protection. Three model agreements are presented for use according to the willingness of the parties to forgo sovereignty. All three models?coordination and cooperation, limited purpose, and comprehensive management?focus on the allocation and use of shared waters and on resolving conflicts involving such waters. These three water sharing agreements can be used within the United States and, with minor alterations, in the international arena.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Freshwater Access from a Human Rights Perspective

A Challenge to International Water and Human Rights Law

Author: Knut Bourquain

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004169547

Category: Political Science

Page: 258

View: 6921

Insufficient access to a basic water supply is not an unavoidable consequence of water scarcity. In fact, arid countries possess enough resources to fulfil the basic water needs of their populations and there are people in water rich countries suffering from water stress, too. Thus, insufficient freshwater access mainly can be seen as a problem of allocation and mismanagement. This book comprehensively analyses the appropriateness of a human rights-based approach in safeguarding basic water supplies and determines its legal basis in international law. Arriving at the conclusion that international water law does not adequately consider individual water needs, the study identifies applicable human rights and examines the concrete standard of protection they provide. In view of the deficits of current international water and human rights law, the study discusses concepts deemed to strengthen a human rights-based approach to freshwater access by considering both their formal legal appropriateness as well as their suitability in legal reality.
Posted in Political Science

Transboundary natural resources conflict management in southern Africa

Author: IUCN Regional Office for Southern Africa,Southern Africa Network for Transboundary Natural Resources Management

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Natural resources

Page: 116

View: 8594

"Southern Africa Network for Transboundary Natural Resources Management"--Cover.
Posted in Natural resources

Handshake Across the Jordan: Water and Understanding

International Conference, 26.9. - 28.9.2010, Pella, Jordanien

Author: Markus Aufleger,Michael Mett

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 390271994X

Category: Water conservation

Page: 285

View: 5936

Posted in Water conservation

A Twenty-First Century U.S. Water Policy

Author: Juliet Christian-Smith,Peter H. Gleick,Heather Cooley,Lucy Allen,Amy Vanderwarker,Kate A. Berry

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199939381

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 4111

It is zero hour for a new US water policy! At a time when many countries are adopting new national approaches to water management, the United States still has no cohesive federal policy, and water-related authorities are dispersed across more than 30 agencies. Here, at last, is a vision for what we as a nation need to do to manage our most vital resource. In this book, leading thinkers at world-class water research institution the Pacific Institute present clear and readable analysis and recommendations for a new federal water policy to confront our national and global challenges at a critical time. What exactly is at stake? In the 21st century, pressures on water resources in the United States are growing and conflicts among water users are worsening. Communities continue to struggle to meet water quality standards and to ensure that safe drinking water is available for all. And new challenges are arising as climate change and extreme events worsen, new water quality threats materialize, and financial constraints grow. Yet the United States has not stepped up with adequate leadership to address these problems. The inability of national policymakers to safeguard our water makes the United States increasingly vulnerable to serious disruptions of something most of us take for granted: affordable, reliable, and safe water. This book provides an independent assessment of water issues and water management in the United States, addressing emerging and persistent water challenges from the perspectives of science, public policy, environmental justice, economics, and law. With fascinating case studies and first-person accounts of what helps and hinders good water management, this is a clear-eyed look at what we need for a 21st century U.S. water policy.
Posted in Political Science

Managing Transboundary Stocks of Small Pelagic Fish

Problems and Options

Author: Max Agüero,Exequiel Gonzalez

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821336595

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 40

View: 4280

This booklet examines the efforts of Bangladesh, Malawi, and Pakistan to increase the number of girls in school. These three countries have severe problems of access to education, ranking in the bottom third of developing countries on UNESCO's Basic Education Index. The document addresses several issues, including how governments grapple with the deep-seated cultural, institutional, and political factors that underlie the gender disparity in access to school, how parents and communities feel about these attempts, and what impact the reform efforts have on the people involved in managing and running the school system. It also follows the lives of some of the girls who have benefited from the reforms.
Posted in Business & Economics

Recent Developments in the Law of the Sea

Author: Rainer Lagoni,Peter Ehlers,Marian Paschke

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643109466

Category: Law

Page: 241

View: 8619

New developments in the uses of the sea have given rise to new questions in the law of the sea since the beginning of the second millennium, and there are international endeavors to revise certain issues of maritime law. The Seminar, papers of which are collected in this volume, dealt with some examples of these developments. Participants were doctoral candidates of the International Max Planck Research School for Maritime Affairs and students of the University of Hamburg. Addressed are the internationalization of marine natural resources, the audit system of flag State's obligations, rights of land-locked and geographically disadvantaged States in the EEZ, the reform of the European fisheries policy and finally the Rotterdam Rules which are deemed to alter the carrier's obligations in the law of maritime transport. A report of the Seminar's excursion to several maritime institutions in New York City is also included.
Posted in Law

Transboundary Water Resources Management

A Multidisciplinary Approach

Author: Jacques Ganoulis,Alice Aureli,Jean Fried

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527636668

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 531

Based on an international symposium addressing a key issue in global development, this reference includes both the latest methodologies for and practical examples of effective management of transboundary water resources. Its multidisciplinary approach combines hydrology and environmental science with economic and political approaches, in line with new UNESCO and EU recommendations, which have been formulated and implemented with the active involvement of all three editors. By providing a theoretical framework as well as abundant case studies from southern Europe, Africa, Asia and South America, this handbook provides hydrologists, geologists, engineers and decision-makers with all the knowledge they need for their daily work.
Posted in Science

Cooperation in the Law of Transboundary Water Resources

Author: Christina Leb

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107276829

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 8904

Climate change, population growth and the increasing demand for water are all capable of leading to disputes over transboundary water systems. Dealing with these challenges will require the enhancing of adaptive capacity, the improving of the quality of water-resources management and a reduction in the risk of conflict between riparian states. Such changes can only be brought about through significant international cooperation. Christina Leb's analysis of the duty to cooperate and the related rights and obligations highlights the interlinkages between this duty and the principles of equitable and reasonable utilisation and the prevention of transboundary harm. In doing so, she considers the law applicable to both international watercourses and transboundary aquifers, and explores the complementarities and interaction between the rules of international water law and the related obligations of climate change and human rights law.
Posted in Law

Conflict and Cooperation on Trans-Boundary Water Resources

Author: Richard E. Just,Sinaia Netanyahu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792381068

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 432

View: 3596

This book demonstrates what the discipline of economics has to offer as support for analyzing cooperation on management of trans-boundary water resources. It also considers what the discipline of economics has to acquire to become a more effective contributor to trans-boundary water resource management given political, legal, social, physical, scientific, and ecological realities. This book has its genesis in a symposium of the International Water and Resource Economics Consortium held at Annapolis, Maryland, April 13-16, 1997. The symposium was organized by the editors and the book contains papers presented at the symposium with subsequent revisions. The symposium brought together both economists and agency management personnel for the purpose of discussing not only how economic tools apply to trans-boundary water management, but also of identifying the obstacles to making such tools useful and informative to politicians and negotiators in public decision making roles. INTERNATIONAL VERSUS DOMESTIC TRANS-BOUNDARY PROBLEMS Trans-boundary water problems arise in many dimensions. The two most important types of problems emphasized in this book are international and domestic interstate or interregional problems. Cooperation on international problems is especially difficult because enforcement must be voluntary given the sovereignty of nations and the absence of an effective legal enforcement mechanism. Agreements must be sustainable and self-enforced if they are to have lasting benefits. Every negotiating country must be convinced it will receive benefits before it gives its consent to cooperation. In the absence of enforceable agreements, trans-boundary (i. e.
Posted in Business & Economics

Maritime Boundaries

World Boundaries

Author: Gerald H. Blake

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134880499

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 8046

The global political map is undergoing a process of rapid change as former states disintegrate and new states emerge. At sea, boundary delimitation between coastal states is continuing unabated. These changes could pose a threat to world peace if they are not wisely negotiated and carefully managed. Maritime Boundaries presents a variety of cases illustrating the implications of recent approaches to maritime territorial juristiction.
Posted in Science

Climate Change and Sustainable Development

Ethical Perspectives on Land Use and Food Production : EurSAFE 2012, Tübingen, Germany, 30 May-2 June 2012

Author: European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics. Congress

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9086867537

Category: Science

Page: 526

View: 5713

Climate change is a major framing condition for sustainable development of agriculture and food. Global food production is a major contributor to global greenhouse gas emissions and at the same time it is among the sectors worst affected by climate change.This book brings together a multidisciplinary group of authors exploring the ethical dimensions of climate change and food. Conceptual clarifications provide a necessary basis for putting sustainable development into practice. Adaptation and mitigation demand altering both agricultural and consumption practices. Intensive vs. extensive production is reassessed with regard to animal welfare, efficiency and environmental implications. Property rights pay an ever-increasing role, as do shifting land-use practices, agro-energy, biotechnology, food policy to green consumerism. And, last but not least, tools are suggested for teaching agricultural and food ethics.Notwithstanding the plurality of ethical analyses and their outcome, it becomes apparent that governance of agri-food is faced by new needs and new approaches of bringing in the value dimension much more explicitly. This book is intended to serve as a stimulating collection that will contribute to debate and reflection on the sustainable future of agriculture and food production in the face of global change.
Posted in Science

Integrated water resources planning for the 21st century

proceedings of the 22nd Annual Conference, Cambridge, Massachusetts, May 7-11, 1995

Author: American Society of Civil Engineers. Water Resources Planning and Management Division,American Society of Civil Engineers. Boston Society of Civil Engineers Section

Publisher: Amer Society of Civil Engineers

ISBN: 9780784400814

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1177

View: 8359

Posted in Business & Economics