Shaping Light in Nonlinear Optical Fibers

Author: Sonia Boscolo,Christophe Finot

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119088143

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 504

View: 8565

This book is a contemporary overview of selected topics in fiber optics. It focuses on the latest research results on light wave manipulation using nonlinear optical fibers, with the aim of capturing some of the most innovative developments on this topic. The book’s scope covers both fundamentals and applications from both theoretical and experimental perspectives, with topics including linear and nonlinear effects, pulse propagation phenomena and pulse shaping, solitons and rogue waves, novel optical fibers, supercontinuum generation, polarization management, optical signal processing, fiber lasers, optical wave turbulence, light propagation in disordered fiber media, and slow and fast light. With contributions from leading-edge scientists in the field of nonlinear photonics and fiber optics, they offer an overview of the latest advances in their own research area. The listing of recent research papers at the end of each chapter is useful for researchers using the book as a reference. As the book addresses fundamental and practical photonics problems, it will also be of interest to, and benefit, broader academic communities, including areas such as nonlinear science, applied mathematics and physics, and optical engineering. It offers the reader a wide and critical overview of the state-of-the-art within this practical – as well as fundamentally important and interesting – area of modern science, providing a useful reference which will encourage further research and advances in the field.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Odyssey of Light in Nonlinear Optical Fibers

Theory and Applications

Author: Kuppuswamy Porsezian,Ramanathan Ganapathy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351831100

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 504

Odyssey of Light in Nonlinear Optical Fibers: Theory and Applications presents a collection of breakthrough research portraying the odyssey of light from optical solitons to optical rogue waves in nonlinear optical fibers. The book provides a simple yet holistic view on the theoretical and application-oriented aspects of light, with a special focus on the underlying nonlinear phenomena. Exploring the very frontiers of light-wave technology, the text covers the basics of nonlinear fiberoptics and the dynamics of electromagnetic pulse propagation in nonlinear waveguides. It also highlights some of the latest advances in nonlinear optical fiber technology, discussing hidden symmetry reductions and Ablowitz–Kaup–Newell–Segur (AKNS) hierarchies for nonautonomous solitons, state-of-the-art Brillouin scattering applications, backpropagation, and the concept of eigenvalue communication—a powerful nonlinear digital signal processing technique that paves the way to overcome the current limitations of traditional communications methods in nonlinear fiber channels. Key chapters study the feasibility of the eigenvalue demodulation scheme based on digital coherent technology by throwing light on the experimental study of the noise tolerance of the demodulated eigenvalues, investigate matter wave solitons and other localized excitations pertaining to Bose–Einstein condensates in atom optics, and examine quantum field theory analogue effects occurring in binary waveguide arrays, plasmonic arrays, etc., as well as their ensuing nonlinear wave propagation. Featuring a foreword by Dr. Akira Hasegawa, the father of soliton communication systems, Odyssey of Light in Nonlinear Optical Fibers: Theory and Applications serves as a curtain raiser to usher in the photonics era. The technological innovations at the core of the book form the basis for the next generation of ultra-high speed computers and telecommunication devices.
Posted in Science

Applications of Nonlinear Fiber Optics

Author: Govind Agrawal

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080568769

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 1579

* The only book describing applications of nonlinear fiber optics * Two new chapters on the latest developments: highly nonlinear fibers and quantum applications * Coverage of biomedical applications * Problems provided at the end of each chapter The development of new highly nonlinear fibers - referred to as microstructured fibers, holey fibers and photonic crystal fibers - is the next generation technology for all-optical signal processing and biomedical applications. This new edition has been thoroughly updated to incorporate these key technology developments. The book presents sound coverage of the fundamentals of lightwave technology, along with material on pulse compression techniques and rare-earth-doped fiber amplifiers and lasers. The extensively revised chapters include information on fiber-optic communication systems and the ultrafast signal processing techniques that make use of nonlinear phenomena in optical fibers. New material focuses on the applications of highly nonlinear fibers in areas ranging from wavelength laser tuning and nonlinear spectroscopy to biomedical imaging and frequency metrology. Technologies such as quantum cryptography, quantum computing, and quantum communications are also covered in a new chapter. This book will be an ideal reference for: R&D engineers working on developing next generation optical components; scientists involved with research on fiber amplifiers and lasers; graduate students and researchers working in the fields of optical communications and quantum information. * The only book on how to develop nonlinear fiber optic applications * Two new chapters on the latest developments; Highly Nonlinear Fibers and Quantum Applications * Coverage of biomedical applications
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Solitons in Optical Fibers

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Linn F. Mollenauer,James P. Gordon

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080465067

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 6653

Solitons are waves that retain their form through obstacle and distance. Solitons can be found in hydrodynamics, nonlinear optics, plasma physics, and biology. Optical solitons are solitary light waves that hold their form over an expansive interval. Conservation of this form creates an effective model for long distance voice and data transmission. The application of this principle is essential to the technology of wired communications. Optical solitons produce crystal clear phone calls cross-country and internationally. It is because of these that someone on the other end of the phone sounds 'in the next room.' It is also pertinent to high-speed network information transmittal. Mollenauer and Gordon have written the only text that an engineer or graduate student will need to understand this foundation subject in optics. *Written by Linn Mollenauer and James Gordon who are celebrated for applying optical solitons to telecommnications *Combines mathematical developments with well-chosen practical examples and design formulas *Extensive material on the basic physics of fiber optic transmission and its practical applications
Posted in Science

Odyssey of Light in Nonlinear Optical Fibers

Theory and Applications

Author: Kuppuswamy Porsezian,Ramanathan Ganapathy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482236141

Category: Science

Page: 568

View: 3640

Odyssey of Light in Nonlinear Optical Fibers: Theory and Applications presents a collection of breakthrough research portraying the odyssey of light from optical solitons to optical rogue waves in nonlinear optical fibers. The book provides a simple yet holistic view on the theoretical and application-oriented aspects of light, with a special focus on the underlying nonlinear phenomena. Exploring the very frontiers of light-wave technology, the text covers the basics of nonlinear fiberoptics and the dynamics of electromagnetic pulse propagation in nonlinear waveguides. It also highlights some of the latest advances in nonlinear optical fiber technology, discussing hidden symmetry reductions and Ablowitz–Kaup–Newell–Segur (AKNS) hierarchies for nonautonomous solitons, state-of-the-art Brillouin scattering applications, backpropagation, and the concept of eigenvalue communication—a powerful nonlinear digital signal processing technique that paves the way to overcome the current limitations of traditional communications methods in nonlinear fiber channels. Key chapters study the feasibility of the eigenvalue demodulation scheme based on digital coherent technology by throwing light on the experimental study of the noise tolerance of the demodulated eigenvalues, investigate matter wave solitons and other localized excitations pertaining to Bose–Einstein condensates in atom optics, and examine quantum field theory analogue effects occurring in binary waveguide arrays, plasmonic arrays, etc., as well as their ensuing nonlinear wave propagation. Featuring a foreword by Dr. Akira Hasegawa, the father of soliton communication systems, Odyssey of Light in Nonlinear Optical Fibers: Theory and Applications serves as a curtain raiser to usher in the photonics era. The technological innovations at the core of the book form the basis for the next generation of ultra-high speed computers and telecommunication devices.
Posted in Science

Nonlinear Fiber Optics

Author: Govind P. Agrawal

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123970237

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 629

View: 4453

Machine generated contents note: ch. 1 Introduction -- 1.1.Historical Perspective -- 1.2.Fiber Characteristics -- 1.2.1.Material and Fabrication -- 1.2.2.Fiber Losses -- 1.2.3.Chromatic Dispersion -- 1.2.4.Polarization-Mode Dispersion -- 1.3.Fiber Nonlinearities -- 1.3.1.Nonlinear Refraction -- 1.3.2.Stimulated Inelastic Scattering -- 1.3.3.Importance of Nonlinear Effects -- 1.4.Overview -- Problems -- References -- ch. 2 Pulse Propagation in Fibers -- 2.1.Maxwell's Equations -- 2.2.Fiber Modes -- 2.2.1.Eigenvalue Equation -- 2.2.2.Single-Mode Condition -- 2.2.3.Characteristics of the Fundamental Mode -- 2.3.Pulse-Propagation Equation -- 2.3.1.Nonlinear Pulse Propagation -- 2.3.2.Higher-Order Nonlinear Effects -- 2.3.3.Raman Response Function and its Impact -- 2.3.4.Extension to Multimode Fibers -- 2.4.Numerical Methods -- 2.4.1.Split-Step Fourier Method -- 2.4.2.Finite-Difference Methods -- Problems -- References -- ch. 3 Group-Velocity DispersionNote continued: 3.1.Different Propagat ...
Posted in Technology & Engineering

All-Optical Signal Processing

Data Communication and Storage Applications

Author: Stefan Wabnitz,Benjamin J. Eggleton

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331914992X

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 1477

This book provides a comprehensive review of the state-of-the art of optical signal processing technologies and devices. It presents breakthrough solutions for enabling a pervasive use of optics in data communication and signal storage applications. It presents presents optical signal processing as solution to overcome the capacity crunch in communication networks. The book content ranges from the development of innovative materials and devices, such as graphene and slow light structures, to the use of nonlinear optics for secure quantum information processing and overcoming the classical Shannon limit on channel capacity and microwave signal processing. Although it holds the promise for a substantial speed improvement, today’s communication infrastructure optics remains largely confined to the signal transport layer, as it lags behind electronics as far as signal processing is concerned. This situation will change in the near future as the tremendous growth of data traffic requires energy efficient and fully transparent all-optical networks. The book is written by leaders in the field.
Posted in Science

Femtosecond Laser Shaping

From Laboratory to Industry

Author: Marcos Dantus

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351649426

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 106

View: 9603

Expensive, delicate, and difficult to operate, femtosecond lasers have already won two Nobel Prizes and created multi-billion dollar industries. As these lasers break out of laboratories for use in real-world large-scale applications, the number of people using them increases. This book provides a fresh perspective on femtosecond lasers, discussing how they are soon to become a universal light source, spanning any timescale and generating any wavelength of light. Starting from the basics of light itself, this book presents in an everyday manner, with clear illustrations and without formulas, what makes this class of lasers so versatile and the future of many more applications. Many of the subjects covered in this book are described in plain words for the first time.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Optical Solitons

From Fibers to Photonic Crystals

Author: Yuri S. Kivshar,Govind Agrawal

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080538099

Category: Science

Page: 540

View: 5790

The current research into solitons and their use in fiber optic communications is very important to the future of communications. Since the advent of computer networking and high speed data transmission technology people have been striving to develop faster and more reliable communications media. Optical pulses tend to broaden over relatively short distances due to dispersion, but solitons on the other hand are not as susceptible to the effects of dispersion, and although they are subject to losses due to attenuation they can be amplified without being received and re-transmitted. This book is the first to provide a thorough overview of optical solitons. The main purpose of this book is to present the rapidly developing field of Spatial Optical Solitons starting from the basic concepts of light self-focusing and self-trapping. It will introduce the fundamental concepts of the theory of nonlinear waves and solitons in non-integrated but physically realistic models of nonlinear optics including their stability and dynamics. Also, it will summarize a number of important experimental verification of the basic theoretical predictions and concepts covering the observation of self-focusing in the earlier days of nonlinear optics and the most recent experimental results on spatial solitons, vortex solitons, and soliton interaction & spiraling. * Introduces the fundamental concepts of the theory of nonlinear waves and solitons through realistic models * Material is based on authors' years of experience actively working in and researching the field * Summarizes the most important experimental verification of the basic theories, predictions and concepts of this ever evolving field from the earliest studies to the most recent
Posted in Science

Raman Amplification in Fiber Optical Communication Systems

Author: Clifford Headley,Govind Agrawal

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080480543

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 9036

Optical fiber telecommunications depend upon light traveling great distances through optical fibers. As light travels it tends to disperse and this results in some degree of signal loss. Raman amplification is a technique that is effective in any fiber to amplify the signal light as it travels through transmission fibers, compensating for inevitable signal loss. First comprehensive guide to Raman amplification, a technique whose use has exploded since 1997 in order to upgrade fiber capacity Accessible to professionals just entering the field of optical fiber telecommunications Detailed enough for experts to use as a reference
Posted in Science

Integrated Micro-Ring Photonics

Principles and Applications as Slow Light Devices, Soliton Generation and Optical Transmission

Author: Iraj Sadegh Amiri,Abdolkarim Afroozeh,Harith Ahmad

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 131740484X

Category: Computers

Page: 164

View: 7129

Micro-ring resonators (MRRs) are employed to generate signals used for optical communication applications, where they can be integrated in a single system. These structures are ideal candidates for very large-scale integrated (VLSI) photonic circuits, since they provide a wide range of optical signal processing functions while being ultra-compact. Soliton pulses have sufficient stability for preservation of their shape and velocity. Technological progress in fields such as tunable narrow band laser systems, multiple transmission, and MRR systems constitute a base for the development of new transmission techniques. Controlling the speed of a light signal has many potential applications in fiber optic communication and quantum computing. The slow light effect has many important applications and is a key technology for all optical networks such as optical signal processing. Generation of slow light in MRRs is based on the nonlinear optical fibers. Slow light can be generated within the micro-ring devices, which will be able to be used with the mobile telephone. Therefore, the message can be kept encrypted via quantum cryptography. Thus perfect security in a mobile telephone network is plausible. This research study involves both numerical experiments and theoretical work based on MRRs for secured communication.
Posted in Computers

Fiber Optic Communications

Fundamentals and Applications

Author: Shiva Kumar,M. Jamal Deen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470518677

Category: Science

Page: 572

View: 6502

"This new title covers basic topics such as transmitters, fibers, amplifiers and receivers and details new developments such as nonlinear fiber-optic systems and nonlinear phase noise. Starting with a review of electromagnetics and optics, including Faraday's law and Maxwell's equation, it then moves on to provide information on optical fiber transmissions, laser oscillations, wave particle density and semiconductor laser diodes. This is followed up with chapters covering optical sources, optical modulators, optical receivers, including coherent receivers, and optical amplifiers. The final part of the book discusses performance analysis, channel multiplexing techniques, nonlinear effects and digital signal processing respectively"--
Posted in Science

Fiber Lasers

Basics, Technology, and Applications

Author: Liang Dong,Bryce Samson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315353431

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 324

View: 2368

The fiber laser, with its humble beginning in the late 1980s, has undergone tremendous development in the past decade or so, transforming itself from a research curiosity to a major force in modern manufacturing. Today, it is revolutionizing our economy by fundamentally changing the way we mark, machine, and process materials on an industrial scale. The recent development of high-power fiber lasers is also fundamentally shaping a wide range of other areas from physical sciences and medicine to geology and space exploration. In the past few years, the tactical deployment of direct energy weapons based on fiber lasers has become a reality. The development of fiber lasers is rooted in a number of technical areas including optical materials, optical waveguide design, nonlinear optics, optical fiber fabrication, and optical characterization, in addition to optical fiber components, and fiber laser design and architecture. No comprehensive in-depth coverage of such diverse topical areas has appeared in a single book. Many important developments have taken place in the past decade in both academia and industry. This book comprehensively covers the basics, technology and applications of fiber lasers including up-to-date developments in both academia and industry and is aimed to serve as both an introduction and research aid for graduate students, engineers, and scientists who are new to this field and also for veterans in the field
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Undersea Fiber Communication Systems

Author: Jose Chesnoy

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128043954

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 702

View: 7418

Since publication of the 1st edition in 2002, there has been a deep evolution of the global communication network with the entry of submarine cables in the Terabit era. Thanks to optical technologies, the transmission on a single fiber can achieve 1 billion simultaneous phone calls across the ocean! Modern submarine optical cables are fueling the global internet backbone, surpassing by far all alternative techniques. This new edition of Undersea Fiber Communication Systems provides a detailed explanation of all technical aspects of undersea communications systems, with an emphasis on the most recent breakthroughs of optical submarine cable technologies. This fully updated new edition is the best resource for demystifying enabling optical technologies, equipment, operations, up to marine installations, and is an essential reference for those in contact with this field. Each chapter of the book is written by key experts of their domain. The book assembles in a complementary way the contributions of authors from key suppliers acting in the domain, such as Alcatel-Lucent, Ciena, NEC, TE-Subcom, Xtera, from consultant and operators such as Axiom, OSI, Orange, and from University and organization references such as TelecomParisTech, and Suboptic. This has ensured that the overall topics of submarine telecommunications is treated in a quite ecumenical, complete and un-biased approach. Features new content on: Ultra-long haul submarine transmission technologies for telecommunications Alternative submarine cable applications, such as scientific or oil and gas Addresses the development of high-speed networks for multiplying Internet and broadband services with: Coherent optical technology for 100Gbit/s channels or above Wet plant optical networking and configurability Provides a full overview of the evolution of the field conveys the strategic importance of large undersea projects with: Technical and organizational life cycle of a submarine network Upgrades of amplified submarine cables by coherent technology
Posted in Technology & Engineering

The Quantum Theory of Nonlinear Optics

Author: Peter D. Drummond,Mark Hillery

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107004217

Category: Science

Page: 380

View: 3000

This self-contained treatment of field quantization requires no prior knowledge of nonlinear optics. Supplemented by end-of-chapter exercises and detailed examples of calculation techniques in different systems, it is a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers in nonlinear optics, condensed matter physics, quantum information and atomic physics.
Posted in Science

Theory and Design of Terabit Optical Fiber Transmission Systems

Author: Stefano Bottacchi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139991418

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 426

This comprehensive, modular treatment of the challenging issues involved in very high-speed optical transmission systems contains all the theory and practical design criteria required to optimise transmission system design. Each chapter covers the theoretical modelling of a given system; chapters are well supported by real-world worked examples and accompanied by MATLAB code and receiver design examples. Critical analysis and comparison of engineering solutions is presented, to make clear the principles underlying system performance optimisation, and a broad range of transmission systems is discussed, including the status and performance demands of the Terabit systems now entering the next generation market. Blending theoretical and practical considerations for high-speed fiber optic systems design, this is an indispensable reference for all forward-looking professionals and researchers in optical communications.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Nonlinear Optics

Author: Alan Newell

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0429971397

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 6867

Nonlinear optics, the study of the nonlinear effects associated with the propagation of light through matter, is so scientifically rich and technologically promising that it is destined to become one of the most important areas of scientific research into the next century. This book is written for graduate students or anyone interested in getting a unified picture of this emerging field.Nonlinear Optics allows the reader to see all these manifestations of the light-matter interaction as part of the unified whole. Professors Newell and Moloney show how to use these simple equations both to gain a better understanding of the physical processes involved and to deal with the practical applications. Specific topics include: the notion of the nonlinear refractive index and self-phase modulation, the propagation and use of nonlinear waves and solitons in optical fibers and waveguides, two-and-three lasers, optical bistability, the interaction of co- and counter-propagating beams, stimulated Raman and Brillouin scattering, and self-induced transparency. The final chapter discusses mathematical and computational methods such as multiple time scaling, linear and nonlinear wave propagation, solitons, numerical methods, and useful software packages.
Posted in Science

Optical Fiber Telecommunications Volume VIB

Systems and Networks

Author: Ivan Kaminow,Tingye Li,Alan E. Willner

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012397237X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1148

View: 9248

Optical Fiber Telecommunications VI (A&B) is the sixth in a series that has chronicled the progress in the R&D of lightwave communications since the early 1970s. Written by active authorities from academia and industry, this edition brings a fresh look to many essential topics, including devices, subsystems, systems and networks. A central theme is the enabling of high-bandwidth communications in a cost-effective manner for the development of customer applications. These volumes are an ideal reference for R&D engineers and managers, optical systems implementers, university researchers and students, network operators, and investors. Volume A is devoted to components and subsystems, including photonic integrated circuits, multicore and few-mode fibers, photonic crystals, silicon photonics, signal processing, and optical interconnections. Volume B is devoted to systems and networks, including advanced modulation formats, coherent detection, Tb/s channels, space-division multiplexing, reconfigurable networks, broadband access, undersea cable, satellite communications, and microwave photonics. All the latest technologies and techniques for developing future components and systems Edited by two winners of the highly prestigious OSA/IEEE John Tyndal award and a President of IEEE's Lasers & Electro-Optics Society (7,000 members) Written by leading experts in the field, it is the most authoritative and comprehensive reference on optical engineering on the market
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Beam Shaping and Control with Nonlinear Optics

Author: F. Kajzar,R. Reinisch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306470799

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 475

View: 4612

The field of nonlinear optics, which has undergone a very rapid development since the discovery of lasers in the early sixties, continues to be an active and rapidly developing - search area. The interest is mainly due to the potential applications of nonlinear optics: - rectly in telecommunications for high rate data transmission, image processing and recognition or indirectly from the possibility of obtaining large wavelength range tuneable lasers for applications in industry, medicine, biology, data storage and retrieval, etc. New phenomena and materials continue to appear regularly, renewing the field. This has proven to be especially true over the last five years. New materials such as organics have been developed with very large second- and third-order nonlinear optical responses. Imp- tant developments in the areas of photorefractivity, all optical phenomena, frequency conv- sion and electro-optics have been observed. In parallel, a number of new phenomena have been reported, some of them challenging the previously held concepts. For example, solitons based on second-order nonlinearities have been observed in photorefractive materials and frequency doubling crystals, destroying the perception that third order nonlinearities are - quired for their generation and propagation. New ways of creating and manipulating nonl- ear optical materials have been developed. An example is the creation of highly nonlinear (second-order active) polymers by static electric field, photo-assisted or all-optical poling. Nonlinear optics involves, by definition, the product of electromagnetic fields. As a con- quence, it leads to the beam control.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Optical Solitons in Fibers

Author: Akira Hasegawa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662091135

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 79

View: 9874

Already after six months high demand made a new edition of this textbook necessary. The most recent devel- opments associated with two topical and very important theoretical and practical subjects are combined: Solitons as analytical solutions of nonlinear partial differential equations and as lossless signals in dielectric fibers. The practical implications point towards technological advances allowing for an economic and undistorted propagation of signals revolutionizing telecommunications. Starting from an elementary level readily accessible to undergraduates, this pioneer in the field provides a clear and up-to-date exposition of the prominent aspects of the theoretical background and most recent experimental results in this new and rapidly evolving branch of sci- ence. This well-written book makes not just easy reading for the researcher but also for the interested physicist, mathematician, and engineer. It is well suited for undergraduate or graduate lecture courses.
Posted in Technology & Engineering