Sexed Work

Gender, Race and Resistance in a Brooklyn Drug Market

Author: Lisa Maher

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198299311

Category: Social Science

Page: 279

View: 6418

Based on three years of ethnographic work in New York City, this book provides the first detailed account of the economic lives of women drug users. Set in a neighborhood plagued with AIDS, Sexed Work reveals the economic lives of a group of women who se options have been severely circumscribed, not only by drug use, but also by poverty, racism, violence, and enduring marginality. This rich, nuanced and theoretically sophisticated study of 'crime as work' will be compelling reading for all those interested in the way in which women deal with the intersection of gender, race, and work.
Posted in Social Science

Women's Studies

A Recommended Bibliography

Author: Linda A. Krikos,Cindy Ingold

Publisher: Libraries Unlimited

ISBN: 9781563085666

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 828

View: 8721

A team of subject specialists has taken on the immense task of documenting publications in the area of women's studies in the last decades of the 20th century. The result is this truly monumental work, which maps the field, covering thousands of titles and Web sites in 19 subject areas published between 1985 and 1999. Intended as a reference and collection development tool, this bibliography provides a guide to women's studies information for each title along with a detailed, often evaluative review. The annotations summarize each work's content, its importance or contribution to women's studies, and its relationship to other titles on the subject. Most reviews cite and describe similar and contrasting titles, substantially extending the coverage. Core titles and titles that are out of print are noted, and reviews indicate which titles are appropriate as texts or supplemental texts.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

The Palgrave Handbook of Prison Ethnography

Author: Deborah H. Drake,Rod Earle,J. Sloan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137403888

Category: Social Science

Page: 514

View: 6458

The Palgrave Handbook of Prison Ethnography provides an expansive overview of the challenges presented by qualitative, and particularly ethnographic, enquiry. The chapters reflect upon the means by which ethnographers aim to gain understanding, make sense of what they learn and the way they represent their finished work. The Handbook offers urgent insights relevant to current trends in the growth of imprisonment worldwide. In an era of mass incarceration, human-centric ethnography provides an important counter to quantitative analysis and the audit culture on which prisons are frequently judged. The Handbook is divided into four parts. Part I ('About Prison Ethnography') assesses methodological, theoretical and pragmatic issues related to the use of ethnographic and qualitative enquiry in prisons. Part II ('Through Prison Ethnography') considers the significance of ethnographic insights in terms of wider social or political concerns. Part III ('Of Prison Ethnography') analyses different aspects of the roles ethnographers take and how they negotiate their research settings. Part IV ('For Prison Ethnography') includes contributions that convincingly extend the value of prison ethnography beyond the prison itself. Bringing together contributions by some of the world's leading scholars in criminology and prison studies, this authoritative volume maps out new directions for future research. It will be an indispensable resource for practitioners, students, academics and researchers who use qualitative social research methods to further their understanding of prisons.
Posted in Social Science

Unequal Crime Decline

Theorizing Race, Urban Inequality, and Criminal Violence

Author: Karen F. Parker

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814767850

Category: Social Science

Page: 163

View: 4479

"[Parker's] analysis is not only a thorough review of the debate on the link between violent crime and unemployment; it is an exploration into the complex interwining between ethnicity, gender, population composition and political economy in violent crime...a hugely rewarding read.---British Journal of Criminology "The crime decline that began in the early 1990s and ran for more than a decade is the largest sustained drop rates ever recorded in the United States---and yet this remarkable event has gone largely unheralded. Parker illuminates this unexplored terrain by shining a light on the unevenness of the decline across key subgroups defined especially by race, gender and class. Her book is required reading for anyone interested in the make up of this fascinating piece of criminology history."---Gary Lafree, author of Losing Legitimacy: Street Crime and the Decline of Social Institutions in America "Parker's book is a significant achievement, merging sophisticated quantitatives techniques and analysis with sociological insights about structural changes in our cities that also affect urban crime rates. This is a provocative and stimulating book which should prompt criminologists to more carefully deconstruct crime patterns and trends by race and gender." Crime in most urban areas fell during the 1990s. While the decline has been well-documented, few scholars have analyzed which groups have most benefited from the crime decline and which are still on the frontlines of violence---and why that might be. In Unequal Crime Decline, Karen F. Parker presents a structural and theoretical analysis of the various factors that affect the crime decline. Looking particularly at the past three decades and the shifts that have taken place, Parker offers original insight into which trends have declined and why. Unequal Crime Decline is a comprehensive and theoretically sophisticated look at the relationship among race, urban inequality, and violence in the years leading up to and following America's landmark crime drop.
Posted in Social Science

Getting Played

African American Girls, Urban Inequality, and Gendered Violence

Author: Jody Miller

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814795757

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 4234

2010 Distinguished Contribution to Scholarship Book Award from the American Sociological Association; Race, Gender, and Class Section 2008 Finalist, The Society for the Study of Social Problems C. Wright Mills Award Much has been written about the challenges that face urban African American young men, but less is said about the harsh realities for African American young women in disadvantaged communities. Sexual harassment, sexual assault, dating violence, and even gang rape are not uncommon experiences. In Getting Played, sociologist Jody Miller presents a compelling picture of this dire social problem and explores how inextricably, and tragically, linked violence is to their daily lives in poor urban neighborhoods. Drawing from richly textured interviews with adolescent girls and boys, Miller brings a keen eye to the troubling realities of a world infused with danger and gender-based violence. These girls are isolated, ignored, and often victimized by those considered family and friends. Community institutions such as the police and schools that are meant to protect them often turn a blind eye, leaving girls to fend for themselves. Miller draws a vivid picture of the race and gender inequalities that harm these communities—and how these result in deeply and dangerously engrained beliefs about gender that teach youths to see such violence—rather than the result of broader social inequalities—as deserved due to individual girls' flawed characters, i.e., she deserved it. Through Miller's careful analysis of these engaging, often unsettling stories, Getting Played shows us not only how these young women are victimized, but how, despite vastly inadequate social support and opportunities, they struggle to navigate this dangerous terrain.
Posted in Social Science

The Cultural Matrix

Understanding Black Youth

Author: Orlando Patterson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674967305

Category: Social Science

Page: 685

View: 8410

The Cultural Matrix seeks to unravel an American paradox: the socioeconomic crisis and social isolation of disadvantaged black youth, on the one hand, and their extraordinary integration and prominence in popular culture on the other. This interdisciplinary work explains how a complex matrix of cultures influences black youth.
Posted in Social Science

Cocktails and Dreams

Author: Wilson R. Palacios

Publisher: Pearson College Division


Category: Self-Help

Page: 384

View: 1977

This contemporary collection of national and international research on drug subcultures situates drug using behavior within an individual's social context so that readers may break through longstanding stereotypes concerning people who consume legal and illegal drugs. The diverse group of contributors employ a qualitative-interpretive research approach to finding answers to why people engage in this common form of deviant and/or criminal behavior. Essays address qualitative research methods and illicit drug use research, pursuing other forms of communication, after the party is over, and the emerging issues of managing drug use and misuse. For those interested in an interpretive analysis of drug use.
Posted in Self-Help

The Criminal Justice System and Women

Offenders, Prisoners, Victims, and Workers

Author: Barbara R. Price,Natalie J. Sokoloff

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities Social


Category: Law

Page: 589

View: 7603

Consisting of original essays commissioned for the volume from leading scholars, as well as a number of recently published, important articles in the field, this anthology provides a comprehensive overview of the ways in which women affect and are affected by crime and the criminal justice system. Analysis is grounded in feminist scholarship and activism, and anchored in perspectives that orient women's crime, imprisonment, victimization, and survival in a race, class, and gender perspective.
Posted in Law

Sexual politics and social control

Author: Frances Heidensohn

Publisher: Open Univ Pr


Category: Psychology

Page: 124

View: 9442

Frances Heidensohn in an important criminological thinker whose books are interesting, innovative and much appreciated by students. In her latest volume she take a fresh look at gender and social control, taking account of the new sociologies of risk and globalization. Risk, insecurity, gender and victimization are the subject of on going debate. Teenage pregnancy, domestic violence, the supposedly growing aggression of young women are all new aspects of familiar social issues. Distance and difference are said to be so reduces that we live in a world where globalization has altered communities and social control in irrevocable ways. This provocative and challenging book proposes solutions to some of these problems, draws parallels with the past, and points to lessons to be learned for the future. Sexual Politics and Social Control is recommended reading for students, professionals and researchers in the field of criminology, gender studies, sociology, politics and social policy.
Posted in Psychology

Out in the storm

drug-addicted women living as shoplifters and sex workers

Author: Gail A. Caputo

Publisher: Northeastern Univ Pr


Category: Law

Page: 231

View: 4658

Based on interview material and life histories that create a vivid narrative, this remarkable volume is the culmination of three years of ethnographic research examining thirty-eight women with drug addictions in the Philadelphia area who took up criminal occupations of shoplifting and sex work. It provides in-depth criminological analysis of drug addiction and female criminality in addition to the sociology of crime work and occupations. Because most of the women interviewed are poor African-Americans raised and living in socially and economically disadvantaged neighborhoods, Caputo pays particular attention to gender, class, and other systems of status in the complex interactions between women's lives, drug addiction, and criminality. Out in the Storm reveals similarities and differences in pathways women take to drug addiction and particular crimes and illustrates how women manage both the business and risks of crime in urban drug cultures. Caputo devotes careful attention to the technical and organizational aspects of shoplifting and sex work and is equally sensitive to nuance and difference among those she interviewed. While her subjects struggle to overcome much pain brought on by victimization and to live within social and economic constraints, Caputo illustrates how these women make crime work and demonstrates how they can -- and do -- make choices. With her analysis of shoplifting, Caputo provides rich, new insight into one of society's most compelling social problems and challenges the overly sexualized portrayal of women's crime. Unique in bringing together data on substance abuse, shoplifters, and sex workers, this volume will be an essential resource for scholars, activists, and practitioners with expertise or interest in criminological theory, urban poverty, women's studies, youth crime, the sociology of work and occupations, the sociology of education, and addiction.
Posted in Law

Crime in Ireland, 1945-95

Here be Dragons

Author: John D. Brewer,Bill Lockhart,Paula Rodgers

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand


Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 3357

This book sets crime trends in Northern Ireland between 1945 and 1995 in a comparative framework with those of the Irish Republic, establishing the unique contribution of Ireland to criminological research. The authors supplement statistical material with in-depth interview data, providing a fascinating insight into real people's experiences with crime, the police, and paramilitary organizations.
Posted in Social Science

American Youth Gangs at the Millennium

Author: Finn-Aage Esbensen,Stephen G. Tibbetts,Larry Gaines

Publisher: Waveland PressInc


Category: Social Science

Page: 389

View: 4747

For generations, scholars, law enforcement personnel, politicians and the media have tried to understand and explain youth gangs and violence. This insightful collection contains the work of leading scholars, integrating previously published articles with new material to provide the most comprehensive information about the status of American youth gangs. The topics are grouped in four sections: The first section explores the issues and ramifications of current terminology and survey information. In the second section, nontraditional gangs, such as female gangs and hybrid gangs, are disucssed. The third section attempts to examine gang activities objectively and place them in a proper perspective. The final section looks at historical and current response techniques to youth gangs, such as suppression, prevention and legal injunctions.
Posted in Social Science

Gender and Prisons

Author: Dana M. Britton

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company


Category: Law

Page: 494

View: 5073

Gender and Prisons includes twenty-two key articles exploring prison history, the state and gendered social control, gender and work in prisons and the gendered experience of incarceration.
Posted in Law

Justice quarterly

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A


Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 1503

Posted in Social Science

The Local Governance of Crime

Appeals to Community and Partnerships

Author: Adam Crawford

Publisher: Oxford University Press


Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 8602

This book examines the increasing appeals to, and actual involvement of, communities in the area of crime control. It draws upon two research projects recently conducted in England to chart and analyze the growing "partnership" approach to crime prevention, addressing the various conflicts and tensions involved.
Posted in Political Science

Women, Crime, and the Canadian Criminal Justice System

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy

Publisher: N.A


Category: Law

Page: 181

View: 5736

Challenges myths about female crime in Canada. Early chapters present evidence that Canadian women and girls are not major criminal threats to safety, and later chapters explore why women and girls commit crime, feminist and other perspectives on crime by women and girls, progressive alternatives to correctional facilities, and alternative policies. Includes chapter summaries, discussion questions, and problem-solving scenarios. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Posted in Law

Violent Racism

Victimization, Policing, and Social Context

Author: Benjamin Bowling

Publisher: Oxford University Press


Category: Social Science

Page: 377

View: 4138

This book gives us a detailed examination of the official documents--and of the historical origins--of racist violence in Britain. The author also employs the findings of this examination, as presented alongside an in-depth case study of racial attacks and police responses in East London, to ponder the question of why the ideas and language of white supremacy and racial exclusion direct violence at "non-white" individuals, and why police response is so routinely ineffectual. This volume reveals many insights into racist Britain that will be of interest to both academics in this area and those professionals who routinely deal with, or answer for, the acts and consequences of racism.
Posted in Social Science

Women Street Hustlers

Who They are and how They Survive

Author: Barbara A. Rockell

Publisher: Amer Psychological Assn


Category: Social Science

Page: 221

View: 748

While the number of women in U.S. jails remains low in comparison with the number of men, over the past 10 years their admission rate has soared and now surpasses the rate of increase for men. Who are these chronic low-level female offenders, and what path leads them to drug involvement, prostitution, and petty larceny-- illicit activities best described as hustling? While demographic information is available on these women, it tells us little about who they are as people, how they become repeat offenders, or how they survive on the street. Barbara Rockell sheds light on these questions in a fascinating and empathic study of female repeat offenders admitted to a New York state jail. Their varied life trajectories reveal the difficulties of growing up in an unstable environment where adulthood begins early, and survival depends on street smarts. Despite the women's self-defeating behaviors, many of them reveal a surprising degree of initiative and self-sufficiency. This finding runs counter to previous research in which drug use and criminal activity by women have been viewed as reflecting the perpetrators' victim status and lack of agency. The author argues for seeing these behaviors in a broader social context and suggests avenues for future study, as well as more humane and constructive intervention strategies.
Posted in Social Science

Negotiating Domestic Violence

Police, Criminal Justice, and Victims

Author: Carolyn Hoyle

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand


Category: Law

Page: 248

View: 348

This book examines the factors which shape the criminal justice response to domestic violence in the light of policy changes at the beginning of the 1990s which aimed to increase arrest rates. In particular, the book discusses the needs and expectations of victims and examines how their choices impact on decisions made by police and prosecutors. Many books on the criminal justice response to domestic violence start from the premise that withdrawal of complaints by victims and the subsequent discontinuance of cases, represents some kind of failure on the part of the agencies involved and that victims would benefit from greater determination by police to prosecute offenders wherever possible. Implicit in this approach is the assumption that the criminal justice system as it presently operates is capable of responding effectively to the needs of victims of domestic violence. This book throws doubt on the validity of these assumptions.
Posted in Law