Sex and the State

Abortion, Divorce, and the Family Under Latin American Dictatorships and Democracies

Author: Mala Htun

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521008792

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 219

View: 8339

As Argentina, Brazil, and Chile made transitions from democratic to authoritarian forms of government (and back), they confronted challenges posed by the rise of the feminist movement, social changes, and the power of the Catholic Church. This study explores the patterns of gender-related policy reform in these countries and reveals their implications for the peoples of Latin America. In addition, it offers a broader understanding of the logic behind the state's role in affecting private lives and gender relations everywhere.
Posted in Family & Relationships

Handbuch Interdisziplinäre Geschlechterforschung

Author: Beate Kortendiek,Birgit Riegraf,Katja Sabisch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658124962

Category: Social Science

Page: 1566

View: 2320

Das Handbuch bietet einen systematischen Überblick über den Stand der Geschlechterforschung. Disziplinäre und interdisziplinäre Zugänge werden verknüpft und vielfältige Sichtweisen auf das Forschungsfeld eröffnet. Die Beiträge der Geschlechterforscher_innen aus unterschiedlichen Fachdisziplinen spannen die Breite des Forschungs- und Wissenschaftsfeldes auf. Hierdurch werden die Debatten, Analysen und Entwicklungen der deutschsprachigen und internationalen Geschlechterforschung deutlich. Das Handbuch Interdisziplinäre Geschlechterforschung ist in sieben Schwerpunkte gegliedert und besonders in Lehre und Forschung einsetzbar.
Posted in Social Science

Democracies and Dictatorships in Latin America

Emergence, Survival, and Fall

Author: Scott Mainwaring,Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521190010

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 6551

Presents a new theory for why democracies and dictatorships emerge and then survive or collapse via analyses of political regimes in Latin America since 1900.
Posted in Political Science

Prostitutionspolitik in Deutschland

Entwicklung im Kontext europäischer Trends

Author: Eva-Maria Euchner

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658097477

Category: Political Science

Page: 38

View: 2368

​Eva-Maria Euchner führt in das Thema der Prostitutionspolitik ein und stellt klassische Regulierungsregime sowie die zentralen Wertekonflikte des Politikfelds vor. Ferner gibt die Autorin einen Überblick über die verschiedenen Regulierungsmodelle in Europa zwischen 1960 und 2010, was auch eine Beschreibung der Herangehensweise in Deutschland beinhaltet. Darüber hinaus analysiert sie die Ursachen des deutschen Wegs. Die liberale Handhabung von Prostitution in Deutschland ist insbesondere auf die Problemdefinition und die Rolle der Partei Bündnis 90/Die Grünen zurückzuführen. Aktuell motiviert eine veränderte Problemwahrnehmung neue regulative Schritte, die aber voraussichtlich keinen Paradigmenwechsel einleiten werden, da ein starker parteipolitischer Agent fehlt.
Posted in Political Science

Soul, Self, and Society

The New Morality and the Modern State

Author: Edward L. Rubin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199348677

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 4725

Political and social commentators regularly bemoan the decline of morality in the modern world. They claim that the norms and values that held society together in the past are rapidly eroding, to be replaced by permissiveness and empty hedonism. But as Edward Rubin demonstrates in this powerful account of moral transformations, these prophets of doom are missing the point. Morality is not diminishing; instead, a new morality, centered on an ethos of human self-fulfillment, is arising to replace the old one. As Rubin explains, changes in morality have gone hand in hand with changes in the prevailing mode of governance throughout the course of Western history. During the Early Middle Ages, a moral system based on honor gradually developed. In a dangerous world where state power was declining, people relied on bonds of personal loyalty that were secured by generosity to their followers and violence against their enemies. That moral order, exemplified in the early feudal system and in sagas like The Song of Roland, The Song of the Cid, and the Arthurian legends has faded, but its remnants exist today in criminal organizations like the Mafia and in the rap music of the urban ghettos. When state power began to revive in the High Middle Ages through the efforts of the European monarchies, and Christianity became more institutionally effective and more spiritually intense, a new morality emerged. Described by Rubin as the morality of higher purposes, it demanded that people devote their personal efforts to achieving salvation and their social efforts to serving the emerging nation-states. It insisted on social hierarchy, confined women to subordinate roles, restricted sex to procreation, centered child-rearing on moral inculcation, and countenanced slavery and the marriage of pre-teenage girls to older men. Our modern era, which began in the late 18th century, has seen the gradual erosion of this morality of higher purposes and the rise of a new morality of self-fulfillment, one that encourages individuals to pursue the most meaningful and rewarding life-path. Far from being permissive or a moral abdication, it demands that people respect each other's choices, that sex be mutually enjoyable, that public positions be allocated according to merit, and that society provide all its members with their minimum needs so that they have the opportunity to fulfill themselves. Where people once served the state, the state now functions to serve the people. The clash between this ascending morality and the declining morality of higher purposes is the primary driver of contemporary political and cultural conflict. A sweeping, big-idea book in the vein of Francis Fukuyama's The End of History, Charles Taylor's The Secular Age, and Richard Sennett's The Fall of Public Man, Edward Rubin's new volume promises to reshape our understanding of morality, its relationship to government, and its role in shaping the emerging world of High Modernity.
Posted in Political Science

The Politics of Rights

Dilemmas for Feminist Praxis

Author: Andrea Cornwall,Maxine Molyneux

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317996747

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 7814

Since the late 1990s, development institutions have increasingly used the language of rights in their policy and practice. This special issue on feminist perspectives on politics of rights explores the strategies, tensions and challenges associated with ‘rights work’ in a variety of settings. Articles on the Middle East, Africa, Latin America, East and South Asia explore the dilemmas that arise for feminist praxis in these diverse locations, and address the question of what rights can contribute to struggles for gender justice. Exploring the intersection of formal rights – whether international human rights conventions, constitutional rights or national legislation – with the everyday realities of women in settings characterized by entrenched gender inequalities and poverty, plural legal systems and cultural norms that can constitute formidable obstacles to realizing rights. The contributors suggest that these sites of struggle can create new possibilities and meanings – and a politics of rights animated by demands for social and gender justice.
Posted in Political Science

Inclusion without Representation in Latin America

Gender Quotas and Ethnic Reservations

Author: Mala Htun

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316483118

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5189

This book analyzes why and how fifteen Latin American countries modified their political institutions to promote the inclusion of women, Afrodescendants, and indigenous peoples. Through analysis and comparison of experiences in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, and Mexico, the book accounts for the origins of quotas and reserved seats in international norms and civic mobilization. It shows how the configuration of political institutions and the structure of excluded groups set the terms and processes of inclusion. Arguing that the new mechanisms have delivered inclusion but not representation, the book demonstrates that quotas and reserved seats increased the presence in power of excluded groups but did not create constituencies or generate civic movements able to authorize or hold accountable their representatives.
Posted in Political Science

Lateinamerika Analysen

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Latin America

Page: N.A

View: 6524

Posted in Latin America

Religious Pluralism, Democracy, and the Catholic Church in Latin America

Author: Frances Hagopian

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780268030872

Category: Political Science

Page: 498

View: 475

The Roman Catholic Church in Latin America faces significant and unprecedented challenges. Most prominent among them are secularization, globalizing cultural trends, intensifying religious competition, and pluralism of many kinds within what were once hegemonic Catholic societies. The substantial and original essays in this volume assess the ways in which the Catholic Church in Latin America is dealing with these political, religious, and social changes. Most importantly, they explore how democracy has changed the Catholic Church and, in turn, how religious changes have influenced democratic politics in Latin America. Drawing on the experiences of several countries to illustrate broad themes and explain divergent religious responses to common challenges, the contributors advance the notion that the Catholic Church's effectiveness in the public sphere and even its long-term viability as a religious institution depend on the nature and extent of the relationship between the hierarchy and the faithful. The essays address the context of pluralist challenges, the ideational, institutional, and policy responses of the Catholic hierarchy, and the nature of both religious beliefs and democratic values at the individual level in Latin America today. "Religious Pluralism, Democracy, and the Catholic Church in Latin America is a much needed volume. The book is highly original, relevant, and will stimulate new research on religion in Latin America." --Kenneth Serbin, University of San Diego "Religion and politics, two of the great topics of all time, stir intense passions and often deep conflicts--they have done so in Latin America's history. Hagopian's book thoughtfully examines religious pluralism in Latin America and its impact on politics and society, with special attention to cultural change, gender, the family, education, and beliefs about justice and morality as they bear on democracy. Hagopian's own three chapters frame the book and make it a cohesive and thought-provoking intellectual project." --Jorge I. Domínguez, Harvard University "This book makes an original contribution to our understanding of the challenges facing the Catholic Church in Latin America in the wake of democratic transitions and increasing religious pluralism. It also provides important insights into how church leaders are responding to these challenges in a number of key countries." --Philip Williams, University of Florida
Posted in Political Science

ReVista

Harvard review of Latin America

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 9724

Posted in

Regimes and democracy in Latin America

theories and methods

Author: Gerardo Luis Munck

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199219902

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 6103

This volume focuses on democracy in Latin America and assesses the state of current knowledge on the topic and identifies new research frontiers in the study of Latin American politics. It provides an overview of research agendas and strategies used in the literature over the past four decades. It tackles a series of central questions--What is democracy? Is democracy an absolute value? Are current conceptualizations of democracy adequate? How and why does democracy work or fail in Latin America?--and spells out the implications of answers to these questions for current research agendas. It distinguishes between qualitative and quantitative approaches to the conceptualization and measurement of democracy, and presents a dataset on political regimes and democracy that illustrates how the differences between these two standard approaches might be overcome. Finally, it evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of conventional methods used to generate and test explanations of the causes and consequences of democracy, and proposes alternative ways to advance ongoing substantive debates given the current state of theory and data. The contributors are scholars from the United States and Latin America who are experts on Latin America, and who have established reputations as theorists and methodologists. The volume will be of interest to readers seeking to understand debates about democracy in developing societies and to grasp the concepts, theories and methods that are currently being developed to study Latin American politics.
Posted in History

Latin America, Its Problems and Its Promise

A Multidisciplinary Introduction

Author: Jan Knippers Black

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 624

View: 2106

Jan Knippers Black's Latin America: Its Problems and Its Promise is one of the most successful textbooks on Latin America. A multidisciplinary collection of invited chapters edited by Black and intended for introductory courses on Latin America, the new fourth edition chronicles the region's ongoing struggle to attain effective sovereignty, democracy and equity. It has been updated to include chapters on the impact of globalization, changing gender roles, and new social movements, especially of peasants and indigenous peoples. Unlike other Latin America textbooks, this volume is purposefully multidisciplinary, including contributions from historians, geographers, economists, political scientists, sociologists, anthropologists, philosophers, and diplomats. Only contributors well-known for their expertise on specific relevant topics are invited to contribute to this volume. The multidisciplinary perspective introduces students to the history, geography, politics, and culture of Latin America. This fourth edition is streamlined yet includes a special focus on significant current events and trends.
Posted in History

Modern Latin America

Author: Thomas E. Skidmore,Peter H. Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 8979

Now in its sixth edition, Modern Latin America is a lively interpretive history and the leading text in the field. Thoroughly updated and revised, the book includes a new chapter on the history of Colombia from the wars of independence to the violent conflicts of the present day. It also examines such topics as:* the impact of 9/11 on U.S.-Latin American relations* globalization* drug trafficking* women's roles in society and politics* the fragility and uncertainty of democracy in Latin AmericaThe book features sociocultural sections and boxes in nearly every chapter, covering such diverse areas as the psychology of exile, Santeria in Cuba, baseball in the Dominican Republic, and the popularity of Latin music in the U.S. All political and economic information has been updated. As in earlier editions, the authors use an in-depth case study approach that guides readers through the major countries of Latin America, highlighting central themes including European-New World interaction, racial mixtures, military takeovers, and United States intervention in the area. With an insightful look into the future, Modern Latin America, Sixth Edition, will continue to be an exceptional text for undergraduate courses on contemporary Latin American history, society, and politics.
Posted in History

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 5204

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Posted in History