There were many surprising accessions in the early modern period, including Mary I of England, Henry III of France, Anne Stuart, and others, but this is the first book dedicated solely to evaluating their lives and the repercussions of their reigns. By comparing a variety of such unexpected heirs, this engaging history offers a richer portrait of early modern monarchy. It shows that the need for heirs and the acquisition and preparation of heirs had a critical impact on sixteenth- and seventeenth-century culture and politics, from the appropriation of culture to the influence of language, to trade and political alliances. It also shows that securing a dynasty relied on more than just political agreements and giving birth to legitimate sons, examining how relationships between women could and did forge alliances and dynastic continuities.
Potential Kings and Queens
Author: Valerie Schutte
This collection brings together essays examining the international influence of queens, other female rulers, and their representatives from 1450 through 1700, an era of expanding colonial activity and sea trade. As Europe rose in prominence geopolitically, a number of important women—such as Queen Elizabeth I of England, Catherine de Medici, Caterina Cornaro of Cyprus, and Isabel Clara Eugenia of Austria—exerted influence over foreign affairs. Traditionally male-dominated spheres such as trade, colonization, warfare, and espionage were, sometimes for the first time, under the control of powerful women. This interdisciplinary volume examines how they navigated these activities, and how they are represented in literature. By highlighting the links between female power and foreign affairs, Colonization, Piracy, and Trade in Early Modern Europe contributes to a fuller understanding of early modern queenship.
The Roles of Powerful Women and Queens
Author: Estelle Paranque,Nate Probasco,Claire Jowitt
The discourse of political counsel in early modern Europe depended on the participation of men, as both counsellors and counselled. Women were often thought too irrational or imprudent to give or receive political advice—but they did in unprecedented numbers, as this volume shows. These essays trace the relationship between queenship and counsel through over three hundred years of history. Case studies span Europe, from Sweden and Poland-Lithuania via the Habsburg territories to England and France, and feature queens regnant, consort and regent, including Elizabeth I of England, Catherine Jagiellon of Sweden, Catherine de’ Medici and Anna of Denmark. They draw on a variety of innovative sources to recover evidence of queenly counsel, from treatises and letters to poetry, masques and architecture. For scholars of history, politics and literature in early modern Europe, this book enriches our understanding of royal women as political actors.
Author: Helen Matheson-Pollock,Joanne Paul,Catherine Fletcher
The global humanitarian movement, which originated within Western religious organizations in the early nineteenth century, has been of most important forces in world politics in advancing both human rights and human welfare. While the religious groups that founded the movement originally focused on conversion, in time more secular concerns came to dominate. By the end of the nineteenth century, increasingly professionalized yet nominally religious organization shifted from reliance on the good book to the public health manual. Over the course of the twentieth century, the secularization of humanitarianism only increased, and by the 1970s the movement's religious inspiration, generally speaking, was marginal to its agenda. However, beginning in the 1980s, religiously inspired humanitarian movements experienced a major revival, and today they are virtual equals of their secular brethren. From church-sponsored AIDS prevention campaigns in Africa to Muslim charity efforts in flood-stricken Pakistan to Hindu charities in India, religious groups have altered the character of the global humanitarian movement. Moreover, even secular groups now gesture toward religious inspiration in their work. Clearly, the broad, inexorable march toward secularism predicted by so many Westerners has halted, which is especially intriguing with regard to humanitarianism. Not only was it a highly secularized movement just forty years ago, but its principles were based on those we associate with "rational" modernity: cosmopolitan one-worldism and material (as opposed to spiritual) progress. How and why did this happen, and what does it mean for humanitarianism writ large? That is the question that the eminent scholars Michael Barnett and Janice Stein pose in Sacred Aid, and for answers they have gathered chapters from leading scholars that focus on the relationship between secularism and religion in contemporary humanitarianism throughout the developing world. Collectively, the chapters in this volume comprise an original and authoritative account of religion has reshaped the global humanitarian movement in recent times.
Faith and Humanitarianism
Author: Michael Barnett,Janice Stein
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Business & Economics
Exploring the contradictions inherent in attempting to reconcile the logical and mystical aspects of divine right monarchy, this book analyzes definitions of sovereignty, presents Louis XIV's memoirs, and offers analysis of diplomats and ambassadors as the mediators who preserved and transmitted the king's authority.
Sovereignty and Mediation in Seventeenth-century France
Author: Ellen M. McClure
Publisher: University of Illinois Press
This 1983 book is a comprehensive study of the French sacred theatre at the crucial transition from medieval to modern conception of theatre.
Dramatic Forms and Their Purposes in the Early Modern Theatre
Author: J. S. Street
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Publisher: Penn State Press
An original account of the tortuous and revealing relationship between two seminal figures of modern painting, Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin.
The Search for Sacred Art
Author: Debora Silverman
Preface / Hent de Vries and Lawrence E. Sullivan -- Introduction: before, around, and beyond the theologico-political / Hent de Vries -- What are political theologies? -- The gods of politics in early Greek cities / Marcel Detienne -- Church, state, resistance / Jean-Luc Nancy -- Politics and finitude : the temporal status of Augustine's Civitas permixta / M.B. Pranger -- The scandal of religion : Luther and public speech in the Reformation / Antónia Szabari -- On the names of God / Ernesto Laclau -- The permanence of the theologico-political? / Claude Lefort -- Violence in the state of exception : reflections on theologico-political motifs in Benjamin and Schmitt / Marc de Wilde -- Critique, coercion, and sacred life in Benjamin's "Critique of violence" / Judith Butler -- From Rosenzweig to Levinas : philosophy of war / Stéphane Mosès -- Levinas, Spinoza, and the theologico-political meaning of Scripture / Hent de Vries -- Beyond tolerance : pluralism and agonistic reason -- On the relation between the secular liberal state and religion / Jürgen Habermas -- Prepolitical moral foundations of a free republic / Pope Benedict XVI -- Bush's God talk / Bruce Lincoln -- Pluralism and faith / William E. Connolly -- Subjects of tolerance : why we are civilized and they are the barbarians / Wendy Brown -- Religion, liberal democracy, and citizenship / Chantal Mouffe -- Toleration without tolerance : enlightenment and the image of reason / Lars Tønder -- Saint John : the miracle of secular reason / Matthew Scherer -- Democratic republicanism, secularism, and beyond -- Reinhabiting civil disobedience / Bhrigupati Singh -- Rogue democracy and the hidden God / Samuel Weber -- Intimate publicities : retreating the theologico-political in the Chávez regime? / Rafael Sánchez -- The figure of the abducted woman : the citizen as sexed / Veena Das -- How to recognize a Moslem when you see one : Western secularism and the politics of conversion / Markha G. Valenta -- Laïcité or the politics of republican secularism / Yolande Jansen -- Trying to understand French secularism / Talal Asad -- Pim Fortuyn, Theo van Gogh, and the politics of tolerance in the Netherlands / Peter van der Veer -- Can a minority retain its identity in law? the 2005 Multatuli lecture / Job Cohen -- Prophetic justice in a home haunted by strangers : transgressive solidarity and trauma in the work of an Israeli rabbis' group / Bettina Prato -- Opening societies and the rights of the human -- Mysticism and the foundation of the open society : bergsonian politics / Paola Marrati -- The agency of assemblages and the North American blackout / Jane bennett -- Automatic theologies : surrealism and the politics of equality / Kate Khatib -- Theoscopy : transparency, omnipotence, and modernity / Stefanos Geroulanos -- Come on, humans, one more effort if you want to be post-christians! / Thierry de Duve -- The right not to use rights : human rights and the structure of judgments / Werner Hamacher.
Public Religions in a Post-secular World
Author: Hent de Vries,Lawrence Eugene Sullivan
Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
Annotation A sophisticated and groundbreaking book on what women actually did and what actually happened to them during the French Revolution.
Author: Suzanne Desan
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Category: Family & Relationships
France in the eighteenth century glittered, but also seethed, with new goods and new ideas. In the halls of Versailles, the streets of Paris, and the soul of the Enlightenment itself, a vitriolic struggle was being waged over the question of ownership—of property, of position, even of personhood. Those who championed man's possession of material, spiritual, and existential goods faced the successive assaults of radical Christian mystics, philosophical materialists, and political revolutionaries. The Virtues of Abandon traces the aims and activities of these three seemingly disparate groups, and the current of anti-individualism that permeated theology, philosophy, and politics throughout the period. Fired by the desire to abandon the self, men and women sought new ways to relate to God, nature, and nation. They joined illicit mystic cults that engaged in rituals of physical mortification and sexual license, committed suicides in the throes of materialist fatalism, drank potions to induce consciousness-altering dreams, railed against the degrading effects of unfettered consumption, and ultimately renounced the feudal privileges that had for centuries defined their social existence. The explosive denouement was the French Revolution, during which God and king were toppled from their thrones.
An Anti-Individualist History of the French Enlightenment
Author: Charly Coleman
Publisher: Stanford University Press
One of the most unusual decisions of the leaders of the French Revolution - and one that had immense practical as well as symbolic impact - was to abandon customarily-accepted ways of calculating date and time to create a Revolutionary calendar. The experiment lasted from 1793 to 1805, and prompted all sorts of questions about the nature of time, ways of measuring it and its relationship to individual, community, communication and creative life. This study traces the course of the Revolutionary Calendar, from its cultural origins to its decline and fall. Tracing the parallel stories of the calendar and the literary genius of its creator, Sylvain Maréchal, from the Enlightenment to the Napoleonic era, Sanja Perovic reconsiders the status of the French Revolution as the purported 'origin' of modernity, the modern experience of time, and the relationship between the imagination and political action.
Perceptions of Time in Literature, Culture, Politics
Author: Sanja Perovic
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
A book in which Rousseau theorized about the best way to establish a political community in the face of the problems of commercial society, which he had already identified in his Discourse on Inequality. The Social Contract helped inspire political reforms or revolutions in Europe, especially in France. The Social Contract argued against the idea that monarchs were divinely empowered to legislate. Rousseau asserts that only the people, who are sovereign, have that all-powerful right.
Author: Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Publisher: Sovereign via PublishDrive
For the last decade, early modern studies have significantly been reshaped by raising new and different questions on the uses of religion. This ‛religious turn’ has generated new discussion of the social processes at work in early modern Europe and their cultural effects ‑ from the struggle over religious rites and doctrines to the persecution of secret adherents to forbidden practices. The issue of religious pluralisation has been mostly debated in terms of dissent and escalation. But confessional controversy did not always erupt into hostilities over how to symbolize and perform the sacred nor lead to a paralysis of social agency. The order of the day may often have been to suspend confessional allegiances rather than enforce religious conflict, suggesting a pragmatic rather than polemic handling of religious plurality. This raises the urgent question of how 'normal' transconfessional and even transreligious interaction was produced in a context of highly sharpened and always present reflexivity on religious differences. Our volume takes up this question and explores it from an interdisciplinary and interconfessional perspective. The title “Forgetting Faith?” raises the question whether it was necessary or indeed possible to sidestep religious issues in specific contexts and for specific purposes. This does not mean, however, to describe early modern culture as a process of secularization. Rather, the collection invites discussion of the specific ways available to deal with confessional conflict in an oblivional mode, precisely because faith still mattered more than many other social paradigms emerging at that time, such as nationhood, ethnic origin or class defined through property.
Negotiating Confessional Conflict in Early Modern Europe
Author: Isabel Karremann,Cornel Zwierlein,Inga Mai Groote
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Recent decades have seen the strengthening of Orthodox movements in the US and in Israel; religious Zionism has grown and radically changed since the 1960s, and new and vibrant nondenominational Jewish movements have emerged. This volume examines the ways these contemporary revivals of religion prompt a reconsideration of many issues concerning Jews and Judaism from the early modern era to the present. Bringing together scholars from several disciplines, it illustrates how the categories of religious and secular have frequently proven far more permeable than fixed; challenges problematic assumptions about the development of secularism that emerge from Protestant European and American perspectives; and demonstrates that global Jewish experiences necessitate a reappraisal of conventional narratives of secularism.
Jews and Judaism in Modern Times
Author: Ari Joskowicz,Ethan B. Katz
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
A noted historian of religion traces manifestations of the sacred from primitive to modern times, in terms of space, time, nature and the cosmos, and life itself. Index. Translated by Willard Trask.
The Nature of Religion
Author: Mircea Eliade
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Drawing on archaeological, historical, theological, scientific and folkloric sources, Sarah Tarlow's interdisciplinary study examines belief as it relates to the dead body in early modern Britain and Ireland. From the theological discussion of bodily resurrection to the folkloric use of body parts as remedies, and from the judicial punishment of the corpse to the ceremonial interment of the social elite, this book discusses how seemingly incompatible beliefs about the dead body existed in parallel through this tumultuous period. This study, which is the first to incorporate archaeological evidence of early modern death and burial from across Britain and Ireland, addresses new questions about the materiality of death: what the dead body means, and how its physical substance could be attributed with sentience and even agency. It provides a sophisticated original interpretive framework for the growing quantities of archaeological and historical evidence about mortuary beliefs and practices in early modernity.
Author: Sarah Tarlow
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Category: Social Science
In this volume the author looks at the rise of a cultivated audience whose skill involved listening rather than playing or singing, in the early 17th century.
Author: Andrew Dell'Antonio
Publisher: Univ of California Press
As recent headlines reveal, conflicts and debates around the world more and more frequently involve secularism. National borders and traditional religions can no longer keep people in tidy boxes anymore as political struggles, doctrinal divergences, and demographic trends sweep across regionsand entire continents. Secularity is increasing in society, with a growing number of people in many regions having no religious affiliation or lacking interest in religion. Simultaneously, there is a resurgence of religious participation in the politics of many countries. How might these diversephenomena be interrelated, and better understood? The Oxford Handbook of Secularism offers a wide-ranging examination of secularism on a global scale, bringing together an international collection of views from prominent experts in a variety of fields. This volume reflects the impressive level of academic attention now given to secularism acrossthe humanities, social sciences, law and public policy, and international relations. Long-reigning theories about the pace of secularization, and ideal church-state relations, are here scrutinized by a new generation of scholars studying secularism with new questions, better data, and freshperspectives.This is the essential volume for comprehending the core issues and methodological approaches to the demographics and sociology of secularity; the history and variety of political secularisms; the comparison of constitutional secularisms across countries spanning from America to Asia; the keyproblems now convulsing church-state relations; the intersections of liberalism, multiculturalism, and religion; the latest psychological research into secular lives and lifestyles; and the naturalistic and humanistic worldviews available to nonreligious people. The Oxford Handbook of Secularismaddresses a wide breadth of interrelated issues and problems from multi-disciplinary stances, covering scholarly territory not addressed previously.
Author: Phil Zuckerman,John R. Shook
Publisher: Oxford University Press