Market Towns

Roles, challenges and prospects

Author: Neil Powe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136772383

Category: Architecture

Page: 200

View: 2164

Original and insightful, this volume, giving in-depth consideration to the key issues affecting the future of market towns, provides readers with a framework for evaluating policy initiatives and progress in market towns. Through a detailed analysis of the characteristics of over 200 towns and in-depth studies of eleven towns in different parts of England, the authors identify and explore a number of key roles for market towns. Such as: retirement towns commuter towns employment centres service centres tourist towns. Setting the results in the context of past and current policy, they consider in more detail some of the critical issues, including increased personal mobility, aging populations, housing growth and affordability, employment and retail competitiveness. Drawing on this detailed case study material, a final section explores the future role of market towns as sustainable communities and how they might best assure their futures. Addressing issues which have not yet been covered in contemporary planning literature, this comprehensive volume provides a wide-ranging discussion that will appeal to those involved at all levels of practice related to market towns as well as to academics and students working in both rural and urban geography and planning.
Posted in Architecture

Territorial Cohesion in Rural Europe

The Relational Turn in Rural Development

Author: Andrew K. Copus,Philomena de Lima

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135130973

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 254

View: 3779

This book reflects on how the economies, social characteristics, ways of life and global relationships of rural areas of Europe have changed in recent years. This reveals a need to refresh the concepts we use to understand, measure and describe rural communities and their development potential. This book argues that Europe has 'outgrown' many of the stereotypes usually associated with it, with substantial implications for European Rural Policy. Rural structural change and its evolving geography are portrayed through regional typologies and the concept of the New Rural Economy. Demographic change, migration, business networks and agricultural restructuring are each explored in greater detail. Implications for equality and social exclusion, and recent developments in the field of governance are also considered. Despite being a subject of active debate, interventions in the fields of rural and regional development have failed to adapt to changing realities and have become increasingly polarized. This book argues that rural/regional policy needs to evolve in order to address the current complex reality, partially reformulating territorial or place-based approaches, and the New Rural Paradigm, following a set of principles termed ‘Rural Cohesion Policy’.
Posted in Business & Economics

Europa 21

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Europe

Page: N.A

View: 6377

Posted in Europe

Environment & Planning

A.

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: City Planning

Page: N.A

View: 7869

Posted in City Planning

Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies

Author: Mark Shucksmith,David L. Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317619854

Category: Social Science

Page: 698

View: 8003

Rural societies around the world are changing in fundamental ways, both at their own initiative and in response to external forces. The Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies examines the organisation and transformation of rural society in more developed regions of the world, taking an interdisciplinary and problem-focused approach. Written by leading social scientists from many countries, it addresses emerging issues and challenges in innovative and provocative ways to inform future policy. This volume is organised around eight emerging social, economic and environmental challenges: Demographic change. Economic transformations. Food systems and land. Environment and resources. Changing configurations of gender and rural society. Social and economic equality. Social dynamics and institutional capacity. Power and governance. Cross-cutting these challenges are the growing interdependence of rural and urban; the rise in inequality within and between places; the impact of fiscal crisis on rural societies; neoliberalism, power and agency; and rural areas as potential sites of resistance. The Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies is required reading for anyone concerned with the future of rural areas.
Posted in Social Science

Adivasi Rights and Exclusion in India

Author: V. Srinivasa Rao

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429792867

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 7180

This volume examines the processes and impacts of exclusion on the Adivasis (tribal or indigenous people) in India and what repercussions these have for their constitutional rights. The chapters explore a wide range of issues connected to the idea of exclusion — land and forest resources, habitats and livelihoods, health and disease management, gender relations, language and schooling, water resources, poverty, governance, markets and technology, and development challenges — through case studies from different parts of the country. The book argues that any laws intended to safeguard the fundamental rights of Adivasis must acknowledge the fact that their diverse and complex identities are not homogenous, and that uniform laws have failed to address their systemic marginalisation since the colonial era. This work appeals for a serious and meaningful political intervention towards tribal development. The volume will be useful to scholars and researchers of tribal and Third World studies, sociology and social anthropology, exclusion studies and development studies.
Posted in Social Science

Tackling Poverty and Social Exclusion

Promoting Social Justice in Social Work

Author: John H. Pierson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317803078

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 1163

In our highly unequal Britain poverty and social exclusion continue to dominate the lives of users of social work and social care services. At the same time, spending cuts and welfare reform have changed the context within which services are delivered. The third edition of this unique textbook seeks to capture the complexity and diversity of practice relating to social exclusion as social workers adapt to this challenging environment. Tackling Poverty and Social Exclusion prepares practitioners to engage directly with the social and personal circumstances facing excluded individuals and their families. The volume: • Explains the development of the concept of social exclusion as a framework for understanding the impact of poverty and other deprivations on users’ lives and outlines five building blocks for combating exclusion in practice; • Locates practice within social work values of fairness and social justice while acknowledging the many challenges to those values; • Includes individual chapters on excluded children and families, young people and adults -- with chapters also on practice in disadvantaged neighbourhoods and rural communities; • Discusses inclusionary practice in relation to racism as well as refugees and asylum seekers. Throughout, the book encourages students and practitioners to think through the range of approaches, perspectives and value choices they face. To facilitate engagement each chapter includes up-to-date practice examples, case studies and specific questions for readers to reflect on.
Posted in Social Science

Young People in Rural Areas of Europe

Author: Birgit Jentsch

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351870653

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3704

Despite an EU-wide commitment to rural development, research has rarely focused on the lives of young people in rural areas, their experiences in education and employment, their perceptions of policies relevant to them, and their possibilities of participation. Based on a two-year European research project on policies and young people in rural development, this edited volume examines these issues and considers young people's experiences of rural life in Austria, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Portugal and Scotland. The volume is organized thematically with each chapter addressing a specific topic in one or more countries. These topics comprise: the attractiveness of rural areas to young people; the impact of programmes under the European Employment Guidelines; rural youth in local community development and partnerships; rural development programmes and their impact on youth integration; the role of social networks; and the transition from education to employment. A number of implications for policy and practice are drawn out in conclusion. This book will be of interest to anyone concerned with the future of rural areas and with those who live in the European countryside.
Posted in

Research Handbook on Quality, Performance and Accountability in Higher Education

Author: Ellen Hazelkorn,Hamish Coates,Alexander C. McCormick

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 178536975X

Category: Education

Page: 616

View: 1150

As higher education becomes a key determinant for economic competitiveness, institutions face increasing pressure to demonstrate their fitness to meet the needs of society and individuals. Blending innovative research with richly contextualised examples this unique Research Handbook provides authoritative insights from around the globe on how best to understand, assess and improve quality, performance and accountability in higher education.
Posted in Education

Spatial Microsimulation for Rural Policy Analysis

Author: Cathal O'Donoghue,Dimitris Ballas,Graham Clarke,Stephen Hynes,Karyn Morrissey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364230026X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 7006

The aim of this book is to explore the challenges facing rural communities and economies and to demonstrate the potential of spatial microsimulation for policy and analysis in a rural context. This is done by providing a comprehensive overview of a particular spatial microsimulation model called SMILE (Simulation Model of the Irish Local Economy). The model has been developed over a ten year period for applied policy analyis in Ireland which is seen as an ideal study area given its large percentage of population living in rural areas. The book reviews the policy context and the state of the art in spatial microsimulation against which SMILE was developed, describes in detail its model design and calibration, and presents example of outputs showing what new information the model provides using a spatial matching process. The second part of the book explores a series of rural issues or problems, including the impacts of new or changing government or EU policies, and examines the contribution that spatial microsimulation can provide in each area.
Posted in Business & Economics

Local Partnerships and Social Exclusion in the European Union

New Forms of Local Social Governance?

Author: Mike Geddes,John Benington

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415239226

Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 9478

This book explores local partnership-based initiatives to tackle European-wide problems of poverty and social exclusion. A major comparative study of the fast developing theme of social exclusion, the contributors look at its causes, effects and at the ways it might be combatted. Based on in-depth, cross-national research from areas across Europe it provides a uniquely authoritative account of the complexities of policy development in the EU, and will be invaluable to researchers in European studies, politics, and economics.
Posted in Political Science

Welfare Reform in Rural Places

Comparative Perspectives

Author: Paul Milbourne,Terry Marsden

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1849509182

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 6471

Intends to significantly extend previous research work on the rural impacts of national welfare reform and position it in a broader context. This title provides a comprehensive and comparative account of the rural dimensions of welfare in a number of developed countries.
Posted in Political Science

Poverty and Social Exclusion in the New Russia

Author: Nataliya Tikhonova

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351909622

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5922

Presenting the findings of a major research project funded by the EU (INTAS), this key volume investigates the regional, ethnic and socio-cultural aspects of poverty and social exclusion in Russia in recent years. In-depth household interviews and survey data allowed teams from the UK, Denmark and Russia to compare different societies and communities in Russia across several different themes: the definition of poverty in different regional, ethnic and socio-cultural settings; the reproduction and formation of poverty subcultures in different societies and communities; the ethnic/national and political values of poor people; the readiness of poor people for social protest; and a comparison of Russia with other EU countries. Offering a wealth of original data collected following a period of rapid impoverishment of the Russian population, the study considers the challenge this presents to Western European models of poverty and social exclusion.
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The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Poverty

Author: David Brady,Linda M. Burton,James B Duke Professor of Sociology Linda M Burton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199914052

Category: Poverty

Page: 936

View: 668

Despite remarkable economic advances in many societies during the latter half of the twentieth century, poverty remains a global issue of enduring concern. Poverty is present in some form in every society in the world, and has serious implications for everything from health and well-being to identity and behavior. Nevertheless, the study of poverty has remained disconnected across disciplines. The Oxford Handbook of the Social Science of Poverty builds a common scholarly ground in the study of poverty by bringing together an international, inter-disciplinary group of scholars to provide their perspectives on the issue. Contributors engage in discussions about the leading theories and conceptual debates regarding poverty, the most salient topics in poverty research, and the far-reaching consequences of poverty on the individual and societal level. The volume incorporates many methodological perspectives, including survey research, ethnography, and mixed methods approaches, while the chapters extend beyond the United States to provide a truly global portrait of poverty. A thorough examination of contemporary poverty, this Handbook is a valuable tool for non-profit practitioners, policy makers, social workers, and students and scholars in the fields of public policy, sociology, political science, international development, anthropology, and economics.
Posted in Poverty

Rural Transformations and Rural Policies in the US and UK

Author: Mark Shucksmith,David L. Brown,Sally Shortall,Jo Vergunst,Mildred E. Warner

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136502742

Category: Social Science

Page: 20

View: 4964

This book examines the transformations of rural society and economy in the UK and US during the last half-century, and explores the significance of these trends and changes for community sustainability, quality of life and the environment. While both the UK and US are highly urbanised, rural people and communities continue to contribute to national identity, economic development and social solidarity, as well as to environmental quality. Contributors explore the degree to which rural people exhibit agency and autonomy, rather than being merely passive in the face of exogenous forces of change in a globalised world. They also illuminate very different policy approaches to rural policy in two advanced capitalist societies often thought to be similar, and show how fundamental differences in rural policy approaches of the US and the UK are based on different social ideologies and values that shape policies relating to rural areas. This book will help to stimulate transatlantic dialogue on rural scholarship and rural policy analysis, while also contributing to theory and policy development. It will be of interest to researchers, students and everyone involved in the policy and practice of rural development.
Posted in Social Science

Rural Planning and Management

Author: Joe Morris

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781840642209

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 674

View: 1103

Recent years have seen a resurgence of interest in the importance of the rural sector in integrated sustainable development strategies. This timely volume presents a selection of writings which explore the key issues in the debate on the management of the rural environment for sustainable development. Although there are considerable differences in context between developed, transitional and developing countries, the volume identifies common themes in the search for sustainable livelihoods, vibrant communities, environmental protection and the wise use of natural resources. It examines the challenges of sustainable rural development, relevant concepts, principles, techniques, analytical methods and management responses. the collection contains papers on topical rural issues such as sustainable agriculture, forestry, tourism and protected area policy. It demonstrates that, while there is convergence on the approaches to sustainable development, notably the emphasis on market mechanisms, institution building and participation, local solutions need to be found.
Posted in Business & Economics

Assuring the Quality of Health Care in the European Union

A Case for Action

Author: Helena Legido-Quigley

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9289071931

Category: Medical

Page: 210

View: 5073

People have always travelled within Europe for work and leisure, although never before with the current intensity. Now, however, they are travelling for many other reasons, including the quest for key services such as health care. Whatever the reason for travelling, one question they ask is "If I fall ill, will the health care I receive be of a high standard?". This book examines, for the first time, the systems that have been put in place in all of the European Union's 27 Member States. The picture it paints is mixed. Some have well developed systems, setting standards based on the best available evidence, monitoring the care provided, and taking action where it falls short. Others need to overcome significant obstacles.
Posted in Medical

Policy Responses to Social Exclusion

Author: Janie Percy-Smith

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 033523254X

Category: Education

Page: 244

View: 9481

This timely book examines current policy responses to social exclusion. Each contribution addresses a different area of policy, describing the context for the intervention, examining key themes and issues and assessing the likely effectiveness of policies.
Posted in Education