Market Towns

Roles, challenges and prospects

Author: Neil Powe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136772383

Category: Architecture

Page: 200

View: 5316

Original and insightful, this volume, giving in-depth consideration to the key issues affecting the future of market towns, provides readers with a framework for evaluating policy initiatives and progress in market towns. Through a detailed analysis of the characteristics of over 200 towns and in-depth studies of eleven towns in different parts of England, the authors identify and explore a number of key roles for market towns. Such as: retirement towns commuter towns employment centres service centres tourist towns. Setting the results in the context of past and current policy, they consider in more detail some of the critical issues, including increased personal mobility, aging populations, housing growth and affordability, employment and retail competitiveness. Drawing on this detailed case study material, a final section explores the future role of market towns as sustainable communities and how they might best assure their futures. Addressing issues which have not yet been covered in contemporary planning literature, this comprehensive volume provides a wide-ranging discussion that will appeal to those involved at all levels of practice related to market towns as well as to academics and students working in both rural and urban geography and planning.
Posted in Architecture

Environment & Planning

A.

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: City Planning

Page: N.A

View: 4464

Posted in City Planning

Research Handbook on Quality, Performance and Accountability in Higher Education

Author: Ellen Hazelkorn,Hamish Coates,Alexander C. McCormick

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 178536975X

Category: Education

Page: 616

View: 7485

As higher education becomes a key determinant for economic competitiveness, institutions face increasing pressure to demonstrate their fitness to meet the needs of society and individuals. Blending innovative research with richly contextualised examples this unique Research Handbook provides authoritative insights from around the globe on how best to understand, assess and improve quality, performance and accountability in higher education.
Posted in Education

Spatial Microsimulation for Rural Policy Analysis

Author: Cathal O'Donoghue,Dimitris Ballas,Graham Clarke,Stephen Hynes,Karyn Morrissey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364230026X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 4742

The aim of this book is to explore the challenges facing rural communities and economies and to demonstrate the potential of spatial microsimulation for policy and analysis in a rural context. This is done by providing a comprehensive overview of a particular spatial microsimulation model called SMILE (Simulation Model of the Irish Local Economy). The model has been developed over a ten year period for applied policy analyis in Ireland which is seen as an ideal study area given its large percentage of population living in rural areas. The book reviews the policy context and the state of the art in spatial microsimulation against which SMILE was developed, describes in detail its model design and calibration, and presents example of outputs showing what new information the model provides using a spatial matching process. The second part of the book explores a series of rural issues or problems, including the impacts of new or changing government or EU policies, and examines the contribution that spatial microsimulation can provide in each area.
Posted in Business & Economics

Global Civil Society 2011

Globality and the Absence of Justice

Author: H. Seckinelgin,Billy Wong

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230303803

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3720

Global Civil Society 2011 combines activist and academic accounts of contemporary struggles to promote, negotiate and deliver justice in a global frame without a central authority. In their engagement with cultural diversity and their networked communication the contributors rethink and remake justice beyond the confines of the nation state.
Posted in Social Science

Welfare Reform in Rural Places

Comparative Perspectives

Author: Paul Milbourne,Terry Marsden

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1849509182

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 7361

Intends to significantly extend previous research work on the rural impacts of national welfare reform and position it in a broader context. This title provides a comprehensive and comparative account of the rural dimensions of welfare in a number of developed countries.
Posted in Political Science

Europa 21

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Europe

Page: N.A

View: 6927

Posted in Europe

Poverty and Social Exclusion in the New Russia

Author: Nataliya Tikhonova

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351909622

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 671

Presenting the findings of a major research project funded by the EU (INTAS), this key volume investigates the regional, ethnic and socio-cultural aspects of poverty and social exclusion in Russia in recent years. In-depth household interviews and survey data allowed teams from the UK, Denmark and Russia to compare different societies and communities in Russia across several different themes: the definition of poverty in different regional, ethnic and socio-cultural settings; the reproduction and formation of poverty subcultures in different societies and communities; the ethnic/national and political values of poor people; the readiness of poor people for social protest; and a comparison of Russia with other EU countries. Offering a wealth of original data collected following a period of rapid impoverishment of the Russian population, the study considers the challenge this presents to Western European models of poverty and social exclusion.
Posted in

Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies

Author: Mark Shucksmith,David L. Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317619854

Category: Social Science

Page: 698

View: 3951

Rural societies around the world are changing in fundamental ways, both at their own initiative and in response to external forces. The Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies examines the organisation and transformation of rural society in more developed regions of the world, taking an interdisciplinary and problem-focused approach. Written by leading social scientists from many countries, it addresses emerging issues and challenges in innovative and provocative ways to inform future policy. This volume is organised around eight emerging social, economic and environmental challenges: Demographic change. Economic transformations. Food systems and land. Environment and resources. Changing configurations of gender and rural society. Social and economic equality. Social dynamics and institutional capacity. Power and governance. Cross-cutting these challenges are the growing interdependence of rural and urban; the rise in inequality within and between places; the impact of fiscal crisis on rural societies; neoliberalism, power and agency; and rural areas as potential sites of resistance. The Routledge International Handbook of Rural Studies is required reading for anyone concerned with the future of rural areas.
Posted in Social Science

Territorial Cohesion in Rural Europe

The Relational Turn in Rural Development

Author: Andrew K. Copus,Philomena de Lima

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135130973

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 254

View: 4586

This book reflects on how the economies, social characteristics, ways of life and global relationships of rural areas of Europe have changed in recent years. This reveals a need to refresh the concepts we use to understand, measure and describe rural communities and their development potential. This book argues that Europe has 'outgrown' many of the stereotypes usually associated with it, with substantial implications for European Rural Policy. Rural structural change and its evolving geography are portrayed through regional typologies and the concept of the New Rural Economy. Demographic change, migration, business networks and agricultural restructuring are each explored in greater detail. Implications for equality and social exclusion, and recent developments in the field of governance are also considered. Despite being a subject of active debate, interventions in the fields of rural and regional development have failed to adapt to changing realities and have become increasingly polarized. This book argues that rural/regional policy needs to evolve in order to address the current complex reality, partially reformulating territorial or place-based approaches, and the New Rural Paradigm, following a set of principles termed ‘Rural Cohesion Policy’.
Posted in Business & Economics

Regional Public Finances

Author: J. Mønnesland

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Finance, Public

Page: 207

View: 6169

"Regional and local governments play a crucial role in regional development. They both constitute themselves as a key industrial sector, where employment and activities may have a significant impact on total regional activity figures, and they may engage in schemes and initiatives in order to support the industrial life in their region to atttract newcomers. In such a situation, it is of vital importance to understand how the regional and local levels of government are financed, and to what extent there are national schemes and/ or regulations aiming to influence the distribution of finances between the local and regional units. Having legislative power, the state can attempt to influence the scope of action of local government units. The question is how, and to what extent, should the state influence local government. The state can act legislatively as well as economically, where transfer systems as well as tax regulations will be important aspects of the policy towards the local government sector. This book offers a broad range of analysis on the regional finance systems operating in various European countries. It focuses on the aims as well as the mechanisms, discussing outcomes as well as side-effects. At a time when the financial situation of regional and local governments has come under stress, and the division of power between the different governmental levels is under discussion in most European countries, it is important to look closely at these experiences in a broader European context"--P. [4] of cover. AŁ
Posted in Finance, Public

Environmental Gerontology

Making Meaningful Places in Old Age

Author: Graham D. Rowles, PhD,Marie A. Bernard

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826108148

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 2974

"[This book] addresses issues on both sides of the Atlantic; examines the theoretical underpinnings of environmental gerontology...; and provides useful practical applications and guiding principles....Recommended."--Choice: Current Reviews for Academic Libraries The environments in which people live out their later lives have a strong impact on their identity and provide opportunities for nourishing social interactions. This volume translates the insights derived from contemporary research on residential environments and public spaces that enhance well-being into practical recommendations for the design of such beneficial community environments. The text is grounded in the conceptual and theoretical underpinnings of current research on place attachment, environmental meaning, and community living in later life. Emphasis is placed on how to design residential spaces that facilitate the development of a sense of place or home, and investigation is made into the kinds of lifestyles such spaces foster and support. A major theme pervading the text is the juxtaposition of private and public space. The book also addresses such themes as the transformation of spaces into places of personal identification and attachment, the need for shared intergenerational spaces, and consideration of diverse populations when designing public spaces. The book also considers how emerging public policy agendas affect the development and management of environments for the elderly. Environmental Gerontology includes the contributions of scholars in anthropology, architecture, economics, education, geography, gerontology, planning, psychology, sociology, and numerous health sciences, who hail from North America, Europe, and Asia. With its strong interdisciplinary focus, this text offers innovative and judicious recommendations for the creation of community environments that are truly beneficial for older adults. Key Features: Provides an up-to-date synthesis of the latest research on the meaning of place to older people and its relationship to well-being Offers fresh insight and critical perspectives on community planning and environmental design Considers private residences, retirement communities, long-term care facilities, and public and private community spaces Includes guiding principles for environmental design and practice relevant to the documented needs of older people Synthesizes contributions from international scholars in many disciplines
Posted in Social Science

Europe and the Arab World

Patterns and Prospects for the New Relationship

Author: Samir Amin,Ali El Kenz

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781842774373

Category: Political Science

Page: 166

View: 7647

Europe and the Arab World is a wide-ranging assessment of the prospects for a new relationship between Europe and the Arab world in the coming years. Samir Amin and Ali El Kenz take as their starting point the significantly shifting balance of political forces within the various Arab countries, including the rise of both political Islam and civil society. They argue that the strategic global hegemony of the United States constitutes a major element affecting the Euro-Arab relationship. They then focus on the European Union initiative, originally launched in Barcelona, to put its relations with the Arab countries of the Mediterranean and Gulf regions on a new footing of equality and mutually beneficial cooperation. The authors provide a detailed empirical account of the initiative as well as an historically contextualized, intellectually critical and politically perceptive analysis of the various realities impacting on it. Samir Amin and Ali El Kenz conclude that, while considerable dialogue and even institution-building have taken place in order to give substance to this attempt to go beyond the colonial legacy of inequality and dependence, little of a concrete kind has been achieved in transforming the underlying economic and political relationships between the Arab Islamic and European Christian worlds of the Mediterranean. Among the many obstacles identified are the overriding and economically deleterious impact of globalized capitalism, and the determination of the United States to impose its own political objectives on the Middle East. The timeliness of this book's argument is highlighted by the new tensions that have accompanied the U.S. military occupation of Iraq and the Bush administration's political pretensions to 'bring democracy' to the whole region.
Posted in Political Science

Community action and planning

Contexts, drivers and outcomes

Author: Gallent, Nick,Ciaffi, Daniela

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447321227

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 5272

With trust in top-down government faltering, community-based groups around the world are displaying an ever-greater appetite to take control of their own lives and neighbourhoods. Government, for its part, is keen to embrace the projects and the planning undertaken at this level, attempting to regularise it and use it as a means of reconnecting to citizens and localising democracy. This unique book analyses the contexts, drivers and outcomes of community action and planning in a selection of case studies in the global north: from emergent neighbourhood planning in England to the community-based housing movement in New York, and from active citizenship in the Dutch new towns to associative action in Marseille. It will be a valuable resource for academic researchers and for postgraduate students on social policy, planning and community development courses.
Posted in Political Science

Dimensions of Social Exclusion

Ethnographic Explorations

Author: K.M. Ziyauddin,Eswarappa Kasi

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443815691

Category: Social Science

Page: 205

View: 4496

Dimensions of Social Exclusion focuses largely on social exclusion in the context of communities and social groups who have or have not been considered in discussing the benefits of mainstream inclusive society or development. Contemporary understanding of social exclusion has revived great interest among academics, researchers and policy makers in understanding problems from the perspectives of social exclusion. The decision to adopt the perspective of social exclusion has not been universal; rather the nature of this is very heterogeneous. In addition, the concept of social exclusion is not static; in reality, it is a process. The process is seen in the marginalization and discrimination of people in their everyday lives and interactions. The term ‘exclusion’ has become a part of the vocabulary in Europe and other developing societies like ‘poverty’ or ‘unemployment’; it is one of those words which seem to have both an everyday meaning and an underlying sense. It emphasizes the social aspects of concerns such as housing, health, employment, education, participation in social activities and festivities, social interaction and social intercourse. It excludes certain communities and groups from interaction and access to social resources through social arrangements, normative value systems and customs. Exclusion based on caste is one example and patriarchy is another, which is a form of systemic or constitutive exclusion. Having social, cultural, political and economic ramifications, it is also a complex and multi-dimensional concept. These dimensions are interwoven and are addressed in the different papers of the volume. This book revolves around the societal interventions and institutions that exclude, discriminate, isolate and deprive some groups on the basis of group identities such as caste or ethnicity. It covers a wide spectrum of societies and communities living in various cultural environments. The multidisciplinary nature of the book will render it helpful to students and researchers of sociology, anthropology, historical and political studies, demography, social work and gender studies in particular and the humanities in general.
Posted in Social Science

Citizenship, Belonging and Intergenerational Relations in African Migration

Author: C. Attias-Donfut,J. Cook,J. Hoffman,L. Waite

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230390323

Category: Social Science

Page: 219

View: 1252

This book explores migration experiences of African families across two generations in Britain, France and South Africa. Global processes of African migration are investigated, and the lived experiences of African migrants are explored in areas such as citizenship, belonging, intergenerational transmission, work and social mobility.
Posted in Social Science

Social Capital and Local Development

From Theory to Empirics

Author: Elena Pisani,Giorgio Franceschetti,Laura Secco,Asimina Christoforou

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331954277X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 516

View: 481

This book addresses the role of social capital in promoting rural and local development. The recent financial and economic crises have exposed the European Union (EU) to an increased risk of social exclusion and poverty, which are now at the heart of its economic, employment and social agenda with explicit reference to rural and marginal areas (Europe 2020). The authors' work from the notion that rural development is not imposed from the ‘outside’, but depends also on endogenous factors, namely local cultural and ecological amenities, eco-system services, and economic links with urban areas which expand rural opportunities for innovation, competitiveness, employment and sustainable development. Social capital is of paramount importance because it helps build networks and trusting relations among local stakeholders in the public and private spheres, and supporting the enhancement of governance of natural resources in rural areas
Posted in Business & Economics