Robot Vision

Author: Berthold Horn

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262081597

Category: Computers

Page: 509

View: 623

"Presents a solid framework for understanding existing work and planning future research."--Cover.
Posted in Computers

Three-dimensional Computer Vision

A Geometric Viewpoint

Author: Olivier Faugeras

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262061582

Category: Computers

Page: 663

View: 9258

This monograph by one of the world's leading vision researchers provides a thorough, mathematically rigorous exposition of a broad and vital area in computer vision: the problems and techniques related to three-dimensional (stereo) vision and motion. The emphasis is on using geometry to solve problems in stereo and motion, with examples from navigation and object recognition.Faugeras takes up such important problems in computer vision as projective geometry, camera calibration, edge detection, stereo vision (with many examples on real images), different kinds of representations and transformations (especially 3-D rotations), uncertainty and methods of addressing it, and object representation and recognition. His theoretical account is illustrated with the results of actual working programs.Three-Dimensional Computer Vision proposes solutions to problems arising from a specific robotics scenario in which a system must perceive and act. Moving about an unknown environment, the system has to avoid static and mobile obstacles, build models of objects and places in order to be able to recognize and locate them, and characterize its own motion and that of moving objects, by providing descriptions of the corresponding three-dimensional motions. The ideas generated, however, can be used indifferent settings, resulting in a general book on computer vision that reveals the fascinating relationship of three-dimensional geometry and the imaging process.Olivier Faugeras is Research Director of the Computer Vision and Robotics Laboratory at INRIA Sophia-Antipolis and a Professor of Applied Mathematics at the Ecole Polytechnique in Paris.
Posted in Computers

Sensors

Advancements in Modeling, Design Issues, Fabrication and Practical Applications

Author: Yueh-Min Ray Huang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540690301

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 424

View: 8005

Sensors are the most important component in any system and engineers in any field need to understand the fundamentals of how these components work, how to select them properly and how to integrate them into an overall system. This book has outlined the fundamentals, analytical concepts, modelling and design issues, technical details and practical applications of different types of sensors, electromagnetic, capacitive, ultrasonic, vision, Terahertz, displacement, fibre-optic and so on. The book: addresses the identification, modeling, selection, operation and integration of a wide variety of sensors, demonstrates the concepts of different sensors technology through simulation, design and real implementations, discusses the design and fabrication of high performance modern sensors technology, presents a selection of cutting-edge applications. Written by experts in their area of research, this book will be useful reference book for engineers and scientist especially the post-graduate students find this book as reference book for their research.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Advances in Autonomous Robotics

Joint Proceedings of the 13th Annual TAROS Conference and the 15th Annual FIRA RoboWorld Congress, Bristol, UK, August 20-23, 2012, Proceedings

Author: Guido Herrmann,Matthew Studley,Martin Pearson,Andrew Conn,Chris Melhuish,Mark Witkowski,Jong-Hwan Kim,Prahlad Vadakkepat

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642325270

Category: Computers

Page: 469

View: 9394

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 13th Conference on Towards Autonomous Robotic Systems, TAROS 2012 and the 15th Robot World Congress, FIRA 2012, held as joint conference in Bristol, UK, in August 2012. The 36 revised full papers presented together with 25 extended abstracts were carefully reviewed and selected from 89 submissions. The papers cover various topics in the field of autonomous robotics.
Posted in Computers

Robotics, Vision and Control

Fundamental Algorithms in MATLAB

Author: Peter Corke

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642201455

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 570

View: 5899

The practice of robotics and computer vision both involve the application of computational algorithms to data. Over the fairly recent history of the fields of robotics and computer vision a very large body of algorithms has been developed. However this body of knowledge is something of a barrier for anybody entering the field, or even looking to see if they want to enter the field — What is the right algorithm for a particular problem?, and importantly, How can I try it out without spending days coding and debugging it from the original research papers? The author has maintained two open-source MATLAB Toolboxes for more than 10 years: one for robotics and one for vision. The key strength of the Toolboxes provide a set of tools that allow the user to work with real problems, not trivial examples. For the student the book makes the algorithms accessible, the Toolbox code can be read to gain understanding, and the examples illustrate how it can be used —instant gratification in just a couple of lines of MATLAB code. The code can also be the starting point for new work, for researchers or students, by writing programs based on Toolbox functions, or modifying the Toolbox code itself. The purpose of this book is to expand on the tutorial material provided with the toolboxes, add many more examples, and to weave this into a narrative that covers robotics and computer vision separately and together. The author shows how complex problems can be decomposed and solved using just a few simple lines of code, and hopefully to inspire up and coming researchers. The topics covered are guided by the real problems observed over many years as a practitioner of both robotics and computer vision. It is written in a light but informative style, it is easy to read and absorb, and includes a lot of Matlab examples and figures. The book is a real walk through the fundamentals of robot kinematics, dynamics and joint level control, then camera models, image processing, feature extraction and epipolar geometry, and bring it all together in a visual servo system. Additional material is provided at http://www.petercorke.com/RVC
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Society Of Mind

Author: Marvin Minsky

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0671657135

Category: Psychology

Page: 339

View: 2981

An authority on artificial intelligence introduces a theory that explores the workings of the human mind and the mysteries of thought
Posted in Psychology

Robot Control 1991 (SYROCO'91)

Selected Papers from the 3rd IFAC/IFIP/IMACS Symposium, Vienna , Austria, 16 - 18 September 1991

Author: I. Troch

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483298787

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 574

View: 8233

This volume contains 92 papers on the state-of-the-art in robotics research. In this volume topics on modelling and identification are treated first as they build the basis for practically all control aspects. Then, the most basic control tasks are discussed i.e. problems of inverse kinematics. Groups of papers follow which deal with various advanced control aspects. They range from rather general methods to more specialized topics such as force control and control of hydraulic robots. The problem of path planning is addressed and strategies for robots with one arm, for mobile robots and for multiple arm robots are presented. Also covered are computational improvements and software tools for simulation and control, the integration of sensors and sensor signals in robot control.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

AI in the 1980s and Beyond

An MIT Survey

Author: W. Eric L. Grimson,Ramesh S. Patil

Publisher: Mit Press

ISBN: 9780262570770

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 8996

This collection of essays by 12 members of the MIT staff, provides an inside reporton the scope and expectations of current research in one of the world's major AI centers. Thechapters on artificial intelligence, expert systems, vision, robotics, and natural language provideboth a broad overview of current areas of activity and an assessment of the field at a time of greatpublic interest and rapid technological progress.Contents: Artificial Intelligence (Patrick H.Winston and Karen Prendergast). KnowledgeBased Systems (Randall Davis). Expert-System Tools andTechniques (Peter Szolovits). Medical Diagnosis: Evolution of Systems Building Expertise (Ramesh S.Patil). Artificial Intelligence and Software Engineering (Charles Rich and Richard C. Waters).Intelligent Natural Language Processing (Robert C. Berwick). Automatic Speech Recognition andUnderstanding (Victor W. Zue). Robot Programming and Artificial Intelligence (Tomas Lozano-Perez).Robot Hands and Tactile Sensing (John M. Hollerbach). Intelligent Vision (Michael Brady). MakingRobots See (W. Eric L. Grimson). Autonomous Mobile Robots (Rodney A. Brooks).W. Eric L. Grimson,author of From Images to Surfaces: A Computational Study of the Human Early Vision System (MIT Press1981), and Ramesh S. Patil are both Assistant Professors in the Department of Electrical Engineeringand Computer Science at MIT. AI in the 1980s and Beyond is included in the Artificial IntelligenceSeries, edited by Patrick H. Winston and Michael Brady.
Posted in Computers

Introductory Techniques for 3-D Computer Vision

Author: Emanuele Trucco,Alessandro Verri

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 343

View: 6299

This text provides readers with a starting point to understand and investigate the literature of computer vision, listing conferences, journals and Internet sites.
Posted in Computers

An Invitation to 3-D Vision

From Images to Geometric Models

Author: Yi Ma,Stefano Soatto,Jana Kosecká,S. Shankar Sastry

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387217797

Category: Computers

Page: 528

View: 3909

This book introduces the geometry of 3-D vision, that is, the reconstruction of 3-D models of objects from a collection of 2-D images. It details the classic theory of two view geometry and shows that a more proper tool for studying the geometry of multiple views is the so-called rank consideration of the multiple view matrix. It also develops practical reconstruction algorithms and discusses possible extensions of the theory.
Posted in Computers

Robotics

Science and Systems VII

Author: Hugh Durrant-Whyte,Nicholas Roy,Pieter Abbeel

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262305046

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 467

Robotics: Science and Systems VII spans a wide spectrum of robotics, bringing together researchers working on the algorithmic or mathematical foundations of robotics, robotics applications, and analysis of robotics systems. This volume presents the proceedings of the seventh annual Robotics: Science and Systems conference, held in 2011 at the University of Southern California. The papers presented cover a wide range of topics in robotics, spanning mechanisms, kinematics, dynamics and control, human-robot interaction and human-centered systems, distributed systems, mobile systems and mobility, manipulation, field robotics, medical robotics, biological robotics, robot perception, and estimation and learning in robotic systems. The conference and its proceedings reflect not only the tremendous growth of robotics as a discipline but also the desire in the robotics community for a flagship event at which the best of the research in the field can be presented.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Research Directions in Computer Science

An MIT Perspective

Author: Albert R. Meyer

Publisher: MIT Press (MA)

ISBN: 9780262132572

Category: Computers

Page: 490

View: 5679

Research Directions in Computer Science celebrates the twenty-fifth anniversary of the founding of MIT's Project MAC. It covers the full range of ongoing computer science research at the MIT Laboratory for Computer Science and the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, both of which grew out of the original Project MAC. Leading researchers from the faculties and staffs of the laboratories highlight current research and future activities in multiprocessors and parallel computer architectures, in languages and systems for distributed computing, in intelligent systems (AI) and robotics, in complexity and learning theory, in software methodology, in programming language theory, in software for engineering research and education, and in the relation between computers and economic productivity. The contributors includeHarold Abelson, Arvind, Rodney Brooks, David Clark, Fernando Corbato, William Daily, Michael Dertouzos, John Guttag, Berthold K. P. Horn, Barbara Liskov, Albert Meyer, Nicholas Negroponte, Marc Raibert, Ronald Rivest, Michael Sipser, Gerald Sussman, Peter Szolovits, and John Updike.
Posted in Computers

Introduction to Robotics

Author: Tadej Bajd,Matjaž Mihelj,Marko Munih

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400761015

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 83

View: 4543

This book is focused on geometrical models of robot mechanisms. Rotation and orientation of an object are described by Rodrigues's formula, rotation matrix and quaternions. Pose and displacement of an object are mathematically dealt with homogenous transformation matrices. The geometrical robot model is based on Denavit Hartenberg parameters. Direct and inverse model of six degrees of freedom anthropomorphic industrial robots are also presented.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Computer Vision

Algorithms and Applications

Author: Richard Szeliski

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781848829466

Category: Computers

Page: 812

View: 5518

Humans perceive the three-dimensional structure of the world with apparent ease. However, despite all of the recent advances in computer vision research, the dream of having a computer interpret an image at the same level as a two-year old remains elusive. Why is computer vision such a challenging problem and what is the current state of the art? Computer Vision: Algorithms and Applications explores the variety of techniques commonly used to analyze and interpret images. It also describes challenging real-world applications where vision is being successfully used, both for specialized applications such as medical imaging, and for fun, consumer-level tasks such as image editing and stitching, which students can apply to their own personal photos and videos. More than just a source of “recipes,” this exceptionally authoritative and comprehensive textbook/reference also takes a scientific approach to basic vision problems, formulating physical models of the imaging process before inverting them to produce descriptions of a scene. These problems are also analyzed using statistical models and solved using rigorous engineering techniques Topics and features: structured to support active curricula and project-oriented courses, with tips in the Introduction for using the book in a variety of customized courses; presents exercises at the end of each chapter with a heavy emphasis on testing algorithms and containing numerous suggestions for small mid-term projects; provides additional material and more detailed mathematical topics in the Appendices, which cover linear algebra, numerical techniques, and Bayesian estimation theory; suggests additional reading at the end of each chapter, including the latest research in each sub-field, in addition to a full Bibliography at the end of the book; supplies supplementary course material for students at the associated website, http://szeliski.org/Book/. Suitable for an upper-level undergraduate or graduate-level course in computer science or engineering, this textbook focuses on basic techniques that work under real-world conditions and encourages students to push their creative boundaries. Its design and exposition also make it eminently suitable as a unique reference to the fundamental techniques and current research literature in computer vision.
Posted in Computers

Computer vision

Author: Dana Harry Ballard,Christopher M. Brown

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 523

View: 2003

Investigates fundamental concepts & recent developments in computer vision & describes the representations & mechanisms that allow image information & prior knowledge to interact in image understanding.
Posted in Computers

Bio-Inspired Artificial Intelligence

Theories, Methods, and Technologies

Author: Dario Floreano,Claudio Mattiussi

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262062712

Category: Computers

Page: 659

View: 8919

New approaches to artificial intelligence spring from the idea that intelligence emerges as much from cells, bodies, and societies as it does from evolution, development, and learning. Traditionally, artificial intelligence has been concerned with reproducing the abilities of human brains; newer approaches take inspiration from a wider range of biological structures that that are capable of autonomous self-organization. Examples of these new approaches include evolutionary computation and evolutionary electronics, artificial neural networks, immune systems, biorobotics, and swarm intelligence -- to mention only a few. This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the emerging field of biologically inspired artificial intelligence that can be used as an upper-level text or as a reference for researchers. Each chapter presents computational approaches inspired by a different biological system; each begins with background information about the biological system and then proceeds to develop computational models that make use of biological concepts. The chapters cover evolutionary computation and electronics; cellular systems; neural systems, including neuromorphic engineering; developmental systems; immune systems; behavioral systems -- including several approaches to robotics, including behavior-based, bio-mimetic, epigenetic, and evolutionary robots; and collective systems, including swarm robotics as well as cooperative and competitive co-evolving systems. Chapters end with a concluding overview and suggested reading.
Posted in Computers

Numerical Algorithms

Methods for Computer Vision, Machine Learning, and Graphics

Author: Justin Solomon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482251892

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 3912

Numerical Algorithms: Methods for Computer Vision, Machine Learning, and Graphics presents a new approach to numerical analysis for modern computer scientists. Using examples from a broad base of computational tasks, including data processing, computational photography, and animation, the textbook introduces numerical modeling and algorithmic design from a practical standpoint and provides insight into the theoretical tools needed to support these skills. The book covers a wide range of topics—from numerical linear algebra to optimization and differential equations—focusing on real-world motivation and unifying themes. It incorporates cases from computer science research and practice, accompanied by highlights from in-depth literature on each subtopic. Comprehensive end-of-chapter exercises encourage critical thinking and build students’ intuition while introducing extensions of the basic material. The text is designed for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in computer science and related fields with experience in calculus and linear algebra. For students with a background in discrete mathematics, the book includes some reminders of relevant continuous mathematical background.
Posted in Computers

Proceedings

Author: Indian National Science Academy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7042

Posted in Science

Readings in Computer Vision

Issues, Problem, Principles, and Paradigms

Author: Martin A. Fischler,Oscar Firschein

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080515819

Category: Computers

Page: 816

View: 7911

The field of computer vision combines techniques from physics, mathematics, psychology, artificial intelligence, and computer science to examine how machines might construct meaningful descriptions of their surrounding environment. The editors of this volume, prominent researchers and leaders of the SRI International AI Center Perception Group, have selected sixty papers, most published since 1980, with the viewpoint that computer vision is concerned with solving seven basic problems: Reconstructing 3D scenes from 2D images Decomposing images into their component parts Recognizing and assigning labels to scene objects Deducing and describing relations among scene objects Determining the nature of computer architectures that can support the visual function Representing abstractions in the world of computer memory Matching stored descriptions to image representation Each chapter of this volume addresses one of these problems through an introductory discussion, which identifies major ideas and summarizes approaches, and through reprints of key research papers. Two appendices on crucial assumptions in image interpretation and on parallel architectures for vision applications, a glossary of technical terms, and a comprehensive bibliography and index complete the volume.
Posted in Computers