Examines representations of the South Pacific by explorers, missionaries, travellers, writers, and artists, 1767-1914.
Colonial Discourse from Cook to Gauguin
Author: Rod Edmond
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Sie kamen, sahen und eroberten – 600 Jahre lang haben Europäer die Welt erkundet, unterworfen und ausgebeutet. Doch zugleich haben sie zahllose Impulse für die Entstehung unserer heutigen Welt gegeben und empfangen. Denn die europäische Expansion war keine Einbahnstraße, sondern ein jahrhundertelanger Prozess der Interaktionen. In Wolfgang Reinhards monumentalem Werk hat die Vorgeschichte der Globalisierung zu einer einzigartigen Gesamtdarstellung gefunden. Der renommierte Historiker beschreibt von den frühen Anfängen der europäischen Expansion in Antike und Mittelalter bis zu den langwierigen Dekolonisationen des 20. Jahrhunderts einen weltgeschichtlichen Vorgang von gewaltigen zeitlichen und räumlichen Dimensionen. Ob er über die Handelssysteme in Asien berichtet oder über die künstliche Welt der Plantagen mit ihren Sklaven, über ökologische Folgen oder konfliktträchtige politische Hinterlassenschaften der europäischen Expansion, stets ist seine beeindruckend kenntnisreiche Geschichte spannend zu lesen und geprägt von dem Interesse nicht nur an den Europäern, sondern auch an – den Anderen.
Globalgeschichte der europäischen Expansion 1415-2015
Author: Wolfgang Reinhard
Inseln sind Orte der Sehnsucht; sie entwickeln ihre Anziehungskraft durch ihre Abgeschiedenheit. Von bildenden Künstlern wurden sie, anders als von Schriftstellern, vergleichsweise spät entdeckt: Antoine Watteaus Einschiffung nach Kythera und die Künstler, die im wissenschaftlichen Auftrag mit James Cook bis nach Tahiti reisten, markieren zentrale Momente der künstlerischen Inselentdeckung. Inseln in der Kunst sind ein Phänomen der Moderne und eine Konstruktion. Von Anfang an agierten die Künstler dabei zwischen Mythos, Ideal, Kolonialismus und dem beginnenden Tourismus. Im 19. Jahrhundert wurden Inseln dann zum Identifikationsort für den modernen Künstler, für dessen Autonomie oder seine Freiheit von gesellschaftlichen Zwängen wie etwa im Werk von Arnold Böcklin und Paul Gauguin.
Mythos, Moderne und Tourismus von Watteau bis Manrique
Author: Dora Imhof
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Captain James Cook was the greatest explorer of his age, perhaps of any age. He was a leader of men, a master voyager who journeyed to unknown places, a seeker of knowledge who commanded three demanding scientific expeditions. He and his crews had encounters with peoples of the South Seas which could lead to mutual respect and trade, but also to misunderstanding and violence. Even before he died his exploits were widely admired. But his death at the hands of Hawaiians turned him into a legendary figure, a hero of the Enlightenment, who was said to have brought “civilization” to the Pacific while giving up his own life in the process._x000D_ _x000D_ Yet despite everything that is known about Cook’s life and many adventures, the man himself remains shrouded in mystery. Even J.C. Beaglehole, the legendary editor of Cook’s Journals, acknowledged the problem: ‘Everybody knows Cook’s name; yet, I have always felt, extraordinarily little is known about him. He is an exceptionally difficult man to get inside’._x000D_ _x000D_ With this book, Dan O’Sullivan seeks to do just that and casts vivid light on Cook’s character, teasing out his personality from the pages of his own journals - cautious, objective-seeming texts, full of the minutiae of daily events which are almost the only sources available for one of the outstanding figures of his generation and of his country. Presenting Cook’s life thematically, O’Sullivan examines his ideas and attitudes - towards his men, the Pacific Islanders, sex, god and death - in the context of the ideas and conflicts of the turbulent 18th century _x000D_ _x000D_ As well as an original and illuminating re-examination of Cook's complex character, this is also a vivid introduction to his life and times which is essential reading for anyone with an interest in this incomparable sea-captain._x000D_
Exploring the Man Through His Own Words
Author: Daniel O'Sullivan
Category: Biography & Autobiography
This pioneering collection of essays charts an exciting new field in British studies, 'the new imperial history'. Leading scholars from history, literature and cultural studies tackle problems of identity, modernity and difference in eighteenth-century Britain and the empire. They examine, from interdisciplinary perspectives, the reciprocal influences of empire and culture, the movements of peoples, practices and ideas effected by slavery, diaspora and British dominance, and ways in which subaltern, non-western and non-elite people shaped British power and knowledge. The essays move through Britain, America, India, Africa and the South Pacific in testament to the networks of people, commodities and entangled pasts forged by Britain's imperial adventures. Based on ground-breaking research, these analyses of the imperial dimensions of British culture and identities in global contexts will challenge the notion that empire was something that happened 'out there', and they demonstrate its long-lasting implications for British identity and everyday life.
Culture, Identity and Modernity in Britain and the Empire, 1660-1840
Author: Kathleen Wilson
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
This volume addresses issues raised by Katherine Mansfield's nomadic rootlessness as an 'extraterritorial' writer. Contributions draw on postcolonial and diasporic frameworks to examine Mansfield's insights into colony and empire.
Author: Gerri Kimber
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Long before Magellan entered the Pacific in 1521 Westerners entertained ideas of undiscovered oceans, mighty continents, and paradisal islands at the far ends of the earth-such ideas would have a long life and a deep impact in both the Pacific and the West. With the discovery of Tahiti in 1767 another powerful myth was added to this collection: the noble savage. For the first time Westerners were confronted by a people who seemed happier than themselves. This revolution in the human sciences was accompanied by one in the natural sciences after Darwin's momentous visit to the Galapagos Islands. The Pacific produced other challenges for nineteenth-century researchers on race and culture, and for those intent on exporting their religions to this immense quarter of the globe. As the century wore on, the region presented opportunities and dilemmas for the imperial powers, a process was accelerated by the Pacific War between 1941 and 1945. Strangers in the South Seas recounts and illustrates this story using a wealth of primary texts. It includes generous excerpts from the work of explorers, soldiers, naturalists, anthropologists, artists, and writers--some famous, some obscure. It shows how "the Great South Sea" has been an irreplaceable "distant mirror" of the West and its intellectual obsessions since the Renaissance.
The Idea of the Pacific in Western Thought : an Anthology
Author: Richard Lansdown
Publisher: University of Hawaii Press
In the nineteenth century, nearly all Native American men living along the southern New England coast made their living traveling the world's oceans on whaleships. Many were career whalemen, spending twenty years or more at sea. Their labor invigorated economically depressed reservations with vital income and led to complex and surprising connections with other Indigenous peoples, from the islands of the Pacific to the Arctic Ocean. At home, aboard ship, or around the world, Native American seafarers found themselves in a variety of situations, each with distinct racial expectations about who was "Indian" and how "Indians" behaved. Treated by their white neighbors as degraded dependents incapable of taking care of themselves, Native New Englanders nevertheless rose to positions of command at sea. They thereby complicated myths of exploration and expansion that depicted cultural encounters as the meeting of two peoples, whites and Indians. Highlighting the shifting racial ideologies that shaped the lives of these whalemen, Nancy Shoemaker shows how the category of "Indian" was as fluid as the whalemen were mobile.
Indigenous Encounters and the Contingency of Race
Author: Nancy Shoemaker
Publisher: UNC Press Books
A Companion to Folklore presents an original and comprehensive collection of essays from international experts in the field of folklore studies. Unprecedented in depth and scope, this state-of-the-art collection uniquely displays the vitality of folklore research across the globe. An unprecedented collection of original, state of the art essays on folklore authored by international experts Examines the practices and theoretical approaches developed to understand the phenomena of folklore Considers folklore in the context of multi-disciplinary topics that include poetics, performance, religious practice, myth, ritual and symbol, oral textuality, history, law, politics and power as well as the social base of folklore Selected by Choice as a 2013 Outstanding Academic Title
Author: Regina F. Bendix,Galit Hasan-Rokem
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Social Science
By comparing institutions in Hawai'i and Louisiana designed to incarcerate individuals with a highly stigmatized disease, Colonizing Leprosy provides an innovative study of the complex relationship between U.S. imperialism and public health policy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Focusing on the Kalaupapa Settlement in Moloka'i and the U.S. National Leprosarium in Carville, Michelle Moran shows not only how public health policy emerged as a tool of empire in America's colonies, but also how imperial ideologies and racial attitudes shaped practices at home. Although medical personnel at both sites considered leprosy a colonial disease requiring strict isolation, Moran demonstrates that they adapted regulations developed at one site for use at the other by changing rules to conform to ideas of how "natives" and "Americans" should be treated. By analyzing administrators' decisions, physicians' treatments, and patients' protests, Moran examines the roles that gender, race, ethnicity, and sexuality played in shaping both public opinion and health policy. Colonizing Leprosy makes an important contribution to an understanding of how imperial imperatives, public health practices, and patient activism informed debates over the constitution and health of American bodies.
Imperialism and the Politics of Public Health in the United States
Author: Michelle T. Moran
Publisher: UNC Press Books
"Early essays in the collection address the significance of islands in the Atlantic economy of the eighteenth century. The focus then shifts to the exploration of the Pacific, which presented Europe with new island-groups to explore, exploit, and imagine.
Author: Rod Edmond
Publisher: Psychology Press
Patrick Brantlinger here examines the commonly held nineteenth-century view that all "primitive" or "savage" races around the world were doomed sooner or later to extinction. Warlike propensities and presumed cannibalism were regarded as simultaneously noble and suicidal, accelerants of the downfall of other races after contact with white civilization. Brantlinger finds at the heart of this belief the stereotype of the self-exterminating savage, or the view that "savagery" is a sufficient explanation for the ultimate disappearance of "savages" from the grand theater of world history. Humanitarians, according to Brantlinger, saw the problem in the same terms of inevitability (or doom) as did scientists such as Charles Darwin and Thomas Henry Huxley as well as propagandists for empire such as Charles Wentworth Dilke and James Anthony Froude. Brantlinger analyzes the Irish Famine in the context of ideas and theories about primitive races in North America, Australia, New Zealand, and elsewhere. He shows that by the end of the nineteenth century, especially through the influence of the eugenics movement, extinction discourse was ironically applied to "the great white race" in various apocalyptic formulations. With the rise of fascism and Nazism, and with the gradual renewal of aboriginal populations in some parts of the world, by the 1930s the stereotypic idea of "fatal impact" began to unravel, as did also various more general forms of race-based thinking and of social Darwinism.
Discourse on the Extinction of Primitive Races, 1800-1930
Author: Patrick Brantlinger
Publisher: Cornell University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
Category: English literature
In 1932, Aldous Huxley published Brave New World, his famous novel about a future in which humans are produced to spec in laboratories. Around the same time, Australian legislators announced an ambitious experiment to “breed the colour” out of Australia by procuring white husbands for women of white and indigenous descent. In this study, Nadine Attewell reflects on an assumption central to these and other policy initiatives and cultural texts from twentieth-century Britain, Australia, and New Zealand: that the fortunes of the nation depend on controlling the reproductive choices of citizen-subjects. Better Britons charts an innovative approach to the politics of reproduction by reading an array of works and discourses – from canonical modernist novels and speculative fictions to government memoranda and public debates – that reflect on the significance of reproductive behaviours for civic, national, and racial identities. Bringing insights from feminist and queer theory into dialogue with work in indigenous studies, Attewell sheds new light on changing conceptions of British and settler identity during the era of decolonization.
Reproduction, National Identity, and the Afterlife of Empire
Author: Nadine Attewell
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
Category: Literary Criticism
The South Seas play a major part in 19th century German literature and journalism, where they figure as a paradise representing the object of desire, research, and colonial conquest. This book demonstrates that literature on the South Seas displays an almost uniform repertory of exoticizing and fear-mongering stereotypes of the foreigner and things foreign that served various different purposes (esthetic standards, political aims, popularization of science). With reference to travel journals, magazine articles, adventure novels, and memoirs, the study s focus on textual analysis and the history of discourse accentuates the shifts taking place within the heterogeneous discourse on Oceania."
Ozeanismus in der deutschen Südseeliteratur 1815-1914
Author: Gabriele Dürbeck
Publisher: Max Niemeyer Verlag
Category: Exoticism in literature
Discusses the makings of the "American Pacific" locality/location/identity as space and ground of cultural production, and the way this region can be linked to "Asia" and "Pacific" as well as to "American mainland"
from South Pacific to Bamboo Ridge and beyond
Author: Rob Wilson
Publisher: Duke University Press Books
Category: New Zealand periodicals