Remaking America

Public Memory, Commemoration, and Patriotism in the Twentieth Century

Author: John E. Bodnar

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691034959

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 2962

In a compelling inquiry into public events ranging from the building of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial through ethnic community fairs to pioneer celebrations, John Bodnar explores the stories, ideas, and symbols behind American commemorations over the last century. Such forms of historical consciousness, he argues, do not necessarily preserve the past but rather address serious political matters in the present.
Posted in History

Remaking America

Public Memory, Commemoration, and Patriotism in the Twentieth Century

Author: John E. Bodnar

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780691047836

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 3693

Argues that public commemoration of historic events expresses a need to reinforce personal sentiments dealing with issues of class, race, sex, and regional identity
Posted in History

Mystic Chords of Memory

The Transformation of Tradition in American Culture

Author: Michael Kammen

Publisher: Vintage

ISBN: 0307761401

Category: History

Page: 880

View: 9485

Mystic Chords of Memory "Illustrated with hundreds of well-chosen anecdotes and minute observations . . . Kammen is a demon researcher who seems to have mined his nuggets from the entire corpus of American cultural history . . . insightful and sardonic." —Washington Post Book World In this ground-breaking, panoramic work of American cultural history, the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of A Machine That Would Go of Itself examines a central paradox of our national identity How did "the land of the future" acquire a past? And to what extent has our collective memory of that past—as embodied in our traditions—have been distorted, or even manufactured? Ranging from John Adams to Ronald Reagan, from the origins of Independence Day celebrations to the controversies surrounding the Vietnam War Memorial, from the Daughters of the American Revolution to immigrant associations, and filled with incisive analyses of such phenonema as Americana and its collectors, "historic" villages and Disneyland, Mystic Chords of Memory is a brilliant, immensely readable, and enormously important book. "Fascinating . . . a subtle and teeming narrative . . . masterly." —Time "This is a big, ambitious book, and Kammen pulls it off admirably. . . . [He] brings a prodigious mind and much scholarly rigor to his task . . . an importnat book—and a revealing look at how Americans look at themselves." —Milwaukee Journal
Posted in History

Remaking America

Democracy and Public Policy in an Age of Inequality

Author: Joe Soss,Jacob S. Hacker,Suzanne Mettler

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610445104

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 4994

Over the past three decades, the contours of American social, economic, and political life have changed dramatically. The post-war patterns of broadly distributed economic growth have given way to stark inequalities of income and wealth, the GOP and its allies have gained power and shifted U.S. politics rightward, and the role of government in the lives of Americans has changed fundamentally. Remaking America explores how these trends are related, investigating the complex interactions of economics, politics, and public policy. Remaking America explains how the broad restructuring of government policy has both reflected and propelled major shifts in the character of inequality and democracy in the United States. The contributors explore how recent political and policy changes affect not just the social standing of Americans but also the character of democratic citizenship in the United States today. Lawrence Jacobs shows how partisan politics, public opinion, and interest groups have shaped the evolution of Medicare, but also how Medicare itself restructured health politics in America. Kimberly Morgan explains how highly visible tax policies created an opportunity for conservatives to lead a grassroots tax revolt that ultimately eroded of the revenues needed for social-welfare programs. Deborah Stone explores how new policies have redefined participation in the labor force—as opposed to fulfilling family or civic obligations—as the central criterion of citizenship. Frances Fox Piven explains how low-income women remain creative and vital political actors in an era in which welfare programs increasingly subject them to stringent behavioral requirements and monitoring. Joshua Guetzkow and Bruce Western document the rise of mass incarceration in America and illuminate its unhealthy effects on state social-policy efforts and the civic status of African-American men. For many disadvantaged Americans who used to look to government as a source of opportunity and security, the state has become increasingly paternalistic and punitive. Far from standing alone, their experience reflects a broader set of political victories and policy revolutions that have fundamentally altered American democracy and society. Empirically grounded and theoretically informed, Remaking America connects the dots to provide insight into the remarkable social and political changes of the last three decades.
Posted in Political Science

Present Pasts

Urban Palimpsests and the Politics of Memory

Author: Andreas Huyssen

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804745611

Category: History

Page: 177

View: 3393

This book analyzes the relation of public memory to history, forgetting, and selective memory in three late-twentieth-century cities that have confronted major social or political traumas—Berlin, Buenos Aires, and New York.
Posted in History

Bonds of Affection

Americans Define Their Patriotism

Author: John E. Bodnar

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691043968

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 4681

In Bonds of Affection, a group of scholars explore the manner in which Americans have discussed and practiced their patriotism over the course of two hundred years. To what extent has the promise of a "government of the people, by the people, and for the people" explained citizen loyalty? Have there been any other factors in American history that account for the attachments individuals have felt toward their nation - such as devotion to home and family
Posted in History

Framing Public Memory

Author: Kendall R. Phillips

Publisher: University of Alabama Press

ISBN: 0817313893

Category: History

Page: 269

View: 3116

A collection of essays by prominent scholars from many disciplines on the construction of public memories. The study of public memory has grown rapidly across numerous disciplines in recent years, among them American studies, history, philosophy, sociology, architecture, and communications. As scholars probe acts of collective remembrance, they have shed light on the cultural processes of memory. Essays contained in this volume address issues such as the scope of public memory, the ways we forget, the relationship between politics and memory, and the material practices of memory. Stephen Browne's contribution studies the alternative to memory erasure, silence, and forgetting as posited by Hannah Arendt in her classic Eichmann in Jerusalem. Rosa Eberly writes about the Texas tower shootings of 1966, memories of which have been minimized by local officials. Charles Morris examines public reactions to Larry Kramer's declaration that Abraham Lincoln was homosexual, horrifying the guardians of Lincoln's public memory. And Barbie Zelizer considers the impact on public memory of visual images, specifically still photographs of individuals about to perish (e.g., people falling from the World Trade Center) and the sense of communal loss they manifest. Whether addressing the transitory and mutable nature of collective memories over time or the ways various groups maintain, engender, or resist those memories, this work constitutes a major contribution to our understanding of how public memory has been and might continue to be framed.
Posted in History

Blue-Collar Hollywood

Liberalism, Democracy, and Working People in American Film

Author: John Bodnar

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801888719

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 2538

From Tom Joad to Norma Rae to Spike Lee's Mookie in Do the Right Thing, Hollywood has regularly dramatized the lives and struggles of working people in America. Ranging from idealistic to hopeless, from sympathetic to condescending, these portrayals confronted audiences with the vital economic, social, and political issues of their times while providing a diversion—sometimes entertaining, sometimes provocative—from the realities of their own lives. In Blue-Collar Hollywood, John Bodnar examines the ways in which popular American films made between the 1930s and the 1980s depicted working-class characters, comparing these cinematic representations with the aspirations of ordinary Americans and the promises made to them by the country's political elites. Based on close and imaginative viewings of dozens of films from every genre—among them Public Enemy, Black Fury, Baby Face, The Grapes of Wrath, It's a Wonderful Life, I Married a Communist, A Streetcar Named Desire, Peyton Place, Taxi Driver, Raging Bull, Coal Miner's Daughter, and Boyz N the Hood—this book explores such topics as the role of censorship, attitudes toward labor unions and worker militancy, racism, the place of women in the workforce and society, communism and the Hollywood blacklist, and faith in liberal democracy. Whether made during the Great Depression, World War II, the Cold War, or the Vietnam era, the majority of films about ordinary working Americans, Bodnar finds, avoided endorsing specific political programs, radical economic reform, or overtly reactionary positions. Instead, these movies were infused with the same current of liberalism and popular notion of democracy that flow through the American imagination. -- Steven J. Ross, author of Working-Class Hollywood: Silent Film and the Shaping of Class in America
Posted in History

The "Good War" in American Memory

Author: John Bodnar

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421400022

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 1493

In building this narrative, Bodnar shows how the idealism of President Franklin Roosevelt's Four Freedoms was lost in the public commemoration of World War II, how the war's memory became intertwined in the larger discussion over American national identity, and how it only came to be known as the "good warmany years after its conclusion.
Posted in History

Commemoration in America

Essays on Monuments, Memorialization, and Memory

Author: David Gobel,Daves Rossell

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813934338

Category: Art

Page: 356

View: 9167

Commemoration lies at the poetic, historiographic, and social heart of human community. It is how societies define themselves and is central to the institution of the city. Addressing the complex ways that monuments in the United States have been imagined, created, and perceived from the colonial period to the present, Commemoration in America is a wide-ranging volume that focuses on the role of remembrance and memorialization in American urban life. The volume’s contributors are drawn from a spectrum of disciplines—social and urban history, urban planning, architecture, art history, preservation, and architectural history—and take a broad view of commemoration. In addition to the making of traditional monuments, the essays explore such commemorative acts as building preservation, biography, portraiture, ritual performance, street naming, and the planting of trees. Providing an overview of American memorialization and the impulses behind it, Commemoration in America emphasizes a universal tendency for individuals and groups to use monuments to define their contemporary social identity and to construct historical narratives. The volume shows that while commemorative acts and objects affect the community in fundamental ways, their meaning is always multivalent and conflicted, attesting to both triumphs and tragedies. Constituting a vital part of both individual and national identity, commemoration’s contradictions strike at the core of American identity and speak to the importance of remembrance in the construction of our diverse national cultural landscape. Contributors: Jhennifer A. Amundson, Judson University * Catherine W. Bishir, North Carolina State University Libraries * Thomas J. Campanella, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill * Glenn T. Eskew, Georgia State University * Glenn Forley, Parsons / The New School for Design * Sally Greene, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill * Alison K. Hoagland, Michigan Technological University * Lynne Horiuchi, University of California, Berkeley * Ellen M. Litwicki, SUNY Fredonia * David Lowenthal, University College London * Mark A. Peterson, University of California, Berkeley * Richard M. Sommer, University of Toronto * Dell Upton, University of California, Los Angeles
Posted in Art

American Historical Pageantry

The Uses of Tradition in the Early Twentieth Century

Author: David Glassberg

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 9780807842867

Category: History

Page: 381

View: 6982

What images shape Americans' perceptions of their past? How do particular versions of history become the public history? And how have these views changed over time? David Glassberg explores these important questions by examining the pageantry craze of the
Posted in History

US Public Memory, Rhetoric, and the National Mall

Author: Roger C. Aden

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 149856321X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 254

View: 5374

US Public Memory, Rhetoric, and the National Mall examines “the nation’s front yard,” understanding it as both a public face the United States presents to the world and a site where its less apparent moral story is told. This book provides a uniquely thorough, interdisciplinary, and integrated examination of how the National Mall shares a moral story of the United States and, in so doing, reveals the soul of the nation. The contributors explore 11 different memorials, monuments, and museums found across the Mall, considering how each rhetorically remembers a key element of the nation’s past, what the rhetorical memory tells us about the nation’s soul, and how each site must thus be understood in relation to the commemorative landscape of the Mall.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

History as an Art of Memory

Author: Patrick H. Hutton

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 9780874516371

Category: History

Page: 229

View: 3551

Hutton considers the ideas of philosophers, poets, and historians to seek outthe roots of fact as mere recollection.
Posted in History

History and Popular Memory

The Power of Story in Moments of Crisis

Author: Paul A Cohen

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231166362

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 2105

When people experience a traumatic event, such as war or the threat of annihilation, they often turn to history for stories that promise a positive outcome to their suffering. During World War II, the French took comfort in the story of Joan of Arc and her heroic efforts to rid France of foreign occupation. To bring the Joan narrative more into line with current circumstances, popular retellings modified the original story so that what people believed took place in the past was often quite different from what actually occurred. Paul A. Cohen believes this interplay between story and history is a worldwide phenomenon found in countries of radically different cultural, religious, and social character. He focuses on Serbia, Israel, the Soviet Union, China, Great Britain, and France, all of which experienced severe crises in the twentieth century and, in response, appropriated age-old historical narratives that resonated with what was happening in the present to serve a unifying, restorative purpose. A central theme in the book is the distinction between popular memory and history. Although vitally important to historians, this distinction is routinely blurred in people’s minds, and the historian’s truth often cannot compete with the power of a compelling story from the past, even when it has been seriously distorted by myth or political manipulation. Cohen concludes by suggesting that the patterns of interaction he probes, given their near universality, may well be rooted in certain human propensities that transcend cultural difference.
Posted in History

PUBLIC SCULPTURE CIVIL IDEAL PB

Author: Michele Helene Bogart

Publisher: Smithsonian Inst Scholarly Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Art

Page: 390

View: 1155

Bogart's groundbreaking consideration of public art as a topic for serious scholarly consideration examines the sustained and organized effort to create in New York a body of municipal sculpture that would express the civic ideal: an urban vision of patriotism, civilization, and good government. It follows the brief movement through its rise and fall, attempting to explain why sponsorship for such civic projects lasted only for a limited time. Dozens of carefully selected photographs and drawings illustrate key aspects of the sculptures and architecture discussed. Delving deeply into the art itself and the political and cultural forces that spurred its creation, Public Sculpture and the Civic Ideal in New York City, 1890-1930 is an invaluable resource for both art historians and serious students of New York City's history.
Posted in Art

Lives of Their Own

Blacks, Italians, and Poles in Pittsburgh, 1900-1960

Author: John E. Bodnar,Roger D. Simon,Michael P. Weber

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252010637

Category: Social Science

Page: 286

View: 1198

Posted in Social Science

Public Forgetting

The Rhetoric and Politics of Beginning Again

Author: Bradford Vivian

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271036656

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 212

View: 5032

Using examples ranging from classical rhetoric to contemporary crises like 9/11, Public Forgetting demonstrates how communities may adopt idioms of forgetting in order to create new and beneficial standards of public judgment.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Hallow This Ground

Author: Colin Rafferty

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 0253019133

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 222

View: 3034

Beginning outside the boarded-up windows of Columbine High School and ending almost twelve years later on the fields of Shiloh National Military Park, Hallow This Ground revolves around monuments and memorials—physical structures that mark the intersection of time and place. In the ways they invite us to interact with them, these sites teach us to recognize our ties to the past. Colin Rafferty explores places as familiar as his hometown of Kansas City and as alien as the concentration camps of Poland in an attempt to understand not only our common histories, but also his own past, present, and future. Rafferty blends the travel essay with the lyric, the memoir with the analytic, in this meditation on the ways personal histories intersect with History, and how those intersections affect the way we understand and interact with Place.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Visualizing Labor in American Sculpture

Monuments, Manliness, and the Work Ethic, 1880-1935

Author: Melissa Dabakis

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521461474

Category: Art

Page: 314

View: 6577

This book focuses on representations of work in American sculpture, from the decade in which the American Federation of Labor was formed, to the inauguration of the federal works project that subsidized American artists during the Great Depression. Restoring a group of important monuments to the history of labor, gender studies and American art history, this book analyzes key monuments and small-scale works in which labor was often constituted as "manly" and where the work ethic mediated both production and reception.
Posted in Art