Regression Analysis and Linear Models

Concepts, Applications, and Implementation

Author: Richard B. Darlington,Andrew F. Hayes

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462521134

Category: Social Science

Page: 661

View: 5158

Ephasizing conceptual understanding over mathematics, this user-friendly text introduces linear regression analysis to students and researchers across the social, behavioral, consumer, and health sciences. Coverage includes model construction and estimation, quantification and measurement of multivariate and partial associations, statistical control, group comparisons, moderation analysis, mediation and path analysis, and regression diagnostics, among other important topics. Engaging worked-through examples demonstrate each technique, accompanied by helpful advice and cautions. The use of SPSS, SAS, and STATA is emphasized, with an appendix on regression analysis using R. The companion website (www.afhayes.com) provides datasets for the book's examples as well as the RLM macro for SPSS and SAS. Pedagogical Features: *Chapters include SPSS, SAS, or STATA code pertinent to the analyses described, with each distinctively formatted for easy identification. *An appendix documents the RLM macro, which facilitates computations for estimating and probing interactions, dominance analysis, heteroscedasticity-consistent standard errors, and linear spline regression, among other analyses. *Students are guided to practice what they learn in each chapter using datasets provided online. *Addresses topics not usually covered, such as ways to measure a variable?s importance, coding systems for representing categorical variables, causation, and myths about testing interaction.
Posted in Social Science

Measurement Theory and Applications for the Social Sciences

Author: Deborah L. Bandalos

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462532136

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 661

View: 5857

Which types of validity evidence should be considered when determining whether a scale is appropriate for a given measurement situation? What about reliability evidence? Using clear explanations illustrated by examples from across the social and behavioral sciences, this engaging text prepares students to make effective decisions about the selection, administration, scoring, interpretation, and development of measurement instruments. Coverage includes the essential measurement topics of scale development, item writing and analysis, and reliability and validity, as well as more advanced topics such as exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, item response theory, diagnostic classification models, test bias and fairness, standard setting, and equating. End-of-chapter exercises (with answers) emphasize both computations and conceptual understanding to encourage readers to think critically about the material.
Posted in Business & Economics

Introduction to Mediation, Moderation, and Conditional Process Analysis, Second Edition

A Regression-Based Approach

Author: Andrew F. Hayes

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 1462534651

Category: Social Science

Page: 692

View: 475

Lauded for its easy-to-understand, conversational discussion of the fundamentals of mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis, this book has been fully revised with 50% new content, including sections on working with multicategorical antecedent variables, the use of PROCESS version 3 for SPSS and SAS for model estimation, and annotated PROCESS v3 outputs. Using the principles of ordinary least squares regression, Andrew F. Hayes carefully explains procedures for testing hypotheses about the conditions under and the mechanisms by which causal effects operate, as well as the moderation of such mechanisms. Hayes shows how to estimate and interpret direct, indirect, and conditional effects; probe and visualize interactions; test questions about moderated mediation; and report different types of analyses. Data for all the examples are available on the companion website (www.afhayes.com), along with links to download PROCESS. New to This Edition *Chapters on using each type of analysis with multicategorical antecedent variables. *Example analyses using PROCESS v3, with annotated outputs throughout the book. *More tips and advice, including new or revised discussions of formally testing moderation of a mechanism using the index of moderated mediation; effect size in mediation analysis; comparing conditional effects in models with more than one moderat∨ using R code for visualizing interactions; distinguishing between testing interaction and probing it; and more. *Rewritten Appendix A, which provides the only documentation of PROCESS v3, including 13 new preprogrammed models that combine moderation with serial mediation or parallel and serial mediation. *Appendix B, describing how to create customized models in PROCESS v3 or edit preprogrammed models.
Posted in Social Science

Ökonometrie für Dummies

Author: Roberto Pedace

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527801529

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 388

View: 3638

?konometrie; nicht nur der Begriff ist etwas sperrig, auch die Inhalte erschlie?en sich nicht jedem sofort. Wichtig und interessant ist sie aber trotzdem. Roberto Pedace erkl?rt Ihnen, worum es in der ?konometrie geht, wie Sie Test-Hypothesen aufstellen und vieles mehr. Er erl?utert, wie Sie mit Regressionsmodellen arbeiten und mit diskreten und abh?ngigen Variablen umgehen. Gegen Ende des Buches geht er ?ber die Basismodelle hinaus und f?hrt Sie in statische und dynamische Modelle sowie die Kunst der Vorhersagen ein.
Posted in Business & Economics

Statistik und Forschungsmethoden

Lehrbuch. Mit Online-Material

Author: Michael Eid,Mario Gollwitzer,Manfred Schmitt

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783621282017

Category:

Page: 1056

View: 9304

Posted in

Bayesian Analysis for the Social Sciences

Author: Simon Jackman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470686638

Category: Mathematics

Page: 598

View: 385

Bayesian methods are increasingly being used in the social sciences, as the problems encountered lend themselves so naturally to the subjective qualities of Bayesian methodology. This book provides an accessible introduction to Bayesian methods, tailored specifically for social science students. It contains lots of real examples from political science, psychology, sociology, and economics, exercises in all chapters, and detailed descriptions of all the key concepts, without assuming any background in statistics beyond a first course. It features examples of how to implement the methods using WinBUGS – the most-widely used Bayesian analysis software in the world – and R – an open-source statistical software. The book is supported by a Website featuring WinBUGS and R code, and data sets.
Posted in Mathematics

Statistical Models for Data Analysis

Author: Paolo Giudici,Salvatore Ingrassia,Maurizio Vichi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319000322

Category: Mathematics

Page: 419

View: 9830

The papers in this book cover issues related to the development of novel statistical models for the analysis of data. They offer solutions for relevant problems in statistical data analysis and contain the explicit derivation of the proposed models as well as their implementation. The book assembles the selected and refereed proceedings of the biannual conference of the Italian Classification and Data Analysis Group (CLADAG), a section of the Italian Statistical Society. ​
Posted in Mathematics

Regression

Modelle, Methoden und Anwendungen

Author: Ludwig Fahrmeir,Thomas Kneib,Stefan Lang

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642018378

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 502

View: 405

In dem Band beschreiben die Autoren erstmals klassische Regressionsansätze und moderne nicht- und semiparametrische Methoden in einer integrierten und anwendungsorientierten Form. Um Lesern die Analyse eigener Fragestellungen zu ermöglichen, demonstrieren sie die praktische Anwendung der Konzepte und Methoden anhand ausführlicher Fallstudien. Geeignet für Studierende der Statistik sowie für Wissenschaftler und Praktiker, zum Beispiel in den Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, der Bioinformatik und -statistik, Ökonometrie und Epidemiologie.
Posted in Business & Economics

Longitudinal Data Analysis

A Practical Guide for Researchers in Aging, Health, and Social Sciences

Author: Jason Newsom,Richard N. Jones,Scott M. Hofer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136705465

Category: Psychology

Page: 405

View: 1390

This book provides accessible treatment to state-of-the-art approaches to analyzing longitudinal studies. Comprehensive coverage of the most popular analysis tools allows readers to pick and choose the techniques that best fit their research. The analyses are illustrated with examples from major longitudinal data sets including practical information about their content and design. Illustrations from popular software packages offer tips on how to interpret the results. Each chapter features suggested readings for additional study and a list of articles that further illustrate how to implement the analysis and report the results. Syntax examples for several software packages for each of the chapter examples are provided at www.psypress.com/longitudinal-data-analysis. Although many of the examples address health or social science questions related to aging, readers from other disciplines will find the analyses relevant to their work. In addition to demonstrating statistical analysis of longitudinal data, the book shows how to interpret and analyze the results within the context of the research design. The methods covered in this book are applicable to a range of applied problems including short- to long-term longitudinal studies using a range of sample sizes. The book provides non-technical, practical introductions to the concepts and issues relevant to longitudinal analysis. Topics include use of publicly available data sets, weighting and adjusting for complex sampling designs with longitudinal studies, missing data and attrition, measurement issues related to longitudinal research, the use of ANOVA and regression for average change over time, mediation analysis, growth curve models, basic and advanced structural equation models, and survival analysis. An ideal supplement for graduate level courses on data analysis and/or longitudinal modeling taught in psychology, gerontology, public health, human development, family studies, medicine, sociology, social work, and other behavioral, social, and health sciences, this multidisciplinary book will also appeal to researchers in these fields.
Posted in Psychology

Theory-Based Data Analysis for the Social Sciences

Author: Carol S. Aneshensel

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412994357

Category: Social Science

Page: 446

View: 6048

This book presents a method for bringing data analysis and statistical technique into line with theory. The author begins by describing the elaboration model for analyzing the empirical association between variables. She then introduces a new concept into this model, the focal relationship. Building upon the focal relationship as the cornerstone for all subsequent analysis, two analytic strategies are developed to establish its internal validity: an exclusionary strategy to eliminate alternative explanations, and an inclusive strategy which looks at the interconnected set of relationships predicted by theory. Using real examples of social research, the author demonstrates the use of this approach for two common forms of analysis, multiple linear regression and logistic regression. Whether learning data analysis for the first time or adding new techniques to your repertoire, this book provides an excellent basis for theory-based data analysis.
Posted in Social Science

Food Security, Poverty and Nutrition Policy Analysis

Statistical Methods and Applications

Author: Suresh Babu,Shailendra N. Gajanan,Prabuddha Sanyal

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124059090

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 648

View: 9895

Food insecurity, the lack of access at all times to the food needed for an active and healthy life, continues to be a growing problem as populations increase while the world economy struggles. Formulating effective policies for addressing these issues requires thorough understanding of the empirical data and application of appropriate measurement and analysis of that information. Food Security, Poverty and Nutrition Policy Analysis, 2nd edition has been revised and updated to include hands-on examples and real-world case studies using the latest datasets, tools and methods. Providing a proven framework for developing applied policy analysis skills, this book is based on over 30 years of food and nutrition policy research at the International Food Policy Research Institute and has been used worldwide to impart the combined skills of statistical data analysis, computer literacy and their use in developing policy alternatives. This book provides core information in a format that provides not only the concept behind the method, but real-world applications giving the reader valuable, practical knowledge. Updated to address the latest datasets and tools, including STATA software, the future of policy analysis Includes a new chapter on program evaluation taking the reader from data analysis to policy development to post-implementation measurement Identifies the proper analysis method, its application to available data and its importance in policy development using real-world scenarios Over 30% new content and fully revised throughout
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Classification and Knowledge Organization

Proceedings of the 20th Annual Conference of the Gesellschaft Für Klassifikation E.V., University of Freiburg, March 6 - 8, 1996 ; with 80 Tables

Author: Gesellschaft für Klassifikation. Jahrestagung,Rüdiger Klar,Otto Opitz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540629818

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 684

View: 4450

This volume presents 71 articles dealing with models and methods of data analysis and classification, statistics and stochastics, information systems and text analysis as well as manifold applications. Eight sections have been arranged: Data Analysis and Classification. Neural Networks and Pattern Recognition. Statistical Models and Methods. Information Systems: Design and Implementation. Text Analysis and Information Retrieval. Applications in Medicine. Applications in Economics and Social Sciences. Applications in Archaeology, Biology, Linguistics and Dialectometry. The grouping shows how theoretical aspects, applications and interdisciplinarities are interrelated in many respects.
Posted in Business & Economics

Mediation Analysis

Author: Dawn Iacobucci

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141292569X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 85

View: 6909

Social science data analysts have long considered the mediation of intermediate variables of primary importance in understanding individuals' social, behavioural and other kinds of outcomes. In this book Dawn Iacobucci uses the method known as structural equation modeling (SEM) in modeling mediation in causal analysis. This approach offers the most flexibility and allows the researcher to deal with mediation in the presence of multiple measures, mediated moderation, and moderated mediation, among other variations on the mediation theme. The wide availability of software implementing SEM gives the reader necessary tools for modeling mediation so that a proper understanding of causal relationship is achieved.
Posted in Mathematics

Statistical Disclosure Control for Microdata

Methods and Applications in R

Author: Matthias Templ

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319502727

Category: Social Science

Page: 287

View: 6819

This book on statistical disclosure control presents the theory, applications and software implementation of the traditional approach to (micro)data anonymization, including data perturbation methods, disclosure risk, data utility, information loss and methods for simulating synthetic data. Introducing readers to the R packages sdcMicro and simPop, the book also features numerous examples and exercises with solutions, as well as case studies with real-world data, accompanied by the underlying R code to allow readers to reproduce all results. The demand for and volume of data from surveys, registers or other sources containing sensible information on persons or enterprises have increased significantly over the last several years. At the same time, privacy protection principles and regulations have imposed restrictions on the access and use of individual data. Proper and secure microdata dissemination calls for the application of statistical disclosure control methods to the data before release. This book is intended for practitioners at statistical agencies and other national and international organizations that deal with confidential data. It will also be interesting for researchers working in statistical disclosure control and the health sciences.
Posted in Social Science

Statistik-Workshop für Programmierer

Author: Allen B. Downey

Publisher: O'Reilly Germany

ISBN: 3868993436

Category: Computers

Page: 160

View: 5283

Wenn Sie programmieren können, beherrschen Sie bereits Techniken, um aus Daten Wissen zu extrahieren. Diese kompakte Einführung in die Statistik zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie rechnergestützt, anstatt auf mathematischem Weg Datenanalysen mit Python durchführen können. Praktischer Programmier-Workshop statt grauer Theorie: Das Buch führt Sie anhand eines durchgängigen Fallbeispiels durch eine vollständige Datenanalyse -- von der Datensammlung über die Berechnung statistischer Kennwerte und Identifikation von Mustern bis hin zum Testen statistischer Hypothesen. Gleichzeitig werden Sie mit statistischen Verteilungen, den Regeln der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung, Visualisierungsmöglichkeiten und vielen anderen Arbeitstechniken und Konzepten vertraut gemacht. Statistik-Konzepte zum Ausprobieren: Entwickeln Sie über das Schreiben und Testen von Code ein Verständnis für die Grundlagen von Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung und Statistik: Überprüfen Sie das Verhalten statistischer Merkmale durch Zufallsexperimente, zum Beispiel indem Sie Stichproben aus unterschiedlichen Verteilungen ziehen. Nutzen Sie Simulationen, um Konzepte zu verstehen, die auf mathematischem Weg nur schwer zugänglich sind. Lernen Sie etwas über Themen, die in Einführungen üblicherweise nicht vermittelt werden, beispielsweise über die Bayessche Schätzung. Nutzen Sie Python zur Bereinigung und Aufbereitung von Rohdaten aus nahezu beliebigen Quellen. Beantworten Sie mit den Mitteln der Inferenzstatistik Fragestellungen zu realen Daten.
Posted in Computers

Advances in Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems

Author: Manuel Graña,Carlos Toro

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614991049

Category: Computers

Page: 2273

View: 5138

In this 2012 edition of Advances in Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems the latest innovations and advances in Intelligent Systems and related areas are presented by leading experts from all over the world. The 228 papers that are included cover a wide range of topics. One emphasis is on Information Processing, which has become a pervasive phenomenon in our civilization. While the majority of Information Processing is becoming intelligent in a very broad sense, major research in Semantics, Artificial Intelligence and Knowledge Engineering supports the domain specific applications that are becoming more and more present in our everyday living. Ontologies play a major role in the development of Knowledge Engineering in various domains, from Semantic Web down to the design of specific Decision Support Systems. Research on Ontologies and their applications is a highly active front of current Computational Intelligence science that is addressed here. Other subjects in this volume are modern Machine Learning, Lattice Computing and Mathematical Morphology.The wide scope and high quality of these contributions clearly show that knowledge engineering is a continuous living and evolving set of technologies aimed at improving the design and understanding of systems and their relations with humans.
Posted in Computers

Principles of Statistical Inference

Author: D. R. Cox

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139459136

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 1774

In this definitive book, D. R. Cox gives a comprehensive and balanced appraisal of statistical inference. He develops the key concepts, describing and comparing the main ideas and controversies over foundational issues that have been keenly argued for more than two-hundred years. Continuing a sixty-year career of major contributions to statistical thought, no one is better placed to give this much-needed account of the field. An appendix gives a more personal assessment of the merits of different ideas. The content ranges from the traditional to the contemporary. While specific applications are not treated, the book is strongly motivated by applications across the sciences and associated technologies. The mathematics is kept as elementary as feasible, though previous knowledge of statistics is assumed. The book will be valued by every user or student of statistics who is serious about understanding the uncertainty inherent in conclusions from statistical analyses.
Posted in Mathematics

AMSTAT News

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Statistics

Page: N.A

View: 5815

Posted in Statistics