Regional Settlement Demography in Archaeology

Author: C. Adam Berrey,Robert D. Drennan,Christian E. Peterson

Publisher: Eliot Werner Publications

ISBN: 9780989824941

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 6418

Archaeological analysis at the regional scale investigates the past by studying how people distributed themselves and their activities across a landscape of hundreds or thousands of square kilometers. Archaeological field survey methods developed over half a century combine with powerful new quantitative tools for spatial analysis (including GIS) to unleash new potential for identifying and studying ancient local communities and regional polities. Varied approaches to estimating regional population sizes in both relative and absolute terms are synthesized and their advantages and disadvantages assessed. Tools for quantitative analysis of regional demographic data are presented. Field survey methods developed around the world are compiled from widely scattered sources and best practices for collecting archaeological data to sustain demographic analysis are delineated. Concepts for improved sampling design in regional survey work are derived from fundamental statistical principles. In conclusion, promising directions for future methodological development are identified.
Posted in Social Science

Mediterranean Archaeological Landscapes

Current Issues

Author: Effie F. Athanassopoulos,Luann Wandsnider

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 1934536288

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 3421

The Mediterranean landscape record is recognized for its length and richness and the opportunity it offers to study the interaction between humans and their landscape. This volume explores a variety of current archaeological issues in the context of specific landscapes from southern Spain through Greece and Cyprus to Jordan and from antiquity to recent times. Over the last 25 years, researchers have initiated a dramatic expansion in theoretical approaches—both anthropological and classical. Over the same time span, a huge volume of field survey projects has been carried out in the Mediterranean arena. The contributors to Mediterranean Archaeological Landscapes take stock of what has been learned, identify lacunae, and consider new approaches to our understanding of the rich surface landscape record of the Mediterranean. Their goal is to explore theoretically diverse interpretative themes and the methods that make those approachable.
Posted in Social Science

Darwin and Archaeology

A Handbook of Key Concepts

Author: John P. Hart,John Terrell

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897898799

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 4879

During the past two decades there has been a resurgence of interest in evolutionary approaches to the archaeological record, but these approaches are obscured by the different ways in which varying schools of thought define and use words and concepts derived from Darwinian theory. This volume is designed to clarify major concepts and their key words with the goal of integrating different schools' approaches toward evolutionary archaeology.
Posted in Social Science

Handbook of South American Archaeology

Author: Helaine Silverman,William Isbell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387749075

Category: Social Science

Page: 1192

View: 2345

Perhaps the contributions of South American archaeology to the larger field of world archaeology have been inadequately recognized. If so, this is probably because there have been relatively few archaeologists working in South America outside of Peru and recent advances in knowledge in other parts of the continent are only beginning to enter larger archaeological discourse. Many ideas of and about South American archaeology held by scholars from outside the area are going to change irrevocably with the appearance of the present volume. Not only does the Handbook of South American Archaeology (HSAA) provide immense and broad information about ancient South America, the volume also showcases the contributions made by South Americans to social theory. Moreover, one of the merits of this volume is that about half the authors (30) are South Americans, and the bibliographies in their chapters will be especially useful guides to Spanish and Portuguese literature as well as to the latest research. It is inevitable that the HSAA will be compared with the multi-volume Handbook of South American Indians (HSAI), with its detailed descriptions of indigenous peoples of South America, that was organized and edited by Julian Steward. Although there are heroic archaeological essays in the HSAI, by the likes of Junius Bird, Gordon Willey, John Rowe, and John Murra, Steward states frankly in his introduction to Volume Two that “arch- ology is included by way of background” to the ethnographic chapters.
Posted in Social Science

Early History of the Israelite People

From the Written & Archaeological Sources

Author: Thomas L. Thompson

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004119437

Category: History

Page: 482

View: 9985

This is a groundbreaking book on the origins of Israel, taking into account the contexts of geography, anthropology, and sociology, and drawing on a careful analysis of archaeological and written evidence. Thompson argues that none of the traditional models for the origin of biblical Israel in terms of conquest, peaceful settlement, or revolution are viable. The ninth and eighth century BC State of Israel is a product of the Mediterranean economy. The development of the ethnic concept of biblical Israel finds its context in history first at the time of the Persian renaissance. The volume presents a clear historical context and an interpretative matrix for the Bible.
Posted in History

James River Chiefdoms

The Rise of Social Inequality in the Chesapeake

Author: Martin D. Gallivan

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 9780803221864

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 295

View: 6478

James River Chiefdoms explores puzzling discrepancies between the ethnohistoric and archaeological records of the Powhatan and Monacan societies Jamestown colonists met in 1607. The colonists described the coastal Powhatans and the Monacans of the James River interior in terms that evoke the anthropological notion of a chiefdom, but the Chesapeake region?s archaeological record lacks elements typically associated with complex polities.øIn an effort to account for these apparent incongruities, Martin D. Gallivan synthesizes ethnohistoric accounts with the archaeology of thirty-five Native settlements dating from A.D. 1?1610 to identify and illuminate social changes largely undetected by previous research. A comparative, quantitative analysis of residential archaeology in the James River Valley highlights a rearrangement of daily practices within Native villages between 1200 and 1500. James River villagers reorganized their domestic production, settlements, and regional interactions to create new funds of power within social settings perched between communally oriented cultural practices and exclusionary political strategies. During the early-seventeenth-century colonial encounter, Native leaders were thus positioned to employ strategies that, for a time, eclipsed communal decision-making structures in the Chesapeake.øJames River Chiefdoms presents a novel perspective on an important chapter in the history of Native peoples in eastern North America and on early colonial America. It offers an innovative interpretive approach to Native American culture history and the emergence of hierarchical political organizations in the Americas.
Posted in Business & Economics

Further studies in the settlement archaeology of the Sigiriya-Dambulla region

Author: Senake Bandaranayake,Mats Mogren,Eva Myrdal-Runebjer,University of Kelaniya. Postgraduate Institute of Archaeology,Sweden. Beredningen für u-landsforskning

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 349

View: 2401

Posted in Social Science

Encyclopedia of archaeology

Author: Deborah M. Pearsall

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123736437

Category: Social Science

Page: 2382

View: 5667

Posted in Social Science

The Future of Surface Artefact Survey in Europe

Author: John L. Bintliff,Martin Kuna,Natalie Venclová

Publisher: Equinox

ISBN: 9781841271347

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 120

View: 314

Nine studies, taken from a session at the EAA meeting in Riga in 1996, focus on the current application and future directions for surface survey techniques. Contents: Editorial overview (John Bintliff, Martin Kuna & Natalie Venclov?); Future directions for surface survey in Greece (John Bintliff); Future directions in Italian field survey (Nicola Terrenato); Surface artefact studies in the Czech Republic (Martin Kuna); Reflections on the future for surface lithic artefact study in England (John Schofield); Territorie et peuplement en France, de l'Age du Fer au Moyen Age (Claude Raynaud); The past, present and future of the Polish Archaeological Record Project (Paul Barford, Wojciech Brzezinski & Zbigniew Kobylinski); Surveying prehistoric industrial activities (Evzen Neustupny & Natalia Vanclov?); Utility of the GIS approach in the collection, management storage and analysis of surface survey data
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology

A South American Perspective

Author: Cristóbal Gnecco,Carl Langebaek

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461487242

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 9336

The papers in this book question the tyranny of typological thinking in archaeology through case studies from various South American countries (Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil) and Antarctica. They aim to show that typologies are unavoidable (they are, after all, the way to create networks that give meanings to symbols) but that their tyranny can be overcome if they are used from a critical, heuristic and non-prescriptive stance: critical because the complacent attitude towards their tyranny is replaced by a militant stance against it; heuristic because they are used as means to reach alternative and suggestive interpretations but not as ultimate and definite destinies; and non-prescriptive because instead of using them as threads to follow they are rather used as constitutive parts of more complex and connective fabrics. The papers included in the book are diverse in temporal and locational terms. They cover from so called Formative societies in lowland Venezuela to Inca-related ones in Bolivia; from the coastal shell middens of Brazil to the megalithic sculptors of SW Colombia. Yet, the papers are related. They have in common their shared rejection of established, naturalized typologies that constrain the way archaeologists see, forcing their interpretations into well known and predictable conclusions. Their imaginative interpretative proposals flee from the secure comfort of venerable typologies, many suspicious because of their association with colonial political narratives. Instead, the authors propose novel ways of dealing with archaeological data.
Posted in Social Science

A Companion to the Archaeology of the Roman Republic

Author: Jane DeRose Evans

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118557166

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 752

View: 4036

A Companion to the Archaeology of the Roman Republicoffers a diversity of perspectives to explore how differingapproaches and methodologies can contribute to a greaterunderstanding of the formation of the Roman Republic. Brings together the experiences and ideas of archaeologistsfrom around the world, with multiple backgrounds and areas ofinterest Offers a vibrant exploration of the ways in whicharchaeological methods can be used to explore different elements ofthe Roman Republican period Demonstrates that the Republic was not formed in a vacuum, butwas influenced by non-Latin-speaking cultures from throughout theMediterranean region Enables archaeological thinking in this area to be madeaccessible both to a more general audience and as a valuableaddition to existing discourse Investigates the archaeology of the Roman Republican periodwith reference to material culture, landscape, technology, identityand empire
Posted in Literary Criticism

Modelling hunter-gatherer settlement patterns

an Australian case study

Author: Michael Pickering

Publisher: British Archaeological Reports

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 1718

Posted in Social Science

Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 3760

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Posted in History

Bulletin of the Deccan College Research Institute

Author: Deccan College Post-graduate and Research Institute

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: India

Page: N.A

View: 2232

Vol. 5 has also special t.-p.: V.S. Sukthankar memorial volume, 21st January 1944.
Posted in India

Generative Social Science: Studies in Agent-Based Computational Modeling

Studies in Agent-Based Computational Modeling

Author: Joshua M. Epstein

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400842875

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 1697

Agent-based computational modeling is changing the face of social science. In Generative Social Science, Joshua Epstein argues that this powerful, novel technique permits the social sciences to meet a fundamentally new standard of explanation, in which one "grows" the phenomenon of interest in an artificial society of interacting agents: heterogeneous, boundedly rational actors, represented as mathematical or software objects. After elaborating this notion of generative explanation in a pair of overarching foundational chapters, Epstein illustrates it with examples chosen from such far-flung fields as archaeology, civil conflict, the evolution of norms, epidemiology, retirement economics, spatial games, and organizational adaptation. In elegant chapter preludes, he explains how these widely diverse modeling studies support his sweeping case for generative explanation. This book represents a powerful consolidation of Epstein's interdisciplinary research activities in the decade since the publication of his and Robert Axtell's landmark volume, Growing Artificial Societies. Beautifully illustrated, Generative Social Science includes a CD that contains animated movies of core model runs, and programs allowing users to easily change assumptions and explore models, making it an invaluable text for courses in modeling at all levels.
Posted in Business & Economics