Reconstructing Human Origins

A Modern Synthesis, Third Edition

Author: Glenn C. Conroy,Herman Pontzer

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393912892

Category: Social Science

Page: 732

View: 1697

Reconstructing Human Origins is the most authoritative, comprehensive, and popular paleoanthropology textbook available. Respected anthropologists Glenn Conroy and new coauthor Herman Pontzer use clear writing and abundant, carefully chosen illustrations to illuminate key concepts and help students get the most out of the course. This definitive paleoanthropology text has been fully revised to keep pace with all of the exciting recent developments in the field.
Posted in Social Science

Reconstructing Human Origins, A Modern Sythesis

Anthropology, Anthropology

Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1478451653

Category: Education

Page: 231

View: 7793

Facts101 is your complete guide to Reconstructing Human Origins, A Modern Sythesis. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
Posted in Education

Outlines and Highlights for Reconstructing Human Origins by Glenn C Conroy, Isbn

9780393925906

Author: Cram101 Textbook Reviews,Glenn C. Conroy

Publisher: Academic Internet Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781616549770

Category: Education

Page: 128

View: 3409

Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again! Virtually all testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events are included. Cram101 Textbook Outlines gives all of the outlines, highlights, notes for your textbook with optional online practice tests. Only Cram101 Outlines are Textbook Specific. Cram101 is NOT the Textbook. Accompanys: 9780393925906
Posted in Education

Reconstructing Human Origins

A Modern Synthesis

Author: Conroy,Cram101 Textbook Reviews

Publisher: Academic Internet Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781428826069

Category: Education

Page: 132

View: 8989

Never HIGHLIGHT a Book Again! Virtually all of the testable terms, concepts, persons, places, and events from the textbook are included. Cram101 Just the FACTS101 studyguides give all of the outlines, highlights, notes, and quizzes for your textbook with optional online comprehensive practice tests. Only Cram101 is Textbook Specific. Accompanys: 9780393970425 .
Posted in Education

Human Origins

What Bones And Genomes Tell Us About Ourselves

Author: Rob DeSalle

Publisher: Texas A&M University Press

ISBN: 9781585445677

Category: Fossil hominids

Page: 216

View: 8103

Ever since the recognition of the Neanderthals as an archaic human in the mid-nineteenth century, the fossilized bones of extinct humans have been used by paleoanthropologists to explore human origins. These bones told the story of how the earliest humans—bipedal apes, actually—first emerged in Africa some 6 to 7 million years ago. Starting about 2 million years ago, the bones revealed, as humans became anatomically and behaviorally more modern, they swept out of Africa in waves into Asia, Europe and finally the New World. Even as paleoanthropologists continued to make important discoveries—Mary Leakey’s Nutcracker Man in 1959, Don Johanson’s Lucy in 1974, and most recently Martin Pickford’s Millennium Man, to name just a few—experts in genetics were looking at the human species from a very different angle. In 1953 James Watson and Francis Crick first saw the double helix structure of DNA, the basic building block of all life. In the 1970s it was shown that humans share 98.7% of their genes with the great apes—that in fact genetically we are more closely related to chimpanzees than chimpanzees are to gorillas. And most recently the entire human genome has been mapped—we now know where each of the genes on the chromosomes that make up DNA is located on the double helix. In Human Origins: What Bones and Genomes Tell Us about Ourselves, two of the world’s foremost scientists, geneticist Rob DeSalle and paleoanthropologist Ian Tattersall, show how research into the human genome confirms what fossil bones have told us about human origins. This unprecedented integration of the fossil and genomic records provides the most complete understanding possible of humanity’s place in nature, its emergence from the rest of the living world, and the evolutionary processes that have molded human populations to be what they are today. Human Origins serves as a companion volume to the American Museum of Natural History’s new permanent exhibit, as well as standing alone as an accessible overview of recent insights into what it means to be human.
Posted in Fossil hominids

Studying Human Origins

Disciplinary History and Epistemology

Author: Raymond Corbey,Wil Roebroeks

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9789053564646

Category: Social Science

Page: 174

View: 5403

This history of human origin studies covers a wide range of disciplines. This important new study analyses a number of key episodes from palaeolithic archaeology, palaeoanthropology, primatology and evolutionary theory in terms of various ideas on how one should go about such reconstructions and what, if any, the uses of such historiographical exercises can be for current research in these disciplines. Their carefully argued point is that studying the history of palaeoanthropological thinking about the past can enhance the quality of current research on human origins. The main issues in the present volume are the uses of disciplinary history in terms of present-day research concerns, the relative weight of cultural and other 'external' contexts, and continuity and change in theoretical perspectives. The book's overall approach is an epistemological one. It does not, in other words, primarily address anthropological data as such, but our ways of handling such data in terms of our most fundamental, but usually quite implicit theoretical presuppositions.
Posted in Social Science

Grenzen des Menschseins

Probleme einer Definition des Menschlichen

Author: Justin Stagl,Wolfgang Reinhard

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Wien

ISBN: 9783205772972

Category: Philosophical anthropology

Page: 774

View: 7577

Posted in Philosophical anthropology

The Social Origins of Language

Author: Daniel Dor,Chris Knight,Jerome Lewis

Publisher: Oxford University Press (UK)

ISBN: 019966532X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 435

View: 5304

This book presents a new perspective on the origins of language, and highlights the key role of social and cultural dynamics in driving language evolution. It considers, among other questions, the role of gesture in communication, mimesis, play, dance, and song in extant hunter-gatherer communities, and the time-frame for language evolution.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

The Oxford Handbook of African Archaeology

Author: Peter Mitchell,Paul Lane

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191626155

Category: Social Science

Page: 1080

View: 5065

Africa has the longest and arguably the most diverse archaeological record of any of the continents. It is where the human lineage first evolved and from where Homo sapiens spread across the rest of the world. Later, it witnessed novel experiments in food-production and unique trajectories to urbanism and the organisation of large communities that were not always structured along strictly hierarchical lines. Millennia of engagement with societies in other parts of the world confirm Africa's active participation in the construction of the modern world, while the richness of its history, ethnography, and linguistics provide unusually powerful opportunities for constructing interdisciplinary narratives of Africa's past. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and up-to-date synthesis of African archaeology, covering the entirety of the continent's past from the beginnings of human evolution to the archaeological legacy of European colonialism. As well as covering almost all periods and regions of the continent, it includes a mixture of key methodological and theoretical issues and debates, and situates the subject's contemporary practice within the discipline's history and the infrastructural challenges now facing its practitioners. Bringing together essays on all these themes from over seventy contributors, many of them living and working in Africa, it offers a highly accessible, contemporary account of the subject for use by scholars and students of not only archaeology, but also history, anthropology, and other disciplines.
Posted in Social Science

Human Biology

An Evolutionary and Biocultural Perspective

Author: Sara Stinson,Barry Bogin,Dennis H. O'Rourke

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118108043

Category: Social Science

Page: 780

View: 5020

This comprehensive introduction to the field of human biology covers all the major areas of the field: genetic variation, variation related to climate, infectious and non-infectious diseases, aging, growth, nutrition, and demography. Written by four expert authors working in close collaboration, this second edition has been thoroughly updated to provide undergraduate and graduate students with two new chapters: one on race and culture and their ties to human biology, and the other a concluding summary chapter highlighting the integration and intersection of the topics covered in the book.
Posted in Social Science

Ancestors in Our Genome

The New Science of Human Evolution

Author: Eugene E. Harris

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199978204

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 6525

In 2001, scientists were finally able to determine the full human genome sequence, and with the discovery began a genomic voyage back in time. Since then, we have sequenced the full genomes of a number of mankind's primate relatives at a remarkable rate. The genomes of the common chimpanzee (2005) and bonobo (2012), orangutan (2011), gorilla (2012), and macaque monkey (2007) have already been identified, and the determination of other primate genomes is well underway. Researchers are beginning to unravel our full genomic history, comparing it with closely related species to answer age-old questions about how and when we evolved. For the first time, we are finding our own ancestors in our genome and are thereby gleaning new information about our evolutionary past. In Ancestors in Our Genome, molecular anthropologist Eugene E. Harris presents us with a complete and up-to-date account of the evolution of the human genome and our species. Written from the perspective of population genetics, and in simple terms, the book traces human origins back to their source among our earliest human ancestors, and explains many of the most intriguing questions that genome scientists are currently working to answer. For example, what does the high level of discordance among the gene trees of humans and the African great apes tell us about our respective separations from our common ancestor? Was our separation from the apes fast or slow, and when and why did it occur? Where, when, and how did our modern species evolve? How do we search across genomes to find the genomic underpinnings of our large and complex brains and language abilities? How can we find the genomic bases for life at high altitudes, for lactose tolerance, resistance to disease, and for our different skin pigmentations? How and when did we interbreed with Neandertals and the recently discovered ancient Denisovans of Asia? Harris draws upon extensive experience researching primate evolution in order to deliver a lively and thorough history of human evolution. Ancestors in Our Genome is the most complete discussion of our current understanding of the human genome available.
Posted in Science

Reconstructing Human-Landscape Interactions - Volume 1

Interpreting Desert and Fluvial Environments

Author: Brett T. McLaurin,Aileen C. Elliott,Nalini Torres

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642237584

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 55

View: 7212

The Holocene is unique when compared to earlier geological time in that humans begin to alter and manipulate the natural environment to their own needs. Domestication of crops and animals and the resultant intensification of agriculture lead to profound changes in the impact humans have on the environment. Conversely, as human populations began to increase geologic and climatic factors begin to have a greater impact on civilizations. To understand and reconstruct the complex interplay between humans and the environment over the past ten thousand years requires examination of multiple differing but interconnected aspects of the environment and involves geomorphology, paleoecology, geoarchaeology and paleoclimatology. These Springer Briefs volumes examine the dynamic interplay between humans and the natural environment as reconstructed by the many and varied sub-fields of the Earth Sciences.
Posted in Juvenile Nonfiction

Genes: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Jonathan Slack

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191664189

Category: Science

Page: 152

View: 4727

In this exploration of the concept of the gene, Jonathan Slack looks at the discovery, nature, and role of genes in both evolution and development. Explaining the nature of genetic variation in the human population, how hereditary factors were identified as molecules of DNA, and how certain specific mutations can lead to disease, Slack highlights how DNA variants are used to trace human ancestry and migration, and can also used by forensic scientists to identify individuals in crime. He also explores issues such as the role of genetic heritability and IQ as well as the changes that occur in the genes of populations during evolution. An ideal guide for anyone curious about what genes are and how genetics can be put to use, this Very Short Introduction demonstrates the ways in which the gene concept has been understood and used by molecular biologists, population biologists, and social scientists around the world. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.
Posted in Science

Evolution!

Facts and Fallacies

Author: J. William Schopf

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780126288605

Category: Science

Page: 159

View: 3728

Ever since Darwin coined his concept of survival of the fittest...descent with modification, evolution has been the focus of uncertainty and debate. In Evolution , noted experts including Stephen J. Gould, sort facts from fallacies by answering questions most often asked of Darwin's grand theory. Interwoven throughout is the broad theme of how science is done and the answer to the most crucial question of all: How can we be sure that science will uncover the truth? Written at an easily understandable, this book is accessible as well as entertaining to the general reader, high school, and college student. Features: * Contributors are key experts in the field and include Stephen J. Gould, author of Questioning the Millenium: A Rationalist's Guide to a Precisely Arbitrary Countdown (Random House, 1997), Full House: The Spread of Excellence from Plato to Darwin (Random House, 1997) and Bully the Brontosaurus: Reflections in Natural History (WW Norton & Co., 1992). * Topics covered include: * How does evolution work and how do we discover its rules? * How can life's history be traced through millions and billions of years? * Where are evolution's missing links and how do we hunt t
Posted in Science

History of Language

Author: Steven Roger Fischer

Publisher: Reaktion Books

ISBN: 1861895941

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 8353

It is tempting to take the tremendous rate of contemporary linguistic change for granted. What is required, in fact, is a radical reinterpretation of what language is. Steven Roger Fischer begins his book with an examination of the modes of communication used by dolphins, birds and primates as the first contexts in which the concept of "language" might be applied. As he charts the history of language from the times of Homo erectus, Neanderthal humans and Homo sapiens through to the nineteenth century, when the science of linguistics was developed, Fischer analyses the emergence of language as a science and its development as a written form. He considers the rise of pidgin, creole, jargon and slang, as well as the effects radio and television, propaganda, advertising and the media are having on language today. Looking to the future, he shows how electronic media will continue to reshape and re-invent the ways in which we communicate. "[a] delightful and unexpectedly accessible book ... a virtuoso tour of the linguistic world."—The Economist "... few who read this remarkable study will regard language in quite the same way again."—The Good Book Guide
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Basiswissen Archäologie

Theorien, Methoden, Praxis

Author: Colin Renfrew,Paul G. Bahn

Publisher: Philipp Von Zabern Verlag Gmbh

ISBN: 9783805339483

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 2701

Mit mehr als 150.000 verkauften Exemplaren gilt der Band Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice im englischsprachigen Raum bereits jetzt als Standardwerk im Fach Archaologie. Diese jetzt erstmals auf Deutsch vorliegende sorgfaltig uberarbeitete und zum Teil vollig neu geschriebene Fassung ist eine ausserst gut lesbare Einfuhrung fur alle, die sich fur Archaologie interessieren und eine kompakte Darstellung der Methoden und Praxis archaologischer Arbeit suchen. Beruhmte Archaologen und Ausgrabungsstatten passieren Revue. Inhaltlich ist das Buch auf der Hohe der Forschung, auch die neuesten technischen Methoden und Technologien werden behandelt. (Philipp von Zabern 2009)
Posted in History

Human Origins

Contributions from Social Anthropology

Author: Camilla Power,Morna Finnegan,Hilary Callan

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785333798

Category: Social Science

Page: 364

View: 4849

Human Origins brings together new thinking by social anthropologists and other scholars on the evolution of human culture and society. No other discipline has more relevant expertise to consider the emergence of humans as the symbolic species. Yet, social anthropologists have been conspicuously absent from debates about the origins of modern humans. These contributions explore why that is, and how social anthropology can shed light on early kinship and economic relations, gender politics, ritual, cosmology, ethnobiology, medicine, and the evolution of language.
Posted in Social Science

Human evolution

readings for physical anthropology

Author: Noel Korn

Publisher: Harcourt School

ISBN: 9780030193217

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 3551

Selected essays discuss the various branches of anthropological research which provide a unified view of the processes and results of human evolution.
Posted in Science

The Dawn of Belief

Religion in the Upper Paleolithic of Southwestern Europe

Author: D. Bruce Dickson

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816513369

Category: Social Science

Page: 259

View: 5247

Hunter-gatherers of the Upper Paleolithic period of the late Pleistocene epoch in western Europe left a legacy of cave paintings and material remains that have long fascinated modern man. This book draws on theories derived from cultural anthropology and cognitive archaeology to propose a reconstruction of the religious life of those people based on the patterning and provenience of their artifacts. Based on the premises that all members of Homo sapiens sapiens share basically similar psychological processes and capabilities and that human culture is patterned, the author uses ethnographic analogy, inference from material patterns, and formal analysis to find in prehistoric imagery clues to the cosmology that lay behind them. The resulting book is an intriguing speculation on the nature of paleolithic religion, offering scholars a valuable synthesis of anthropological, archaeological, and sociological research, and general readers an accessible account of how our forebears may have regarded the unknown. "A well-written and intellectually rigorous introduction. If you are curious about prehistory, you will enjoy it." —Wilson Library Bulletin "Most interesting to those scholars interested in seeking materialist foundations or ecological explanations for religious practices." —American Antiquity "A well-written and concise account of what has recently been achieved by the investigations of spiritual life of the Earth's most ancient human communities." —Archiv Orientalni (Czechoslovakia)
Posted in Social Science