Radicalization, Terrorism, and Conflict

Author: Tali Walters,Rachel Monaghan

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 144385090X

Category: Law

Page: 335

View: 7004

Radicalization, Terrorism, and Conflict is a collection of scholarly works, authored by international researchers and leading thinkers, addressing contemporary, history-making issues in international security and terrorism from an interdisciplinary perspective. Contributors to this edited volume represent global perspectives, ideas, analysis, and research. Radicalization, Terrorism, and Conflict transmits relevant findings, theory, and policy ideas for scholars of security and terrorism studies, for policy makers, and to the general public who are interested in keeping up with this global area of concern. It provides a jumping-off point for conversation and collaboration that can lead to new knowledge and broader understanding. As an interdisciplinary collection of manuscripts, this book integrates and synthesizes theory, research, and public policy analysis in an effort to solve the complex questions and problems presented by this topic. Recognition of the need to approach the problems of radicalization, terrorism, and interpersonal conflict from an interdisciplinary perspective is gaining strength within academic settings, policy institutes, and global conferences. Unlike most recent edited books on the subject that are on the market at this time, Radicalization, Terrorism, and Conflict provides an interdisciplinary approach to understanding related current issues. This approach encourages a broader perspective and thought process, trans-discipline and global collaboration and cooperation, and an integrated synthesis of knowledge. Radicalization, Terrorism, and Conflict opens with an analysis of the ongoing phenomenon of the Arab Spring. In Section 1, contributors look at how players in the theatres of local and international terror become radicalized. Section 2 analyzes how terrorism becomes manifest in the global theatre and how governments and their actors attempt to prevent it. Section 3 presents research to bring understanding to the actors’ behavior and provide settings for future collaboration in understanding these phenomena.
Posted in Law

Friction

How Conflict Radicalizes Them and Us

Author: Sophia Moskalenko

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190624922

Category: Political violence

Page: 320

View: 3228

Terrorism is an extreme form of radicalization. In this ground-breaking and important book, Clark McCauley and Sophia Moskalenko identify and outline twelve mechanisms of political radicalization that can move individuals, groups, and the masses to increased sympathy and support for political violence. Co-authored by two psychologists both acknowledged in their field as experts in radicalization and consultants to the Department of Homeland Security and other government agencies, Friction draws on wide-ranging case histories to show striking parallels between 1800s anti-czarist terrorism, 1970s anti-war terrorism, and 21st century jihadist terrorism. Altogether, the twelve mechanisms of political radicalization demonstrate how unexceptional people are moved to exceptional violence in the conflict between states and non-state challengers. In this revised and expanded edition, McCauley and Moskalenko use the twelve mechanisms to analyze recent cases of lone-wolf terrorists and illustrate how individuals can become radicalized to jihadist violence with group influence or organizational support. Additionally, in the context of the Islamic State's worldwide efforts to radicalize moderate Muslims for jihad, they advance a model that differentiates radicalization in opinion from radicalization in action, and suggest different strategies for countering these diverse forms of radicalization. As a result, the authors conclude that the same mechanisms are at work in radicalizing both terrorists and states targeted by terrorists, implying that these conclusions are as relevant for policy-makers and security officers as they are for citizens facing the threat of terror today.
Posted in Political violence

The Psychology of Radicalization and Terrorism

Author: Willem Koomen,Joop Van Der Pligt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131767703X

Category: Psychology

Page: 284

View: 1087

Terrorism and radicalization have a long history, but in recent years their prominence has been a particularly conspicuous and influential feature of the global political landscape. This important book presents an overview of the processes involved in radicalization and terrorism, and introduces a systematic framework which captures the most crucial individual and social factors involved in determining these processes. The authors begin by considering the possible role of prejudice, economic deprivation, and discrimination, and the cognitive responses and emotions they can trigger. Such responses tend in turn to increase the importance of group membership, and promote intergroup differentiation and polarization, a process which is often accompanied by more pronounced and more extreme religious and ideological beliefs. The book also describes the role of cultural values and social climate in processes of radicalization, as well as the role of personality factors and demographics such as age and marital status. As for violent terrorist action itself, this final most radical stage is elicited by a number of group factors such as groupthink, isolation, and leadership. Certain cognitive mechanisms – for example, dehumanizing the target and attributing responsibility elsewhere – can also provide excuses for violence. The book explores why some groups turn to violence and others don’t, and it addresses processes of disengagement, deradicalization programs, and other methods used to inhibit the spread of radicalization and terrorism. The Psychology of Radicalization and Terrorism takes a unique and systematic approach to a vital topic, integrating knowledge from diverse literatures, and using social psychology as a basis for comprehending human behaviour. It will be essential reading for students and researchers from all disciplines seeking a greater understanding of terrorism and violent political conflict in all its forms.
Posted in Psychology

Jihadi Terrorism and the Radicalisation Challenge

European and American Experiences

Author: Prof Dr Rik Coolsaet

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409476456

Category: Political Science

Page: 340

View: 8593

Osama bin Laden's demise in May 2011 marked only the symbolic end of an era. By the time of his killing, he no longer represented the Robin Hood icon that once stirred global fascination. Ten years after the 11 September 2001 attacks, jihadi terrorism has largely lost its juggernaut luster. It now mostly resembles a patchwork of self-radicalising local groups with international contacts but without any central organisational design - akin to the radical left terrorism of the 1970s and the anarchist fin-de-siècle terrorism. This volume addresses two issues that remain largely unexplored in contemporary terrorism studies. It rehabilitates the historical and comparative analysis as a way to grasp the essence of terrorism, including its jihadi strand. Crucial similarities with earlier forms of radicalisation and terrorism abound and differences appear generally not fundamental. Likewise, the very concept of radicalisation is seldom questioned anymore. Nevertheless it often lacks conceptual clarity and empirical validation. Once considered a quintessential European phenomenon, the United States too experiences how some of its own citizens radicalise into terrorist violence. This collective work compares radicalisation in both continents and the strategies aimed at de-radicalisation. But it also assesses if the concept merits its reputation as the holy grail of terrorism studies. The volume is aimed at an audience of decision makers, law enforcement officials, academia and think tanks, by its combination of novel thinking, practical experience and a theoretical approach.
Posted in Political Science

Jihadi Terrorism and the Radicalisation Challenge in Europe

Author: R. Coolsaet

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754672173

Category: Political Science

Page: 195

View: 1072

Focusing on the situation of jihadi terrorism and radicalization in Europe, this volume looks at the growing tendency of self-radicalization and self-recruitment of individuals. It provides both a precise state of the threat as well as a thorough analysis of the radicalization process.
Posted in Political Science

Global Alert

The Rationality of Modern Islamist Terrorism and the Challenge to the Liberal Democratic World

Author: Boaz Ganor

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023153891X

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 1003

Many associate terrorism with irrational behavior and believe only lunatics could perpetuate such horrific acts. Global Alert debunks this myth by anatomizing the rationale behind modern terrorism. It draws a distinct picture of its root and instrumental causes and plots the different stages of a terrorist attack, from indoctrination and recruitment to planning, preparation, and launch. Global Alert also exposes the measured exploitation of democratic institutions by terrorists to further their goals. Despite its strong capabilities and extensive resources, the modern liberal-democratic state is nevertheless subject to the rules of war, which partially restrict the state's ability to operate and maneuver. Boaz Ganor shows how terrorist organizations exploit these values to paralyze or neutralize the states they oppose. In outlining this new "hybrid" terrorist organization and its activity in both the military–terrorist arena and the political–welfare arena, Ganor advances an international doctrine for governing military operations between state and nonstate actors as part of a new type of armed conflict termed "multidimensional warfare."
Posted in Political Science

Countering Radicalisation and Violent Extremism Among Youth to Prevent Terrorism

Author: M. Lombardi,E. Ragab,V. Chin

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1614994706

Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Page: 248

View: 8799

Although violent extremism is not a new phenomenon, it is increasingly recognized as a major challenge of our times. The recruitment of foreign fighters by extremist organizations, and its potential impact on public safety in the countries from which they come, is also emerging as a complex issue at the forefront of international preoccupations. This book presents the proceedings of the three day NATO Advanced Research Workshop, "Countering Violent Extremism Among Youth to Prevent Terrorism", held in Milan, Italy, in June 2014. The best way to respond to violent extremism in general, and the radicalization of disaffected youth in particular, is far from clear, but the stakes are so high and the potential threat to countries worldwide so great that inaction is not an option. The goal of the workshop was to enhance the capacity of policymakers and practitioners to design strategies that will achieve verifiable human-rights based outcomes to counter violent extremism. Subjects covered in the 19 papers which go to make up this book include: the causes or drivers of violent extremism; the factors which facilitate the recruitment of youth by violent extremist groups; the risk of growing Islamophobia in some Western and Central European countries; and proactive measures to counter the radicalization of youth. The book will be of interest to all those involved in policy development, prevention programs, de-radicalization programs or research aimed at countering violent extremism and the radicalization of young people.
Posted in BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Radicalisation and the Media

Connectivity and Terrorism in the New Media Ecology

Author: Andrew Hoskins,Senior Lecturer and Director of Undergraduate Studies in Media and Communication Studies Andrew Hoskins,Akil Awan,Ben O'Loughlin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136816984

Category: Political Science

Page: 168

View: 7394

This book examines the circulation and effects of radical discourse by analysing the role of mass media coverage in promoting or hindering radicalisation and acts of political violence.
Posted in Political Science

Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change

Author: Patrick G. Coy

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 0857246100

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 9824

Part of the "Research in Social Movements, Conflicts and Change" series, this title contains three sections of data-driven articles that address topics central to scholarship on social movements and conflict resolution. It also showcases research on a variety of movements, organizations and conflicts in ways that contribute to theory-building.
Posted in Social Science

Der Terror ist unter uns

Dschihadismus, Radikalisierung und Terrorismus in Europa

Author: Peter R. Neumann

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843714428

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 2815

In Belgien explodieren Bomben im Flughafen und an Bahnhöfen. In Paris werden werden Konzertbesucher und Restaurantgänger erschossen. In Deutschland brennen Flüchtlingsheime. In sozialen Netzwerken kursieren Hassparolen. Extremisten jeglicher Couleur bedrohen den Frieden in Europa. Peter R. Neumann beschäftigt sich seit über zwanzig Jahren mit Terrorismus in all seinen Ausformungen von Separatisten und ethnischen Nationalisten, über Rechts- und Linksextreme bis hin zu Dschihadisten. Das von ihm geleitete International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation (ICSR) setzt sich konkret mit der Frage auseinander, warum sich Menschen radikalisieren. Welche Rolle spielen Herkunft, Ideologie und Umstände? Wie kann Prävention gelingen? Stacheln sich "Neue Dschihadisten" und "Neue Rechte" gegenseitig auf? In seinem fundierten Werk, das auf zwanzig Jahren Forschungsarbeit beruht, erklärt Peter R. Neumann die Gewöhnlichkeit des Terrors. Dabei geht er auf die „hausgemachte“ Radikalisierung ein, die speziell in Europa zu einer zentralen gesellschaftlichen und sicherheitspolitischen Herausforderung geworden ist, mit der wir lernen müssen, umzugehen.
Posted in Political Science

Gruppenprozesse

Author: Wanda von Baeyer-Katte,Dieter Claessens,Hubert Feger,Friedhelm Neidhardt

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663144097

Category: Law

Page: 528

View: 6884

Posted in Law

Religious Radicalization and Securitization in Canada and Beyond

Author: Paul Bramadat,Lorne Dawson

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442665408

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 1894

After the terrorist attacks of 9/11, those in London and Madrid, and the arrest of the “Toronto 18,” Canadians have changed how they think about terrorism and security. As governments respond to the potential threat of homegrown radicalism, many observers have become concerned about the impact of those security measures on the minority groups whose lives are “securitized.” In Religious Radicalization and Securitization in Canada and Beyond, Paul Bramadat and Lorne Dawson bring together contributors from a wide range of academic disciplines to examine the challenges created by both religious radicalism and the state’s and society’s response to it. This collection takes a critical look at what is known about religious radicalization, how minorities are affected by radicalization from within and securitization from without, and how the public, media, and government are attempting to cope with the dangers of both radicalization and securitization. Religious Radicalization and Securitization in Canada and Beyond is an ideal guide to the ongoing debates on how best to respond to radicalization without sacrificing the commitments to multiculturalism and social justice that many Canadians hold dear.
Posted in Political Science

Culture, Religion and Conflict in Muslim Southeast Asia

Negotiating Tense Pluralisms

Author: Joseph A. Camilleri,Sven Schottmann

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415625262

Category: Political Science

Page: 196

View: 6611

By examining the sometimes surprising and unexpected roles that culture and religion have played in mitigating or exacerbating conflicts, this book explores the cultural repertoires from which Southeast Asian political actors have drawn to negotiate the pluralism that has so long been characteristic of the region. Focusing on the dynamics of identity politics and the range of responses to the socio-political challenges of religious and ethnic pluralism, the authors assembled in this book illuminate the principal regional discourses that attempt to make sense of conflict and tensions. They examine local notions of "dialogue," "reconciliation," "civility" and "conflict resolution" and show how varying interpretations of these terms have informed the responses of different social actors across Southeast Asia to the challenges of conflict, culture and religion. The book demonstrates how stumbling blocks to dialogue and reconciliation can and have been overcome in different parts of Southeast Asia and identifies a range of actors who might be well placed to make useful contributions, propose remedies, and initiate action towards negotiating the region's pluralism. This book provides a much needed regional and comparative analysis that makes a significant contribution to a better understanding of the interfaces between region and politics in Southeast Asia.
Posted in Political Science

Terrorist Rehabilitation and Counter-radicalisation

New Approaches to Counter-terrorism

Author: Lawrence Rubin,Rohan Gunaratna,Jolene Anne R. Jerard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136822658

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 9909

This book seeks to explore the new frontiers in counter-terrorism research, analyses and practice, focusing on the imperative to rehabilitate terrorists.
Posted in History

Walking Away from Terrorism

Accounts of Disengagement from Radical and Extremist Movements

Author: John Horgan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0203874730

Category: Political Science

Page: 188

View: 7975

This accessible new book looks at how and why individuals leave terrorist movements, and considers the lessons and implications that emerge from this process. Focusing on the tipping points for disengagement from groups such as Al Qaeda, the IRA and the UVF, this volume is informed by the dramatic and sometimes extraordinary accounts that the terrorists themselves offered to the author about why they left terrorism behind. The book examines three major issues: what we currently know about de-radicalisation and disengagement how discussions with terrorists about their experiences of disengagement can show how exit routes come about, and how they then fare as ‘ex-terrorists’ away from the structures that protected them what the implications of these findings are for law-enforcement officers, policy-makers and civil society on a global scale. Concluding with a series of thought-provoking yet controversial suggestions for future efforts at controlling terrorist behaviour, Walking Away From Terrorism provides an comprehensive introduction to disengagement and de-radicalisation and offers policymakers a series of considerations for the development of counter-radicalization and de-radicalisation processes. This book will be essential reading for students of terrorism and political violence, war and conflict studies, security studies and political psychology. John Horgan is Director of the International Center for the Study of Terrorism at the Pennsylvania State University. He is one of the world's leading experts on terrorist psychology, and has authored over 50 publications in this field; recent books include the The Psychology of Terrorism (Routledge 2005) and Leaving Terrorism Behind (co-edited, Routledge 2008)
Posted in Political Science

Walking Away from Terrorism

Accounts of Disengagement from Radical and Extremist Movements

Author: Director International Center for the Study of Terrorism and Associate Professor of Psychology John Horgan, JR,John Horgan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135285489

Category: History

Page: 216

View: 1278

This accessible new book looks at how and why individuals leave terrorist movements, and considers the lessons and implications that emerge from this process. Focusing on the tipping points for disengagement from groups such as Al Qaeda, the IRA and the UVF, this volume is informed by the dramatic and sometimes extraordinary accounts that the terrorists themselves offered to the author about why they left terrorism behind. The book examines three major issues: what we currently know about de-radicalisation and disengagement how discussions with terrorists about their experiences of disengagement can show how exit routes come about, and how they then fare as ‘ex-terrorists’ away from the structures that protected them what the implications of these findings are for law-enforcement officers, policy-makers and civil society on a global scale. Concluding with a series of thought-provoking yet controversial suggestions for future efforts at controlling terrorist behaviour, Walking Away From Terrorism provides an comprehensive introduction to disengagement and de-radicalisation and offers policymakers a series of considerations for the development of counter-radicalization and de-radicalisation processes. This book will be essential reading for students of terrorism and political violence, war and conflict studies, security studies and political psychology. John Horgan is Director of the International Center for the Study of Terrorism at the Pennsylvania State University. He is one of the world's leading experts on terrorist psychology, and has authored over 50 publications in this field; recent books include the The Psychology of Terrorism (Routledge 2005) and Leaving Terrorism Behind (co-edited, Routledge 2008)
Posted in History

Jihadism, Foreign Fighters and Radicalization in the EU

Legal, Functional and Psychosocial Responses

Author: Inmaculada Marrero Rocha,Humberto M. Trujillo Mendoza

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429887884

Category: Political Science

Page: 278

View: 1381

Jihadism, Foreign Fighters and Radicalization in the EU addresses the organizational and strategic changes in terrorism in Europe as a result of urban jihadism and the influx of foreign fighters of European nationality or residence. Examining the different types of responses to the treatment of radicalization and its consequences in the recruitment of young urban fighters and jihadists, this book offers a framework for understanding the process of violent radicalization. It critically analyses political and legal responses that have taken place within the European framework, whilst also examining a series of functional responses from social and behavioural psychology. This book then goes on to develop an explanatory model from an economic standpoint, exploring the need to adapt the fight against the financing of terrorism to the changes in the sources of financing jihadist cells and foreign fighters. Furthermore, the volume draws on experience from the prison sector to assess the process of radicalization and the possibilities of intervention. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, this book will be of great interest to students of terrorism and counter-terrorism, radicalization, European politics, radical Islam and security studies.
Posted in Political Science

Terrorismus - der unerklärte Krieg

neue Gefahren politischer Gewalt

Author: Bruce Hoffman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596156146

Category: Terrorismus

Page: 352

View: 9181

Grundlegende Informationen zum internationalen Terrorismus: ethno-nationalistischer/separatistischer Terrorismus (Nachkriegspalästina, Zypern und Algerien), Internationalisierung des Terrorismus, Religion und Terrorismus, Medien und Psychologie.
Posted in Terrorismus

Radicalisation

A Marginal Phenomenon Or a Mirror to Society?

Author: Noel Clycq,Christiane Timmerman,Dirk Vanheule

Publisher: Leuven University Press

ISBN: 946270158X

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 3025

Posted in Social Science

Examining Political Violence

Studies of Terrorism, Counterterrorism, and Internal War

Author: David Lowe,Austin T. Turk,Dilip K. Das

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466588209

Category: Computers

Page: 408

View: 2868

Security is undermined worldwide from political dissident activity and acts of terrorism targeted at innocent victims with no relation to the offenders. This political violence and terrorism plagues all continents and does not originate solely from jihadist groups. With a view towards developing more effective measures of prevention and resolution, Examining Political Violence: Studies of Terrorism, Counterterrorism, and Internal War examines political violence in various national and international settings. A collection of works, some previously published as articles in the journal Police Practice and Research, the book provides both conceptual analysis and case studies, exploring historical and sociopolitical contexts of conflicts in order to help readers better understand these themes. Divided into three parts, the book begins by defining the concepts of terrorism and radicalization. It discusses countering terrorism through intelligence gathering, examines how a multiagency approach is necessary to be prepared for terrorist acts, and examines different policing models. It discusses the experiences of policing agencies’ investigations into terrorist groups, and examines the targeting of police officers by terrorist groups. Specifying the historical and sociopolitical contexts of conflicts is essential for understanding these themes. Control policies must be grounded in empirical realities, not ideological preferences or aversions. Bringing together theoretical concepts examined through operational and empirical findings, the book is written by academics researching the areas as well as practitioners working in the fields of counterterrorism and political violence. The conclusions drawn from these findings may assist in combating terrorism and political violence around the world.
Posted in Computers