Race and State

Author: Eric Voegelin

Publisher: University of Missouri Press

ISBN: 9780807118429

Category: Europe

Page: 233

View: 3698

Race and State is the second of five books that Eric Voegehn wrote before his emigration to the United States from Austria in 1938. First published in Germany in 1933, the year Hitler came to power, the study was prompted in part by the rise of national socialism during the preceding year. Yet Voegelin neither descended to the level of contemporary debates on race nor dismissed these debates by way of value judgments. Although still young when he wrote this book, Voegelin already demonstrates his singular analytical capacity as well as his ability to put political phenomena into a new perspective. In Part I Voegelin analyzes contemporary race theories by placing the question of race in the context of the more comprehensive philoiophical problem of the interrelationships of body, mind, and soul. He demonstrates the intellectual shortcomings and theoretical fallacies of current theories; more important, he contributes to the development of a modern philosophical anthropology that aims, as Helmuth Plessner put it in a review of Race and State, "at a concept of the human being that does justice to its multilayered existence as a physical, vital, psychic, and intellectual being, without making one of these layers the measure and explanatory basis for the others." In Part II Voegelin deals with race ideas, which he distinguishes from race theories. Race ideas, like other political ideas, form a part of political reality itself, contributing to the formation of social groups and societies. Voegelin shows that the modern race idea is just one "body ideal" among others, such as the tribal state and the Kingdom of Christ, each offering a different symbolic image of community. He traces the rise of the modem race idea, analyzes its function to structure community, and offers an answer to the question of why race ideas became successful in Germany. Voegelin's meticulous sifting of all the Nazi race literature finally arrives at this blunt statement regarding its overall validity: "In order to preclude even the slightest possibility of a misunderstanding, let us again point out emphatically that the contrasting descriptions of the Semitic and the Aryan, the Jewish and the German character . . . contain little that is true about the nature of Jewishness."
Posted in Europe

Church, State, and Race

The Discourse of American Religious Liberty, 1750-1900

Author: Ryan P. Jordan

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 0761858113

Category: History

Page: 187

View: 8516

Ryan P. Jordan uses the discourse of religious liberty to explore racial differences during an era of American empire building (1750–1900). This book seeks to destabilize the widespread assumption that the dominant American culture inevitably trends toward greater freedom in the realm of personal expression.
Posted in History

Race and State in Independent Singapore, 1965-1990

The Cultural Politics of Pluralism in a Multiethnic Society

Author: J. R. Clammer

Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited

ISBN: 9781840140293

Category: History

Page: 291

View: 5101

A critical examination of ethnicity in post-independence Singapore, the social policies that have been evolved to manage it and the implications of the Singapore experiment for other plural societies in Asia and elsewhere.
Posted in History

Race and State

Author: Alana Lentin,Ronit Lentin

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443804045

Category: Social Science

Page: 334

View: 5132

Speaking about racism in the western political climate of the first decade of the twenty-first century is more difficult than ever before. There is a feeling in post-colonial and post-immigration societies that the blatant overt racism of the past is no longer as pressing. Admitting racism elicits discomfort because common wisdom tells us that racism opposes everything that we believe in as citizens of democratic, “civilised” modern states. Yet state racism appears to be here to stay and, in many ways, is more acceptable than ever before. Immigration detention centres, the deportation of “failed” asylum seekers and “illegal” immigrants, racial profiling and the rolling back of liberties won by the civil rights movement are all examples of how state racism impacts on our daily lives. Race and State contributes to breaking the taboo of discussing the links between “race” and state. The papers collected in this book highlight the interconnections between “race” and state, from historical, theoretical or contemporary sociological perspectives. Part I of the book looks at theoretical issues in conceptualising the “race”-state relationship. Part II examines racism in its most pernicious contemporary manifestation: the racialisation of “terror”. Part III, on the racial state(s) of Ireland, is an important addition to the debate, examining Ireland as a “test case” for demonstrating and interpreting the relationship between “race” and state.
Posted in Social Science

Race, Class, and State Housing

Inequality and the Allocation of Public Housing in Britain

Author: J. Jeffrey William Henderson,Valerie Ann Karn

Publisher: Gower Publishing Company, Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 331

View: 5475

Posted in Social Science

State of Peril

Race and Rape in South African Literature

Author: Lucy Valerie Graham

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190256419

Category: Race relations in literature

Page: 272

View: 1063

Considering fiction from the colonial era to the present, State of Peril offers the first sustained, scholarly examination of rape narratives in the literature of a country that has extremely high levels of sexual violence. Lucy Graham demonstrates how, despite the fact that most incidents of rape in South Africa are not interracial, narratives of interracial rape have dominated the national imaginary. Seeking to understand this phenomenon, the study draws on Michel Foucault's ideas on sexuality and biopolitics, as well as Judith Butler's speculations on race and cultural melancholia. Historical analysis of the body politic provides the backdrop for careful, close readings of literature by Olive Schreiner, Sol Plaatje, Sarah Gertrude Millin, Njabulo Ndebele, J.M. Coetzee, Zoë Wicomb and others. Ultimately, State of Peril argues for ethically responsible interpretations that recognize high levels of sexual violence in South Africa while parsing the racialized inferences and assumptions implicit in literary representations of bodily violation.
Posted in Race relations in literature

Race, Class, and the State in Contemporary Sociology

The William Julius Wilson Debates

Author: Jack Niemonen

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 9781588260109

Category: Social Science

Page: 309

View: 6527

Focusing on the work legacy of William Julius Wilson and the arguments of his longstanding critics, Niemonen deftly illustrates the strengths, weakness, and influence of Wilson's work. His analysis calls for a major shift in how sociology conceptualizes race relations - a shift that challenges popular assumptions and contemporary vocabularies and brings to the forefront the role of the state.
Posted in Social Science

American Indians and State Law

Sovereignty, Race, and Citizenship, 1790-1880

Author: Deborah A. Rosen

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803239688

Category: History

Page: 340

View: 9280

American Indians and State Law examines the history of state and territorial policies, laws, and judicial decisions pertaining to Native Americans from 1790 to 1880. Belying the common assumption that Indian policy and regulation in the United States were exclusively within the federal government's domain, the book reveals how states and territories extended their legislative and judicial authority over American Indians during this period. Deborah A. Rosen uses discussions of nationwide patterns, complemented by case studies focusing on New York, Georgia, New Mexico, Michigan, Minnesota, Louisiana, and Massachusetts, to demonstrate the decentralized nature of much of early American Indian policy. This study details how state and territorial governments regulated American Indians and brought them into local criminal courts, as well as how Indians contested the actions of states and asserted tribal sovereignty. Assessing the racial conditions of incorporation into the American civic community, Rosen examines the ways in which state legislatures treated Indians as a distinct racial group, explores racial issues arising in state courts, and analyzes shifts in the rhetoric of race, culture, and political status during state constitutional conventions. She also describes the politics of Indian citizenship rights in the states and territories. Rosen concludes that state and territorial governments played an important role in extending direct rule over Indians and in defining the limits and the meaning of citizenship.
Posted in History

The Handbook of Political Sociology

States, Civil Societies, and Globalization

Author: Thomas Janoski,Robert R. Alford,Alexander M. Hicks,Mildred A. Schwartz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139443579

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 5534

This Handbook provides a complete survey of the vibrant field of political sociology. Part I explores the theories of political sociology. Part II focuses on the formation, transitions, and regime structure of the state. Part III takes up various aspects of the state that respond to pressures from civil society.
Posted in Social Science

Race, State, and Armed Forces in Independence-era Brazil

Bahia, 1790s-1840s

Author: Hendrik Kraay

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804751018

Category: History

Page: 362

View: 3559

Focusing on the military institutions (army, militia, and National Guard) of Bahia, Brazil, this book analyzes the region’s transition from Portuguese colony to province of the Brazilian Empire. It examines the social, racial, and cultural dimensions of post-independence state-building in one of the principal slave plantation regions of the Americas. Contrary to those who stress the autonomy of the Brazilian state, this book documents the close connections between the locally-organized armed forces and society in the late colonial period. Racially segregated and mirroring the class hierarchies of the larger society, these military institutions were profoundly transformed by the war for independence in the early 1820s. In its aftermath, the new Brazilian state gradually built a national army, breaking the local orientation of the Bahian regulars by the 1840s. The National Guard, locally-oriented and democratic in its 1831 organization, was turned into a state-controlled corporation in the 1840s. These developments deeply affected the lives of the men (and women) involved in the armed forces, and a main aim of this book is to examine their participation in the complex and convoluted process of state-building. The liberalism used to justify independence and the creation of an imperial state resonated among ordinary soldiers and officers, as it provided an ideology and language with which to challenge important features of late colonial military organization such as racial segregation and corporal punishment. Racial discrimination, formally eliminated in the 1830s, shaped racial politics in the military, while the construction of a national army undermined the previously close connections of officers and soldiers to the mainstream of Bahian society.
Posted in History

Violence and the Body

Race, Gender, and the State

Author: Arturo J. Aldama

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253109880

Category: Political Science

Page: 464

View: 6659

Violence and the Body: Race, Gender, and the State explores the relationship between subalternity, the discourse and technology of the body, and the rise and proliferation of racial, colonial, sexual, domestic, and state violence, examining the materiality of violence on the "otherized" body. Grounded in U.S./Mexico border and Latin American cultural studies, the essays in this collection intersect discussions of subalternity, violence, and discourses of the body in a transethnic, feminist, and global cultural studies context. They provide a global mapping of contemporary modes and acts of physical and representational violence and demonstrate how discourses of otherization are reinforced and interanimated through violence on what Elizabeth Grosz has called the "intensities" and "flows" of the body.
Posted in Political Science

Making Race and Nation

A Comparison of South Africa, the United States, and Brazil

Author: Anthony W. Marx

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521585903

Category: History

Page: 390

View: 6237

In this bold, original and persuasive book, Anthony W. Marx provocatively links the construction of nations to the construction of racial identity. Using a comparative historical approach, Marx analyzes the connection between race as a cultural and political category rooted in the history of slavery and colonialism, and the development of three nation states. He shows how each country's differing efforts to establish national unity and other institutional impediments have served, through the nation-building process and into their present systems of state power, to shape and often crystallize categories and divisions of race. Focusing on South Africa, Brazil and the United States, Marx illustrates and elucidates the historical dynamics and institutional relationships by which the construction of race and the development of these nations have informed one another. Deftly combining comparative history, political science and sociological interpretation, sharpened by over three-hundred interviews with key informants from each country, he follows this dialogue into the present to discuss recent political mobilization, popular protest and the current salience of race issues. Anthony W. Marx is Associate Professor of Political Science at Columbia University and has been a Visiting Professor at Yale University
Posted in History

State and Federal Prisoners

Profiles of Inmate Characteristics in 1991 and 1997

Author: Richard M. Stana

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780756703837

Category:

Page: 88

View: 1037

Contains profiles of felons incarcerated in Fed. and state correctional facilities, using data from the two most recent surveys of inmates in Fed. and state correctional facilities. It addresses the following questions: (1) what were the overall profiles -- personal demographics, family background, criminal record, drug history, and treatment participation -- for state and for Fed. prison inmates in 1997, and were there any differences between state and Fed. inmates or by current offense type, race, and gender?; and (2) in comparing the 1991 and 1997 profiles, were there any changes in the overall profiles for state and for Fed. inmates or by current offense type, race, and gender?
Posted in

Racial Union

Law, Intimacy, and the White State in Alabama, 1865-1954

Author: Julie Lavonne Novkov

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472022878

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 2408

In November 2001, the state of Alabama opened a referendum on its long-standing constitutional prohibition against interracial marriage. A bill on the state ballot offered the opportunity to relegate the state's antimiscegenation law to the dustbin of history. The measure passed, but the margin was alarmingly slim: more than half a million voters, 40 percent of those who went to the polls, voted to retain a racist and constitutionally untenable law. Julie Novkov's Racial Union explains how and why, nearly forty years after the height of the civil rights movement, Alabama struggled to repeal its prohibition against interracial marriage---the last state in the Union to do so. Novkov's compelling history of Alabama's battle over miscegenation shows how the fight shaped the meanings of race and state over ninety years. Novkov's work tells us much about the sometimes parallel, sometimes convergent evolution of our concepts of race and state in the nation as a whole. "A remarkably nuanced account of interlocked struggles over race, gender, class and state power. Novkov's site is Alabama, but her insights are for all America." ---Rogers M. Smith, Christopher H. Browne Distinguished Professor of Political Science, University of Pennsylvania "Hannah Arendt shocked Americans in the 1950s by suggesting that interracial intimacy was the true measure of a society's racial order. Julie Novkov's careful, illuminating, powerful book confirms Arendt's judgment. By ruling on who may be sexually linked with whom, Alabama's courts and legislators created a racial order and even a broad political order; Novkov shows us just how it worked in all of its painful, humiliating power." ---Jennifer L. Hochschild, Henry LaBarre Jayne Professor of Government, Professor of African and African American Studies, and Harvard College Professor
Posted in History

The Color of Justice: Race, Ethnicity, and Crime in America

Author: Samuel Walker,Cassia Spohn,Miriam DeLone

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111346925

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 9071

Comprehensive and balanced, THE COLOR OF JUSTICE is the definitive book on current research and theories of racial and ethnic discrimination within America’s Criminal Justice system. The best and the most recent research on patterns of criminal behavior and victimization, police practices, court processing and sentencing, the death penalty, and correctional programs are covered giving students the facts and theoretical foundation they need to make their own informed decisions about discrimination in the system. Uniquely unbiased, THE COLOR OF JUSTICE makes every effort to incorporate discussion of all major race groups found in the United States. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
Posted in Social Science

Race, Women of Color, and the State University System

Critical Reflections

Author: Vivian Yenika-Agbaw,Hidalgo-de-Jes&ús, Amarilis

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 0761854428

Category: Social Science

Page: 170

View: 9307

This book focuses on challenges women of color experienced while teaching or pursuing administrative duties within the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. Contributors provide academic tools and strategies to navigate the academy successfully by identifying challenges unique to the state system that may be generally applicable.
Posted in Social Science

What Lies Beneath

Katrina, Race, and the State of the Nation

Author: South End Press

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780896087675

Category: History

Page: 180

View: 9800

Katrina: From State of Emergency to the State of a Nation.
Posted in History

Building the Prison State

Race and the Politics of Mass Incarceration

Author: Heather Schoenfeld

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022652115X

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 8982

The United States incarcerates more people per capita than any other industrialized nation in the world—about 1 in 100 adults, or more than 2 million people—while national spending on prisons has catapulted 400 percent. Given the vast racial disparities in incarceration, the prison system also reinforces race and class divisions. How and why did we become the world’s leading jailer? And what can we, as a society, do about it? Reframing the story of mass incarceration, Heather Schoenfeld illustrates how the unfinished task of full equality for African Americans led to a series of policy choices that expanded the government’s power to punish, even as they were designed to protect individuals from arbitrary state violence. Examining civil rights protests, prison condition lawsuits, sentencing reforms, the War on Drugs, and the rise of conservative Tea Party politics, Schoenfeld explains why politicians veered from skepticism of prisons to an embrace of incarceration as the appropriate response to crime. To reduce the number of people behind bars, Schoenfeld argues that we must transform the political incentives for imprisonment and develop a new ideological basis for punishment.
Posted in Law