Race And Ethnicity In Latin America

Author: Peter Wade

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745309873

Category: History

Page: 152

View: 1450

'An excellent source on past and present debates, and a coherent and insightful set of proposals concerning methodology'.International Affairs'More than merely providing a student's textbook. [Wade] covers the main themes and offers a comprehensive overview of the relevant debates ... an excellent textbook.'European Review of Latin American and Caribbean Studies'Wade's latest book is intelligent and easy-to-read, and represents a significant contribution to the knowledge and understanding of the dynamics of race and ethnicity in Latin America.'Patterns of Prejudice
Posted in History

Race and Sex in Latin America

Author: Peter Wade

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745329505

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 1886

The intersection of race and sex in Latin America is a subject touched upon by many disciplines but this is the only book that deals soley with these issues. Interracial sexual relations are often a key mythic basis for Latin American national identities, but these concepts are underexplored in English language works. Peter Wade provides a pioneering overview of the growing literature on race and sex in the region, covering historical aspects and contemporary debates. He includes both black and indigenous people in the frame, as well as mixed and white people, avoiding the implication that “race” means “black-white” relations. Challenging but accessible, this book will appeal across the social sciences, particularly to students of anthropology, gender studies and Latin American studies.
Posted in Social Science

Anthropology of Policy

Perspectives on Governance and Power

Author: Cris Shore,Susan Wright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134827024

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 2515

Arguing that policy has become an increasingly central concept and instrument in the organisation of contemporary societies and that it now impinges on all areas of life so that it is virtually impossible to ignore or escape its influence, this book argues that the study of policy leads straight into issues at the heart of anthropology.
Posted in Social Science

More Than an Indian

Author: Charles R. Hale

Publisher: School for Advanced Research on the

ISBN: 9781930618602

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 8904

Más que un indio: .More than an Indian.. Two decades ago, the phrase expressed a common-sense prescription for upward mobility in a racist society: to better themselves, Indians had to abandon their culture and identity. Ironically, today it captures the predicament of ladinos, members of Guatemala's dominant culture. In the 1990s, Maya people organized in diverse ways to challenge racism and achieve basic rights. They achieved a broad recognition of their cultural rights during the same time that neoliberal economic reforms carried the day. The resulting .neoliberal multiculturalism. has opened important spaces for indigenous empowerment while recreating Guatemala's racial hierarchy. The author examines this paradox through the eyes of provincial ladinos, who show growing respect for indigenous culture and support for equality while harboring deep anxieties about the prospect of Maya ascendancy. Their racial ambivalence embodies a desire to be free of racism without ceasing to benefit from ingrained racial privilege, epitomized by the belief that ladinos are .más que un indio.. This deeply researched and sensitively rendered study raises troubling questions about the contradictions of anti-racist politics and the limits of multiculturalism in Guatemala and, by implication, other countries in the midst of similar reform projects.
Posted in History

Becoming Black Political Subjects

Movements and Ethno-Racial Rights in Colombia and Brazil

Author: Tianna S. Paschel

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400881072

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 731

After decades of denying racism and underplaying cultural diversity, Latin American states began adopting transformative ethno-racial legislation in the late 1980s. In addition to symbolic recognition of indigenous peoples and black populations, governments in the region created a more pluralistic model of citizenship and made significant reforms in the areas of land, health, education, and development policy. Becoming Black Political Subjects explores this shift from color blindness to ethno-racial legislation in two of the most important cases in the region: Colombia and Brazil. Drawing on archival and ethnographic research, Tianna Paschel shows how, over a short period, black movements and their claims went from being marginalized to become institutionalized into the law, state bureaucracies, and mainstream politics. The strategic actions of a small group of black activists—working in the context of domestic unrest and the international community's growing interest in ethno-racial issues—successfully brought about change. Paschel also examines the consequences of these reforms, including the institutionalization of certain ideas of blackness, the reconfiguration of black movement organizations, and the unmaking of black rights in the face of reactionary movements. Becoming Black Political Subjects offers important insights into the changing landscape of race and Latin American politics and provokes readers to adopt a more transnational and flexible understanding of social movements.
Posted in Social Science

Ethnicity and Nationalism

Anthropological Perspectives

Author: Thomas Hylland Eriksen

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745318875

Category: Social Science

Page: 199

View: 5106

New expanded edition of a classic anthropology title that examines ethnicity as a dynamic and shifting aspect of social relations.
Posted in Social Science

Language, Culture, and Society

An Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology

Author: Zdenek Salzmann,James Stanlaw,Nobuko Adachi

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: 0813349559

Category: Social Science

Page: 450

View: 5492

Why should we study language? How do the ways in which we communicate define our identities? And how is this all changing in the digital world? Since 1993, many have turned to Language, Culture, and Society for answers to questions like those above because of its comprehensive coverage of all critical aspects of linguistic anthropology. This seventh edition carries on the legacy while addressing some of the newer pressing and exciting challenges of the 21st century, such as issues of language and power, language ideology, and linguistic diasporas. Chapters on gender, race, and class also examine how language helps create-and is created by-identity. New to this edition are enhanced and updated pedagogical features, such as learning objectives, updated resources for continued learning, and the inclusion of a glossary. There is also an expanded discussion of communication online and of social media outlets and how that universe is changing how we interact. The discussion on race and ethnicity has also been expanded to include Latin- and Asian-American English vernacular.
Posted in Social Science

Pigmentocracies

Ethnicity, Race, and Color in Latin America

Author: Edward Telles,Project on Ethnicity and Race in Latin America

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469617838

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 6304

Pigmentocracies: Ethnicity, Race, and Color in Latin America
Posted in History

Anthropology of Latin America and the Caribbean

Author: Harry Sanabria

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317350235

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 5729

The first single-authored comprehensive introduction to major contemporary research trends, issues, and debates on the anthropology of Latin America and the Caribbean. The text provides wide and historically informed coverage of key facets of Latin American and Caribbean societies and their cultural and historical development as well as the roles of power and inequality. Cymeme Howe, Visiting Assistant Professor of Cornell University writes, “The text moves well and builds over time, paying close attention to balancing both the Caribbean and Latin America as geographic regions, Spanish and non-Spanish speaking countries, and historical and contemporary issues in the field. I found the geographic breadth to be especially impressive.” Jeffrey W. Mantz of California State University, Stanislaus, notes that the contents “reflect the insights of an anthropologist who knows Latin America intimately and extensively.”
Posted in Social Science

Cultural Code

Video Games and Latin America

Author: Phillip Penix-Tadsen

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262034050

Category: Games

Page: 344

View: 3544

How culture uses games and how games use culture: an examination of Latin America's gaming practices and the representation of the region's cultures in games.
Posted in Games

Race and Ethnicity

The United States and the World

Author: Raymond Scupin

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780205064472

Category: Political Science

Page: 462

View: 8999

ALERT: Before you purchase, check with your instructor or review your course syllabus to ensure that you select the correct ISBN. Several versions of Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products exist for each title, including customized versions for individual schools, and registrations are not transferable. In addition, you may need a CourseID, provided by your instructor, to register for and use Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products. Packages Access codes for Pearson's MyLab & Mastering products may not be included when purchasing or renting from companies other than Pearson; check with the seller before completing your purchase. Used or rental books If you rent or purchase a used book with an access code, the access code may have been redeemed previously and you may have to purchase a new access code. Access codes Access codes that are purchased from sellers other than Pearson carry a higher risk of being either the wrong ISBN or a previously redeemed code. Check with the seller prior to purchase. -- The second edition of Race and Ethnicity: The United States and the World continues its legacy as an introductory survey text covering the basic concepts and research of theoretical issues and empirical studies of race and ethnicity in the U.S. and throughout the world. Through state of the art chapters, Dr. Scupin introduces the concepts of race, the fallacies of scientific racism, and theoretical perspectives on ethnicity -- followed by fourteen chapters that detail the empirical findings of anthropologists on race and ethnicity in the U.S. and the world. Note: MySearchLab does not come automatically packaged with this text. To purchase MySearchLab, please visit: www.mysearchlab.com or you can purchase a valuepack of the text +MySearchLab (at no additional cost).
Posted in Political Science

Intercultural Utopias

Public Intellectuals, Cultural Experimentation, and Ethnic Pluralism in Colombia

Author: Joanne Rappaport

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822387433

Category: Social Science

Page: 354

View: 2790

Although only 2 percent of Colombia’s population identifies as indigenous, that figure belies the significance of the country’s indigenous movement. More than a quarter of the Colombian national territory belongs to indigenous groups, and 80 percent of the country’s mineral resources are located in native-owned lands. In this innovative ethnography, Joanne Rappaport draws on research she has conducted in Colombia over the past decade—and particularly on her collaborations with activists—to explore the country’s multifaceted indigenous movement, which, after almost 35 years, continues to press for rights to live as indigenous people in a pluralistic society that recognizes them as citizens. Focusing on the intellectuals involved in the movement, Rappaport traces the development of a distinctly indigenous modernity in Latin America—one that defies common stereotypes of separatism or a romantic return to the past. As she reveals, this emerging form of modernity is characterized by interethnic communication and the reframing of selectively appropriated Western research methodologies within indigenous philosophical frameworks. Intercultural Utopias centers on southwestern Colombia’s Cauca region, a culturally and linguistically heterogeneous area well known for its history of indigenous mobilization and its pluralist approach to ethnic politics. Rappaport interweaves the stories of individuals with an analysis of the history of the Regional Indigenous Council of Cauca and other indigenous organizations. She presents insights into the movement and the intercultural relationships that characterize it from the varying perspectives of regional indigenous activists, nonindigenous urban intellectuals dedicated to the fight for indigenous rights, anthropologists, local teachers, shamans, and native politicians.
Posted in Social Science

Latino Cultural Citizenship

Claiming Identity, Space, and Rights

Author: William Vincent Flores

Publisher: Beacon Press

ISBN: 9780807046357

Category: Political Science

Page: 322

View: 8749

Through years of ethnographic work in Latino centers in San Antonio, Los Angeles, New York, San Jose, and Watsonville, California, eight prominent Latino scholars from disciplines such as anthropology, political science, and literary and legal studies explore the dynamics of Latino community-building and "cultural citizenship"-the use of cultural expression to claim political rights in the larger culture while maintaining a vibrant local identity. Chapters detail acts of cultural affirmation in Christmas festival celebrations in Texas, cannery strikes in California, educational programs in New York, and much more. A pathbreaking work of Latino scholarship, this book will help redefine the conversation about the future of community and the nature of citizenship in the United States The scholars in the interdisciplinary Inter-University Project (IUP) who wrote this book include Renato Rosaldo (Stanford University), Richard R. Flores (University of Wisconsin), Ana L. Juarbe (Hunter College), Blanca G. Silvestrini (University of Puerto Rico), Raymond Rocco (University of California, Los Angeles), the late Rosa Torruellas (Hunter College), and the volume's editors, William V. Flores (California State University, Northridge) and Rina Benmayor (California State University, Monterey Bay).
Posted in Political Science

The Anthropology of Latin America and the Caribbean

Author: Harry Sanabria

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317350243

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 6557

The first single-authored comprehensive introduction to major contemporary research trends, issues, and debates on the anthropology of Latin America and the Caribbean. The text provides wide and historically informed coverage of key facets of Latin American and Caribbean societies and their cultural and historical development as well as the roles of power and inequality. Cymeme Howe, Visiting Assistant Professor of Cornell University writes, “The text moves well and builds over time, paying close attention to balancing both the Caribbean and Latin America as geographic regions, Spanish and non-Spanish speaking countries, and historical and contemporary issues in the field. I found the geographic breadth to be especially impressive.” Jeffrey W. Mantz of California State University, Stanislaus, notes that the contents “reflect the insights of an anthropologist who knows Latin America intimately and extensively.”
Posted in Social Science

Afro-Paradise

Blackness, Violence, and Performance in Brazil

Author: Christen A Smith

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252098099

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 2300

Tourists exult in Bahia, Brazil as a tropical paradise infused with the black population's one-of-a-kind vitality. But the alluring images of smiling black faces and dancing black bodies masks an ugly reality of anti-black authoritarian violence. Christen A. Smith argues that the dialectic of glorified representations of black bodies and subsequent state repression reinforces Brazil's racially hierarchal society. Interpreting the violence as both institutional and performative, Smith follows a grassroots movement and social protest theater troupe in their campaigns against racial violence. As Smith reveals, economies of black pain and suffering form the backdrop for the staged, scripted, and choreographed afro-paradise that dazzles visitors. The work of grassroots organizers exposes this relationship, exploding illusions and asking unwelcome questions about the impact of state violence performed against the still-marginalized mass of Afro-Brazilians.
Posted in Social Science

Race, Ethnicity and Nation

Perspectives from Kinship and Genetics

Author: Peter Wade

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781845453558

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 5519

Race, ethnicity and nation are all intimately linked to family and kinship, yet these links deserve closer attention than they usually get in social science, above all when family and kinship are changing rapidly in the context of genomic and biotechnological revolutions. Drawing on data from assisted reproduction, transnational adoption, mixed race families, Basque identity politics and post-Soviet nation-building, this volume provides new and challenging ways to understand race, ethnicity and nation.
Posted in Science

Race and Ethnicity in Latin American History

Author: Vincent Peloso

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136331727

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 9831

The Spanish and Portuguese empires that existed in the Americas for over three hundred years resulted in the creation of a New World population in which a complex array of racial and ethnic distinctions were embedded in the discourse of power. During the colonial era, racial and ethnic identities were publicly acknowledged by the state and the Church, and subject to stringent codes that shaped both individual lives and the structures of society. The legacy of these distinctions continued after independence, as race and ethnicity continued to form culturally defined categories of social life. In Race and Ethnicity in Latin American History, Vincent Peloso traces the story of ethnicity and race in Latin America from the sixteenth century to the contemporary period. In a short, synthetic narrative, he lays the groundwork for students to understand how the history of colonial racism is connected to the problems of racism in today’s Latin American societies. With features including timelines, plentiful maps and illustrations, and boxes highlighting important historical figures, the text provides a clear and accessible introduction to the complex subject of race and ethnicity in the history of Latin America.
Posted in Social Science

Research from Archival Case Records

Law, Society and Culture in China

Author: Philip C.C. Huang,Kathryn Bernhardt

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004271899

Category: History

Page: 586

View: 8830

Legal history studies generally focus mainly on codified law, without attention to actual practice, and on the past, without relating it to the present. Research from Archival Case Records starts from legal practice instead and links the past to the present.
Posted in History

Indigenous Mestizos

The Politics of Race and Culture in Cuzco, Peru, 1919-1991

Author: Marisol de la Cadena

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822324201

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 2768

A study of how Cuzco’s indigenous people have transformed the terms “Indian” and “mestizo” from racial categories to social ones, thus creating a de-stigmatized version of Andean heritage.
Posted in History

An Invitation to Anthropology

The Structure, Evolution and Cultural Identity of Human Societies

Author: Josep R. Llobera

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571815989

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 6261

Synthesizing British, French and American traditions, this stimulating and accessible text presents a comprehensive and fascinating introduction to social and cultural anthropology. It offers an original approach through integrating knowledge produced from a variety of perspectives, placing cultural and social anthropology in a wider context including macro-sociological concepts and reference to biological evolution. Written in a clear and concise style, it conveys to the student the complexities of a discipline focusing on the structure, evolution and cultural identity of human societies up to the present day. The text consists of four major parts: the scope and method of anthropology, a conceptual and institutional overview, the evolution of the structure of human societies, and the cultural politics of race, ethnicity, nationalism and multiculturalism.
Posted in Social Science