Race

A Philosophical Introduction

Author: Paul C. Taylor

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745679323

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 9287

In Race: A Philosophical Introduction, Second Edition , Paul C. Taylor provides an accessible guide to a well-travelled but still-mysterious area of the contemporary social landscape. As in the first edition, the book blends metaphysics and social philosophy, analytic philosophy and pragmatic philosophy of experience. In this thoroughly updated and revised volume, Taylor outlines the main features and implications of race-thinking, while engaging the ideas of such important figures as Linda Alcoff, K. Anthony Appiah, W. E. B. Du Bois, Michel Foucault, Sally Haslanger, and Howard Winant. The result is a comprehensive but accessible introduction to philosophical race theory and to a non-biological and situational notion of race. The book unfolds in a sequence of five chapters, each devoted to one of the following questions: What is race-thinking? Don’t we know better than to talk about race now? Are there any races? What is it like to have a racial identity? And how important, ethically, is colorblindness? On the way to answering these questions, Race takes up topics like mixed-race identity, white supremacy, the relationship between the race concept and other social identity categories and the impact of race-thinking on our erotic and romantic lives. The second edition’s new concluding chapter explores the racially fraught issues of policing, immigration, and global justice, and interrogates the thought that Barack Obama has ushered in a post-racial age. This volume is suitable for the educated general reader as well as for students and scholars in ethnic studies, philosophy, sociology, and other related fields.
Posted in Social Science

Race and Racism in Modern Philosophy

Author: Andrew Valls

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801472749

Category: Philosophy

Page: 293

View: 7800

An innovative, substantial intervention in critical race theory, this book brings together an impressive roster of thinkers to trace the question of race in modern philosophical inquiry and explore its influence on contemporary philosophy.
Posted in Philosophy

Paleontology

A Philosophical Introduction

Author: Derek Turner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139497782

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5692

In the wake of the paleobiological revolution of the 1970s and 1980s, paleontologists continue to investigate far-reaching questions about how evolution works. Many of those questions have a philosophical dimension. How is macroevolution related to evolutionary changes within populations? Is evolutionary history contingent? How much can we know about the causes of evolutionary trends? How do paleontologists read the patterns in the fossil record to learn about the underlying evolutionary processes? Derek Turner explores these and other questions, introducing the reader to exciting recent work in the philosophy of paleontology and to theoretical issues including punctuated equilibria and species selection. He also critically examines some of the major accomplishments and arguments of paleontologists of the last 40 years.
Posted in Science

The Philosophy of Human Evolution

Author: Michael Ruse

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107375428

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5137

This book provides a unique discussion of human evolution from a philosophical viewpoint, looking at the facts and interpretations since Charles Darwin's The Descent of Man. Michael Ruse explores such topics as the nature of scientific theories, the relationships between culture and biology, the problem of progress and the extent to which evolutionary issues pose problems for religious beliefs. He identifies these issues, highlighting the problems for morality in a world governed by natural selection. By taking a philosophical viewpoint, the full ethical and moral dimensions of human evolution are examined. This book engages the reader in a thorough discussion of the issues, appealing to students in philosophy, biology and anthropology.
Posted in Science

An Introduction to Philosophy

Author: Jacques Maritain,E. I. Watkin

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0742550532

Category: Philosophy

Page: 202

View: 7194

Jacques Maritain's An Introduction to Philosophy was first published in 1931. Since then, this book has stood the test of time as a clear guide to what philosophy is and how to philosophize. Inspired by the Thomistic Revival called for by Leo XIII, Maritain relies heavily on Aristotle and St. Thomas Aquinas to shape a philosophy that, far from sectarian theology in disguise, is driven by reason and engages the modern world. Re-released as part of the Sheed & Ward Classic series, An Introduction to Philosophy is sure to enliven the minds of students and general readers for years to come. From the new introduction by Ralph McInerny: You are about to read a magnificent introduction not only to a kind of philosophy but to philosophizing itself. Jacques Maritain was a relatively young man when he wrote this book, but his effort is one that attracts any philosopher more and more as he grows older. However odd and unusual what he says becomes, the philosopher yearns to show how even the most abstruse claims can be put into relation with what the reader already knows. That, in its essence, is what teaching is. In this book, the reader will find a wise and certain guide into philosophizing as such. And, in the end, he will find that what he reads is really only a refinement and development of what he and everybody else already knew.
Posted in Philosophy

Africa, Asia, and the History of Philosophy

Racism in the Formation of the Philosophical Canon, 1780–1830

Author: Peter K. J. Park

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438446438

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 253

View: 5985

A historical investigation of the exclusion of Africa and Asia from modern histories of philosophy.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Philosophy of Race

An Introduction

Author: Naomi Zack

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319787292

Category: Philosophy

Page: 258

View: 4026

Philosophy of Race: An Introduction provides plainly written access to a new subfield that has been in the background of philosophy since Plato and Aristotle. Part I provides an overview of ideas of race and ethnicity in the philosophical canon, egalitarian traditions, race in biology, and race in American and Continental Philosophy. Part II addresses race as it operates in life through colonialism and development, social constructions and institutions, racism, political philosophy, and gender. This book constructs an outline that will serve as a resource for students, nonspecialists, and general readers in thinking, talking, and writing about philosophy of race.
Posted in Philosophy

What Fanon Said

A Philosophical Introduction to His Life and Thought

Author: Lewis R. Gordon,Drucilla Cornell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0823266087

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 5488

Antiblack racism avows reason is white while emotion, and thus supposedly unreason, is black. Challenging academic adherence to this notion, Lewis R. Gordon offers a portrait of Martinican-turned-Algerian revolutionary psychiatrist and philosopher Frantz Fanon as an exemplar of "living thought" against forms of reason marked by colonialism and racism. Working from his own translations of the original French texts, Gordon critically engages everything in Fanon from dialectics, ethics, existentialism, and humanism to philosophical anthropology, phenomenology, and political theory as well as psychiatry and psychoanalysis. Gordon takes into account scholars from across the Global South to address controversies around Fanon's writings on gender and sexuality as well as political violence and the social underclass. In doing so, he confronts the replication of a colonial and racist geography of reason, allowing theorists from the Global South to emerge as interlocutors alongside northern ones in a move that exemplifies what, Gordon argues, Fanon represented in his plea to establish newer and healthier human relationships beyond colonial paradigms.
Posted in Philosophy

Women of Color and Philosophy

A Critical Reader

Author: Naomi Zack

Publisher: Blackwell Publishing

ISBN: 9780631218661

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 4829

Philosophy is in its fourth millennium but this collection is the first of its kind. Twelve contemporary women of color who are American academic philosophers consider the methods and subjects of the discipline from perspectives partly informed by their experiences as African American, Asian American, Latina, Mixed Race and Native American. The essays represent the authors' views on a wide range of topics: community, epistemology and social identity, alterity, metaphysics, rationalist ethics, loyalty, intellectual history, and realism. The writing is without jargon and the methods of argument will be familiar to traditional philosophers. The ideas, interpretations and suggestions give voice to changes in the field that many readers will recognize as inevitable and overdue. Themes include critique of tradition, applications of philosophical method to social issues and proposals for change. Specific topics range from moral issues in interracial marriage, to indigenous rights, to the application of cognitive science to metaphysical theories of properties. Despite its breadth, Women of Color and Philosophy examines assumptions and new directions, in depth and with lucid specificity. This collection can be read as a challenge to the field as well as a forum for its smallest minority, as reassurance and encouragement for the independent thinkers from the center to the periphery.
Posted in Philosophy

The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Race

Author: Paul C Taylor,Linda Martín Alcoff,Luvell Anderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134655789

Category: Philosophy

Page: 562

View: 1253

For many decades, race and racism have been common areas of study in departments of sociology, history, political science, English, and anthropology. Much more recently, as the historical concept of race and racial categories have faced significant scientific and political challenges, philosophers have become more interested in these areas. This changing understanding of the ontology of race has invited inquiry from researchers in moral philosophy, metaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of science, philosophy of language, and aesthetics. The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Race offers in one comprehensive volume newly written articles on race from the world’s leading analytic and continental philosophers. It is, however, accessible to a readership beyond philosophy as well, providing a cohesive reference for a wide student and academic readership. The Companion synthesizes current philosophical understandings of race, providing 37 chapters on the history of philosophy and race as well as how race might be investigated in the usual frameworks of contemporary philosophy. The volume concludes with a section on philosophical approaches to some topics with broad interest outside of philosophy, like colonialism, affirmative action, eugenics, immigration, race and disability, and post-racialism. By clearly explaining and carefully organizing the leading current philosophical thinking on race, this timely collection will help define the subject and bring renewed understanding of race to students and researchers in the humanities, social science, and sciences.
Posted in Philosophy

Race and Racism

Author: Bernard R. Boxill

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198752679

Category: Social Science

Page: 486

View: 1095

Investigating the meaning of race and racism, the eighteen superb essays in this book not only explore the nature of these controversial ideas but also promote an awareness of them. With an introduction examining the themes and conflicting ideas present in the book, and including a previously unpublished piece on the alleged racism of Immanuel Kant, this book stimulates a critical appreciation of the true meaning and far-reaching implications of an understanding of race and racism. As part of the successful Oxford Readings in Philosophy series, it engages readers with a range of ideas that will contribute to a profound insight into these highly provocative topics.
Posted in Social Science

An Introduction to Metaphilosophy

Author: Søren Overgaard,Paul Gilbert,Stephen Burwood

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107310482

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 6655

What is philosophy? How should we do it? Why should we bother to? These are the kinds of questions addressed by metaphilosophy - the philosophical study of the nature of philosophy itself. Students of philosophy today are faced with a confusing and daunting array of philosophical methods, approaches and styles and also deep divisions such as the notorious rift between analytic and Continental philosophy. This book takes readers through a full range of approaches - analytic versus Continental, scientistic versus humanistic, 'pure' versus applied - enabling them to locate and understand these different ways of doing philosophy. Clearly and accessibly written, it will stimulate reflection on philosophical practice and will be invaluable for students of philosophy and other philosophically inclined readers.
Posted in Philosophy

The Philosopher

A History in Six Types

Author: Justin E. H. Smith

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400880572

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 6721

What would the global history of philosophy look like if it were told not as a story of ideas but as a series of job descriptions—ones that might have been used to fill the position of philosopher at different times and places over the past 2,500 years? The Philosopher does just that, providing a new way of looking at the history of philosophy by bringing to life six kinds of figures who have occupied the role of philosopher in a wide range of societies around the world over the millennia—the Natural Philosopher, the Sage, the Gadfly, the Ascetic, the Mandarin, and the Courtier. The result is at once an unconventional introduction to the global history of philosophy and an original exploration of what philosophy has been—and perhaps could be again. By uncovering forgotten or neglected philosophical job descriptions, the book reveals that philosophy is a universal activity, much broader—and more gender inclusive—than we normally think today. In doing so, The Philosopher challenges us to reconsider our idea of what philosophers can do and what counts as philosophy.
Posted in Philosophy

The Future of Whiteness

Author: Linda Martín Alcoff

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 074568548X

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 7849

White identity is in ferment. White, European Americans living in the United States will soon share an unprecedented experience of slipping below 50% of the population. The impending demographic shifts are already felt in most urban centers and the effect is a national backlash of hyper-mobilized political, and sometimes violent, activism with a stated aim that is simultaneously vague and deadly clear: 'to take our country back.' Meanwhile the spectre of 'minority status' draws closer, and the material advantages of being born white are eroding. This is the political and cultural reality tackled by Linda Martín Alcoff in The Future of Whiteness. She argues that whiteness is here to stay, at least for a while, but that half of whites have given up on ideas of white supremacy, and the shared public, material culture is more integrated than ever. More and more, whites are becoming aware of how they appear to non-whites, both at home and abroad, and this is having profound effects on white identity in North America. The young generation of whites today, as well as all those who follow, will have never known a country in which they could take white identity as the unchallenged default that dominates the political, economic and cultural leadership. Change is on the horizon, and the most important battleground is among white people themselves. The Future of Whiteness makes no predictions but astutely analyzes the present reaction and evaluates the current signs of turmoil. Beautifully written and cogently argued, the book looks set to spark debate in the field and to illuminate an important area of racial politics.
Posted in Social Science

The Philosophy of Race

Author: Paul Taylor

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415496025

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1584

View: 5957

Since at least the early 1990s, philosophical race theory has emerged as a dynamic and fertile area of serious scholarly inquiry, and this new four-volume Major Work from Routledge meets the need for a comprehensive collection to facilitate ready access to the most influential and important foundational and cutting-edge scholarship. Volume I (âe~Philosophy and the History of Race, Race in the History of Philosophyâe(tm)) brings together the key texts to have shaped the most widely recognized forms of âe~race thinkingâe(tm). The second and third volumes in the collection, meanwhile, explore the questions that race raises in philosophyâe(tm)s traditional subfields. Volume II (âe~Racial Being and Knowingâe(tm)) gathers the best and most influential work to unravel the implications of racial practices for metaphysics, ontology, and epistemology. And Volume III (âe~Race-ing Beauty, Goodness, and Rightâe(tm)) collects the key scholarship to deal with the consequences of racial practices for aesthetics, ethics, and politics. The final volume in the collection (âe~Intersections and Positionsâe(tm)) assembles the most important work to grapple with the methodological and geographical complications that accompany a commitment to racialism. (Race is an inherently contextual phenomenon and some of the material gathered in this volumeâe"in particular, that exploring racialization in Japan, Brazil, and Norwayâe"provides a refreshing counterweight to the philosophical zeal for abstraction.) The Philosophy of Race is edited by Paul C. Taylor, a leading scholar in the field. The collection is fully indexed and has a comprehensive introduction, newly written by the editor, which places the material in its intellectual and historic context. It is an essential work of reference and is destined to be valued by scholars and students as a vital one-stop research resource.
Posted in Philosophy

Louis C.K. and Philosophy

You Don't Get to Be Bored

Author: Mark Ralkowski

Publisher: Open Court

ISBN: 0812699173

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 2854

Charlie Rose has called Louis C.K. “the philosopher-king of comedy,” and many have detected philosophical profundity in Louis’s comedy, some of which has been watched tens of millions of times on YouTube and elsewhere. Louis C.K. and Philosophy is designed to help Louis’s fans connect the dots between his pronouncements and living philosophical themes. Twenty-five philosophers examine the wisdom of Louis C.K. from a variety of philosophical perspectives. The chapters draw upon C.K.’s standup comedy, the show Louie, and C.K.’s other writings. There is no attempt to fit Louis into one philosophical school; instead the authors bring out the diverse aspects of the thought of Louis C.K. One writer looks at the different meanings of C.K.’s statement, “You’re gonna be dead way longer than you were alive.” Another explores how Louis knows when he’s awake and when he’s dreaming, taking a few tips from Descartes. One chapter shows the affinity of C.K.’s “sick of living this bullshit life” with Kierkegaard’s “sickness unto death.” Another pursues Louis’s thought that we may by our lack of moral concern “live a really evil life without thinking about it." C.K.'s religion is "apathetic agnostic," conveyed in his thought experiment that God began work in 1982.
Posted in Philosophy

Metaphysics

An Introduction

Author: Alyssa Ney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317676335

Category: Philosophy

Page: 328

View: 7762

Metaphysics: An Introduction combines comprehensive coverage of the core elements of metaphysics with contemporary and lively debates within the subject. It provides a rigorous and yet accessible overview of a rich array of topics, connecting the abstract nature of metaphysics with the real world. Topics covered include: Basic logic for metaphysics An introduction to ontology Abstract objects Material objects Critiques of metaphysics Free will Time Modality Persistence Causation Social ontology: the metaphysics of race This outstanding book not only equips the reader with a thorough knowledge of the fundamentals of metaphysics but provides a valuable guide to contemporary metaphysics and metaphysicians. Additional features such as exercises, annotated further reading, a glossary, and a companion website www.routledge.com/cw/ney will help students find their way around this subject and assist teachers in the classroom.
Posted in Philosophy

On Race

34 Conversations in a Time of Crisis

Author: George Yancy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190498552

Category: Philosophy

Page: 408

View: 9656

With the recent barrage of racially motivated killings, violent encounters between blacks and whites, and hate crimes in the wake of the 2016 election that foreground historic problems posed by systemic racism, including disenfranchisement and mass incarceration, it would be easy to despair that Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.'s dream has turned into a nightmare. Many Americans struggle for equal treatment, facing hate speech, brutality, and a national spirit of hopelessness; their reality is hardly "post-racial." The need for clarity surrounding the significance of race and racism in the United States is more pressing than ever. This collection of interviews on race, some originally conducted for The New York Times philosophy blog, The Stone, provides rich context and insight into the nature, challenges, and deepest questions surrounding this fraught and thorny topic. In interviews with such major thinkers as bell hooks, Judith Butler, Cornel West, Kwame Anthony Appiah, Peter Singer, and Noam Chomsky, Yancy probes the historical origins, social constructions, and lived reality of race along political and economic lines. He interrogates fully race's insidious expressions, its transcendence of Black/white binaries, and its link to neo-liberalism, its epistemological and ethical implications, and, ultimately, its future.
Posted in Philosophy

Thinking about Race

Author: Naomi Zack

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780534535643

Category: Education

Page: 154

View: 7047

THINKING ABOUT RACE offers your students a concise, provocative introduction to the often overlooked, yet ever-salient body of philosophical thought regarding the nature and impact of race on our lives. Not only does the book seek to address the essence of race and ethnicity as philosophical concepts, the book also focuses extensively on the social realities and implications of race as they bear on our outlooks in the realms of public policy, sexuality, and social class--just to name a few.
Posted in Education

An Introduction to Philosophical Methods

Author: Christopher Daly

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 155111934X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 258

View: 9865

An Introduction to Philosophical Methods is the first book to survey the various methods that philosophers use to support their views. Rigorous yet accessible, the book introduces and illustrates the methodological considerations that are involved in current philosophical debates. Where there is controversy, the book presents the case for each side, but highlights where the key difficulties with them lie. While eminently student-friendly, the book makes an important contribution to the debate regarding the acceptability of the various philosophical methods, and so it will also be of interest to more experienced philosophers.
Posted in Philosophy