Foundations of Physics for Chemists

Author: Grant A. D. Ritchie,D. S. Sivia

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 5578

This physical chemistry primer is specifically designed to introduce physics to undergraduate chemistry students, and show them how a knowledge of physics is relevant to their degree.
Posted in Science

Introduction to Quantum Theory and Atomic Structure

Author: P. A. Cox

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198559160

Category: Science

Page: 90

View: 4265

All chemistry students need a basic understanding of quantum theory and its applications in atomic and molecular structure and spectroscopy. This book provides a gentle introduction to the subject with the required background in physics and mathematics kept to a minimum. It develops the basic concepts needed as background. The emphasis throughout is on the physical concepts and their application in chemistry, especially to atoms and to the periodic table of elements
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Foundations of Physical Chemistry

Author: Charles P. Lawrence,Alison Rodger,R. G. Compton

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 8491

An introduction to undergraduate level physical chemistry that should bridge the increasing gap between school or college and university. It aims to stimulate students to extend their knowledge from A/AS/GNVQ level to the ideas essential for university ent
Posted in Science

Quantum Mechanics in Chemistry

Author: George C. Schatz,Mark A. Ratner

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486136728

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 8008

Advanced graduate-level text looks at symmetry, rotations, and angular momentum addition; occupation number representations; and scattering theory. Uses concepts to develop basic theories of chemical reaction rates. Problems and answers.
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Energy Levels in Atoms and Molecules

Author: William Graham Richards,Peter Richard Scott

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198558040

Category: Science

Page: 92

View: 1195

An understanding of the energy levels of atoms and molecules is an essential foundation for the study of physical chemistry. This short text provides students at the start of their university chemistry courses with a clear and accessible introduction to electronic structure and quantized mechanics and spectroscopy in second and third year courses. All students on first courses in spectroscopy will find this readable, lively account to be invaluable aid to their study.
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Designing Organic Syntheses

A Programmed Introduction to the Synthon Approach

Author: Stuart Warren

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471996125

Category: Science

Page: 285

View: 2779

"This book confronts the student with the problem of synthesizing molecules given nothing but their structure. The synthon approach is used: disconnections breaking the molecule into useable fragments (synthons) are introduced to the student, who then teaches himself how to use them by solving a series of problems of steadily increasing difficulty"--Cover.
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Physical Foundations of Cosmology

Author: Viatcheslav Mukhanov

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139447114

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 9471

Inflationary cosmology has been developed over the last twenty years to remedy serious shortcomings in the standard hot big bang model of the universe. This textbook, first published in 2005, explains the basis of modern cosmology and shows where the theoretical results come from. The book is divided into two parts; the first deals with the homogeneous and isotropic model of the Universe, the second part discusses how inhomogeneities can explain its structure. Established material such as the inflation and quantum cosmological perturbation are presented in great detail, however the reader is brought to the frontiers of current cosmological research by the discussion of more speculative ideas. An ideal textbook for both advanced students of physics and astrophysics, all of the necessary background material is included in every chapter and no prior knowledge of general relativity and quantum field theory is assumed.
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Foundations of Perturbative QCD

Author: John Collins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139500627

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4356

The most non-trivial of the established microscopic theories of physics is QCD: the theory of the strong interaction. A critical link between theory and experiment is provided by the methods of perturbative QCD, notably the well-known factorization theorems. Giving an accurate account of the concepts, theorems and their justification, this book is a systematic treatment of perturbative QCD. As well as giving a mathematical treatment, the book relates the concepts to experimental data, giving strong motivations for the methods. It also examines in detail transverse-momentum-dependent parton densities, an increasingly important subject not normally treated in other books. Ideal for graduate students starting their work in high-energy physics, it will also interest experienced researchers wanting a clear account of the subject.
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The Wave Function

Essays on the Metaphysics of Quantum Mechanics

Author: Alyssa Ney,David Z Albert

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190240725

Category: Science

Page: 256

View: 9570

This is a new volume of original essays on the metaphysics of quantum mechanics. The essays address questions such as: What fundamental metaphysics is best motivated by quantum mechanics? What is the ontological status of the wave function? Does quantum mechanics support the existence of any other fundamental entities, e.g. particles? What is the nature of the fundamental space (or space-time manifold) of quantum mechanics? What is the relationship between the fundamental ontology of quantum mechanics and ordinary, macroscopic objects like tables, chairs, and persons? This collection includes a comprehensive introduction with a history of quantum mechanics and the debate over its metaphysical interpretation focusing especially on the main realist alternatives.
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Molecular Spectroscopy

Author: John M. Brown

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198557852

Category: Science

Page: 89

View: 8640

Molecular spectroscopy provides a straightforward introduction to the spectroscopy of diatomic molecules and is written at the level of intermediate undergraduate courses in physical chemistry and chemical physics. Following a general introduction to the subject, Chapter 2 lays out the essential quantum mechanical tools required to understand spectroscopy. Chapter 3 uses this quantum mechanical framework to establish the selection rules which govern spectroscopic transitions. Chapters 4-8 describe the various branches of spectroscopy covered by the book: rotational, rotational-vibrational, Raman, electronic, and photoelectron spectroscopy. Very little previous knowledge is assumed and mathematics is kept to a minimum. The author uses a range of examples to describe how spectra arise and what information on the structure of the molecules can be acquired from their study.
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Quantum Chemistry

Author: Donald Allan McQuarrie

Publisher: University Science Books

ISBN: 9781891389504

Category: Science

Page: 690

View: 1827

One of the best-selling Quantum Chemistry textbooks in the US.
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Quantum Algorithms Via Linear Algebra

A Primer

Author: Richard J. Lipton,Kenneth W. Regan

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262028395

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 9926

Quantum computing explained in terms of elementary linear algebra, emphasizing computation and algorithms and requiring no background in physics.
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Classical and Quantum Computation

Author: Alexei Yu. Kitaev,Alexander Shen,Mikhail N. Vyalyi

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821832298

Category: Mathematics

Page: 257

View: 2442

This book presents a concise introduction to an emerging and increasingly important topic, the theory of quantum computing. The development of quantum computing exploded in 1994 with the discovery of its use in factoring large numbers--an extremely difficult and time-consuming problem when using a conventional computer. In less than 300 pages, the authors set forth a solid foundation to the theory, including results that have not appeared elsewhere and improvements on existing works. The book starts with the basics of classical theory of computation, including NP-complete problems and the idea of complexity of an algorithm. Then the authors introduce general principles of quantum computing and pass to the study of main quantum computation algorithms: Grover's algorithm, Shor's factoring algorithm, and the Abelian hidden subgroup problem. In concluding sections, several related topics are discussed (parallel quantum computation, a quantum analog of NP-completeness, and quantum error-correcting codes). This is a suitable textbook for a graduate course in quantum computing. Prerequisites are very modest and include linear algebra, elements of group theory and probability, and the notion of an algorithm (on a formal or an intuitive level). The book is complete with problems, solutions, and an appendix summarizing the necessary results from number theory.
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The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Physics

Author: Robert Batterman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195392043

Category: Philosophy

Page: 688

View: 3006

This Oxford Handbook provides an overview of many of the topics that currently engage philosophers of physics. It surveys new issues and the problems that have become a focus of attention in recent years. It also provides up-to-date discussions of the still very important problems that dominated the field in the past. In the late 20th Century, the philosophy of physics was largely focused on orthodox Quantum Mechanics and Relativity Theory. The measurement problem, the question of the possibility of hidden variables, and the nature of quantum locality dominated the literature on the quantum mechanics, whereas questions about relationalism vs. substantivalism, and issues about underdetermination of theories dominated the literature on spacetime. These issues still receive considerable attention from philosophers, but many have shifted their attentions to other questions related to quantum mechanics and to spacetime theories. Quantum field theory has become a major focus, particularly from the point of view of algebraic foundations. Concurrent with these trends, there has been a focus on understanding gauge invariance and symmetries. The philosophy of physics has evolved even further in recent years with attention being paid to theories that, for the most part, were largely ignored in the past. For example, the relationship between thermodynamics and statistical mechanics—-once thought to be a paradigm instance of unproblematic theory reduction—-is now a hotly debated topic. The implicit, and sometimes explicit, reductionist methodology of both philosophers and physicists has been severely criticized and attention has now turned to the explanatory and descriptive roles of "non-fundamental,'' phenomenological theories. This shift of attention includes "old'' theories such as classical mechanics, once deemed to be of little philosophical interest. Furthermore, some philosophers have become more interested in "less fundamental'' contemporary physics such as condensed matter theory. Questions abound with implications for the nature of models, idealizations, and explanation in physics. This Handbook showcases all these aspects of this complex and dynamic discipline.
Posted in Philosophy

The Black Book of Quantum Chromodynamics

A Primer for the LHC Era

Author: John Campbell,Joey Huston,Frank Krauss

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199652740

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 8625

The Black Book of Quantum Chromodynamics is an in-depth introduction to the particle physics of current and future experiments at particle accelerators. The book offers the reader an overview of practically all aspects of the strong interaction necessary to understand and appreciate modern particle phenomenology at the energy frontier. It assumes a working knowledge of quantum field theory at the level of introductory textbooks used for advanced undergraduate or in standard postgraduate lectures. The book expands this knowledge with an intuitive understanding of relevant physical concepts, an introduction to modern techniques, and their application to the phenomenology of the strong interaction at the highest energies. Aimed at graduate students and researchers, it also serves as a comprehensive reference for LHC experimenters and theorists. This book offers an exhaustive presentation of the technologies developed and used by practitioners in the field of fixed-order perturbation theory and an overview of results relevant for the ongoing research programme at the LHC. It includes an in-depth description of various analytic resummation techniques, which form the basis for our understanding of the QCD radiation pattern and how strong production processes manifest themselves in data, and a concise discussion of numerical resummation through parton showers, which form the basis of event generators for the simulation of LHC physics, and their matching and merging with fixed-order matrix elements. It also gives a detailed presentation of the physics behind the parton distribution functions, which are a necessary ingredient for every calculation relevant for physics at hadron colliders such as the LHC, and an introduction to non-perturbative aspects of the strong interaction, including inclusive observables such as total and elastic cross sections, and non-trivial effects such as multiple parton interactions and hadronization. The book concludes with a useful overview contextualising data from previous experiments such as the Tevatron and the Run I of the LHC which have shaped our understanding of QCD at hadron colliders.
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Quantum Field Theory

A Tourist Guide for Mathematicians

Author: G. B. Folland

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821847058

Category: Mathematics

Page: 325

View: 8166

Quantum field theory has been a great success for physics, but it is difficult for mathematicians to learn because it is mathematically incomplete. Folland, who is a mathematician, has spent considerable time digesting the physical theory and sorting out the mathematical issues in it. Fortunately for mathematicians, Folland is a gifted expositor. The purpose of this book is to present the elements of quantum field theory, with the goal of understanding the behavior of elementary particles rather than building formal mathematical structures, in a form that will be comprehensible to mathematicians. Rigorous definitions and arguments are presented as far as they are available, but the text proceeds on a more informal level when necessary, with due care in identifying the difficulties. The book begins with a review of classical physics and quantum mechanics, then proceeds through the construction of free quantum fields to the perturbation-theoretic development of interacting field theory and renormalization theory, with emphasis on quantum electrodynamics. The final two chapters present the functional integral approach and the elements of gauge field theory, including the Salam-Weinberg model of electromagnetic and weak interactions.
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Foundations of Inorganic Chemistry

Author: Mark J. Winter,John E. Andrew

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198792888

Category: Science

Page: 91

View: 2411

'provides up-to-date information and clearly explains some of the principles, concepts, and rationale for the foundation of current understanding in inorganic chemistry.' Education in Chemistry, November 2001Intended to complement Foundations of Organic Chemistry, the best-selling Primer by Michael Hornby and Josephine Peach, this text is a broad overview of inorganic chemistry. Writing in an informal and relaxed style, Mark Winter and John Andrew cover the basics and also highlight the industrial and environmental relevance of inorganic chemistry.
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The Quantum Theory of Radiation

Author: Walter Heitler

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486645582

Category: Science

Page: 430

View: 2628

The first comprehensive treatment of quantum physics in any language, this classic introduction to the basic theory remains highly recommended and in wide use, both as a text and as a reference. A unified and accurate guide to the application of radiative processes, it explores the mathematics and physics of quantum theory. 1954 edition.
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Phase Transitions

Author: Ricard V. Solé

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691150753

Category: Mathematics

Page: 223

View: 8992

Phase transitions--changes between different states of organization in a complex system--have long helped to explain physics concepts, such as why water freezes into a solid or boils to become a gas. How might phase transitions shed light on important problems in biological and ecological complex systems? Exploring the origins and implications of sudden changes in nature and society, Phase Transitions examines different dynamical behaviors in a broad range of complex systems. Using a compelling set of examples, from gene networks and ant colonies to human language and the degradation of diverse ecosystems, the book illustrates the power of simple models to reveal how phase transitions occur. Introductory chapters provide the critical concepts and the simplest mathematical techniques required to study phase transitions. In a series of example-driven chapters, Ricard Solé shows how such concepts and techniques can be applied to the analysis and prediction of complex system behavior, including the origins of life, viral replication, epidemics, language evolution, and the emergence and breakdown of societies. Written at an undergraduate mathematical level, this book provides the essential theoretical tools and foundations required to develop basic models to explain collective phase transitions for a wide variety of ecosystems.
Posted in Mathematics