Publics, Politics and Participation

Locating the Public Sphere in the Middle East and North Africa

Author: Seteney Khalid Shami

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780979077258

Category: History

Page: 493

View: 4573

Though it is rarely explicitly articulated, many believe that there is no "public" in the Middle East. Scholarship on the Middle East and North Africa almost always engages with politics-a prominent focus of this region-yet the assumed absence of public spaces and fora has led many to think that debate, consensus, and concerted social action are antithetical to the cultural, religious, and national heritage of the region. It is a mistake to exclude the public dimension from the study of processes in this region. Recent studies have demonstrated not only the critical importance of the public in everyday practices of the MENA region, but they have also shown how the term and notion of the public sphere can be used productively to advance understandings of collective life. The first section of this volume offers alternative conceptions of the public sphere through rich and innovative theoretical analysis. Philosophical investigations focus on the role of collective action, the relationship between nationalism and democracy, and the notions of the public employed by socioreligious movements. The second section addresses a wide range of counter-hegemonic discourses and practices that enable the public sphere, such as memoirs, testimonies, strategies of surveillance, the Tehran bazaar, and the movements of migratory workers. The third section provides empirical accounts of the way in which mutual communication through technology has vitally expanded the notion of the public in the MENA region. In conclusion, conflict and resistance are shown to be generative forces in public discourse and debate and in the production of national publics.
Posted in History

Power, Participation and Political Renewal

Case Studies in Public Participation

Author: Barnes, Marian,Newman, Janet,Helen C. Sullivan

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781861346674

Category: Political Science

Page: 228

View: 7815

This book offers a critical examination of both the discourse and practice of participation in order to understand the significance of this explosion in participatory forums, and the extent to which such practices represent a fundamental change in governance.
Posted in Political Science

Publics, Politics and Power

Remaking the Public in Public Services

Author: Janet Newman,John Clarke

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0857026941

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 2516

Electronic Inspection Copy available for instructors here "Very stimulating and intellectually exciting. In fact, I think it is one of the best books I have read for a long time." - Professor Carsten Greve, International centre for Business and Politics at the Copenhagen Business School Publicness appears to be in decline or retreat in the face of markets, consumerism and individualism. Yet questions of public participation, public governance and the reform of public services are at the top of the political agenda in many countries. Publics, Politics and Power offers an innovative analysis of the changing fortunes of publicness. The book " Explores the emergence of new forms, sites and practices of publicness and the implications for public services. " Examines the remaking of the public in the context of new formations of the nation, where issues of migration, diversity and faith challenge traditional forms of solidarity and citizenship. " Traces the emergence of hybrid organizational forms and new strategies for governing publics and public services. " Assesses some of the ways in which the public domain is being recast around notions of civil society, community, and populist participatory politics. Chapters include vignettes illustrating the book's core concepts, making this a useful teaching resource and valuable reading for students of public management, public and social policy, sociology and cultural studies, and for those working in public services. Janet Newman is a Professor of Social Policy at the Open University, and Director of the Publics Research Programme within the Centre for Citizenship, Identities and Governance. John Clarke is a Professor of Social Policy at the Open University. His research has centred on conflicts over the future of welfare states, public services and citizenship in the UK and elsewhere.
Posted in Social Science

Water politics and public involvement

Author: John C. Pierce,Harvey R. Doerksen

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 294

View: 9927

Posted in Business & Economics

Listening Publics

The Politics and Experience of Listening in the Media Age

Author: Kate Lacey

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745665209

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 1184

In focusing on the practices, politics and ethics of listening, this wide-ranging book offers an important new perspective on questions of media audiences, publics and citizenship. Listening is central to modern communication, politics and experience, but is commonly overlooked and underestimated in a culture fascinated by the spectacle and the politics of voice. Listening Publics restores listening to media history and to theories of the public sphere. In so doing it opens up profound questions for our understanding of mediated experience, public participation and civic engagement. Taking a cross-national and interdisciplinary approach, the book explores how listening publics have been constituted in relation to successive media technologies from the invention of writing to the digital age. It asks how new practices of listening associated with sound and audiovisual media transform a public world forged in the age of print. Through detailed histories and sophisticated theoretical analysis, Listening Publics demonstrates the embodied and critical activity of listening to be a rich concept with which to rethink the practices, politics and ethics of media communication.
Posted in Social Science

Human Rights and the Impact of ICT in the Public Sphere: Participation, Democracy, and Political Autonomy

Participation, Democracy, and Political Autonomy

Author: Akrivopoulou, Christina M.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466662492

Category: Political Science

Page: 371

View: 1705

The creation of a new public realm through the use of the Internet and ICT may positively promote political liberties and freedom of speech, but could also threaten the political and public autonomy of the individual. Human Rights and the Impact of ICT in the Public Sphere: Participation, Democracy, and Political Autonomy focuses on the new technological era as an innovative way to initiate democratic dialogue, but one that can also endanger individual rights to freedom, privacy, and autonomy. This reference book focuses on the new opportunities technology offers for political expression and will be of use to both academic and legal audiences, including academics, students, independent authorities, legislative bodies, and lawyers.
Posted in Political Science

Material Participation: Technology, the Environment and Everyday Publics

Author: Noortje Marres

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230232116

Category: Law

Page: 206

View: 1060

La 4e de couverture indique : "What is the role of things in political participation ? This inventive book offers a fresh perspective on everyday forms of engagement, one that foregrounds the role of objects, technology and settings in relation to public involvement. It makes a distinctive contribution to debates about the material dimension of democracy, proposing that we must attend more closery to the settings in which things acquire the power to engage. It develops this argument through a series of case studies of contemporary devices of participation, such as smart electricity meters, demonstrational eco-homes and sustainable living gadgets. This book then offers a novel approach to the analysis of specifically material forms of paticipation. "Material participation" explores the next steps that might be taken in social studies of engagement, technology and the environment, focusing our critical and creative attention squarely on the materials and devices of the public."
Posted in Law

Electronic Democracy in Europe

Prospects and Challenges of E-Publics, E-Participation and E-Voting

Author: Ralf Lindner,Georg Aichholzer,Leonhard Hennen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319274198

Category: Political Science

Page: 195

View: 3477

This edited book is the first of its kind to systematically address the intersection of e-democracy and European politics. It contributes to an improved understanding of the role that new media technologies play in European politics and the potential impact that Internet-based political participation processes may have on modern-day representative democracy in Europe. A unique, holistic approach is taken to examine e-democracy’s current state and prospects in Europe from three, partially overlapping and interlocking perspectives: e-public, e-participation and e-voting. The authors provide both theory-inspired reflections on e-democracy’s contribution to the formation of the European public sphere, as well as rich empirical analyses of contemporary e-participation phenomena such as the European Citizens’ Initiative or e-voting practices in Estonia. Based on the presented findings, the concluding chapter combines a prospective outlook with recommendations for future paths towards meaningful integration of e-democracy in European politics and governance.
Posted in Political Science

History of Participatory Media

Politics and Publics, 1750–2000

Author: Anders Ekström,Solveig Jülich,FRANS LUNDGREN,Per Wisselgren

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136883827

Category: History

Page: 204

View: 9814

This book argues for a historical perspective on issues relating to the notion of participatory media. Working from a broad concept of media – including essays on the 19th century press, early sound media, photography, exhibitions, television and the internet – the book offers a broad empirical approach to different modes of audience participation from the mid 19th century to the present. Using the insights from the historical case studies, the book also explores some of the key concepts in discussions on the politics of participation, arguing for a theoretical perspective sensitive to the asymmetries that characterize the distribution of agency in the relationship between media and users. Scholarly discussions on participatory media now occur in several fields. This book argues that all of these discussions are all too often obscured by a rhetoric of newness, assuming that participatory media is something unique in history, radical and revolutionary. By challenging the historiography implicit in this rhetoric, the book also engages in a discussion of issues of more general relevance to the multidisciplinary field of media history.
Posted in History

Citizen Politics

Public Opinion and Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies

Author: Russell J. Dalton

Publisher: CQ Press

ISBN: 1483321436

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 6486

Now, more than ever, people drive the democratic process. What people think of their government and its leaders, how (or whether) they vote, and what they do or say about a host of political issues greatly affect the further strengthening or erosion of democracy and democratic ideals. This fully updated new sixth edition of Citizen Politics: Public Opinion and Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies, by Russell J. Dalton, continues to offer the only truly comparative study of political attitudes and behavior in the United States, Great Britain, France, and Germany. In addition to its comprehensive, thematic examination of political values, political activity, voting, and public images of government within a cross-national context, Citizen Politics explores new forms of political activity, such as Internet-based activism and new forms of political consumerism. All chapters have been updated with the latest research and empirical evidence. Further, Dalton includes new discussions of citizen sophistication and its implications for democratic citizenship.
Posted in Political Science

Remaking Participation

Science, Environment and Emergent Publics

Author: Jason Chilvers,Matthew Kearnes

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113508470X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 314

View: 812

Changing relations between science and democracy – and controversies over issues such as climate change, energy transitions, genetically modified organisms and smart technologies – have led to a rapid rise in new forms of public participation and citizen engagement. While most existing approaches adopt fixed meanings of ‘participation’ and are consumed by questions of method or critiquing the possible limits of democratic engagement, this book offers new insights that rethink public engagements with science, innovation and environmental issues as diverse, emergent and in the making. Bringing together leading scholars on science and democracy, working between science and technology studies, political theory, geography, sociology and anthropology, the volume develops relational and co-productionist approaches to studying and intervening in spaces of participation. New empirical insights into the making, construction, circulation and effects of participation across cultures are illustrated through examples ranging from climate change and energy to nanotechnology and mundane technologies, from institutionalised deliberative processes to citizen-led innovation and activism, and from the global north to global south. This new way of seeing participation in science and democracy opens up alternative paths for reconfiguring and remaking participation in more experimental, reflexive, anticipatory and responsible ways. This ground-breaking book is essential reading for scholars and students of participation across the critical social sciences and beyond, as well as those seeking to build more transformative participatory practices.
Posted in Business & Economics

Unbounded Publics

Transgressive Public Spheres, Zapatismo, and Political Theory

Author: Richard Gilman-Opalsky

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780739124789

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 362

View: 2666

Unbounded Publics presents a theory of transgressive public spheres that aims to expand dangerously narrow political discourses. In this volume, social and political theorists, political scientists, philosophers, and activists alike will find important contributions to ongoing debates concerning social movements, identity politics, the works of JYrgen Habermas, globalization, socialist philosophy, the media, and the Mexican Zapatistas.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Publics and Their Health Systems

Rethinking Participation

Author: Ellen Stewart

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137467177

Category: Political Science

Page: 152

View: 8246

Drawing on a detailed case study of Scotland's National Health Service, this book argues that debates about citizen participation in health systems are disproportionately dominated by techniques of invited participation. A 'system's-eye' perspective, while often well-intentioned, has blinded us to other standpoints for understanding the complex relationship between publics and their health systems. Publics and Their Health Systems takes a 'citizen's-eye' perspective, exploring not only conventional invited participation, but also the realms of representative democracy, contentious protest politics, and the micro-level tactics used by individual citizens in their encounters with health services. The book highlights more oppositional dynamics than those which characterise much invited participation, and argues that understanding these is a crucial step towards a more inclusive and democratic health system.
Posted in Political Science

Media and Their Publics

Author: Michael Higgins

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335236774

Category: Social Science

Page: 187

View: 2121

This accessible and thought-provoking book provides a critical insight into the relationship between the media and the public. It examines the way in which the public is represented, referred to and portrayed in the media, and how the media acts or speaks on the public's behalf. The first part explores the political side of the relationship between the media and the public. This includes interesting discussion of advocacy in political interviews and the discursive arrangement of political discussion programmes. The second part of the book examines a range of discourses outside of the political realm. Michael Higgins looks at the construction of ordinariness, authenticity and public legitimacy, the relationship between institutional and media expertise, and the exercise of public decency. He argues that what unites the relationships between media and forms of public are their concern with wider issues of politics, governance, and cultural influence. The author offers a range of illustrative examples of broadcasting from US, Australian and British contexts, providing students with a rage of engaging international examples with which to draw comparisons and compare their own media experiences. Each chapter includes recommended texts for further reading and questions for discussion. The Media and Their Publics is an essential text for students and researchers in media studies, cultural policy and political communications.
Posted in Social Science

Material Participation: Technology, the Environment and Everyday Publics

Author: N. Marres

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137480742

Category: Social Science

Page: 211

View: 5640

This book develops a fresh perspective on everyday forms of engagement, one that foregrounds the role of objects, technologies and settings in democracy. Examining a range of devices, from smart meters to eco-homes, the book sets out new concepts and methods for analyzing the relations between participation, innovation and the environment.
Posted in Social Science

The Public and Its Problems

An Essay in Political Inquiry

Author: John Dewey,Melvin L. Rogers

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271055693

Category: Philosophy

Page: 190

View: 2126

"An annotated edition of John Dewey's work of democratic theory, first published in 1927. Includes a substantive introduction and bibliographical essay"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Philosophy

Moved to Action

Motivation, Participation, and Inequality in American Politics

Author: Hahrie C. Han

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804772444

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 8873

Wealthy, educated, and more privileged people are more likely to participate and be represented in politics than their poorer, less educated, and less privileged counterparts. To reduce these inequalities, we need a better understanding of how the disadvantaged become motivated to participate. Moved to Action fills the current gap in this area of research by examining the commitments and pathways through which the underprivileged become engaged in politics. Drawing on original, in-depth interviews with political activists and large-scale survey data, author Hahrie C. Han contests the traditional idea that people must be politicized before they participate, and that only idiosyncratic factors outside the control of the political system can drive motivation. Her findings show that that highly personal commitments, such as the quality of children's education or the desire to help a friend, have a disproportionately large impact in motivating political participation among people with fewer resources. Han makes the case that civic and political organizations can lay the foundation for greater citizen participation by helping people recognize the connections between their personal commitments and politics.
Posted in Political Science

Taking [A]part

The Politics and Aesthetics of Participation in Experience-Centered Design

Author: John J. McCarthy,John McCarthy,Peter Wright

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262028557

Category: Computers

Page: 208

View: 5063

A critical inquiry into the value and experience of participation in design research.
Posted in Computers

Reproducing Gender

Politics, Publics, and Everyday Life After Socialism

Author: Susan Gal,Gail Kligman

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691048680

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 6694

The striking fact that abortion was among the first issues raised, after 1989, by almost all of the newly formed governments of East Central Europe points to the significance of gender and reproduction in the postsocialist transformations. The fourteen studies in this volume result from a comparative, collaborative research project on the complex relationship between ideas and practices of gender, and political economic change. The book presents detailed evidence about women's and men's new circumstances in eight of the former communist countries, exploring the intersection of politics and the life cycle, the differential effects of economic restructuring, and women's public and political participation. Individual contributions on the former German Democratic Republic, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Serbia, Romania, and Bulgaria provide rich empirical data and interpretive insights on postsocialist transformation analyzed from a gendered perspective. Drawing on multiple methods and disciplines, these original papers advance scholarship in several fields, including anthropology, sociology, women's studies, law, comparative political science, and regional studies. The analyses make clear that practices of gender, and ideas about the differences between men and women, have been crucial in shaping the broad social changes that have followed the collapse of communism. In addition to the editors, the contributors are Eleonora Zieli�ska, Eva Maleck-Lewy, Myra Marx Ferree, Sharon Wolchik, Irene D�lling, Daphne Hahn, Sylka Scholz, Mira Marody, Anna Giza-Poleszczuk, Katalin Kov�cs, M�nika V�radi, Julia Szalai, Adriana Baban, Ma�gorzata Fuszara, Laura Grunberg, Zorica Mrsevi�, Krassimira Daskalova, Joanna Goven, and Jasmina Luki�.
Posted in Social Science