Private Prisons in America

A Critical Race Perspective

Author: Michael A. Hallett

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252073088

Category: Law

Page: 188

View: 2461

Under the auspices of a governmentally sanctioned war on drugs, incarceration rates in the United States have risen dramatically since 1980. Increasingly, correctional administrators at all levels are turning to private, for-profit corporations to manage the swelling inmate population. Policy discussions of this trend toward prison privatization tend to focus on cost-effectiveness, contract monitoring, and enforcement, but in his Private Prisons in America, Michael A. Hallett reveals that these issues are only part of the story. Demonstrating that imprisonment serves numerous agendas other than crime control, Hallett's analysis suggests that private prisons are best understood not as the product of increasing crime rates, but instead as the latest chapter in a troubling history of discrimination aimed primarily at African American men.
Posted in Law

Criminological Perspectives on Race and Crime

Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135160481

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 9152

Ideal for use in either crime theory or race and crime courses, this is the only text to look at the array of explanations for crime as they relate to racial and ethnic groups. Each chapter begins with a historical review of each theoretical perspective and how its original formulation and more recent derivatives account for racial/ethnic differences. The theoretical perspectives include those based on religion, biology, social disorganization/strain, subculture, labeling, conflict, social control, colonial, and feminism. This new Second Edition includes discussions of "Deadly Symbiosis," critical race theory/criminology, comparative conflict theory, maximization, and abortion, race, and crime. In the closing chapter, the author considers which perspectives have shown the most promise in the area of race/ethnicity and crime.
Posted in Social Science

Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology

Author: Walter S. DeKeseredy,Molly Dragiewicz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135192790

Category: Social Science

Page: 534

View: 6944

The Routledge Handbook of Critical Criminology is a collection of original essays specifically designed to offer students, faculty, policy makers, and others an in-depth overview of the most up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions made by critical criminologists around the world. Special attention is devoted to new theoretical directions in the field, such as cultural criminology, masculinities studies, and feminist criminologies. Its diverse essays not only cover the history of critical criminology and cutting edge theories, but also the variety of research methods used by leading scholars in the field and the rich data generated by their rigorous empirical work. In addition, some of the chapters suggest innovative and realistic short- and long-term policy proposals that are typically ignored by mainstream criminology. These progressive strategies address some of the most pressing social problems facing contemporary society today, and that generate much pain and suffering for socially and economically disenfranchised people. The Handbook explores up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions, and is specifically designed to be a comprehensive resource for undergraduate and post-graduate students, researchers, and policy makers.
Posted in Social Science

The American Scholar

Author: William Allison Shimer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 7532

Posted in American literature

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 4072

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.
Posted in Political Science

Ironies of Imprisonment

Author: Michael Welch

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452237395

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 4967

Ironies of Imprisonment examines in-depth an array of problems confronting correctional programs and policies from the author's singular and consistent critical viewpoint. The book challenges the prevailing logic of mass incarceration and traces the ironies of imprisonment to their root causes, manifesting in social, political, economic, and racial inequality. Unique and accessible, this book promises to stimulate spirited discussion and debate over the use of prisons.
Posted in Social Science

Philosophy, crime, and criminology

Author: Bruce A. Arrigo,Christopher R. Williams

Publisher: Univ of Illinois Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 291

View: 4253

Philosophy, Crime, and Criminology represents the first systematic attempt to unpack the philosophical foundations of crime in Western culture. Utilizing the insights of ontology, epistemology, aesthetics, and ethics, contributors demonstrate how the reality of crime is informed by a number of implicit assumptions about the human condition and un-stated values about civil society.Charting a provocative and original direction, editors Bruce A. Arrigo and Christopher R. Williams couple theoretically oriented chapters with those centred on application and case study. In doing so, they develop an insightful, sensible, and accessible approach for a philosophical criminology in step with the political and economic challenges of the twenty-first century. Revealing the ways in which philosophical conceits inform prevailing conceptions of crime, Philosophy, Crime, and Criminology is required reading for any serious student or scholar concerned with crime and its impact on society and in our lives.
Posted in Literary Criticism

The Angola Prison Seminary

Effects of Faith-Based Ministry on Identity Transformation, Desistance, and Rehabilitation

Author: Michael Hallett,Joshua Hays,Byron R. Johnson,Sung Joon Jang,Grant Duwe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317300610

Category: Religion

Page: 248

View: 2159

Corrections officials faced with rising populations and shrinking budgets have increasingly welcomed "faith-based" providers offering services at no cost to help meet the needs of inmates. Drawing from three years of on-site research, this book utilizes survey analysis along with life-history interviews of inmates and staff to explore the history, purpose, and functioning of the Inmate Minister program at Louisiana State Penitentiary (aka "Angola"), America’s largest maximum-security prison. This book takes seriously attributions from inmates that faith is helpful for "surviving prison" and explores the implications of religious programming for an American corrections system in crisis, featuring high recidivism, dehumanizing violence, and often draconian punishments. A first-of-its-kind prototype in a quickly expanding policy arena, Angola’s unique Inmate Minister program deploys trained graduates of the New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary in bi-vocational pastoral service roles throughout the prison. Inmates lead their own congregations and serve in lay-ministry capacities in hospice, cell block visitation, delivery of familial death notifications to fellow inmates, "sidewalk counseling" and tier ministry, officiating inmate funerals, and delivering "care packages" to indigent prisoners. Life-history interviews uncover deep-level change in self-identity corresponding with a growing body of research on identity change and religiously motivated desistance. The concluding chapter addresses concerns regarding the First Amendment, the dysfunctional state of U.S. corrections, and directions for future research.
Posted in Religion

Corrections

A Critical Approach

Author: Michael Welch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113684273X

Category: Law

Page: 768

View: 4538

Corrections: A Critical Approach, 3rd edition confronts mass imprisonment in the United States, a nation boasting the highest incarceration rate in the world. This statistic is all the more troubling considering that its correctional population is overrepresented by the poor, African-Americans, and Latinos. Not only throwing crucial light on matters involving race and social class, this book also identifies and examines the key social forces shaping penal practice in the US - politics, economics, morality, and technology. By attending closely to historical and theoretical development, the narrative takes into account both instrumental (goal-oriented) and expressive (cultural) explanations to sharpen our understanding of punishment and the growing reliance on incarceration. Covering five main areas of inquiry - penal context, penal populations, penal violence, penal process, and penal state - this book is essential reading for both undergraduate and graduate students interested in undertaking a critical analysis of penology.
Posted in Law

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens

Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658012544

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 9005

​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.
Posted in Social Science

The British National Bibliography

Author: Arthur James Wells

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: English literature

Page: N.A

View: 7676

Posted in English literature

Das Panoptikum

Author: Jeremy Bentham

Publisher: Matthes & Seitz Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 388221113X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 221

View: 2406

Überwachen und Strafen Im Panoptikum, Jeremy Benthams idealem Gefängnis- und Erziehungsbau, werden die Delinquenten permanenter Überwachung durch einen Aufseher unterzogen, der im Mittelpunkt eines kreisförmigen Gebäudes sitzt. Aber zu welchem Zweck? Michel Foucault interpretierte in seinem Werk Überwachen und Strafen (1975) Benthams Bau als Prototyp für die latente Perversion bürgerlicher Aufklärung, die Schizophrenie eines Liberalismus, der stets das Gute will und stets das Böse schafft. Aber stimmt das wirklich? Die erste deutsche Übersetzung von Panoptikum offenbart die Aktualität von Benthams Gedankenwelt. Als Begründer des Utilitarismus und Anhänger des Wirtschaftsliberalismus war er davon überzeugt, dass der Kapitalismus der wahre Schlüssel zum Glück des Menschen ist - und nichts anderes als den Weg zum Glück wollte er mit dem Panoptikum jedem Menschen ebnen. Ebook-Version ohne Interview mit Michel Foucault.
Posted in Philosophy

Race and Crime

Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon,Helen Taylor Greene

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412967783

Category: Social Science

Page: 371

View: 9797

Race and Crime is a core text for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students taking courses in race, criminal justice, ethnic studies and sociology. It may also be adopted into courses such as race relations, race and ethnicity and minorities, race gender and class in departments of sociology, ethnic or black studies. Features new to this edition include: -the expansion and update of theoretical frameworks -fully updated and expanded research references -additional material on racial and ethnic groups -highlighted boxes with explanation of key issues and international perspectives -ancillary resources including an IRCD and student study site.
Posted in Social Science

The New Primer in Radical Criminology

Critical Perspectives on Crime, Power, and Identity

Author: Michael J. Lynch,Raymond J. Michalowski,W. Byron Groves

Publisher: Willow Tree Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 287

View: 3329

The third edition of this text defines radical criminology as a way of doing criminology that frames the problem of crime in terms of class, race, gender, culture and history. Whereas the preceding edition, published in 1989, viewed social class as the central focus of radical criminology, over the past decade the scope of radical criminology has expanded to include race, gender, culture, history, post-modernism and left-realism, among other movements.
Posted in Social Science

Was ist Theorie?

Theoriebegriff und Dialogische Theorie in den Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften

Author: Peter V. Zima

Publisher: UTB

ISBN: 382524797X

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 4618

Was ist Theorie und welche Bedeutung haben Ideologien und Werturteile für sie? Wie könnte ein kultur- und sozialwissenschaftlicher Theoriebegriff aussehen? Die Tatsache, dass eine zweite Auflage des vorliegenden Werks zustande kam, lässt das Bedürfnis nach einer konkreten Beantwortung der Frage erkennen. Das Buch antwortet auf die oben genannten Fragen, indem es zunächst klärt, wie sich Theorien in den verschiedenen Wissenschaftsbereichen definieren lassen. Anschließend werden die wichtigsten Theoriedebatten des 20. Jahrhunderts dargestellt, aber auch kritisch bewertet. Am Schluss des Bandes steht die Zusammenführung der unterschiedlichen Ansätze im Konzept einer Dialogischen Theorie, die den Besonderheiten der Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften Rechnung trägt.
Posted in Social Science