Practical Manual of Groundwater Microbiology, Second Edition

Author: D. Roy Cullimore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420008166

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 788

Although microorganisms can be found virtually anywhere on our planet, from clouds to soils to oceans, they are often poorly understood when examining issues related to groundwater and water wells. Focusing on the impact of microorganisms on groundwater and water wells, Practical Manual of Groundwater Microbiology, Second Edition presents over 75% new material to offer a comprehensive, up-to-date guide on the subject. The first eight chapters provide an overview of microbiology and its importance in groundwaters, exploring natural filters that develop around wells, various bacteria, molds, viruses, sampling procedures, biofouling, biofilms, sequestration strategies, rehabilitation/regeneration practices, and flooding risks. The book also contains a chapter that functions as a self-contained guide, with 79 descriptive illustrations of important concepts integral to the understanding of microbes in groundwater. Numerous appendices, some new to this edition, supply detailed information on more specialized topics, such as microbiological test methods, water sample protocols, regulatory considerations concerning the use of phosphorus in wells, and the application of vegetable oil to lubricate pumps. Chronicling the significant progress made in the field since the publication of its predecessor, this edition provides practical approaches for evaluating the effects of microorganisms and their activities on groundwater and water wells.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Microbiology of Well Biofouling

Author: D. Roy Cullimore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566704007

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 456

View: 1112

The third book in the Sustainable Well Series, Microbiology of Well Biofouling, is the second edition of Practical Manual of Groundwater Microbiology. It is concerned with solving production problems in all types of wells. See what's new in the new edition: Addresses deleterious events in all types of wells in greater detail Discusses the generation of mass which interferes with the physical functioning of a well Covers the major innovations in the field Includes more field applicable material Completely revised and updated The book is a useful reference guide for water well operators, hazardous waste site operators, consulting engineers, public health inspectors, microbiologists, and analytical chemists. It is written with a direct, straight forward approach based upon the advances in the technology over the last twenty years. With this guide, you understand the phenomena of biofouling, corrosivity, biodegradation, and shifts in hydraulic transmissivity that can be linked to microbial events. Practical approaches to the evaluation of these effects are introduced, including standard and novel methodologies.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Practical Atlas for Bacterial Identification, Second Edition

Author: D. Roy Cullimore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420087983

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 327

View: 5012

Published nearly ten years ago, the first edition of Practical Atlas for Bacterial Identification broke new ground with the wealth of detail and breadth of information it provided. The second edition is poised to do the same. Differing fundamentally from the first edition, this book begins by introducing the concept of bacteria community intelligence as reflected in corrosion, plugging, and shifts in the quality parameters in the product whether it be water, gas, oil, or even air. It presents a new classification system for bacterial communities based upon their effect and activities, and not their composition. The book represents a radical departure from the classical reductionist identification of bacteria dominated by genetic and biochemical analyses of separated strains. The author takes a holistic approach based on form, function, and habitat of communities (consorms) of bacteria in real environments. He uses factors related to the oxidation-reduction potential at the site where the consorm is active and the viscosity of the bound water within that consorm to position their community structures within a two-dimensional bacteriological positioning system (BPS) that then allows the functional role to be defined. This book has an overarching ability to define bacterial activities as consorms in a very effective and applied manner useful to an applied audience involved in bacterial challenges. Organized for ease of use, the book allows readers to start with the symptom, uncover the bacterial activities, and then indentify the communities distinctly enough to allow management and control practices that minimize the damage. The broad spectrum approach, new to this edition, lumps compatible bacteria together into a relatively harmonious consortia that share a common primary purpose. It gives a big picture view of the role of bacteria not as single strains but collectively as communities and uses this information to provide key answers to common bacterial problems.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Environmental Microbiology

A Laboratory Manual

Author: Ian L. Pepper,Charles P. Gerba,Jeffrey W. Brendecke

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080470513

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 4722

Environmental Microbiology: A Laboratory Manual is designed to meet the diverse requirements of upper division and graduate-level laboratory sessions in environmental microbiology. The experiments introduce students to the activities of various organisms and the analyses used to study them. The book is organized into three thematic sections: Soil Microbiology, Water Microbiology, and Environmental Biotechnology. The first section includes experiments on the soil as a habitat for microorganisms, and introduces the main types of soil microorganisms, how they interact with the soil, and the techniques used in their analysis. Experiments in the second section cover assays of microbial pathogens--bacteria, viruses, and protozoan parasites--used in food and water quality control as well as an exercise in applied bioremediation of contaminants in water. The final section on biotechnology includes applications of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the detection of bacteria and the use of enrichment cultures and a computer-based, physiological test bank to isolate and identify a bacterium useful in bioremediation. Designed for maximum versatility and ease of use for both the student and instructor, each experiment is self-contained and includes theoretical, practical, and pedagogical material. * New edition incorporates new experiments and the latest techniques * Designed for maximum versatility and ease of use for the student and instructor * Each experiment is self-contained and includes theoretical, practical, and pedagogical material.
Posted in Science

Ground-Water Microbiology and Geochemistry

Author: Frank Chapelle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471348528

Category: Nature

Page: 477

View: 8108

Up-to-date coverage and a unique, multidisciplinary approach The ongoing effort to protect our valuable ground-water resources necessarily involves scientists and engineers from many disciplines. Ground-Water Microbiology and Geochemistry, Second Edition is designed to bridge the historical lack of communication among these disciplines by detailing-in language that cuts across specialties-the impact of microorganisms and microbial processes on ground-water systems. Carefully revised to reflect the many recent discoveries that have been made in the field, the Second Edition begins with an overview of microbiology, ideal for hydrologists and others who may lack formal training in the field. These initial chapters systematically cover the kinds of microorganisms found in subsurface environments, focusing on their growth, metabolism, genetics, and ecology. The second part of the book offers a hydrologic perspective on how microbial processes affect ground-water geochemistry in pristine systems. It also introduces the different classes of ground-water systems, and gives an overview of techniques for sampling subsurface environments. Readers gain an understanding of biogeochemical cycling in ground-water systems-in coverage unique to this book-and how ground-water chemistry can be used to study microbial processes in aquifer systems. The final section of the book deals with the biodegradation of human-introduced contaminants in ground-water systems, with an up-to-date review of the physiology, biochemistry, and redox conditions that favor biodegradation processes. Ground-Water Microbiology and Geochemistry, Second Edition is important reading for geoscientists, hydrologists, and environmental engineers, as well as for water planners and lawyers involved in environmental issues. It also serves as a compelling text for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in ground-water chemistry.
Posted in Nature

The Application of Heat and Chemicals in the Control of Biofouling Events in Wells

Author: George Alford,D. Roy Cullimore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566703857

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 208

View: 6172

Application of heat and chemicals to a biofouling well is a relatively new approach for water well rehabilitation. For the first time, The Application of Heat and Chemicals in the Control of Biofouling Events in Wells explains what many microbiologists now believe is the most effective form of treatment: pasteurization and application of chemicals. Consider an increasingly prevalent alternative to traditional forms of encrustation: an approach which recognizes that water wells are conduits to the sub-surface realm, whose organisms impact the production characteristics of wells. Features
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Water Well Rehabilitation

A Practical Guide to Understanding Well Problems and Solutions

Author: Neil Mansuy

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566703871

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 192

View: 430

Well rehabilitation techniques have been the focus of major advancements in recent times. Environmental engineers can keep pace with those changes with the book Water Well Rehabilitation. Written from a microbiological viewpoint, the text outlines proven solutions to production problems in all types of wells. That perspective frequently yields new ideas and concepts, contrary to prevalent thoughts in mainstream literature on the subject. This is especially true in discussion of iron related bacterial sources, and details concerning unsafe bacterial samples and the contamination of wells.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Water Well Rehabilitation and Reconstruction

Author: Georg Houben,Christoph Treskatis

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 9780071508728

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 391

View: 5464

Capitalize on the First All-in-One Guide to Monitoring, Identifying, and Solving Problems of Ageing Water Wells Water Well Rehabilitation and Reconstruction offers water resource professionals the first comprehensive guide to the mechanical, chemical, and microbiological ageing processes of water wells. Filled with examples from Germany, the Netherlands, the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia, this landmark reference provides the scientific background needed to understand well aging_and perform effective rehabilitation, reconstruction, and monitoring. You will find guidance on state-of-the-art testing and maintenance methods, as well as information on legal and environmental issues, such as the transport, application, and disposal of chemicals. Using SI and U.S. customary units throughout, with a handy conversion table included, Water Well Rehabilitation and Reconstruction enables you to: Identify and quantify problems affecting well performance Select rehabilitation methods appropriate for specific problems Harness methods for replacement or closure of a well if rehabilitation fails Inside This Landmark Water Well Resource • Introduction • Elements of Well Hydraulics and Well Operation • Chemical Ageing Process • Mechanical Causes of Well Ageing • Identification of Ageing Processes and Performance Assessment of Wells and Well Rehabilitations • Economics of Well Rehabilitation and Reconstruction • Mechanical Rehabilitation Techniques • Chemical Rehabilitation Techniques • Repair, Reconstruction, and Decommissioning of Wells • Practical Well Rehabilitation • Prevention • The Ten Dos and Don'ts of Water Well Rehabilitation • Appendices
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Sci-tech News

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Scientific libraries

Page: N.A

View: 482

Posted in Scientific libraries

The viable count

quantitative and environmental aspects

Author: Tsutomu Hattori

Publisher: Springer Verlag

ISBN: 9780910239134

Category: Science

Page: 88

View: 6082

Posted in Science

Impossible Extinction

Natural Catastrophes and the Supremacy of the Microbial World

Author: Charles Cockell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521817363

Category: Science

Page: 181

View: 7465

A fascinating tour of biological history focuses on microbial life, revealing how these micro organisms have managed to survive and thrive across three billion years of tumultuous history. (Biology & Natural History)
Posted in Science

Manual of Environmental Microbiology

Author: Christon J. Hurst,Ronald L. Crawford,Jay L. Garland,David A. Lipson

Publisher: American Society for Microbiology Press

ISBN: 1555813798

Category: Science

Page: 1293

View: 5529

The most definitive manual of microbes in air, water, and soil and their impact on human health and welfare. • Incorporates a summary of the latest methodology used to study the activity and fate of microorganisms in various environments. • Synthesizes the latest information on the assessment of microbial presence and microbial activity in natural and artificial environments. • Features a section on biotransformation and biodegradation. • Serves as an indispensable reference for environmental microbiologists, microbial ecologists, and environmental engineers, as well as those interested in human diseases, water and wastewater treatment, and biotechnology.
Posted in Science

Groundwater Geochemistry

A Practical Guide to Modeling of Natural and Contaminated Aquatic Systems

Author: Broder J. Merkel,Britta Planer-Friedrich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540746683

Category: Science

Page: 230

View: 2926

To understand hydrochemistry and to analyze natural as well as man-made impacts on aquatic systems, hydrogeochemical models have been used since the 1960’s and more frequently in recent times. Numerical groundwater flow, transport, and geochemical models are important tools besides classical deterministic and analytical approaches. Solving complex linear or non-linear systems of equations, commonly with hundreds of unknown parameters, is a routine task for a PC. Modeling hydrogeochemical processes requires a detailed and accurate water analysis, as well as thermodynamic and kinetic data as input. Thermodynamic data, such as complex formation constants and solubility-products, are often provided as databases within the respective programs. However, the description of surface-controlled reactions (sorption, cation exchange, surface complexation) and kinetically controlled reactions requires additional input data. Unlike groundwater flow and transport models, thermodynamic models, in principal, do not need any calibration. However, considering surface-controlled or kinetically controlled reaction models might be subject to calibration. Typical problems for the application of geochemical models are: • speciation • determination of saturation indices • adjustment of equilibria/disequilibria for minerals or gases • mixing of different waters • modeling the effects of temperature • stoichiometric reactions (e.g. titration) • reactions with solids, fluids, and gaseous phases (in open and closed systems) • sorption (cation exchange, surface complexation) • inverse modeling • kinetically controlled reactions • reactive transport Hydrogeochemical models depend on the quality of the chemical analysis, the boundary conditions presumed by the program, theoretical concepts (e.g.
Posted in Science

Practical Environmental Bioremediation

The Field Guide, Second Edition

Author: R. Barry King,John K. Sheldon,Gilbert M. Long

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566702089

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 8971

Bioremediation, or enhanced microbiological treatment, of environments contaminated with a variety of organic and inorganic compounds is one of the most effective innovative technologies to come around this century! Practical Environmental Bioremediation: The Field Guide presents updated material, case histories and many instructive illustrations to reflect the evolving image of this fast-emerging industry. Bioremediation technology has witnessed great strides towards simplifying treatability formats, finding new approaches to field application, more potent nutrient formulations, monitoring protocols and the resulting general improvement in results. This new guide condenses all current available knowledge and presents necessary technical aspects and concepts in language that can be readily comprehended by the technical student, experienced scientist or engineer, the aspiring newcomer, or anyone else interested in this exciting natural cleanup technique.
Posted in Science

Sustainable groundwater resources in Africa

water supply and sanitation environment

Author: Yongxin Xu,Unesco

Publisher: CRC Pr I Llc

ISBN: 9780415876032

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 282

View: 316

Empowering people, reducing poverty, improving livelihoods and promoting economic growth, while at the ensuring sustainable ecosystems, requires local, appropriate and widely replicable solutions. In the search for these, poor sanitation and poor water supply are major drivers in cycles of disease, poverty and powerlessness which avoid people in developing nations to escape poverty. Sustainable water supply is not only a matter of groundwater and sanitation-technical solutions, but as much implies tackling major issues concerning hydro-social and public health components. The African continent, has lagged behind other regions in achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) in water supply and sanitation, and continues to be a much neglected water resource. This volume disseminates investigations and pointers towards achieving sustainable groundwater supplies in challenging local community environments across the African continent. The first part presents the search integrated water, sanitation, hygiene delivery and best implementation practice. The second part, through a variety of case studies, illustrates the current status and pitfalls that hydrogeologists experience and highlights the relevant challenges that especially Sub-Saharan Africa still faces in this battle. The chapters present the current situation, best practices, challenges identified and directions developed by the authors in their advancement towards comprehensive solutions. For anyone involved with the development of water supply and sanitation in developing countries.
Posted in Business & Economics

Practical Handbook of Soil, Vadose Zone, and Ground-Water Contamination

Assessment, Prevention, and Remediation, Second Edition

Author: J. Russell Boulding,Jon S. Ginn

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781566706100

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 728

View: 1514

A synthesis of years of interdisciplinary research and practice, the second edition of this bestseller continues to serve as a primary resource for information on the assessment, remediation, and control of contamination on and below the ground surface. Practical Handbook of Soil, Vadose Zone, and Ground-Water Contamination: Assessment, Prevention, and Remediation, Second Edition includes important new developments in site characterization and soil and ground water remediation that have appeared since 1995. Presented in an easy-to-read style, this book serves as a comprehensive guide for conducting complex site investigations and identifying methods for effective soil and ground water cleanup. Remediation engineers, ground water and soil scientists, regulatory personnel, researchers, and field investigators can access the latest data and summary tables to illustrate key advantages and disadvantages of various remediation methods.
Posted in Technology & Engineering

Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 2372

Posted in Academic libraries

Essential Microbiology

Author: Stuart Hogg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118688147

Category: Science

Page: 456

View: 7992

Essential Microbiology is a comprehensive introductory text aimed at students taking a first course in the subject. Covering all aspects of microbiology, it describes the structure and function of microbes before considering their place in the the living world. The second half of the book focuses on applied aspects such as genetic engineering, industrial microbiology and the control of microorganisms. Adopting a modern approach and with extensive use of clear comprehensive diagrams, Essential Microbiology explains key topics through the use of definition boxes and end of chapter questions. This book is invaluable for undergraduate students in the biological, food and health sciences taking a first course in Microbiology. comprehensive introduction covering all aspects of this exciting subject. includes numerous examples and applications from a wide range of fields. definition boxes, key points and self-test questions enhance student understanding.
Posted in Science

Books in Print 2009-2010

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780835250191

Category: Publishers' catalogs

Page: N.A

View: 1979

Posted in Publishers' catalogs