Positive Criminology

Author: Natti Ronel,Dana Segev

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317750829

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 9373

How can we best help offenders desist from crime, as well as help victims heal? This book engages with this question by offering its readers a comprehensive review of positive criminology in theory, research and practice. Positive criminology is a concept – a perspective – that places emphasis on forces of integration and social inclusion that are experienced positively by target individual and groups, and may contribute to a reduction in negative emotions, desistance from crime and overcoming the traumatic experience of victimization. In essence, positive criminology holds a more holistic view, which acknowledges that thriving and disengagement from distress, addiction, mental illness, crime, deviance or victimization might be fostered more effectively by enhancing positive emotions and experiences, rather than focusing on reducing negative attributes. Each chapter in this book is written by key scholars in the related fields of criminology, victimology and addiction and, thus, assembles varied and extensive approaches to rehabilitation and treatment. These approaches share in common a positive criminology view, thereby enriching our understanding of the concept and other strength-based approaches to dealing with offenders and victims. This edited book elaborates on positive criminology core ideas and assumptions; discusses related theories and innovations; and presents various benefits that this perspective can promote in the field of rehabilitation. For this reason, this book will be essential reading for those engaged in the study of criminology, criminal justice and victimology and may also assist scholars and professionals to help offenders desist from crime and improve victims’ well-being.
Posted in Social Science

The Positive School of Criminology

Author: Enrico Ferri

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781720306375

Category:

Page: 38

View: 2389

Three Lectures given at the University of Naples, Italy in 1901
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Positive Criminology

Reflections on Care, Belonging and Security

Author: Marc Schuilenburg,Brenda Oude Breuil,Ronald Van Steden

Publisher: Eleven International Pub

ISBN: 9789462364448

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 754

Safety and security are often seen in light of crime, disorder, and fear. This fuels a political and social climate obsessed with a negative logic of 'fighting' criminals, 'controlling' populations, and 'excluding' unwanted others. Other, more positive or constitutive, discourses and practices about safety and security have fallen out of fashion. But, what alternatives to contemporary processes of securitization and criminalization can be imagined when starting from a positive critique of security? Which theoretical and empirical resources support and inspire more positive notions of security? This multidisciplinary book brings together a team of renowned scholars to stress that security also includes notions of care, trust, and belonging. By taking the concept of security beyond traditional criminal law, the book's contributors present cutting edge theoretical and empirical analyses on the importance of human connectedness, community building, and feelings of solidarity as a way to resist hegemonic and negative meanings of security. The book will appeal to researchers in the fields of criminology, political science, sociology, philosophy, and security studies. Contents include: A Critique of Security - Towards a Positive Turn in Criminology * Positive Security - A Theoretical Framework * Thinking about Sustainable Security - Metaphors, Paradoxes, and Ironies * Growing Sanguine about the Weeds - Gardening and Security Revisited * Power and Servility - An Experiment in the Ethics of Security and Counter-Security * Security in Support of Safety and Community - Thoughts from New York * Your Friendly Gasoline Station - On Habitual Space * Not 'Fortress Los Angeles' - Design and Management of Privately Owned Public Spaces in New York City * Fluid Security? Home, Care, and Belonging in Prostitution Migration * Afterthoughts - Security, Anti-Security, Positive Security. [Subject: Criminology, Sociology, Security Studies]
Posted in Social Science

Conservation Criminology

Author: Meredith L. Gore

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118935500

Category: Nature

Page: 248

View: 3283

This important new text introduces conservation criminology as the interdisciplinary study of environmental exploitation and risks at the intersection of human and natural systems. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, the book enhances understanding of the various human and organizational behaviors that pose risks to the environment, humans, and drive conservation crime. As human population growth, global market economies, climate change, deforestation, and illegal exploitation of natural resources continue to increase, academic research from numerous disciplines is needed to address these challenges. Conservation Criminology promotes thinking about how unsustainable natural resources exploitation is a cause and a consequence of social conflict. Case studies profiled in the book demonstrate this cause and effect type situation, as well as innovative approaches for reducing risks to people and the environment. This text encourages readers to consider how humans behave in response to environmental risks and the various mechanisms that constitute effective and ineffective approaches to enforcement of wildlife crimes, including environmental and conservation policy. Case studies from the USA, Latin America, Africa, and Asia highlight corruption in conservation, global trade in electronic waste, illegal fishing, illegal logging, human-wildlife conflict, technology and space, water insecurity, wildlife disease, and wildlife poaching. Taken together, chapters expand the reader’s perspective and employ tools to understand and address environmental crimes and risks, and to provide novel empirical evidence for positive change. With established contributors providing interdisciplinary and global perspectives, this book establishes a foundation for the emerging field of conservation criminology.
Posted in Nature

Crime and Criminology

Author: Sue Titus Reid

Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business

ISBN: 1454896469

Category: Social Science

Page: 650

View: 3155

Known for its unique blend of social science and legal research, Crime and Criminology, Fifteenth Edition uses an interdisciplinary approach to bring a sprawling subject into sharp relief. From the history and theory of criminal law to today’s hot-button topics, leading scholar Reid clearly explains to students how criminology affects and relates to criminal justice policies. Key Features: An effective and unique balance of social science and legal research. Media Focus and Global Focus boxes that give context to theories with discussions of current, real-life events. Student-friendly chapter outlines, chapter summaries, key terms, exhibits, study questions, and Internet assignments. Case excerpts and related material organized in a supplement to make the book more flexible for a variety of class structures. New material on: medical marijuana, mental illness, cybercrime, crimes by and against the police, and the impact of gender and race in sentencing decisions.
Posted in Social Science

Interpersonal Criminology

Revisiting Interpersonal Crimes and Victimization

Author: K. Jaishankar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315351501

Category: Law

Page: 302

View: 7773

Based on peer-reviewed articles from the Second International Conference of the South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology, Interpersonal Criminology investigates the roots of crime and victimization, rather than dissecting criminal behavior after the fact. The book divides crime by type, covering crimes against women, crimes against children and youths, culture conflict and victimization of groups, and interpersonal cybercrimes. Perfect for criminal justice practitioners and advanced human rights, criminology, and victimology students, Interpersonal Criminology explores the complexities of crime and interpersonal events in both established and emerging fields of criminology, including those concerning women and minorities.
Posted in Law

Positive Tourism

Author: Sebastian Filep,Jennifer Laing,Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317478908

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 4183

Tourism affects millions of individuals, numerous societies and environments in multiple, nuanced and overlapping ways. While it can be viewed as a frivolous leisure pursuit or simply a large industry, with potentially destructive impacts, it might also be understood in terms of its effects on human fulfilment, the good life and greater well-being. This book calls for positive tourism, principally grounded in theories from positive psychology (the study of what makes life worth living), and the development of a body of knowledge that explains what characterises optimal tourist experiences, what enables host communities to flourish and what encourages workers in tourism to thrive. Through original research studies reported in this international volume we aim to further develop this knowledge. The intersections between ongoing and traditionally inspired applications of psychology in tourism and this new thrust in psychological inquiry promise to refresh and challenge tourism research. This book will appeal to researchers and academics in tourism, leisure, positive psychology, management and related fields as well as graduate students, professionals and policy makers.
Posted in Business & Economics

Psycho-Criminological Perspective of Criminal Justice in Asia

Research and Practices in Hong Kong, Singapore, and Beyond

Author: Heng Choon (Oliver) Chan,Samuel M.Y. Ho

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317190254

Category: Psychology

Page: 298

View: 6290

This book offers both theoretical and practical examinations of the psycho-criminology of criminal justice in Asia, with particular emphasis on the Hong Kong and Singapore contexts. It is designed to present the current state of the field, which addresses key topics in three major sub-areas – policing and legal system, offender rehabilitation and treatment, and research and future directions. Written by academics with extensive research experience in their respective topics and senior ranking practitioners in their fields, topics include psychologists’ involvement in different aspects of forensic investigation, police emotional reactions to major incidents, the application of psychological approaches in developing offender rehabilitation and treatment modules to address different offender’s criminogenic needs, and legal issues related to the insanity defence, fitness to plead, the jury system, and the procedural justice and legitimacy. An important reference for post-graduate courses, this book will be of special interest to criminologists and psychologists working in forensic settings, mental health professionals, policy-makers, police personnel, prison officials, and legal executives. Chapters include: 1.???? Youth gang offenders in Singapore?? 2.???? Offender rehabilitation: the Hong Kong Correctional Services Department?????? 3.???? Juries as decision makers in East Asian judicial systems: Hong Kong, the Mainland China, South Korea, and Japan 4.???? The psychology of violent extremism: what we know and what else we need to do?????
Posted in Psychology

Positive Psychology Coaching in Practice

Author: Suzy Green,Stephen Palmer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317506162

Category: Psychology

Page: 214

View: 2300

Positive Psychology Coaching in Practice provides a comprehensive overview of positive psychology coaching, bringing together the best of science and practice, highlighting current research, and emphasising the applicability of each element to coaching. With an international range of contributors, this book is a unique resource for those seeking to integrate positive psychology into their evidence-based coaching practice. Beginning with an overview of positive psychology coaching, the book includes an assessment of theories of wellbeing, an examination of mindfulness research, a guide to relevant neuroscience, and a review of a strengths-based approach. It also contains chapters which explore the application of ACT, the role of positive psychology in wellness and resilience coaching, positive leadership theory, and developmental psychological theories as they relate to coaching through significant life transitions. In each chapter, theory and research is thoroughly explored and applied directly to coaching practice, and supported with a list of relevant resources and a case study. The book concludes with the editors’ views on the future directions of positive psychology coaching. Positive Psychology Coaching in Practice will be essential reading for professional coaches in practice and in training seeking to enhance their evidence-based practice, coaching psychologists, practitioners of positive psychology, and academics and students of coaching, coaching psychology and positive psychology.
Posted in Psychology

Criminology

An Integrated Approach

Author: Gregg Barak

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1461636663

Category: Social Science

Page: 398

View: 7517

Barak provides the first integrated analysis of crime, criminal justice, and criminology through a global lens, revealing the importance of a global perspective for the study of crime and justice in the 21st century. While moving seamlessly from the micro bio-psychological, interactive-social process to the macro cultural-structural forces that shape crime and our responses to it, the author presents the reader with a feast of the latest criminological ideas in this sumptuous tome.
Posted in Social Science

Global Criminology

Crime and Victimization in a Globalized Era

Author: K. Jaishankar,Natti Ronel

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439892490

Category: Law

Page: 414

View: 6813

Global criminology is an emerging field covering international and transnational crimes that have not traditionally been the focus of mainstream criminology or criminal justice. Global Criminology: Crime and Victimization in a Globalized Era is a collection of rigorously peer-reviewed papers presented at the First International Conference of the South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology (SASCV) that took place in Jaipur, India in 2011. Using a global yardstick as the basis for measurement, the fundamental goal of the conference was to determine criminological similarities and differences in different regions. Four dominant themes emerged at the conference: Terrorism. In a topic that operates at the intersection of international law, international politics, crime, and victimization, some questions remain unanswered. Is terrorism a crime issue or a national defense issue? Should terrorists be treated as war criminals, soldiers, or civil criminals? How can international efforts and local efforts work together to defeat terrorism? Cyber Crimes and Victimization. Cyber space provides anonymity, immediate availability, and global access. Cyber offenders easily abuse these open routes. As cyber space develops, cyber-crime develops and grows. To achieve better cyber security, global criminologists must explore cyber-crimes from a variety of perspectives, including law, the motivation of offenders, and the impact on victims. Marginality and Social Exclusion. Globalization is manifest in the fast transition of people between places, societies, social classes, and cultures. Known social constructions are destroyed for new ones, and marginalized people are excluded from important material, social, and human resources. This section examines how we can provide inclusion for marginalized individuals in the global era and protect them from victimization. Theoretical and Practical Models of Criminal Victimization. The process of globalization, as mentioned above, creates new elements of victimization. But globalization can also become an opportunity for confronting and defeating victimization through improved sharing of knowledge and increased understanding of the humanity of the weak. The emerging global criminology comprises diversity of attitudes, explanations, and perspectives. The editors of this volume recognize that in the global village, there is room for solid contributions to the field of criminology and criminal justice. This collection is a move in this direction. It is hoped that these articles will help to expand the boundaries of criminology, criminal justice, and victimology with a view towards reducing crime worldwide.
Posted in Law

Crime, Shame and Reintegration

Author: John Braithwaite

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521356688

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 226

View: 6008

This book, a contribution to general criminological theory, suggests that the key to why some societies have higher crime rates than others lies in the way different cultures go about the social process of shaming wrongdoers. Shaming can be counterproductive, making crime problems worse. But when shaming is done within a cultural context of respect for the offender, it can be extraordinarily powerful, efficient, and just form of social control.
Posted in Biography & Autobiography

Realist Criminology

Author: R. Matthews

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137445718

Category: Social Science

Page: 179

View: 6354

This book challenges contemporary criminological thinking, providing a thorough critique of mainstream criminology, including both liberal criminology and administrative criminology. It sets a new agenda for theoretical and practical engagement, and for creating a more effective and just criminal justice system.
Posted in Social Science

Municipal Disorder Policing

Dealing with Annoyances in Public Places

Author: Teun Eikenaar

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789462367869

Category:

Page: 218

View: 4052

The policing landscape in the Netherlands has changed considerably over the past three decades; now various new uniformed officers share patrolling duties with the traditional police. This book is about one of the most prominent groups of these recent surveillance professionals: the municipal officers.00It discusses how this profession has changed over time, how municipal officers act in public places, and how these new officers view their work. Through a rich yet compact analysis, the author shows that the emergence of this new occupational group can be understood as being the result of a focused (political) approach to citizens? annoyances, concerns and fears. The book also demonstrates that the work of these officers is a unique Dutch phenomenon, partly defying theories of disorder policing developed in other countries.
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Criminology

Explaining Crime and Its Context

Author: Stephen E. Brown,Finn-Aage Esbensen,Gilbert Geis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317311973

Category:

Page: 620

View: 6426

Criminology: Explaining Crime and Its Context, Ninth Edition, is a highly acclaimed textbook offering a broad perspective on criminological theory. It provides students of criminology and sociology with a thorough exposure to a range of theories, contrasting their logic and assumptions, but also highlighting efforts to integrate and blend these frameworks. In this ninth edition, the authors have incorporated new directions that have gained traction in the field, while remaining faithful to their criminological heritage. Among the themes in this work are the relativity of crime (its changing definition) with abundant examples, historical roots of criminology and the lessons they have provided, and the strength and challenges of applying the scientific method. This revision offers enhanced coverage of biosocial theories of crime, more global examples, and a new chapter on youth violence, improving on the most comprehensive and balanced theory text available for undergraduates.
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CRIMINAL SOCIOLOGY

Author: ENRICO FERRI

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8771

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Indigenous Criminology

Author: Cunneen, Chris,Tauri, Juan

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447321758

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 5383

Indigenous Criminology comprehensively explores Indigenous people’s contact with criminal justice systems in a contemporary and historical context. It addresses both the theoretical underpinnings of the development of a specific Indigenous criminology, and canvasses the broader policy and practice implications for criminal justice.
Posted in Social Science

The Positive School of Criminology

Three Lectures Given at the University of Naples, Italy, on April 22, 23, and 24, 1901

Author: Enrico Ferri

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Crime

Page: 125

View: 6700

Posted in Crime