Political Sociology

Readings in Research and Theory

Author: George A. Kourvetaris

Publisher: HOEPLI EDITORE

ISBN: 9780878557172

Category: Political Science

Page: 443

View: 9704

Political Sociology: Readings in Research and Theory deals with the major theoretical, conceptual, and empirical issues in the field of political sociology. The readings explore a number of old and new concepts, issues, and developments both within and across political systems and societies. This anthology is based on articles published in the Journal of Political and Military Sociology. Political Sociology is organized around five major dimensions: conceptual and pedagogical perspectives, political participation, collective protest and radicalism, violence and coercion, and national and cross-national studies. In the first section the editors provide a concise, critical, and integrated overview of the field in both the teaching and research aspects of political sociology, especially dur­ing the last ten years. Part II explores some theoretical and empirical issues by offering models of the interrelationships between politics and society. Politi­cal participation within a stratification framework is examined in Part III, while some of the major issues and developments on collective protest and radicalism are discussed in Part IV. Violence and coercion are age-old problems of political and social systems. Part V attempts to evaluate and integrate the most important theories, types, and causes of violence. Part VI examines a number of pertinent concepts of political sociology in various countries. This includes discussions on the legitimacy of protest in the U.S. and Sweden, the impact of stratification on the German party infrastruc­ture, efficacy and support for the Mexican political system, a genera­tional model of the Soviet elite, and the role of the CIA in Chile.
Posted in Political Science

The Illusion of a Conservative Reagan Revolution

Author: Larry M. Schwab

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412825832

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 8514

Many political commentators, both liberal and conservative, have argued that the 1980s were a period of fundamental conservative change. Some of them believe that the changes have been so important that the 1980s should be seen as a watershed period in American political history as significant as the 1930s. Schwab argues here that politics and policy have not fundamentally changed in a conservative direction, but have actually moved in the opposite direction. This book is a timely and comprehensive analysis of the Reagan years, of interest to all readers interested in politics and national policy.
Posted in Political Science

Once More Unto The Breach, Dear Friends

Incomplete Theory And Complete Bibliography of Irving Louis Horowitz on the Occasion of His 75th Birthday

Author: Irving Louis Horowitz

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780765802743

Category: Social Science

Page: 190

View: 482

Candor, breadth, judiciousness-all these are attributes Irving Louis Horowitz possesses as a scholar. Under his leadership there is no academic publication from which I have learned as much as Transaction-Society."David Riesman, Harvard University "We are all happy benefi ciaries of Horowitzs acutely perceptive and (often) devas-tatingly plain-spoken self as sociologist and sage, broad-gauged scholar, dedicated teacher, tough-minded editor and publisher with an ingrained sense of fairness."Robert K. Merton, Columbia University
Posted in Social Science

Understanding Social Theory

Author: Derek Layder

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761944494

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 3490

Provides an introduction to the core issues in social theory. This book will be useful reading for students in sociology, social psychology, social theory, political theory and organization studies.
Posted in Social Science

Hegemony

Studies in Consensus and Coercion

Author: Richard Howson,Kylie Smith

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135916314

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 5182

The originality and depth of Gramsci's theory of hegemony is now evidenced in the wide-ranging intellectual applications within a growing corpus of research and writings that include social, political and cultural theory, historical interpretation, gender and globalization. The reason that hegemony has been so widely and diversely adopted lies in the unique way that Gramsci formulated the 'problematics' of structure/superstructure, coercion/consensus, materialism/idealism and regression/progression within the concept hegemony. However, in much of the contemporary literature the full complexity of hegemony is either obfuscated or ignored. Hegemony, through comprehensive and systematic analyses of Gramsci's formulation, a picture of hegemony as a complex syncretism of these dichotomies. In other words, hegemony is presented as a concept that is as much about aspiration and progressive politico-social relations as it is about regressive and dominative processes. Thus, the volume recognises and presents this complexity through a selection of contemporary theoretical as well as historico-social investigations that mark a significantly innovative moment in the work on hegemony.
Posted in Philosophy

Handbook of Politics

State and Society in Global Perspective

Author: Kevin T. Leicht,J. Craig Jenkins

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387689302

Category: Political Science

Page: 668

View: 9324

Political sociology is the interdisciplinary study of power and the intersection of personality, society and politics. The field also examines how the political process is affected by major social trends as well as exploring how social policies are altered by various social forces. Political sociologists increasingly use a wide variety of relatively new quantitative and qualitative methodologies and incorporate theories and research from other social science cognate disciplines. The contributors focus on the current controversies and disagreements surrounding the use of different methodologies for the study of politics and society, and discussions of specific applications found in the widely scattered literature where substantive research in the field is published. This approach will solidly place the handbook in a market niche that is not occupied by the current volumes while also covering many of the same theoretical and historical developments that the other volumes cover. The purpose of this handbook is to summarize state-of-the-art theory, research, and methods used in the study of politics and society. This area of research encompasses a wide variety of perspectives and methods that span social science disciplines. The handbook is designed to reflect that diversity in content, method and focus. In addition, it will cover developments in the developed and underdeveloped worlds.
Posted in Political Science

Art and Society

Readings in the Sociology of the Arts

Author: Arnold W. Foster,Judith R. Blau

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791401170

Category: Social Science

Page: 513

View: 4853

There is currently no reader in print that provides a broad ranging overview for an undergraduate course on the sociology of the arts or the sociology of culture. This book remedies this situation as it provides students with an overall understanding of the current issues, theoretical approaches, and substantive contributions in the sociology of the arts. Included are chapters on the aesthetic meaning of art; the social and institutional production of art; the links among audiences, artists, and cultural organizations; tensions between artists and their bureaucratized working settings; the training and careers of artists; relations between art and society; and the dynamics of cultural change. In addition to section introductions, there is a comprehensive introduction to provide students with an understanding of the history of the field, its main theoretical currents, and also to provide them with an appreciation of the contributions to cultural studies by other disciplines, such as anthropology and history. An extensive bibliography is also included in the reader, which was developed to assist students who wish to pursue research topics.
Posted in Social Science

Wired and Mobilizing

Social Movements, New Technology, and Electoral Politics

Author: Victoria Carty

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113690803X

Category: Social Science

Page: 120

View: 4823

This book highlights how online networking offers potential for new forms of activist mobilizing, repertoires, participatory democracy, direct action, fundraising, and civic engagement. It calls for a re-conceptualization of some of the main tenets of contentious and electoral politics, which were originally constructed to describe and analyze face-to-face forms of mobilization, in order to more accurately analyze contemporary forms of protest, electoral processes, and civil society organizing.
Posted in Social Science

Studies in Social and Political Theory (RLE Social Theory)

Author: Anthony Giddens

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317650646

Category: Social Science

Page: 414

View: 7943

The studies which comprise this book are essentially organized around a critical encounter with European social theory in its 'classical period' – i.e. from the middle years of the nineteenth century until the First World War – and have the aim of working out some of the implications of that encounter for the position and prospects of the social sciences today. The issues involved relate to the following series of problems: method and epistemology; social development and transformation; the origins of 'sociology' in nineteenth-century social theory; and the status of social science as critique. In each of these areas, Giddens develops views that challenge existing orthodoxies, and connects these ideas to a reconstruction of social theory in the contemporary era.
Posted in Social Science

Non-Representational Theory

Space, Politics, Affect

Author: Nigel Thrift

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134162715

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 7190

This astonishing book presents a distinctive approach to the politics of everyday life. Ranging across a variety of spaces in which politics and the political unfold, it questions what is meant by perception, representation and practice, with the aim of valuing the fugitive practices that exist on the margins of the known. It revolves around three key functions. It: introduces the rather dispersed discussion of non-representational theory to a wider audience provides the basis for an experimental rather than a representational approach to the social sciences and humanities begins the task of constructing a different kind of political genre. A groundbreaking and comprehensive introduction to this key topic, Thrift’s outstanding work brings together further writings from a body of work that has come to be known as non-representational theory. This noteworthy book makes a significant contribution to the literature in this area and is essential reading for researchers and postgraduates in the fields of social theory, sociology, geography, anthropology and cultural studies.
Posted in Social Science

Gender and Sexuality

Critical Theories, Critical Thinkers

Author: Chris Beasley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446223388

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 8751

This accessible introduction to gender and sexuality theory offers a comprehensive overview and critique of the key contemporary literature and debates in feminism, sexuality studies and men's studies. Chris Beasley's clear and concise introduction combines a wide-ranging survey of the major theorists and key concepts in an ever-growing and often passionately debated field. The book contextualizes a wide range of feminist perspectives, including: modernist, liberal, postmodern, queer and gender difference feminism; and in the realm of sexuality studies covers modernist liberationism, social constructionism, transgender theorising and queer theory. In men's studies, Chris Beasley examines areas of debate ranging from gender and masculinity to questions of race, ethnicity, imperialism and gay masculinities. Interconnections between the subfields are highlighted, and Beasley considers the implications of body theory for all three. Key theorists covered include: Altman · Brod · Butler · Califia · Carbado · Connell · Dowsett · Grosz · Halberstam · Hook · Jackson · Jagose · Nussbaum · Rich · Seidman · Spivak · Stoltenberg · Weeks · Whittle · Wolf · Wollstonecraft The only book of its kind to draw together all the important strands of gender analysis, Gender and Sexuality is a timely and impressive overview that is invaluable to students and academics taking courses on gender and feminist theory, sexuality and masculinity.
Posted in Social Science

Towards a Critical Sociology of Reading Pedagogy

Papers of the XII World Congress on Reading

Author: Carolyn Baker,Allan Luke

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027282935

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 287

View: 4054

Through critical sociological appraisals of literary theory, research and pedagogy, this volume presents challenges to dominant psychological approaches in reading research and to mainstream discourses about reading and writing pedagogy. Bringing together the recent work of literacy researchers in Australia, Europe and North America, the volume offers novel critiques and theorisations from within political economy, neomarxist and critical theory, ethnomethodology, interactive sociolinguistics, poststructuralism and postmodernism. The volume is arranged in four sections; The Politics of Pedagogy; Reading in Classrooms; Reconstructing Theory; Reading the Social. This collection is provocative and innovative, offering clear alternatives for conceptualising literacy, for conducting literacy research, and for reconstructing the discourses and practices of reading and writing in schools. The volume is addressed to a broad audience of researchers, educators and students.
Posted in Language Arts & Disciplines

Ideas and Politics in Social Science Research

Author: Daniel Beland,Robert Henry Cox

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199830879

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 1317

Writing about ideas, John Maynard Keynes noted that they are "more powerful than is commonly understood. Indeed the world is ruled by little else." One would expect, therefore, that political science--a discipline that focuses specifically on the nature of power--would have a healthy respect for the role of ideas. However, for a variety of reasons--not least of which is the influence of rational choice theory, which presumes that individuals are self-maximizing rational actors--this is not the case, and the literature on the topic is fairly thin. As the stellar cast of contributors to this volume show, ideas are in fact powerful shapers of political and social life. In Ideas and Politics in Social Science Research, Daniel B?land and Robert Henry Cox have gathered leading scholars from a variety of subdisciplines in political science and sociology to provide a general overview of the theoretical, empirical, and methodological issues raised by social science research on ideas and politics. Throughout, they hone in on three central questions. What is the theoretical basis for studying ideas in politics? What are the best methods? What sort of empirical puzzles can be solved by examining ideas and related phenomena such as discourse, policy paradigms, and framing processes? In sum, this is a state-of-the-art academic work on both the role of ideas in politics and the analytical utility that derives from studying them.
Posted in Political Science

Power and Organizations

Author: Stewart R Clegg,David Courpasson,Nelson Phillips

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1847877494

Category: Social Science

Page: 472

View: 4495

"A marvelous addition to the literature on both organizations and power. It is well-grounded in the research on these topics and especially the wide-range of relevant theorizing... The book is terrific at bringing together theory, research and the world of organizations." - George Ritzer, Distinguished University Professor, University of Maryland "This book tirelessly illuminates the nooks and crannies of the power literature...taking readers on an audacious tour of power's multiple conceptualizations and expressions." - Hugh Willmott, Diageo Professor of Management Studies, University of Cambridge "Clegg and his associates expose the power dynamics that lie at the heart of all political and organizational arenas, and in so doing, they shed light on the underbelly along with the creative potentialities in organizational life." -Joyce Rothschild, Professor of Sociology, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University "Strange but true - most studies of organizational hierarchies downplay the issue of power or uncritically assume more is better, while ignoring its pernicious effects. Stewart Clegg, David Courpasson and Nelson Phillips set the record straight." - Joanne Martin, Merrill Professor of Organizational Behavior and, by courtesy, Sociology Stanford University Graduate School of Business, Stanford In this tour de force, Stewart Clegg, David Courpasson and Nelson Phillips provide a comprehensive account of power and organizations, unlocking power as the central relation of modern organizations and society. The authors present an excellent synthesis of organization, social and political theory to offer an overview of power and organizations that is historically informed, addresses current issues and is comprehensive in scope. Power and Organizations reviews the evolution of theories on power and organization, presenting not only the theorists who identify power as positive, but also dealing with the negativity of power and the real horror of which organizations are capable, which has thus far been underplayed in organization theory. At the core of organizational power projects are organizational elites, whose politics and projects are examined extensively in the book. The book concludes by examining the implications for organizations and their elites of the trends, tendencies, and theories considered in the course of the book. This book is required reading for graduate students and researchers in areas such as organizational, social and political theory.
Posted in Social Science

Culture and Society

An Introduction to Cultural Studies

Author: David Oswell

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1847877532

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 4350

"Too often cultural studies discourse seems cut off from wider developments in social theory. As a sociologist with a strong cultural studies sensibility, David Oswell is ideally placed to put this right. Through a series of well-judged and historically nuanced readings of cultural, social theory and critical philosophy, this book provides just the bridge between cultural studies and wider debates that we need" - Nick Couldry, London School of Economics and Political Science David Oswell has written a comprehensive introduction to cultural studies that guides the reader through the field's central foundations and its freshest ideas. This book: Grounds the reader in the foundations of cultural studies and cultural theory: language and semiology, ideology and power, mass and popular culture. Analyzes the central problems: identity, body, economy, globalization and empire. Introduces the latest developments on materiality, agency, technology and nature. Culture and Society is an invaluable guide for students navigating the dynamic debates and intellectual challenges of cultural studies. Its breadth and unparalleled coverage of theory will also ensure that it is read by anyone interested in questions of materiality and culture.
Posted in Social Science

Sociological Theory in the Classical Era

Text and Readings

Author: Laura Desfor Edles,Scott Appelrouth

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483300994

Category: Social Science

Page: 464

View: 2368

Trained at UCLA and at NYU respectively, Laura Desfor Edles and Scott Appelrouth were frustrated by their inability to find a sociological theory text that could inspire enthusiasm in undergraduate students while providing them with analytical tools for understanding theory and exposing them to original writings from pivotal theorists. They developed this widely used text/reader to fill that need. Sociological Theory in the Classical Era introduces students to original major writings from sociology's key classical theorists. It also provides a thorough framework for understanding these challenging readings. For each theorist, the authors give a biographical sketch, discuss intellectual influences and core ideas, and offer contemporary examples and applications of those ideas. Introductions to every reading provide additional background on their structure and significance. This book also makes frequent use of photos, diagrams, tables, and charts to help illustrate important concepts.
Posted in Social Science

Sociological Theory in the Contemporary Era

Text and Readings

Author: Scott Appelrouth,Laura Desfor Edles

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 141298761X

Category: Education

Page: 676

View: 8626

Sociological Theory in the Contemporary Era, Second Edition, combines well-edited, important original writings from sociology’s core contemporary theorists with introductory text that provides a historical and theoretical framework for understanding them. Authors Scott Appelrouth and Laura Desfor Edles use this unique text/reader approach to introduce students to contemporary sociological theory in a lively and engaging fashion. The text/reader provides not only a biographical and theoretical summary of each theorist’s works but also an overarching scaffolding that students can use to examine, compare, and contrast each theorist’s major themes and concepts. The book also offers discussions of past social and intellectual milieus to provide a holistic picture of the development of the theories discussed.
Posted in Education

Sociology of Sport and Social Theory

Author: Earl Smith

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 0736075720

Category: Social Science

Page: 239

View: 9960

"Sociology of Sport and Social Theory" presents current research perspectives from major sport scholars and leading sociologists regarding issues germane to the sociology of sport while addressing traditional and contemporary sociological theories.
Posted in Social Science