Political Demography

How Population Changes Are Reshaping International Security and National Politics

Author: Jack A. Goldstone,Eric P. Kaufmann,Monica Duffy Toft

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199945969

Category: Political Science

Page: 342

View: 1649

The field of political demography - the politics of population change - is dramatically underrepresented in political science. At a time when demographic changes - aging in the rich world, youth bulges in the developing world, ethnic and religious shifts, migration, and urbanization - are waxing as never before, this neglect is especially glaring and starkly contrasts with the enormous interest coming from policymakers and the media. "Ten years ago, [demography] was hardly on the radar screen," remarks Richard Jackson and Neil Howe of the Center for Strategic and International Studies, two contributors to this volume. "Today," they continue, "it dominates almost any discussion of America's long-term fiscal, economic, or foreign-policy direction." Demography is the most predictable of the social sciences: children born in the last five years will be the new workers, voters, soldiers, and potential insurgents of 2025 and the political elites of the 2050s. Whether in the West or the developing world, political scientists urgently need to understand the tectonics of demography in order to grasp the full context of today's political developments. This book begins to fill the gap from a global and historical perspective and with the hope that scholars and policymakers will take its insights on board to develop enlightened policies for our collective future.
Posted in Political Science

Political Demography, Demographic Engineering

Author: Myron Weiner,Michael S. Teitelbaum

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571812537

Category: Political Science

Page: 148

View: 6789

"Over the past decade, the impacts of demographic trends on international security and on peaceful relations between and within states have come to the fore in ways not seen since the aftermath of World War II. An evolving and more complex set of changes in the size, distribution, and composition of populations has become the basis for a new look at the security effects of changes in the size, distribution, and composition of populations. This book is an attempt to lay out the new look, to take issue with some of the prevailing views on the political consequences of population change and to suggest where the concerns are realistic and where they are not." (From the Preface) This book not only offers a magisterial analysis of the political effects of the dramatic population changes that are taking place in countries all around the world, it also represents the testimony of one of the most distinguished scholars in the field of migration and population studies. Myron Weiner, former Professor of Political Science at MIT and Chair of the External Research Advisory Committee of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Michael S. Teitelbaum, a demographer, is Program Director at the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation in New York.
Posted in Political Science

Demography and National Security

Author: Myron Weiner,Sharon Stanton Russell

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571812629

Category: Political Science

Page: 345

View: 5553

Includes statistics.
Posted in Political Science

Arab Political Demography

Population Growth, Labor Migration and Natalist Policies

Author: Onn Winckler

Publisher: ISBS

ISBN: 9781845192389

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 1037

Written specifically for classroom and student use, with more than 50 tables and figures, this book sets out the political demographics of Arab countries. In this revised and expanded second edition, the author updates all the data, adds analysis on North African countries, and discusses the phenomenon of intra-Arab labor migration and its socioeconomic-political impacts.
Posted in History

Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?

Demography and Politics in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Eric Kaufmann

Publisher: Profile Books

ISBN: 1847651941

Category: Religion

Page: 330

View: 2704

Dawkins and Hitchens have convinced many western intellectuals that secularism is the way forward. But most people don't read their books before deciding whether to be religious. Instead, they inherit their faith from their parents, who often innoculate them against the elegant arguments of secularists. And what no one has noticed is that far from declining, the religious are expanding their share of the population: in fact, the more religious people are, the more children they have. The cumulative effect of immigration from religious countries, and religious fertility will be to reverse the secularisation process in the West. Not only will the religious eventually triumph over the non-religious, but it is those who are the most extreme in their beliefs who have the largest families. Within Judaism, the Ultra-Orthodox may achieve majority status over their liberal counterparts by mid-century. Islamist Muslims have won the culture war in much of the Muslim world, and their success provides a glimpse of what awaits the Christian West and Israel. Based on a wealth of demographic research, considering questions of multiculturalism and terrorism, Kaufmann examines the implications of the decline in liberal secularism as religious conservatism rises - and what this means for the future of western modernity.
Posted in Religion

Demography and Democracy

Transitions in the Middle East and North Africa

Author: Elhum Haghighat

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108427928

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 4978

Examines the demographic shifts in the Middle East and North Africa, placing them in their social, political and economic contexts.
Posted in History

The Emerging Democratic Majority

Author: John B. Judis,Ruy Teixeira

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9780743254786

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 616

Builds on the tradition of Kevin Phillips's The Emerging Republican Majority, forecasting a progressive era as indicated by a rise of a diverse post-industrial society and current opinions on such topics as health care and the environment. Reprint.
Posted in Political Science

America's New Swing Region

Changing Politics and Demographics in the Mountain West

Author: Ruy A. Teixeira

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815722869

Category: Political Science

Page: 196

View: 1835

"Analyzes effects of the increase in minorities, younger residents, educational levels, and urbanization on the traditionally Republican politics of six states in the Mountain West, comparing changes in voting patterns from 1988 to 2008. Discusses possible ramifications of those changes and the 2010 mid-term elections on the 2012 presidential election"--Provided by publisher.
Posted in Political Science

Demographic Gaps in American Political Behavior

Author: Patrick Fisher

Publisher: Westview Press

ISBN: 0813345960

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 7487

An examination of how and why various US demographic groups are politically distinct and how these groups' behavior can influence public opinion, policy, and party positioning.
Posted in Political Science

Collapse of Rhodesia

Population Demographics and the Politics of Race

Author: Josiah Brownell

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857718894

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 8180

In the years leading up to Rhodesia’s Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) in 1965, its small and transient white population was balanced precariously atop a large and fast-growing African population. This unstable political demography was set against the backdrop of continent-wide decolonisation and a parallel rise in African nationalism within Rhodesia. As the UDI rebellion moved into the 1970s, several political and economic factors combined to stretch the demographically fragile settler state to the breaking point. _x000D_ _x000D_ 'The Collapse of Rhodesia' is a controversial reexamination of these final decades of white minority rule. It lays out the case that racial population demographics and the pressures they produced were a pervasive, but hidden, force behind many of Rhodesia’s most dramatic political events, including UDI. It was within this context that the escalation of the guerrilla war in 1972 added new pressures and exacerbated pre-existing demographic frailties which eventually ended the decade and a half settler rebellion. The book argues that notwithstanding the settler state’s aggressive attempts to engineer racial demographics in the 1960s and 1970s, the UDI rebellion eventually failed because the state was unable to successfully redress white Rhodesia’s fundamental demographic weaknesses. As the product of extensive research in previously closed archives, the book reaches new conclusions that challenge many of Rhodesia’s historical orthodoxies. _x000D_ _x000D_ By addressing this vital demographic component of the multifaceted conflict, 'The Collapse of Rhodesia' is an important contribution to the historiography of the last years of white rule in Rhodesia.
Posted in Social Science

Red, Blue, and Purple America

The Future of Election Demographics

Author: Ruy A. Teixeira

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815701842

Category: Political Science

Page: 274

View: 9204

As America rushes headlong into a dramatic campaign season, it is clear that these consequential contests—and the ones that follow—will be hugely influenced by recent changes in the nation's makeup. Red, Blue, and Purple America provides a clear and nuanced understanding of the geographic and demographic changes that are transforming the United States and how that transformation is reshaping politics, for the 2008 elections and beyond. The invaluable result is a detailed picture of current trends as well as a clear-eyed assessment of how they will shape American politics and policy during the next two decades. An elite group of demographers, geographers, and political scientists analyze rapidly changing patterns of immigration, settlement, demography, family structure, and religion. Each analysis describes one major trend and assesses its likely impact on politics, for the 2008 elections but for the long term as well. The authors then lay out the most likely implications for public policy. In doing so, they show how these trends have shaped the Red and Blue divisions we are familiar with today, and how the developments might break apart those blocs in new and surprising ways.
Posted in Political Science

The Puzzle of the American Economy: How Changing Demographics Will Affect Our Future and Influence Our Politics

Author: Mark A. Pisano

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440853118

Category: Political Science

Page: 166

View: 5194

This book explains how sweeping demographic changes have resulted in the ineffectiveness of recent monetary and fiscal policies, and it identifies corrective actions that will start to reverse the trends of low economic growth and widespread government deficits. • Spotlights how serious economic problems in the United States are the result of demographic changes many U.S. citizens don't yet recognize are occurring • Documents how changing demography results from collective individual choice, a phenomenon that is occurring so rapidly and is having such a large impact that the nation is unable to respond to this change • Suggests radically different ways of thinking and of executing strategies to harness the power of collective individual choice and address the driving force behind sweeping demographic changes
Posted in Political Science

Demographic Engineering: Population Strategies in Ethnic Conflict

Author: Paul Morland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317152913

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 9093

Demography has always mattered in conflict, but with conflict increasingly of an inter-ethnic nature, with sharper demographic differences between ethnic groups and with the spread of democracy, numbers count in conflict now more than ever. This book argues for and develops a framework for demographic engineering which provides a fresh perspective for looking at political events in countries where ethnicity matters. It asks how policies have been framed and implemented to change the demography of ethnic groups on the ground in their own interests. It also examines how successful these policies have been, focusing on the cases of Sri Lanka, Israel/Palestine, Northern Ireland and the USA. Often these policies are hidden but author Paul Morland teases them out with skill both from the statistics and documentary records and through conversations with participants. Offering a new way of thinking about demographic engineering (’hard demography’ versus ’soft demography’) and how ethnic groups in conflict deploy demographic strategies, this book will have a broad appeal to demographers, geographers and political scientists.
Posted in Social Science

Handbook of Population

Author: Dudley L. Poston,Michael Micklin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387231064

Category: Social Science

Page: 918

View: 7997

This comprehensive handbook provides an overview and update of the issues, theories, processes, and applications of the social science of population studies. The volume's 30 chapters cover the full range of conceptual, empirical, disciplinary, and applied approaches to the study of demographic phenomena. This book is the first effort to assess the entire field since Hauser and Duncan's 1959 classic, The Study of Population. The chapter authors are among the leading contributors to demographic scholarship over the past four decades. They represent a variety of disciplines and theoretical perspectives as well as interests in both basic and applied research.
Posted in Social Science

Population Decline and the Remaking of Great Power Politics

Author: Susan Yoshihara,Douglas A. Sylva

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 1597975508

Category: Political Science

Page: 287

View: 2179

The destabilizing effects of population decline
Posted in Political Science

A World of Populations

Transnational Perspectives on Demography in the Twentieth Century

Author: Heinrich Hartmann,Corinna R. Unger

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782384286

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 3479

Demographic study and the idea of a "population" was developed and modified over the course of the twentieth century, mirroring the political, social, and cultural situations and aspirations of different societies. This growing field adapted itself to specific policy concerns and was therefore never apolitical, despite the protestations of practitioners that demography was "natural." Demographics were transformed into public policies that shaped family planning, population growth, medical practice, and environmental conservation. While covering a variety of regions and time periods, the essays in this book share an interest in the transnational dynamics of emerging demographic discourses and practices. Together, they present a global picture of the history of demographic knowledge.
Posted in History

The New Americans:

Economic, Demographic, and Fiscal Effects of Immigration

Author: Panel on the Demographic and Economic Impacts of Immigration,National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Population

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309063566

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 7436

This book sheds light on one of the most controversial issues of the decade. It identifies the economic gains and losses from immigration--for the nation, states, and local areas--and provides a foundation for public discussion and policymaking. Three key questions are explored: What is the influence of immigration on the overall economy, especially national and regional labor markets? What are the overall effects of immigration on federal, state, and local government budgets? What effects will immigration have on the future size and makeup of the nation's population over the next 50 years? The New Americans examines what immigrants gain by coming to the United States and what they contribute to the country, the skills of immigrants and those of native-born Americans, the experiences of immigrant women and other groups, and much more. It offers examples of how to measure the impact of immigration on government revenues and expenditures--estimating one year's fiscal impact in California, New Jersey, and the United States and projecting the long-run fiscal effects on government revenues and expenditures. Also included is background information on immigration policies and practices and data on where immigrants come from, what they do in America, and how they will change the nation's social fabric in the decades to come.
Posted in Social Science

Indigenous Peoples and Demography

The Complex Relation between Identity and Statistics

Author: Per Axelsson,Peter Sköld

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857450034

Category: Social Science

Page: 354

View: 5906

When researchers want to study indigenous populations they are dependent upon the highly variable way in which states or territories enumerate, categorise and differentiate indigenous people. In this volume, anthropologists, historians, demographers and sociologists have come together for the first time to examine the historical and contemporary construct of indigenous people in a number of fascinating geographical contexts around the world, including Canada, the United States, Colombia, Russia, Scandinavia, the Balkans and Australia. Using historical and demographical evidence, the contributors explore the creation and validity of categories for enumerating indigenous populations, the use and misuse of ethnic markers, micro-demographic investigations, and demographic databases, and thereby show how the situation varies substantially between countries.
Posted in Social Science

Political, Demographic, and Institutional Classifications

Author: Sebastian, Kate,Wood, Stanley,Stads, Gert-Jan,Beintema, Nienke M.,Flaherty, Kathleen,Biradar, Chandrashekhar

Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 12

View: 5360

The Atlas of African Agriculture Research & Development is a multifaceted resource that high­lights the ubiquitous nature of smallholder agriculture in Africa; the many factors shaping the location, nature, and performance of agricultural enterprises; and the strong interde­pendencies among farming, natural resource stocks and flows, rural infrastructure, and the well-being of the poor.
Posted in Social Science