Political Demography, Demographic Engineering

Author: Myron Weiner,Michael S. Teitelbaum

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571812537

Category: Political Science

Page: 148

View: 8143

"Over the past decade, the impacts of demographic trends on international security and on peaceful relations between and within states have come to the fore in ways not seen since the aftermath of World War II. An evolving and more complex set of changes in the size, distribution, and composition of populations has become the basis for a new look at the security effects of changes in the size, distribution, and composition of populations. This book is an attempt to lay out the new look, to take issue with some of the prevailing views on the political consequences of population change and to suggest where the concerns are realistic and where they are not." (From the Preface) This book not only offers a magisterial analysis of the political effects of the dramatic population changes that are taking place in countries all around the world, it also represents the testimony of one of the most distinguished scholars in the field of migration and population studies. Myron Weiner, former Professor of Political Science at MIT and Chair of the External Research Advisory Committee of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Michael S. Teitelbaum, a demographer, is Program Director at the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation in New York.
Posted in Political Science

Demographic Engineering: Population Strategies in Ethnic Conflict

Author: Paul Morland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317152913

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 7771

Demography has always mattered in conflict, but with conflict increasingly of an inter-ethnic nature, with sharper demographic differences between ethnic groups and with the spread of democracy, numbers count in conflict now more than ever. This book argues for and develops a framework for demographic engineering which provides a fresh perspective for looking at political events in countries where ethnicity matters. It asks how policies have been framed and implemented to change the demography of ethnic groups on the ground in their own interests. It also examines how successful these policies have been, focusing on the cases of Sri Lanka, Israel/Palestine, Northern Ireland and the USA. Often these policies are hidden but author Paul Morland teases them out with skill both from the statistics and documentary records and through conversations with participants. Offering a new way of thinking about demographic engineering (’hard demography’ versus ’soft demography’) and how ethnic groups in conflict deploy demographic strategies, this book will have a broad appeal to demographers, geographers and political scientists.
Posted in Social Science

Demography and National Security

Author: Myron Weiner,Sharon Stanton Russell

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571813398

Category: History

Page: 345

View: 8545

Political scientists, demographers, legal scholars, and historians have come together in this volume, under the direction of the late Myron Weiner, one of the leading scholars in this field, to address three of the major sets of questions in the field of political demography: How changes in demographic variables - population size, growth, distribution, and composition - influence threats (real or perceived) to a country's political stability and security; how governments respond to demographic trends; and how governments attempt to change demographic variables in order to enhance national security. Myron Weinerwas Professor of Political Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Chair of the External Research Advisory Committee of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. Sharon Stanton Russell, is a political scientist and Research Scholar at the MIT Center for International Studies.
Posted in History

Global Migration

Challenges in the Twenty-First Century

Author: K. Khory

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137007125

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 9190

Immigration today evokes passionate debates over questions of national identity, state sovereignty, and citizenship. Even as capital, goods, and services flow easily over national boundaries, human beings are subjected to intense scrutiny and resistance when crossing borders. In this collection of essays, distinguished scholars probe the challenges and opportunities that global migration presents for individuals, states, and societies grappling with questions of identity, belonging, and citizenship. Multidisciplinary in scope, the book demonstrates how forced and voluntary migrations intersect with global politics, from economic and environmental crises to human rights and security.
Posted in Social Science

Handbuch Sicherheitsgefahren

Author: Thomas Jäger

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658027533

Category: Political Science

Page: 537

View: 2573

Die potenziellen Sicherheitsgefahren für Staaten und deren Bürgerinnen und Bürger erstrecken sich über ein weites Gebiet: Sie reichen von Staatszerfall und asymmetrischen Kriegen über Ernährungssicherung bis hin zu Ressourcenkonflikten, Organisierter Kriminalität und Lebensmittelsicherheit. Dieses Handbuch trägt die verschiedenen Arten von Sicherheitsgefahren systematisch zusammen, bündelt die unterschiedlichen Diskussionsstränge zum Thema und unterbaut diese theoretisch sowie empirisch.
Posted in Political Science

The Security Dynamics of Demographic Factors

Author: Brian Nichiporuk

Publisher: Rand Corporation

ISBN: 0833027808

Category: Social Science

Page: 52

View: 4870

As the 21st century unfolds, the dynamics of population growth, settlement patterns, and movement across borders are certain to have an effect on international security. Demographic shifts in political environments that are already tense as a result of territorial disputes, ethnic rivalries, ideological divides, or environmental stresses may provide just enough pressure to spark a violent conflict or perhaps even outright war. Demographic factors are thus worthy of analysis as potential contributors to armed conflict. The author lays out a general framework for looking at population developments through the prism of security issues, proffering some preliminary assessments as to which trends or factors might threaten U.S. interests around the world. Based on this analysis, there appear to be three broad areas of response: (1) A useful practice would be to create and place increased focus on demographically oriented indicators and warning measures. It will be important to understand how demographic pressures might be constraining the actions of key allies, increasing frictions between key regional powers, and/or laying the foundations for ethnic conflict. (2) Carefully targeted foreign aid may help some key friends and allies to better manage the effects of rapid population growth, allowing them to conserve resources and reform their political systems to take into account emerging demographic realities. (3) From the U.S. Army's standpoint, the most important consequence of demographic trends is the increasing urbanization of conflict. In the short term, training will be important to obtain improvements in military operations on urbanized terrain (MOUT) capabilities. Over the longer term, research in new technologies will improve the ability of U.S. ground forces to operate in urban areas, for example, advanced intelligence-gathering platforms, better personnel protection, and a new generation of nonlethal weapons.
Posted in Social Science

Wir beide, irgendwann

Author: Jay Asher

Publisher: cbt Verlag

ISBN: 3641075793

Category: Young Adult Fiction

Page: 400

View: 6986

Was wäre wenn ..., ich dich heute küsse? Im Mai 1996 bekommt die 16-jährige Emma ihren ersten Computer geschenkt. Mithilfe ihres besten Freunds Josh loggt sie sich ein und gelangt zufällig auf ihre eigene Facebook-Seite – 15 Jahre später. Geschockt stellt sie fest, dass sie mit 31 Jahren arbeitslos und unglücklich verheiratet sein wird. Josh hingegen, bislang alles andere als ein Frauenheld (der erst kürzlich von Emma einen Korb bekommen hat), wird das hübscheste Mädchen der ganzen Schule heiraten und zudem seinen Traumjob ergattern. Emma ist jedoch nicht gewillt, sehenden Auges in ihr Unglück zu laufen. Um das Zusammentreffen mit dem Jungen zu verhindern, der sie später mal unglücklich machen wird, beginnt sie, bewusste Änderungen in der Gegenwart herbeizuführen. Doch der Versuch, in ihr Schicksal einzugreifen und dadurch ihr künftiges Facebook-Profil zu verändern, setzt eine fatale Kettenreaktion in Gang ...
Posted in Young Adult Fiction

Jahrbuch Internationale Politik

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: International relations

Page: N.A

View: 4979

Posted in International relations

Collapse of Rhodesia

Population Demographics and the Politics of Race

Author: Josiah Brownell

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857718894

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 9204

In the years leading up to Rhodesia’s Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) in 1965, its small and transient white population was balanced precariously atop a large and fast-growing African population. This unstable political demography was set against the backdrop of continent-wide decolonisation and a parallel rise in African nationalism within Rhodesia. As the UDI rebellion moved into the 1970s, several political and economic factors combined to stretch the demographically fragile settler state to the breaking point. 'The Collapse of Rhodesia' is a controversial reexamination of these final decades of white minority rule. It lays out the case that racial population demographics and the pressures they produced were a pervasive, but hidden, force behind many of Rhodesia’s most dramatic political events, including UDI. It was within this context that the escalation of the guerrilla war in 1972 added new pressures and exacerbated pre-existing demographic frailties which eventually ended the decade and a half settler rebellion. The book argues that notwithstanding the settler state’s aggressive attempts to engineer racial demographics in the 1960s and 1970s, the UDI rebellion eventually failed because the state was unable to successfully redress white Rhodesia’s fundamental demographic weaknesses. As the product of extensive research in previously closed archives, the book reaches new conclusions that challenge many of Rhodesia’s historical orthodoxies. By addressing this vital demographic component of the multifaceted conflict, 'The Collapse of Rhodesia' is an important contribution to the historiography of the last years of white rule in Rhodesia.
Posted in Social Science

The American Oxonian

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 4813

List of Rhodes scholars, 1904-1915: v.2 p. [145]-161. Vol. for 1934- include Addresses and occupations of Rhodes scholars and other Oxonians (called 1934-36, Addresses and occupations of Rhodes scholars).
Posted in

Études Helléniques

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Greeks

Page: N.A

View: 7340

Posted in Greeks

Fremde in unserer Mitte

Politische Philosophie der Einwanderung

Author: David Miller

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518754262

Category: Philosophy

Page: 330

View: 1911

Das Thema Einwanderung wirft gewichtige gesellschaftspolitische, moralische und ethische Fragen auf, die seit einiger Zeit im Zentrum intensiver Debatten stehen. Der renommierte britische Philosoph David Miller verteidigt in seinem Buch eine Position zwischen einem starken Kosmopolitismus, der für uneingeschränkte Bewegungsfreiheit und offene Grenzen plädiert, und einem blinden Nationalismus, der oft in pauschale Ausländerfeindlichkeit und dumpfen Rassismus umschlägt. In ständiger Auseinandersetzung mit Gegenargumenten entwickelt er seinen Standpunkt, der die Rechte sowohl der Immigranten als auch der Staatsbürger berücksichtigen soll – und einen schwachen Kosmopolitismus ebenso einschließt wie das Recht von Nationalstaaten, ihre Grenzen zu kontrollieren. Ziel von Millers Ausführungen ist eine Immigrationspolitik liberaler Demokratien, die so gerecht ist wie möglich und so realistisch wie nötig. Ein beeindruckend präzise und nüchtern argumentierendes Buch, das zum Nachdenken anregt und zum Widerspruch reizt.
Posted in Philosophy

The public interest

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6534

Posted in

From Colonization to Nation-state

The Political Demography of Indonesia

Author: Riwanto Tirtosudarmo

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Demography

Page: 339

View: 9468

Posted in Demography

The Demographic Struggle for Power

The Political Economy of Demographic Engineering in the Modern World

Author: Milica Zarkovic Bookman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135248222

Category: Political Science

Page: 284

View: 7240

The 20th-century demographic struggle for power translates itself into an inter-ethnic war of numbers. This book offers suggestions for structural alterations within states to sever the link between ethnic size and power, and thus eliminate the rationale for the demographic struggle for power.
Posted in Political Science

Cyprus

a conflict at the crossroads

Author: Thomas Diez,Nathalie Tocci,European Consortium for Political Research

Publisher: Manchester Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 327

View: 4639

This unique collection of essays provides a multi-faceted analysis of the Cyprus conflict. It sees the conflict both at a historical and at an analytical crossroads, and brings together leading scholars from various disciplines to provide fresh perspectives on the long-standing issues surrounding Cyprus. The four parts of the book deal first with domestic determinants of the conflict and its resolution, then with external influences, before comparing Cyprus to other conflict cases and finally including approaches beyond political science. The application of different methodological and theoretical approaches, from rational choice to gender studies, to a single case allows for their comparison and make this a must-read not only for those interested in Cyprus, but for all students of conflict resolution.
Posted in History

Die dunkle Seite der Demokratie

eine Theorie der ethnischen Säuberung

Author: Michael Mann

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783936096750

Category:

Page: 861

View: 4780

Mörderische ethnische Säuberungen sind, so die zentrale These Michael Manns in diesem Buch, die dunkle Seite der Demokratie. Ethnische Säuberungen haben sich nicht nur gemeinsam mit dem Prozess der Demokratisierung ausgebreitet, vielmehr haftet dem demokratischen Nationalstaat selbst ein organizistischer Nationalismus an, der danach strebt, demos und ethnos, Staatsvolk und Abstammungsgemeinschaft, deckungsgleich zu machen - wenn nötig mit Gewalt. Michael Mann, Professor für Soziologie an der University of California in Los Angeles, hat eine umfassende Studie des Phänomens der ethnischen Säuberung verfasst, die schon als dichte Beschreibung der wichtigsten Fälle - des Siedlerkolonialismus in Nordamerika, des Massenmordes an den Armeniern, der nationalsozialistischen Vernichtungspolitik, der kommunistischen Gewalt unter Stalin, Mao und Pol Pot, des ethnischen Bürgerkriegs in Jugoslawien, des Genozids in Ruanda - beeindruckt. Die historisch-soziologische Analyse zielt darauf ab, anhand dieser empirischen Daten systematische Erkenntnisse und theoretische Erklärungen herauszuarbeiten. So fragt Michael Mann, wann es zu einer mörderischen ethnischen Säuberung kommt und wann nicht. Wo und wann treten organizistische Vorstellungen von Demokratie auf und wo werden sie gefährlich? Wer sind die Täter und was lässt sie zu Tätern werden, wie normal und gewöhnlich sind sie? Michael Mann nutzt die in seiner Geschichte der Macht destillierte Theorie der Entstehung des modernen Nationalstaats, um ethnische Säuberungen als Entwicklungstendenz der Moderne zu deuten. Gegen eine naive Idealisierung der Demokratie stellt er fest, dass demokratisch verfasste Nationalstaaten auf den Gräbern ethnisch gesäuberter Gebiete errichtet worden sind, und prophezeit, dass zumindest auf der Südhalbkugel der Erde dieser Prozess der Errichtung ethnisch homogener Staaten noch nicht abgeschlossen ist. Seine Analyse bietet jedoch auch historische Gegenbeispiele, wie etwa.
Posted in